|King of Babylon|
Cylinder of Marduk-pik-z?ri commemorating reconstruction of the Imgur-Enlil wall of Babylon.[i 1]
|Reign||ca. 1082-1069 BC|
|House||2nd Dynasty of Isin|
Marduk-pik-z?ri, inscribed in cuneiform dAMAR.UTU-DUB-NUMUN or phonetically -?a-pi-ik-ze-ri, and meaning "Marduk (is) the outpourer of seed", ca. 1082 - 1069 BC, was the 7th king of the 2nd dynasty of Isin and 4th dynasty of Babylon and he ruled for thirteen years.[i 2] His relationship with his predecessor, Marduk-n?din-a is uncertain. His reign overlapped that of the Assyrian king Aur-b?l-kala and his immediate predecessor(s) as the Synchronistic King List[i 3] places him alongside both Tukult?-apil-E?arra and Aur-b?l-kala.
He succeeded Marduk-nadin-a, who may possibly have been his father or brother, during a time when the Arameans, driven by famine, were engaged in attacking the Assyrias under Tukult?-apil-E?arra during his latter years, which Younger places in Tukult?-apil-E?arra's 32nd year, or 1081/80 BC. The events are recorded on a fragmentary chronicle.[i 4] In a letter from the Babylonian astrologer Bel-u?ezib to Esarhaddon, 681 - 669 BC, he wrote, "Bel has said: May Esarhaddon, king of Assyria, be seated on his throne like Marduk-pik-z?ri! – I will deliver all the countries into his hands!" and this may suggest that he was a younger son of Nabû-kudurri-u?ur or there was perhaps a struggle over the succession.
He repaired the E-zida at Borsippa as witnessed by a building inscription, reproduced on a neo-Babylonian tablet,[i 5] from the reign of Kandalanu whose colophon records that it was copied by Nabû-?umu-lir. He provided gold votive offerings to the temples of Ur, Nippur and elsewhere. He rebuilt the wall of Babylon, the Imgur-Enlil, for which a fragmentary inscription[i 1] has come to light,[nb 1] confirmed by the Eclectic Chronicle[i 6] which continues,
He conquered the kings of the lands. During his reign, the people of the land enjoyed prosperity. He made an entente cordiale with Aur-bêl-kala, king of Assyria. At that time, the king went from Assyria to Sippar.-- Eclectic Chronicle, Lines 5 to 7.
The Synchronistic Chronicle[i 7] confirms the alliance with Assyria, probably forged to counter the growing threat from the Arameans, and notes that he died during Aur-bêl-kala's reign. This records his name as Marduk-shapik-zer-mati and it has been argued by Poebel that this is merely a scribal error, where MAN, ?ar, "king," was taken to be part of his name. There seems to have been a military intervention in the region of D?r-Kurgalzu by Aur-bel-kala towards the end of his reign, as the Assyrian king's Broken Obelisk inscription records that he captured Kada?man-Buria?, "governor of their land."
A kudurru[i 8] records the recovery of certain landed property by Sîn-Kabti-il?ni, the son of ?ama?-?um-li?ir and grandson of Kudurri, the qû (lúBI.LUL), "cupbearer". He granted land[i 9] in his first year to his trusty ?akin b?b ekalli, or palace gate officer, ?irikti-?uqamuna, the successor in this role to Uzib-?iparru, and the land surveyor Nabû-z?ra-iddina, "son of Arad-Ea", was dispatched with a court official to measure it. A kudurru of his reign[i 10] records another member of the Arad-Ea clan measuring a field with a local official. If the reference to Marduk-[...] can be identified with him in the Chronicle of the Market Prices,[i 11] the cost of goods was unexceptional. Another fragment of a kudurru[i 12] has a secondary inscription dated to his twelfth year. An inscription of Napsamenni, chief of the seers and high priest of Enlil in Nippur, adorns a duck weight, and there is an economic text[i 13] dated to his third year. This is an administrative record of an inspection by a storeman dated to the 30th day of the month of Ayaru (around March) marked with the seal of the king's officer, Adad-kudurra-u?ur.