Mar-biti-apla-usur
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Mar-biti-apla-usur
M?r-b?ti-apla-u?ur
King of Babylon
Reign984-979 BC
Predecessor?irikti-?uqamuna
B?t-Bazi Dynasty
SuccessorNabû-mukin-apli
Dynasty of E
House"Elamite" Dynasty

M?r-b?ti-apla-u?ur, inscribed dDUMU-É-A-PAB on (presumably) contemporary inscriptions on Lorest?n bronze arrowheads or dA-É-AxA-?E? in the Dynastic Chronicle and meaning "O Mar-b?ti (a deity associated with D?r with a sanctuary in Borsippa[1]), protect the heir,"[2]:165 reigned from 984 to 979 BC and was the sole king of Babylon's short-lived 7th or Elamite Dynasty.[i 1] According to the Synchronistic King List,[i 2] he was a contemporary of Assyrian king Aur-re?-i?i II.

Biography

The circumstances surrounding the fall of the previous (Bazi) dynasty and his ascendancy are unknown. His name was wholly Akkadian and he was described as a "remote? descendant of Elam," ?à.bal.bal ?libir?NIM.?MA.KI (Akkadian: liplippi Elamti Lab?ru), in the Dynastic Chronicle.[i 3] There are no known rulers of Elam bearing Akkadian titles, but his reign coincides with a blank period in Elamite political history. Despite his ancestry, he does not seem to have been regarded as a foreign interloper by later ages. It records that his rule endured for six years and he was buried in the palace of "a legitimate king" or "Sargon", depending on the interpretation of ina É-GAL LUGAL(-)GI.NA qé.bir, suggesting an interment suitable for a rightful king.[2]:155 The Eclectic Chronicle[i 4] records the month of Nis?nu in his fourth year but the event is not preserved. It may be concerning the suspension of the Akitu festival due to Aramean incursions, as this is the typical subject of the chronicle.[3]

Four bronze arrowheads from Lorest?n have been recovered inscribed with his name and the royal title ?ar kiati, "king of the world."[4] They were held as part of the Foroughi collection in Tehran.

Inscriptions

  1. ^ Babylonian Kinglist A, BM 33332, iii 14.
  2. ^ Synchronistic King List, Ass 14616c (KAV 216), iii 8 and fragments VAT 11261 (KAV 10), ii 2 + Ass 13956dh (KAV 182), iii 5.
  3. ^ Dynastic Chronicle (ABC 18), column v lines 13 to 15.
  4. ^ Eclectic Chronicle (ABC 24) tablet BM 27859 line 16.

References

  1. ^ A. R. George (1993). House Most High: The Temples of Ancient Mesopotamia. Eisenbrauns. p. 167.
  2. ^ a b J. A. Brinkman (1968). A Political History of Post-Kassite Babylonia 1158-722 B.C. (AnOr 43). Pontifium Institutum Biblicum. pp. 155, 165-166.
  3. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1982). "Babylonia, c. 1000 - 748 B.C.". In John Boardman; I. E. S. Edwards; N. G. L. Hammond; E. Sollberger (eds.). The Cambridge Ancient History (Volume 3, Part 1). Cambridge University Press. p. 297.
  4. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1990). "M?r-b?ti-apla-u?ur". In Erich Ebeling; Bruno Meissner; Dietz Otto Edzard (eds.). Reallexikon Der Assyriologie Und Vorderasiatischen Archãologie: Libanuk?bas? - Medizin (Vol 7). Walter De Gruyter. p. 357.

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