Ministry of National Defense (Republic of China)
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Ministry of National Defense Republic of China
Ministry of National Defense

Guófángbù (Mandarin)
Koet-fòng Phu (Hakka)
ROC Ministry of National Defense Flag.svg
Flag of the Ministry of National Defense
ROC Ministry of National Defense Seal.svg
Emblem of the Ministry of National Defense
Agency overview
Formed1912 (as Ministry of War)
1946 (as MND)
Jurisdiction Republic of China (Taiwan)
HeadquartersZhongshan, Taipei
Minister responsible
Parent agencyExecutive Yuan
Websitewww.mnd.gov.tw

The Ministry of National Defense of the Republic of China (MND; Chinese: ?; pinyin: Zh?nghuá Mínguó Guófángbù; Pe?h-?e-j?: Tiong-hoâ Bîn-kok Kok-hông-p) is a cabinet-level agency under the Executive Yuan responsible for all defense and military affairs of Taiwan. The MND is headed by Minister Yen Teh-fa.

History

ROC Ministry of National Defense former headquarters

The MND was originally established as Ministry of War in 1912 at the creation of the Republic of China. It established a military occupation operation center in Taipei, Formosa in November 1945, following the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers Douglas MacArthur's September 2, 1945 General Order No. 1, for the surrender of Japanese troops and auxiliary forces in Formosa and the Pescadores to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. It was changed to the Ministry of National Defense in 1946. Military operation activities in Formosa and the Pescadores were expanded after Japan renounced its title, right, and claim to Formosa and the Pescadores based on the April 28, 1952 Treaty of Peace with Japan. The Law of National Defense and the Organic Law of the ministry were officially promulgated for implementation on 1 March 2002.[1]

On 8 December 2014, the ministry moved out from its building from the previous one at Boai Building in Zhongzheng District to the current one in Dazhi area at Zhongshan District, where it houses the Air Force Command Headquarters, Navy Command Headquarters and Hengshan Military Command Center.[2] The completion of the building had been delayed for nearly two decades due to the compound original architecture and the bankruptcy of the project's original contractor. The planning for the new building and relocation had been done since 1997.[3] The official ribbon-cutting ceremony was held on 27 December 2014.[4]

Headquarters

ROC Ministry of National Defense headquarters

The headquarters of the military was originally in eastern Nanjing near Ming Palace. Today it is located in Dazhi area of Zhongshan District in Taipei. The 8-story main building was constructed at a cost of NT$15.8 billion, spreading over 19.5 hectares of area, which houses office buildings, dormitories and other facilities, such as post office, barbershop, sports center, conference hall and sport center to accommodate its 3,000 military personnel stationed there. It also includes several annex buildings around.[5]

The security features of the building include fingerprint and eye scanners that restrict access to certain areas, sensors that can detect vehicles in the unauthorized areas and that may carry explosives and bollards on the compound to block unauthorized vehicles. The compound also has eco-friendly features, such as stone walls, aluminum and low-emission exterior glass panels. The central air conditioning system is provided by ice storage system to reduce peak load electricity demand. The building also has rainwater collecting facilities which can store up to 1,000 tons of water, complete with its waste water treatment and filtering systems.[4]

Budget

The current annual defense budget for Taiwan is NT$320 billion.[6]

Organizational structure

Air Force Command Headquarters
National Defense Procurement Office

Military institutions

  • Armed Forces Reserve Command ()
  • Military Police Command ()
  • Symphonic Band of the Ministry of National Defense (?)

Military authorities

  • Army Command Headquarters ()
  • Navy Command Headquarters ()
  • Air Force Command Headquarters ()

Headquarter departments

  • Department of Strategic Planning ()
  • Department of Resources Planning ()
  • Department of Military Justice ()
  • Department of Integrated Assessment ()
  • Office of the Inspector General ()
  • All-out Defense Mobilization Office (?)
  • National Defense Procurement Office ()
  • National Defense Technology Division (, after 1 January 2017)[7]
  • Administration Office ()
  • Personnel Office ()
  • Ethics Office ()
  • Accounting Office ()

Secondary or Affiliated authorities

General Staff Headquarters

  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Personnel (?)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Intelligence (?)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Operations and Planning (?)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Logistics (?)
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Communications, Electronics and Information ()
  • Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Training (?)[8]
  • Communication Development Office ()
  • Missile Command of the General Staff ()

List of Ministers of War

Duan Qirui, the 1st Minister of War

1. Ministers of War during the Republic of China (1912-1928) ():

2. Ministers of War during the National Government of the Republic of China ():

3. Ministers of the Navy during the Republic of China (1912-1928) ():

4. Ministers of the Navy during the National Government of the Republic of China ():

5. Chiefs of Staff during the Republic of China (1912-1928) ():

6. Chiefs of Staff during the National Government of the Republic of China ():

7. Directors of Training ():

8. :

List of Ministers of National Defence

Bai Chongxi, the 1st Minister of National Defense
Yen Teh-fa, the current Minister of National Defense

Ministers of National Defense

For ministers that retired from the Armed Forces to serve, the Service column denotes their military branch before retirement.[9]

No. Minister of National Defense Took office Left office Time in office Party Defence branch Premier
1
Bai Chongxi ()
Chongxi, BaiBai Chongxi ()
(1893-1966)
23 May 19462 June 19482 years, 10 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyT. V. Soong
Chiang Kai-shek
Chang Ch'ün
Weng Wenhao
2
He Yingqin ()
Yingqin, HeHe Yingqin ()
(1890-1987)
3 June 194821 December 1948201 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyWeng Wenhao
Sun Fo
3
Xu Yongchang ()
Yongchang, XuXu Yongchang ()
(1885-1959)
22 December 194830 April 1949129 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmySun Fo
He Yingqin
(2)
He Yingqin ()
Yingqin, HeHe Yingqin ()
(1890-1987)
1 May 194911 June 194941 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyHe Yingqin
Yan Xishan
4
Yan Xishan ()
Xishan, YanYan Xishan ()
(1883-1960)
12 June 194931 January 1950233 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyYan Xishan
5
Gu Zhutong ()
Zhutong, GuGu Zhutong ()
(1893-1987)
1 February 195031 March 195058 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyYan Xishan
Chen Cheng
6
Yu Ta-wei [zh] ()
Ta-wei, YuYu Ta-wei [zh] ()
(1897-1993)
1 April 195028 February 1951333 daysIndependent Republic of China ArmyChen Cheng
7
Kuo Chi-chiao [zh] ()
Chi-chiao, KuoKuo Chi-chiao [zh] ()
(1902-1998)
1 March 195131 May 19543 years, 91 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyChen Cheng
(6)
Yu Ta-wei [zh] ()
Ta-wei, YuYu Ta-wei [zh] ()
(1897-1993)
1 June 195413 January 196510 years, 226 daysIndependent Republic of China ArmyChen Cheng
Yu Hung-Chun
Chen Cheng
Yen Chia-kan
8
Chiang Ching-kuo ()
Ching-kuo, ChiangChiang Ching-kuo ()
(1910-1988)
14 January 196530 June 19694 years, 167 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyYen Chia-kan
9
Huang Chieh ()
Chieh, HuangHuang Chieh ()
(1902-1995)
1 July 196931 May 19722 years, 335 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyYen Chia-kan
Chiang Ching-kuo
10
Chen Ta-ching ()
Ta-ching, ChenChen Ta-ching ()
(1904-1973)
1 June 197230 June 19731 year, 29 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyChiang Ching-kuo
11
Kao Kuei-yuan [zh] ()
Kuei-yuan, KaoKao Kuei-yuan [zh] ()
(1907-2012)
1 July 197319 November 19818 years, 141 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyChiang Ching-kuo
Sun Yun-suan
12
Song Chang-chih [zh] ()
Chang-chih, SongSong Chang-chih [zh] ()
(1916-2002)
1 December 198130 June 19864 years, 211 daysKuomintang  Republic of China NavySun Yun-suan
Yu Kuo-hua
13
Wang Daoyuan [zh] ()
Daoyuan, WangWang Daoyuan [zh] ()
(1913-2011)
1 July 198628 April 1987301 daysKuomintang CivilianYu Kuo-hua
14
Cheng Wei-yuan ()
Wei-yuan, ChengCheng Wei-yuan ()
(1913-1993)
29 April 19874 December 19892 years, 219 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyYu Kuo-hua
Lee Huan
15
Hau Pei-tsun ()
Pei-tsun, HauHau Pei-tsun ()
(born 1919)
5 December 198931 May 19911 year, 177 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyLee Huan
16
Chen Li-an ()
Li-an, ChenChen Li-an ()
(born 1937)
1 June 199126 February 19931 year, 270 daysKuomintang CivilianHau Pei-tsun
Lien Chan
17
Sun Chen (born 1934) [zh] ()
Chen, SunSun Chen (born 1934) [zh] ()
(born 1934)
27 February 199315 December 19941 year, 291 daysKuomintang CivilianLien Chan
18
Chiang Chung-ling ()
Chung-ling, ChiangChiang Chung-ling ()
(1922-2015)
16 December 199431 January 19994 years, 46 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyLien Chan
Vincent Siew
19
Tang Fei ()
Fei, TangTang Fei ()
(born 1932)
1 February 199919 May 20001 year, 108 daysKuomintang  Republic of China Air ForceVincent Siew
20
Wu Shih-wen ()
Shih-wen, WuWu Shih-wen ()
(born 1934)
20 May 200031 January 20021 year, 256 daysKuomintang  Republic of China NavyTang Fei
Chang Chun-hsiung
21
Tang Yao-ming ()
Yao-ming, TangTang Yao-ming ()
(born 1938)
[a]
1 February 200219 May 20042 years, 108 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyYu Shyi-kun
22
Lee Jye ()
Jye, LeeLee Jye ()
(born 1940)
[b]
20 May 200419 May 20072 years, 364 daysIndependent Republic of China NavyYu Shyi-kun
Frank Hsieh
Su Tseng-chang
23
Lee Tien-yu ()
Tien-yu, LeeLee Tien-yu ()
(born 1940)
20 May 200724 February 2008280 daysKuomintang  Republic of China Air ForceSu Tseng-chang I
Chang Chun-hsiung
24
Michael Tsai ()
Tsai, MichaelMichael Tsai ()
(born 1941)
25 February 200819 May 200884 daysDPP CivilianChang Chun-hsiung
25
Chen Chao-min ()
Chao-min, ChenChen Chao-min ()
(born 1940)
20 May 20089 September 20091 year, 112 daysKuomintang  Republic of China Air ForceLiu Chao-shiuan
26
Kao Hua-chu ()
Hua-chu, KaoKao Hua-chu ()
(born 1946)
10 September 200931 July 20133 years, 324 daysKuomintang  Republic of China ArmyWu Den-yih
Sean Chen
Jiang Yi-huah
27
Andrew Yang ()
Yang, AndrewAndrew Yang ()
(born 1946)
1 August 20137 August 20136 daysIndependentCivilianJiang Yi-huah
28
Yen Ming ()
Ming, YenYen Ming ()
(born 1949)
8 August 201330 January 20151 year, 175 daysKuomintang  Republic of China Air ForceJiang Yi-huah
Mao Chi-kuo
29
Kao Kuang-chi ()
Kuang-chi, KaoKao Kuang-chi ()
(born 1950)
31 January 201519 May 20161 year, 109 daysKuomintang  Republic of China NavyMao Chi-kuo
Chang San-cheng
30
Feng Shih-kuan ()
Shih-kuan, FengFeng Shih-kuan ()
(born 1945)
20 May 201626 February 20181 year, 282 daysIndependent Republic of China Air ForceLin Chuan
William Lai
31
Yen Teh-fa ()
Teh-fa, YenYen Teh-fa ()
(born 1952)
26 February 2018Incumbent1 year, 327 daysIndependent Republic of China ArmyWilliam Lai
Su Tseng-chang II

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Kuomintang membership suspended.
  2. ^ KMT membership revoked.

References

  1. ^ John Pike. "Ministry of National Defense". globalsecurity.org.
  2. ^ "Defense Ministry's new compound to be officially opened Dec. 8". focustaiwan.tw.
  3. ^ "Defense minister raises flag at new ministry compound". focustaiwan.tw.
  4. ^ a b "Defense Ministry's new headquarters officially opens". cna.com.tw.
  5. ^ "Taipei military complex opened". taipeitimes.com.
  6. ^ "Difficult to set defense budget at 3% of GDP: premier - Politics - FOCUS TAIWAN - CNA ENGLISH NEWS".
  7. ^ "Defense ministry confirms new agency - Taipei Times". www.taipeitimes.com. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ "MND Organization" (PDF). Ministry of National Defense, ROC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-12-31.
  9. ^ ? [Past Ministers]. mnd.gov.tw (in Chinese). Ministry of Nat'l Defense. Retrieved 2017.

External links


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