|Duke of Braganza |
|Pretence||14 November 1866 -|
|Born||19 September 1853|
|Died||11 October 1927 (aged 74)|
|Spouse||Princess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis|
Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
|Issue||Miguel, Duke of Viseu|
Prince Francisco José
Maria Teresa, Princess Karl Ludwig of Thurn and Taxis
Isabel Maria, Princess of Thurn and Taxis
Infanta Maria Benedita
Maria Ana, Princess Karl August of Thurn and Taxis
Infanta Maria Antónia
Infante Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
Infanta Maria Adelaide
|Father||Miguel I of Portugal|
|Mother||Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg|
Miguel of Braganza (Portuguese pronunciation: [mi']; full name Miguel Maria Carlos Egídio Constantino Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga Francisco de Paula e de Assis Januário de Bragança; 19 September 1853 - 11 October 1927) was the Miguelist claimant to the throne of Portugal from 1866 to 1920. He used the title Duke of Braganza.
Miguel was born in Castle Kleinheubach near Miltenberg, Kingdom of Bavaria, on 19 September 1853 during the exile in Germany of his father, former King Miguel I of Portugal and the Algarves. His mother was Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. He was a grandson of King John VI of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves and his wife, Queen Carlota Joaquina.
He was a member of the staff of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria and took part in the Austro-Hungarian campaign in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1878. It is said that the Emperor liked Miguel immensely and granted him the privilege of extraterritoriality that allowed him to remain Portuguese, despite the rejection of Portugal. His second son, Prince Francisco José of Braganza, was named after the Austrian Emperor, who was his godfather.
Miguel held the rank of a colonel in the 7th Austrian Regiment of Hussars. During World War I, he held the rank of Lieutenant General (Feldmarschalleutnant) in the Austro-Hungarian Army. He resigned in 1917 when Portugal entered the conflict on the opposite side, and spent the rest of the war as a civilian in the Order of Malta. After the end of Austria-Hungary, Miguel and his family were thrown into relative poverty.
On 31 July 1920, after quarrels with his eldest son (who contracted a controversial marriage to an American heiress), Miguel renounced his claims as King of Portugal in favour of his third son, Duarte Nuno, who was 13 years old at the time.
Miguel was first married to Princess Elisabeth of Thurn and Taxis (May 28, 1860 - February 7, 1881), the niece of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, on 17 October, 1877 in Regensburg. They had three children:
After the death of his first wife, he married for a second time to his first cousin Princess Maria Theresa of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (1870-1935), on 8 November 1893 at Kleinheubach. They had eight children:
Miguel died in Seebenstein, on October 11, 1927. He is buried at Kloster Maria Himmelfahrt in Bronnbach.
|Ancestors of Miguel, Duke of Braganza|
Miguel, Duke of Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of AvizBorn: 19 September 1853 Died: 11 October 1927
Title last held byJohn VI of Portugal
| Duke of Braganza
|Titles in pretence|
Miguel I of Portugal
|-- TITULAR --
King of Portugal
Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza