Margaret of Baux ( French: Marguerite des Baux, Italian: Margherita del Balzo; 1394 - 15 November 1469) was a Countess of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, and of Conversano. She was a member of the noble House of Baux of the Kingdom of Naples, which had its origins in Provence dating back to the 11th century. Her husband was Peter of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, and of Conversano (1390 - 31 August 1433). Margaret's descendants include English Queen Consort Elizabeth Woodville, King Henry IV of France, Mary, Queen of Scots, and all English monarchs after 1509.
Margaret was born in 1394, the daughter of
Francis of Baux (1330 - 23 April 1422) by his third wife Sueva Orsini (1360 - c.1430). a descendant of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and Eleanor of England (daughter of King John of England).
Her paternal grandparents were
Bertrand III of Baux, Count of Andria and Squillace, and Marguerite d'Aulnay, and her maternal grandparents were Nicola Orsini, Count of Nola, Senator of Rome (27 August 1331 - 14 February 1399), and Jeanne de Sabran.
Marriage and issue
On 8 May 1405, Margaret married
Peter of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, and of Conversano (1390 - 31 August 1433), the eldest son of John of Luxembourg, Lord of Beauvoir and Marguerite of Enghien, Countess of Brienne and of Conversano, Heiress of Enghien. Peter inherited his mother's fiefs, which included the counties of Brienne and Conversano. He succeeded his aunt Jeanne of Luxembourg, Countess of Saint-Pol and Ligny, as Count of Saint-Pol in 1430. His younger brother John II of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny, an ally of the English during the Hundred Years War, received Joan of Arc as his prisoner, and subsequently sold her to the English, for 10,000 livres.
Peter and Margaret had:
Louis of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, de Brienne, de Ligny, and Conversano, Constable of France (1418 - 19 December 1475), married firstly, in 1435, Jeanne de Bar, Countess of Marle and Soissons (1415 - 14 May 1462), by whom he had issue, and from whom descended King Henry IV of France and Mary, Queen of Scots. He married secondly, Marie of Savoy (20 March 1448 - 1475), by whom he had further issue. He was beheaded in Paris in 1475 for treason against King Louis XI.
Jacquetta of Luxembourg (1415/1416 - 30 May 1472), married firstly in 1433, John, Duke of Bedford, and secondly, in secret, c.1436, Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers, by whom she had 16 children, including Elizabeth Woodville, queen consort of King Edward IV of England. Every English monarch after King Henry VII of England descends from Jacquetta's granddaughter, Elizabeth of York, queen consort of England.
Thibaud of Luxembourg, Seigneur de Fiennes, Count of Brienne, Bishop of Le Mans, (died 1 September 1477), married Philippa de Melun, by whom he had issue.
Jacques of Luxembourg, Seigneur de Richebourg (died 1487), married Isabelle de Roubaix, by whom he had issue. Valeran of Luxembourg, died young.
Jean of Luxembourg, died in Africa.
Catherine of Luxembourg (died 1492), married Arthur III, Duke of Brittany (24 August 1393 - 26 December 1438). Isabelle of Luxembourg, Countess of Guise (died 1472), married in 1443, Charles, Count of Maine (1414-1472), by whom she had a daughter, Louise (1445-1477), who in turn married Jacques d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours, by whom she had six children.
Margaret died on 15 November 1469 at the age of 75 and was buried in Cercamp Abbey,
Frévent, Pas-de-Calais. Her husband Peter had died of plague in 1433.
Ancestors of Margaret of Baux
William I of Baux, Lord of Berre Bertrand II of Baux, Lord of Berre Eucharie de Tournel Bertrand III del Balzo (de Baux), Count of Andria and Squillace N.N. Berengere N.N. Francis of Baux Geoffrey of Aulnay, Baron of Arcadia Vilain II of Aulnay, Baron of Arcadia N.N. Marguerite d'Aulnay Geoffrey II of Bruyères Jeanne de Bruyeres Marguerite of Cors Margaret of Baux Romano Orsini, Senator of Rome Roberto Orsini, Count of Nola Anastasia de Montfort, Countess of Nola, Dame de Chailly, and Dame de Longjumeau Nicolo Orsini, Count of Nola, Senator of Rome Hugh of Baux, Count of Soleto, Seneschal of Naples Sueva of Baux Jacopa della Marra Sueva Orsini Ermengaud II of Sabran, Baron of Ansouis William of Sabran, 3rd Count of Ariano Alix of Baux de Puyricard Jeanne de Sabran Tommaso di Celano, Count of Celano Francesca di Celano, Countess of Anglone Isabella Acquaviva
Baldwin, David (2010). Elizabeth Woodville: Mother of the Princes in the Tower. The History Press.
Richardson, Douglas (2011). Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study In Colonial And Medieval Families (2nd ed.). Russell, Peter Edward (1995). Portugal, Spain, and the African Atlantic, 1343-1490: Chivalry and Crusade from John of Gaunt to Henry the Navigator. Variorum.