Min (Ten Kingdoms)
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Min Ten Kingdoms
Min

?
909-945
L.LIANG.jpg
CapitalChangle
Common languagesMiddle Chinese, Proto-Min
GovernmentMonarchy
King/Emperor 
o 909-925
Wang Shenzhi
o 943-945
Wang Yanzheng
Historical eraFive Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period
Wang Shenzhi became the Prince
909
Wang Yanjun declared himself the Emperor
933
o Independence of Yin
943
o Ended by Southern Tang
945
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Today part ofChina

Min (Chinese: ?; pinyin: M?n) was one of the Ten Kingdoms which was in existence between the years of 909 and 945. It existed in a mountainous region of modern-day Fujian province of China and had a history of quasi-independent rule. Its capital was Fuzhou. It was founded by Wang Shenzhi.

Founding

Wang Shenzhi's older brother Wang Chao was given the title of Surveillance Commissioner in 892. Wang Shenzhi himself was named military commissioner, and in 909, in the wake of the collapse of the Tang Dynasty two years earlier, named himself the Prince of Min. Wang Shenzhi's son declared himself the Emperor of Min in 933. At that point, his father was posthumously named Min Taizu.

Etymology of "Min"

The early Chinese exonym M?n (?) was a graphic pejorative written with Radical 142 ?, the "insect" or "reptile" radical. Xu Shen's (c. 121 CE) Shuowen Jiezi dictionary defines min as:[1] "Southeastern Yue [i.e., Viet]; snake race. [The character is formed] from [the] insect / serpent [radical and takes its pronunciation from] mén.

Territorial extent

The capital of the Min Kingdom was Changle, now known as Fuzhou. The kingdom was essentially limited to modern-day Fujian Province in China's southeast.

Administration

The territory of the Min was relatively isolated and rugged, thus not as economically prosperous as other regions of the Chinese realm. The Min court attempted to attract scholars who would assist in constructing an effective bureaucratic and tax system to bring the kingdom up to contemporary standards. Maritime trade developed over this period of time. This would set the stage for a successful regional maritime trade that could continue during future Chinese dynasties.

Yin Kingdom

In 943, one of Wang Shenzhi's sons rebelled and declared independence from the Min in the northwest of the territory of the kingdom, proclaiming the Yin dynasty. The Min court asked the Southern Tang for assistance in quelling the rebellion in Yin. Rather than assisting the Min government, the Southern Tang came in and absorbed the territory into its own holdings.

Fall of the Min

Seeing the threat posed by the Southern Tang, the Min court declared its allegiance to the Wuyue kingdom to its north. However, this did not stop the Southern Tang from marching in and incorporating the remainder of the Min Kingdom into its holdings in 945. However, in the year 949, the warlord Liu Congxiao, who nominally submitted to him but controlled Quan (, in modern Quanzhou, Fujian) and Zhang (, in modern Zhangzhou, Fujian) Prefectures in de facto independence and ruled by several of those generals called Qingyuan Jiedushi in succession until 978, when the territory was seized by Song Dynasty.

Rulers of Min

Sovereigns in Min (Ten Kingdoms) Kingdom in 909-945 (including Yin (943-945))
Temple Names Posthumous Names Personal Names Period of Reigns Era Names and dates
Tàiz? () Zh?ngyì Wáng () Wáng Sh?nzh? () 909-925 Did not exist
Did not exist Did not exist Wáng Yánhàn () 925-926 Did not exist
Hùiz?ng () Qísù Míngxiào Huángdì () Wáng Yànj?n () 926-935 Lóngq? () 933-935

Y?nghé () 935

K?ngz?ng () Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign Wáng Jìpéng () 935-939 T?ngwén () 936-939
J?ngz?ng () Too tedious thus not used when referring to this sovereign Wáng Yánx? () 939-944 Y?nglóng () 939-944
Did not exist Did not exist Zh? Wénjìn () 944-945 Did not exist
Did not exist Ti?ndé Dì () (both as Emperor of Yin and Emperor of Min) Wáng Yánzhèng () 943-945 Ti?ndé () 943-945

Rulers family tree of Min

Rulers family tree
Wang Nin
Wang Chao
b.846-d.898
Wang Shengui

b.858-d.904
Wang Yanjun d.935
Huìz?ng
r.927-935

References

Citations

  1. ^ Mair, V. H. (2003). "How to Forget Your Mother Tongue and Remember Your National Language". Quotation translated from Chinese ("")

Sources

  • Schafer, Edward H. (1954). The Empire of Min. Tuttle. OCLC 845108660.
  • Mote, F. W. (1999). Imperial China (900-1800). Harvard Univ. Press. pp. 15-16. ISBN 0674012127.
  • Theobald, Ulrich. "Min ?". Chinese History - The Ten Kingdoms (902-979). Retrieved 2005.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Min_(Ten_Kingdoms)
 



 



 
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