The Lord Taylor of Goss Moor
Official portrait, 2017
|Chair of the Liberal Democrats|
12 June 2003 - 5 May 2005
|Liberal Democrats Treasury Spokesman|
9 August 1999 - 12 June 2003
|Member of Parliament |
for Truro and St Austell
13 March 1987 - 12 April 2010
|Member of the House of Lords|
16 July 2010
|Born||3 January 1963|
|Political party||Liberal Democrats|
|Alma mater||Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford|
Matthew Owen John Taylor, Baron Taylor of Goss Moor (born 3 January 1963) is a Liberal Democrat politician in the United Kingdom. He was Member of Parliament (MP) for Truro and St Austell in Cornwall from 1987 until he stood down at the 2010 general election. He was granted a life peerage and so became a member of the House of Lords in July 2010.
Taylor was educated at two independent schools: at Treliske Preparatory School (now known as Truro School Prep) on Highertown (A390) in Truro, and University College School in Hampstead, north London, followed by Lady Margaret Hall at the University of Oxford where he read Philosophy, Politics and Economics.
Politically active from a young age, Taylor campaigned in his first general election in 1979 at the age of sixteen and joined the Cornwall anti-nuclear alliance a year later. After winning a scholarship, he studied Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford. While there, he was elected as President of the Oxford University Student Union for the year 1985-86 on the Liberal/SDP Alliance ticket.
In 1986 he was assigned to the then Truro MP David Penhaligon as an economics researcher, but after Penhaligon died in a car crash at the end of that year, Taylor was selected to run as the Liberal candidate in the subsequent by-election, which he won in early 1987. Three months later he retained the seat at the 1987 general election. Aged 24, he was the youngest sitting MP at the time and took the title "Baby of the House" from fellow Alliance MP Charles Kennedy, holding the title for 10 years until 1997. His celebrity status gave him early access to political media and television programmes including the BBC's Question Time, while being an MP in a small party brought quick promotion to the front bench as local government spokesman.
Taylor had a successful track record in backing leaders of his party, including Paddy Ashdown and Charles Kennedy, whose successful leadership campaign Taylor led in 1999 after Ashdown stepped down. His reward was to be made the party's Treasury spokesman, in which role he attacked Labour over its decision in the March 2000 budget to shed a penny from the basic rate of income tax and announced the policy of raising the upper rate to 50% for people earning over £100,000. He has also been the party's spokesperson on environmental issues.
Taylor announced in 2007 that he would not be seeking re-election to parliament and did not stand in the 2010 general election. The Truro and St Austell constituency he represented was then abolished after a boundary review. Subsequently it was announced that Taylor would receive a life peerage in the 2010 Dissolution Honours and his title was gazetted as Baron Taylor of Goss Moor, of Truro in the County of Cornwall on 16 July 2010.
Taylor married Vicky Garner (born 1973), a former director of pressure group Surfers Against Sewage, in 2007. The couple have three sons; Arthur Simon Rowan Taylor, born 17 November 2006 at St Thomas' Hospital, London; Jacob Oscar Heywood Taylor born 12 February 2008 at home in Cornwall; and Samuel William Joseph Taylor, born 3 March 2012, also at home in Cornwall. In November 2007, Taylor and his wife established their own company, Taylor & Garner Ltd, in Roche, Cornwall, to provide consultancy services. Vicky Garner resigned in 2017, and established her own company, Garner and Tonic Ltd, based in Falmouth, Cornwall 
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Truro
1987 - 1997
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Truro & St Austell
| Baby of the House
|Party political offices|
| Chair of the Liberal Democrats