|Grand Duchess of Tuscany|
|Tenure||7 June 1833 - 21 July 1859|
|Born||19 December 1814|
Royal Palace of Palermo, Kingdom of Sicily, Italy
|Died||7 November 1898 (aged 83)|
|Spouse||Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany|
(m. 1833 - 1870; his death)
|Issue||Archduchess Maria Isabella, Countess of Trapani|
Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany
Archduke Karl Salvator
Maria Luisa, Princess of Isenburg-Büdingen
Archduke Ludwig Salvator
Archduke John Salvator
|Father||Francis I of the Two Sicilies|
|Mother||Maria Isabella of Spain|
Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies (Maria Antonietta Giuseppa Anna; 19 December 1814 - 7 November 1898) was the Grand Duchess of Tuscany from 1833 to 1859 as the consort of Leopold II. In signature, she used Maria Antonietta.
Maria Antonia was born at the Royal Palace of Palermo on 19 December 1814, daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Isabella of Spain, she was baptised Maria Antonia in honor of Maria Antonia-Anna's great-aunt Marie Antoinette, deceased sister of her grandmother Maria Carolina of Austria.
When she was born, the Neapolitan court had already moved to Sicily because Napoleonic troops had invaded the continental part of the realm. After a few months the royal family returned to Naples thanks to the Congress of Vienna.
She was particularly close to her brother the future Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies, who affectionately dubbed her Totò.
In 1833, when she was eighteen, Maria Antonia married her first cousin Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, who was seventeen years older. Marie Antoinette and Leopold had ten children:
The Piazza Maria Antonia - today Piazza dell'Indipendeza, the railway line Maria Antonia and the Maria Antonia train station, now called Firenze Santa Maria Novella, were named in her honour.
In April 1859, before the Franco-Piedmont war against Austria, Leopold II proclaimed neutrality, but the Grand Ducal government was collapsing. People used insults towards the Grand Duchess and the troops gave signs of insubordination. On the afternoon of 27 April, Leopold II left the Palazzo Pitti through the Boboli door, stepping before an enraged mob on the streets and troops in open rebellion, heading toward Bologna. Shortly beforehand he had refused to abdicate in favour of his son, Ferdinand.
|Ancestors of Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies|
Princess Maria Antonia of the Two Sicilies
Cadet branch of the House of BourbonBorn: 19 December 1814 Died: 3 January 1865
Title last held byMaria Anna of Saxony
| Grand Duchess consort of Tuscany
7 June 1833 - 21 July 1859
|Titles in pretence|
|Loss of title
|-- TITULAR --
Grand Duchess consort of Tuscany
21 July 1859 - 3 January 1865
Title next held byAlice of Parma