Manifesto
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Manifesto
An Early Manifesto on Education

A manifesto is a published declaration of the intentions, motives, or views of the issuer, be it an individual, group, political party or government.[1][2][3][4] A manifesto usually accepts a previously published opinion or public consensus or promotes a new idea with prescriptive notions for carrying out changes the author believes should be made. It often is political or artistic in nature, but may present an individual's life stance. Manifestos relating to religious belief are generally referred to as creeds.

Etymology

It is derived from the Italian word manifesto, itself derived from the Latin manifestum, meaning clear or conspicuous. Its first recorded use in English is from 1620, in Nathaniel Brent's translation of Paolo Sarpi's History of the Council of Trent: "To this citation he made answer by a Manifesto" (p. 102). Similarly, "They were so farre surprised with his Manifesto, that they would never suffer it to be published" (p. 103).[5]

Notable manifestos

Political

Examples of notable manifestos:

Artistic

1IERE MANIFESTE DE LA REVUE D'ART "LE STYLE" [sic], published in 1918

Scientific and educational

Professional

Technology

See also

References

  1. ^ Merriam-Webster online dictionary definition of Manifesto Archived August 8, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (in German). Archived from the original on September 12, 2013. Retrieved 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), article on "Wahlprogramm", literally "election programme".
  3. ^ Dictionary.com definition of Manifesto Archived August 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ David Robertson, The Routledge Dictionary of Politics, Edition 3, Psychology Press, 1890 p. 295 Archived April 25, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, ISBN 0415323770, 9780415323772
  5. ^ Oxford English Dictionary
  6. ^ Oi Ki Ling (1999). The Changing Role of the British Protestant Missionaries in China, 1945-1952. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 149. ISBN 978-0-8386-3776-0.
  7. ^ Malevich, Kazimir. "Suprematist Manifesto Unovis". Scrib.com. Archived from the original on October 19, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ MacKenzie, Scott (2014). Film Manifestos and Global Cinema Cultures: A Critical Anthology. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. p. 506. ISBN 9780520957411 – via ProQuest ebrary.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ [1] Bleus, Guy. Smell Manifesto: The Thrill of Working with Odours, 1978.
  10. ^ www.artpool.hu Olfactive installation, 1998.
  11. ^ "La Transdisciplinarité - Manifeste". Nicol.club.fr. Archived from the original on February 19, 2009. Retrieved 2012.
  12. ^ "Werner Herzog Film: Home". Wernerherzog.com. Archived from the original on June 23, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  13. ^ Luko, C. S. (2011). "Reflections on the versatilist manifesto" (in Portuguese). USP. Archived from the original on May 14, 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  14. ^ Critical Arts: A Journal of South-North Cultural and Media Studies 27(6), An Van Dienderen & Kris Rutten, 2013, p. 655-660.
  15. ^ MacCormack, Patricia,. The ahuman manifesto : activism for the end of the Anthropocene. London. ISBN 978-1-350-08113-0. OCLC 1128727678.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views it". Archived from the original on January 11, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  17. ^ "UNESCO Public Library Manifesto". Unesco.org. Unesco. Archived from the original on May 6, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ "A Brief History of Debian - The Debian Manifesto". Debian.org. December 31, 2011. Archived from the original on April 30, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  19. ^ "A Cypherpunk's Manifesto". Archived from the original on February 20, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  20. ^ "The dotCommunist Manifesto". Archived from the original on December 2, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  21. ^ "The Mozilla Manifesto". Mozilla.org. Retrieved 2012.
  22. ^ Guerilla Open Access Manifesto. archive.org. Archived from the original on March 28, 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  23. ^ "15-312 Principles of Programming Languages". Cs.cmu.edu. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  24. ^ "The Hardware Hacker Manifesto - I, Hacker". Daeken.com. Archived from the original on July 13, 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  25. ^ "The Reactive Manifesto". Archived from the original on September 20, 2014. Retrieved 2014.
  26. ^ "The BINC Manifesto". Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved 2016.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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