Matthew Black
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Matthew Black

Matthew Black
Born(1908-09-03)3 September 1908
Died2 October 1994(1994-10-02) (aged 86)
OccupationProfessor of Biblical Criticism and Antiquities
Known forFirst editor of the journal, New Testament Studies
Board member ofPresident of the Society of Old Testament Studies
AwardsFellow of the British Academy, Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
Academic background
EducationUniversity of Glasgow, University of Bonn
Alma materUniversity of Glasgow
Academic work
InstitutionsEdinburgh University, St Andrews University<

Rev Matthew Black [1] (3 September 1908, Kilmarnock[2] - 2 October 1994, St Andrews) was a Scottish minister and biblical scholar. He was the first editor of the journal, New Testament Studies.[3]


He was born in Kilmarnock the son of James Black. He attended Kilmarnock Academy.[4]

After earning an M.A. and B.D. in Old Testament at the University of Glasgow, Black then studied at the University of Bonn and returned to the University of Glasgow for his D.Litt.[5]

From 1942 to 1947 he was minister of Dunbarney.

From 1952 to 1954 he was Professor of Biblical Criticism and Antiquities at Edinburgh University and from 1954 to 1978 Professor of Divinity and Biblical Criticism at St Andrews University.[6]

In 1968 he was President of the Society of Old Testament Studies.

He died in St Andrews in Fife.

New Testament Work

Together with Kurt Aland, Carlo Maria Martini, Bruce M. Metzger and Allen Wikgren, Black served on the editorial committee that established the Greek text and critical apparatuses in the standard hand editions of the Greek New Testament: the Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece (26th edition, published by the Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft first in 1979 and revised in 1983) and the United Bible Societies' The Greek New Testament (3rd edition, published by the United Bible Societies in 1983).


He married Ethel M. Hall in 1938.[7]



  • ——— (1933). An Aramaic Approach to the Gospels and Acts. Oxford: Oxford Clarendon Press. OCLC 1014663152.
  • ——— (1938). Rituale Melchitarum: a christian Palestinian euchologion. Bonner orientalistische Studien. 22. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer. OCLC 230705827.
  • ——— (1961). The Scrolls and Christian Origins. New York: Scribner. OCLC 5180119.

Edited by

See also


  1. ^ Waterston, Charles D; Macmillan Shearer, A (July 2006). Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783-2002: Biographical Index (PDF). I. Edinburgh: The Royal Society of Edinburgh. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. Retrieved 2011.
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Matthew Black 3.9.1908-2.10.1994
  4. ^
  5. ^ Garland, David E. (2007). "Black, Matthew". In McKim, Donald K (ed.). Dictionary of major biblical interpreters (2nd ed.). Downers Grove, Ill.: IVP Academic. p. 198. ISBN 978-0-8308-2927-9.
  6. ^
  7. ^

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