Coffee County Courthouse
Location of Manchester in Coffee County, Tennessee.
|o Mayor||Lonnie Norman|
|o Total||14.2 sq mi (36.7 km2)|
|o Land||14.1 sq mi (36.6 km2)|
|o Water||0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||1,060 ft (323 m)|
| o Estimate |
|o Density||714/sq mi (275.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|o Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1292561|
Manchester is a city in Coffee County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 10,102 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Coffee County. The city is located halfway between Nashville and Chattanooga on Interstate 24.
Since 2002, Manchester has been the host city for the annual Bonnaroo Music Festival. The city's population swells to nearly 100,000 people for the four-day event, for which people travel across the country to camp and enjoy continuous and diverse music.
A post office called Manchester has been in operation since 1817. The city was named after Manchester, in England. According to historians, "A small village, "Mitchellsville" was already in existence near the proposed site for the new county seat, but when the new county was formed, it was renamed "Manchester" after the industrial city of Manchester, England. Because of the abundance of water power, provided by the "Little Duck" & "Big Duck" Rivers, which flow through Manchester, it was hoped that it also would become a great industrial city."
Manchester is located slightly south of the center of Coffee County at Interstate 24 passes through the northeast side of the city, with access from Exits 110, 111, and 114. Exit "112" is available directly from the shoulder of I-24 which meets the western edge of the Bonnaroo Music Festival site. From Exit 111 it is 68 miles (109 km) southeast to Chattanooga and 65 miles (105 km) northwest to Nashville. U.S. Route 41 passes through the center of town as Hillsboro Boulevard; US 41 runs parallel to I-24 and leads 8 miles (13 km) southeast to Hillsboro and northwest 5 miles (8 km) to I-24 Exit 105. Tennessee State Route 55 passes through the east side of Manchester as McArthur Street; it leads northeast 25 miles (40 km) to McMinnville and southwest 12 miles (19 km) to Tullahoma.(35.473337, -86.085512).
The Little Duck River passes through the city, joining the Duck River just west of the city limits. The Duck River, a tributary of the Tennessee River, passes through the northwest corner of the city. Both rivers drop over waterfalls above their confluence, within Old Stone Fort State Archaeological Park.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.2 square miles (36.7 km2), of which 14.1 square miles (36.6 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.24%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,294 people, 3,326 households, and 2,148 families residing in the city. The population density was 752.0 people per square mile (290.3/km²). There were 3,633 housing units at an average density of 329.4 per square mile (127.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.66% White, 3.91% African American, 0.37% Native American, 1.21% Asian, 1.00% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.28% of the population.
There were 3,326 households out of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.4% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.91.
The age of the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,983, and the median income for a family was $38,404. Males had a median income of $31,708 versus $21,380 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,168. About 13.1% of families and 17.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.