The Meiningen Ensemble, also known as the Meiningen Company, was the court theatre of the German state of Saxe-Meiningen, led by George II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. Its principal director was Ludwig Chronegk. The Ensemble was a great influence on Ibsen, Antoine, and Stanislavski.
The Duke admired Charles Kean's attempts to stage Shakespeare's plays in a manner that was historically accurate for the place and period in which each drama was set. The Ensemble that he created, which toured Germany and Europe in 1874-1890, became famous across Europe for its detailed, archeologically authentic reproductions of locations and its realistic, fully individuated crowd scenes. Its productions offered a model of an integrated, unified theatrical aesthetic and a demonstration of the potential of a tightly controlled, director-focused mode of theatre-making.
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