Marjeh Square
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Marjeh Square
Marjeh Square
?
Martyrs' Square
? ?
Marjeh square in the summer of 2019 .jpg
Marjeh Square in 2019
Marjeh Square is located in Damascus
Marjeh Square
Coordinates33°30?46?N 36°17?53?E / 33.5128°N 36.2980°E / 33.5128; 36.2980Coordinates: 33°30?46?N 36°17?53?E / 33.5128°N 36.2980°E / 33.5128; 36.2980
Construction
Completionlate nineteenth century

Marjeh Square (Arabic: ? ‎ / ALA-LC: sat al-Marjah), also known as "Martyrs' Square" (? ? sat ash-Shuhad?'), is a square in central Damascus, Syria, just outside the walls of the old city. The Syrian Interior Ministry has its headquarters in the square.

History

The square was built by the Ottomans in the late nineteenth century. A new post office and municipality were built there using steel and cement, new materials for Damascus at that time.[1] The Ottomans publicly executed seven Syrian national activists in the square on Martyrs' Day, 6 May 1916, and it is for this reason known as "Martyrs' Square". After the French took control of Syria they continued to use the square for the same purpose. Fakhri Hassan al-Kharrat, son of the Great Syrian Revolt leader Hasan al-Kharrat, was hanged there in 1925-26.[2] On 18 May 1965, Israeli spy Eli Cohen was publicly hanged in Marjeh Square.[3]


References

  1. ^ Faedah M. Totah (2014). Preserving the old city of Damascus. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. ISBN 9780815652625.
  2. ^ Sami M. Moubayed (2006). Steel & silk: men and women who shaped Syria 1900-2000. Seattle, WA: Cune. ISBN 9781885942418.
  3. ^ Thomas, Gordon: Gideon's Spies: The Secret History of the Mossad



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