Location of the district in Meizhou
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|o Total||2,755.36 km2 (1,063.85 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Literal meaning||Plum County|
|Former Name (Qing dynasty)|
Its original name was Chengxiang county () during the southern Han Dynasty where it was first created, all the way to the Song, Yuan and Ming Dynasties, and then renamed Jiaying county during the Qing Dynasty. It only obtained the name Meixian in 1911 during the Xinhai Revolution where it was finally re-named to Meixian.
Meixian almost completely surrounds Meizhou's central urban Meijiang District. This is due to the old urban core of Meixian becoming separated from the bulk of the county in the territorial reorganisations following the 1949 establishment of the People's Republic of China, when it was given equal status.