Memorial Stadium, Lincoln
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Memorial Stadium, Lincoln
Memorial Stadium
Tom Osborne Field
"Sea of Red"
"The Boneyard" (student section)[1]
091507-USCNeb-MemorialStadium.jpg
Memorial Stadium in 2007
Memorial Stadium is located in Nebraska
Memorial Stadium
Memorial Stadium
Location in Nebraska
Memorial Stadium is located in the United States
Memorial Stadium
Memorial Stadium
Location in the United States
Address600 Stadium Drive
LocationLincoln, Nebraska
Coordinates40°49?14?N 96°42?20?W / 40.82056°N 96.70556°W / 40.82056; -96.70556Coordinates: 40°49?14?N 96°42?20?W / 40.82056°N 96.70556°W / 40.82056; -96.70556
OwnerUniversity of Nebraska-Lincoln
OperatorUniversity of Nebraska-Lincoln
Capacity85,458 (since 2017)[2]
Record attendance91,585 (Sept. 20, 2014)
SurfaceFieldTurf
Construction
Broke groundApril 26, 1923[3]
OpenedOctober 20, 1923
Renovated2006
Expanded1964, 1965, 1966, 1972, 1998, 2006, 2013
Construction cost$430,000 (original structure)
($6.45 million in 2019 dollars[4])
ArchitectJohn Latenser, Sr. and Sons
Davis & Wilson
Project managerEarl Hawkins
Structural engineerMeyer & Jolly[5]
General contractorParsons Construction Co.
Tenants
Nebraska Cornhuskers (NCAA) (1923-present)
NSAA state high school football finals (1996-present)

Memorial Stadium, nicknamed The Sea of Red, is an American football stadium located on the campus of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln in Lincoln, Nebraska. The stadium primarily serves as the home venue for the Nebraska Cornhuskers football team and a variety of other university and state activities.

Memorial Stadium was built in 1923 at a cost of $450,000 with a capacity of 31,080 to replace Nebraska Field, where the Cornhuskers played home games from 1909 to 1922. The first game at the new stadium was a 24-0 Nebraska victory over Oklahoma on October 13, 1923.[6]

A series of expansions has brought the stadium's current capacity to 85,458, but attendance numbers regularly exceed 90,000. Nebraska has sold out an NCAA-record 375 consecutive games at Memorial Stadium, a streak that dates back to 1962. When full, Memorial Stadium famously holds more people than the population of Nebraska's third-largest city, Bellevue.

History

Southeast corner

In the fall of 1922, a drive for $430,000 in funds to build a new football stadium was undertaken by faculty, students, alumni, and friends of the university. Designed by John Latenser, Sr., a notable Omaha architect, the stadium was named Memorial Stadium to honor Nebraskans who served in the Civil and Spanish-American Wars, and the 751 Nebraskans who died in World War I. Later, the stadium would also honor Nebraskans who died in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. Construction was completed in just over 90 working days; Memorial Stadium was dedicated on October 20, 1923.

Each corner of the stadium bears an inscription from former Nebraska professor of philosophy Hartley Burr Alexander:[7]

  • Southeast: "In Commemoration of the men of Nebraska who served and fell in the Nation's Wars."
  • Southwest: "Not the victory but the action; Not the goal but the game; In the deed the glory."
  • Northwest: "Courage; Generosity; Fairness; Honor; In these are the true awards of manly sport."
  • Northeast: "Their Lives they held their country's trust; They kept its faith; They died its heroes."

A statue of former head coach Tom Osborne and former quarterback Brook Berringer can be found at the main entrance of the Osborne Athletic Complex on the north side of the stadium. Berringer, a native Nebraskan and backup quarterback on Nebraska's 1994 and 1995 national championship-winning teams, died in a plane crash on April 18, 1996, just two days before the 1996 NFL Draft, where he was projected to be an early- to mid-round pick. In 2013, a statue of former head coach Bob Devaney was unveiled at the entrance of the newly renovated east stadium, just before Nebraska's season opener against Wyoming. Nebraska and Wyoming were the only two schools Devaney served as a head coach at the collegiate level at.[8]

Expansion

The north end zone addition and Osborne Athletic Complex, completed in 2006

Memorial Stadium has undergone several phases of expansion and renovation since its original construction. The original stadium- the lower level of the current structure's east and west sideline seats- seated 31,080 people. It was modeled after Ohio State's Ohio Stadium.[]

Permanent seats were built in the south end zone in 1964, turning the stadium into a 48,000-seat horseshoe. The north end zone was enclosed in two stages from 1965 to 1966, resulting in a 64,170-seat bowl. The south end zone was expanded further in 1972, raising capacity to 73,650.

In the early 1980s, portable lighting was occasionally used to allow Memorial Stadium to host late afternoon games on national television, often against Oklahoma. The first official night game at Memorial Stadium took place on September 6, 1986, when Nebraska defeated Florida State 34-17.[9] Permanent lighting was installed in 1999, which was replaced with an LED lighting system in 2018.[10]

A major renovation in 1999 added 42 luxury boxes above the west stands; the stadium was rededicated and the playing surface was renamed after former head coach Tom Osborne. Reflecting Nebraska's rise to national prominence during his 34 years as an assistant coach (1964-1972) and head coach (1973-1997), the stadium's capacity more than doubled during his tenure.

Nebraska vs. Missouri at Memorial Stadium on October 30, 2010

In 2004, construction began to renovate and expand the north end zone, adding an additional 6,000 seats and 13 luxury boxes called "Skyline Suites", which brought capacity to 81,067. At the time of its completion in 2004, the 33-foot (10 m) tall, 120-foot (37 m) wide scoreboard at Memorial Stadium was the largest in any college football stadium (it is now 20th). Before the 2009 season, two new HD video screens were added on the northeast and northwest pillars of the original stadium, bringing the total number of HD screens in the stadium to five. Concurrently, ribbon boards stretching the length of the field were installed along the east and west balconies of the stadium.

On October 15, 2010, the university announced that its Board of Regents had approved an expansion project anticipated to cost up to $65 million, increasing the stadium's listed seating capacity to 87,147. This expansion was built on the stadium's east side, and included 3,300 general admission seats, 2,119 new club seats and 38 additional skybox suites. The expansion totaled more than 6,000 new seats, and brought the total number of private suites inside the stadium to 101.[11] The original east facade of the stadium, plus Gate 20, was preserved within a new entrance lobby. The expansion included creation of the first standing room-only area in Memorial Stadium, and was made available for companies and private parties to host events on a game-to-game basis. In addition, the university created a 20,000-square-foot (1,900 m2) cutting-edge athletics research facility in addition to another 20,000 square feet (1,900 m2) dedicated to campus research. The expansion project was completed and dedicated on August 22, 2013. The project was initially voted on by fans of the football program, who were asked if they preferred expanding the stadium capacity, or preserving the stadium's ongoing NCAA-record sell-out streak. The outcome of the polling was overwhelmingly in favor of expansion while maintaining the sellout streak.[12]

Prior to the 2014 season, Nebraska completed a $12.3 million project to replace Memorial Stadium's 20-year-old sound system and add a wireless network system to provide Wi-Fi and cellular data access to fans. Additionally, a brick design was added to the base of West Stadium to match the appearance of the rest of the stadium.[13] Nebraska installed new videoboards at Memorial Stadium prior to the 2017 season, two of which were wrapped around the existing structure to allow fans in North Stadium, seated directly in front of the stadium's largest videoboard, clear screen viewing. An upper ribbon display was added to the second level of East Stadium.[14] In the 1990s, Memorial Stadium became the first college football stadium to include videoboards.

In 2015, the university replaced bleachers along the top sections of the North Stadium and in doing so increased the width of the seats from 18 inches to 22 inches. Also, some seats were removed in the southwest corner of the stadium in order to put in a new aisle to aid in crowd congestion. The result of the seat widening and removal saw a decrease of about 1,100 seats in Memorial Stadium. When filled to capacity, crowds will now be around 90,000, instead of over 91,000, as was commonplace in previous years.[15]

In 2017, the university increased the width of seating in North Stadium row 80 and above from 18 inches to 22-24 inches and in South Stadium, Section 14 rows 16 to 98 from 18 inches to 20-22 inches. This resulted in an overall reduction in stadium capacity to 85,458.

Seating capacity

Aerial view of Stadium Memorial, Lincoln.jpg
  • 1923: 31,080. Original stadium, with stands on both sides
  • 1964: 48,000. South end zone bleachers erected, making stadium a horseshoe
  • 1965: 52,455. Center section of north end zone bleachers erected[16]
  • 1966: 62,644. Rest on north stadium bleachers finished
  • 1967: 64,170. New press box
  • 1972: 73,650. South end zone bleachers extended
  • 1994: 72,700. Reduced capacity for handicapped seating; HuskerVision video screens installed
  • 1999: 74,056. New press box that included new skyboxes and club seating
  • 2000: 73,918. Reduced capacity for more club seating
  • 2006: 81,067. North stadium bleachers extended again, new skyboxes, new video boards, Tom and Nancy Osborne Training Facility, ADA-compliant seating, and additional coaching offices for football and athletic department administration[7]
  • 2013: 87,147[17] East stadium expansion, new skyboxes, new covered/heated club seating, new general admission seating[18][19][20]
  • 2015: 86,047. Top sections of north end zone seats widened, several seats in southwest corner removed for addition of an aisle resulted in roughly 1,000 to 1,100 seats being removed[15][19][21]
  • 2017: 85,458. North stadium, row 80 and above, had seats widened from 18 inches to 22-24 inches, resulting in seats being removed. South Stadium Section 14, rows 16-98, had seat widths increase from 18 to 20-22 inches[14][22]

Surface

Field View
  • 1923–1969: Natural grass
  • 1970–1976: AstroTurf
  • 1977–1983: AstroTurf (replaced 1970 turf)
  • 1984–1991: All-Pro Turf
  • 1992–1998: AstroTurf-9
  • 1999–2004: FieldTurf
  • 2005–2013: FieldTurf (replaced 1999 turf), crown lowered, black pellet layer
  • 2013-Present: FieldTurf, "Cool Play System", cork layer

Memorial Stadium was the first college football stadium in Division I-A to install FieldTurf, in 1999. A second FieldTurf installation featuring an alternating light green/dark green "mowing" pattern every five yards was put in place prior to the 2005 season, to coincide with a removal of a fairly significant crown that had been in place for decades. A third FieldTurf installation was put in place prior to the 2013 season. The new turf features new construction materials for a "lighter and cooler" playing surface incorporating cork into the top layer of the traditional recycled tire surface.

Attendance

Nebraska has sold out 375 consecutive games at Memorial Stadium, the longest streak in any collegiate sport. The streak began on November 3, 1962, a 16-7 Missouri win over Nebraska in Bob Devaney's first season as head coach. NU's home record during the sellout streak is 312-63, including a 47-game home winning streak from 1991 to 1998, the second-longest in modern college football history.[23]

Memorial Stadium Attendance Records[24]
Rank Attendance Date Result
1 91,585 Sept. 20, 2014 Nebraska 41, Miami 31
2 91,471 Sept. 14, 2013 UCLA 41, Nebraska 21
3 91,441 Aug. 30, 2014 Nebraska 55, FAU 7
4 91,414 Sept. 17, 2016 Nebraska 35, Oregon 32
5 91,255 Sept. 27, 2014 Nebraska 45, Illinois 14
6 91,186 Nov. 22, 2014 Minnesota 28, Nebraska 24
7 91,185 Aug. 31, 2013 Nebraska 37, Wyoming 34
8 91,140 Nov. 2, 2013 Nebraska 27, Northwestern 24
9 91,107 Nov. 1, 2014 Nebraska 35, Purdue 14
10 91,088 Oct. 25, 2014 Nebraska 42, Rutgers 24

High School Championships

Since 1996, Memorial Stadium has been the host for the Nebraska School Activities Association's state high school football championship finals,[25] including small schools that play eight-man football (still played), which are usually on fields smaller than standard size. Prior to the move to Memorial Stadium, finals for each class were contested on the home fields of the high schools involved. The state's six-man football championship finals are played on the campus of the University of Nebraska at Kearney.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "The Boneyard". University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ "Game Notes: Nebraska vs. Arkansas State" (PDF). University of Nebraska-Lincoln Department of Athletics. August 28, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  3. ^ University of Nebraska-Lincoln. "UNL Historic Buildings - Memorial Stadium". Retrieved 2008.
  4. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800-". Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ "Building the Nebraska University Concrete Stadium". Engineering News-Record. McGraw-Hill. 93 (13): 498. 1924.
  6. ^ "Memorial Stadium". Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Nation's Best Facilities". Huskers.com. Retrieved 2013.
  8. ^ Dover, Haley (August 30, 2013). "Devaney statue unveiled". University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved 2018.
  9. ^ "Huskers' Taylor-Made Performance Stings Florida St. With a 34-17 Loss". Retrieved .
  10. ^ https://nebraska.rivals.com/news/big-red-business-led-lights-top-memorial-stadium-upgrades
  11. ^ Cordes, Henry. "Memorial Stadium expansion makes room for more fans-and more academic research". Omaha World Herald. Retrieved 2013.
  12. ^ Kaipust, Rich (July 7, 2010). "Wanted: More Seats, Safe Sellout Streak". Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved 2010.
  13. ^ "2014 Memorial Stadium Improvements". Huskers.com.
  14. ^ a b "Husker Fans to Enjoy New Stadium Amenities". www.huskers.com. Nebraska Athletic Department. Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ a b Ozaki, Andrew. "UNL shrinks Memorial Stadium capacity for better fan experience". ketv.com. Retrieved 2015.
  16. ^ Mott, James A. "Wisconsin Football Facts 1966: Athletic Review 1965-1966". The University of Wisconsin Collection: 27. Retrieved 2011. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  17. ^ "2014 Nebraska Football Media Guide" (PDF). www.huskers.com. Nebraska Athletic Department. Retrieved 2014.
  18. ^ Reed, Leslie (October 8, 2010). "Plan Means More Seats by 2013". Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved 2013.
  19. ^ a b Kilmer, Reid (September 10, 2015). "Fewer Seats in Memorial Stadium". KLKN. Lincoln. Retrieved 2016.
  20. ^ Christopherson, Brian (March 27, 2011). "East Stadium Expansion Project Comes With Some Flexibility". Lincoln Journal Star. Retrieved 2013.
  21. ^ "Memorial Stadium". University of Nebraska. Retrieved 2015.
  22. ^ "Game Notes: Nebraska vs. Arkansas State" (PDF). www.huskers.com. Nebraska Athletic Department. Retrieved 2017.
  23. ^ "Memorial Stadium Records". Huskers.com. November 15, 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  24. ^ "The Longest Home Winning Streaks in College Football History". 2019-04-19. Retrieved .
  25. ^ Stovall, Gabriel (November 16, 2000). "Memorial Stadium will host high school football championships". The Daily Nebraskan. Retrieved 2016.

External links


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