|Meaning||"Gift of Yahweh"|
|Popularity||see popular names|
The Hebrew name "" (Matityahu) was transliterated into Greek to "" (Mattathias). It was subsequently shortened to Greek "" (Matthaios); this was Latinised as Matthaeus, which became Matthew in English. The popularity of the name is due to Matthew the Apostle who in Christian theology is one of the twelve apostles of Jesus and the author of the Gospel of Matthew.
Maiú and Maidiú are Gaelic forms of the name Matthew, and were brought to Ireland by the Anglo-Normans. Maitiú and Matha are the most common Irish variants of the name. The name is also sometimes used as an anglicisation of the Irish name Mathúin, meaning bear.
In Ireland, Matthew was ranked the 15th most popular male name in 2007. In 2008, it was ranked 20th, falling to 23rd between 2009-2010, and then 24th between 2011-2012. In 2016, it was the 29th most popular male name in Ireland, rising to 26th in 2017.