|Maria Isabel of Braganza|
|Queen consort of Spain|
|Tenure||29 September 1816 -|
|Born||19 May 1797|
Palace of Queluz, Portugal
|Died||26 December 1818 (aged 21)|
Royal Palace of Aranjuez, Aranjuez, Spain
|Infanta María Luisa Isabel|
Infanta María Luisa Isabel
|Father||John VI of Portugal and Brazil|
|Mother||Carlota Joaquina of Spain|
Maria Isabel of Braganza (Maria Isabel Francisca de Assis Antónia Carlota Joana Josefa Xavier de Paula Micaela Rafaela Isabel Gonzaga; 19 May 1797 - 26 December 1818) was an Infanta of Portugal who became the Queen of Spain as the second wife of Ferdinand VII of Spain.
Maria Isabel was an Infanta of Portugal and daughter of John VI of Portugal and his wife Carlota Joaquina of Spain. She was a sister of Pedro I of Brazil. She married her maternal uncle King Ferdinand VII of Spain on 29 September 1816, whose first wife, Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily, had died childless ten years before. On August 21, 1817, she gave birth to a daughter, María Isabel Luisa, who died at four months.
Maria Isabel was again pregnant soon after the birth of her firstborn, but the birth was a difficult one. The baby was in breech and the physicians soon found that the child had died. Maria Isabel stopped breathing soon thereafter and the doctors thought she was dead; when they started cutting her up to extract the dead fetus, she suddenly shouted in pain and collapsed on her bed, bleeding heavily. She died soon afterwards, on 26 December 1818 in the Palace of Aranjuez, and was buried at the Escorial.
It is due to Queen Maria Isabel's dedication and affection for the art world that she managed to gather many treasures from the past and create a royal museum, which would end up being the beginnings of Museo del Prado. It opened on 19 November 1819, a year after the Queen's death.
|Ancestors of Maria Isabel of Braganza|