Melville, New York
One of four firehouses of the Melville Fire Department
|o Total||12.1 sq mi (31.3 km2)|
|o Land||12.1 sq mi (31.3 km2)|
|o Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||135 ft (41 m)|
|o Density||1,600/sq mi (610/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
11747, 11760, 11775
|GNIS feature ID||0956931|
Melville is an affluent hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) in the Town of Huntington in Suffolk County on Long Island, New York, in the United States. The population was 18,985 at the 2010 census.
Melville lies directly east of the boundary with Nassau County. The Long Island Expressway (LIE) and Northern State Parkway, two of the country's busiest highways and major points of entry in and out of New York City, pass through Melville. Melville is located immediately off Exit 49 of the LIE. New York State Route 110 runs through the center of Melville.
Melville and Happauge are the two primary business centers of Suffolk County, which is home to almost one and a half million people. Melville still is home to many U.S. headquarters of a number of national and international corporations, including Canon USA,ChyronHego Corporation, Leviton, MSC Industrial Direct, Nikon USA, the medical and dental supply distributor Henry Schein, Bouchard Transportation, and Verint Systems. In addition, significant operations of Manhattan-based Estée Lauder are conducted there. Melville was also the host of operations for many Fortune 500 companies, where headquarters and many other corporate and industrial centers were once found on or near Route 110, which runs north to south through Huntington, Melville, Farmingdale, North Amityville, and Amityville. In early 2013, Canon Inc. moved into its new regional headquarters for North and South America in Melville--a $500-million 668,296-square-foot (62,086.7 m2) glass structure near Exit 49 of the Long Island Expressway on the 52-acre (210,000 m2) site of a former pumpkin farm. About 1,500 workers were expected to move from Canon's Lake Success offices. The company chose Melville over other tri-state area locations because the employees "didn't want to leave the area".
Firms that have disappeared, that were once headquartered here are OSI Pharmaceuticals, which was bought by Astellas Pharma of Japan, Allion Healthcare, which was acquired by a private equity firm, Hain Celestial, which moved to Lake Success in Nassau County, Arrow Electronics relocated their headquarters to Englewood, Colorado in 2011 and the global staffing giant, Adecco, which in 2014 moved their (US headquarters) to Jacksonville, Florida. Other firms to leave are First Data Corp., Olympus America Inc., the U.S. subsidiary of Olympus Corporation, who moved in 2006 to Center Valley, Pa., and the pizza chain, Sbarro, that went into bankruptcy and reemerged in 2014, relocating to Columbus, Ohio. Around 2002 Swiss International Air Lines's North American headquarters moved from Melville to Uniondale in the town of Hempstead. The facility, the former Swissair North American headquarter site, was completed in 1995. Swissair intended to own, instead of lease, its headquarters site. It enlisted architect Richard Meier to design the Melville facility. The building is now owned by Damianos Realty Group, LLC, a Long Island based real estate company. Melville was also the global headquarters of Gentiva Health Services from its 1999 founding until its 2006 relocation to Atlanta.
The Long Island newspaper Newsday is published in Melville.
The area was known to the Native Americans as Sunsquams. In the 17th century it was known as Samuel Ketcham's Valley, named for a local resident. Afterwards it was known as Sweet Hollow. This name was replaced by Melville in school records in 1854. There is some debate as to the origin of the Melville name. It may be derived from the Latin for honey (the area had an abundance of honey bees, and this may have also been the origin of the previous Sweet Hollow name). The author Herman Melville was being published around this time.
A Presbyterian church was built in Melville in 1829 at the corner of Old Country and Sweet Hollow Roads. In 1977 the church was moved 1 mile (1.6 km) to the west. The church was in continuous use until 1930. It reopened in 1944 for the funeral of Edward Baylis and has been in use since then.
In 1909 a trolley line to Huntington was established. This was an extension of the Huntington Trolley Spur and went as far south as Amityville and had a connection to Babylon. There were six fare zones, one of which was the Duryea Farm at Melville. The line was shut down a decade later after farmers complained that noise from the trolley frightened their animals. Buses provided transportation after the trolley line closed. The growing use of private cars also reduced demand for the trolley line.
In May 2011, construction commenced for the replacement of the Northern State Parkway bridge over Route 110. The original bridge was 63 years old. The project was budgeted for $56,000,000 and is expected to be completed in winter of 2013 and 2014.
Melville is located at (40.791593, -73.405439).
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,533 people, 4,930 households, and 3,993 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,284.0 per square mile (495.7/km2). There were 5,141 housing units at an average density of 454.2/sq mi (175.3/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 89.93% White, 2.06% Black, 0.03% Native American, 5.42% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.72% of the population.
There were 4,930 households, out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.2% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.0% were non-families. 15.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 25.5% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $132,527, and the median income for a family was $170,881. Males had a median income of $142,972 versus $115,495 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $125,053. About 3.0% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over. The median house price in Melville as of 2007 is about $900,000.
Half Hollow Hills Central School District and South Huntington Union Free School District serve Melville. The Katharine Gibbs School - Melville serves the post-school population with certificates and associate degrees.
The Melville community is protected by the Melville Volunteer Fire Department. Established in 1947, they are capable of handling all emergencies including any type of fire, heavy rescue (extrications), emergency ambulances, haz-mat and other related tasks. The fire department responds to more than 3,500 alarms in a year and provides protection 24hrs a day, 7 days a week, with an annual budget of $1.5 million.