|70,000 (2014, est.)|
|Regions with significant populations|
| Malaysia (principally the northern states of Peninsular Malaysia, including undetermined numbers in Negeri Sembilan and Sabah):|
Kedah: 42,000 (2015)
Kelantan: 28,000 (2015)
Perlis: 8,000 (2015)
Perak: 3,200 (2015)
Penang: 400 (2015)
Kuala Lumpur: 300 (2015)
|Southern Thai dialects (native); most also speak standard Thai, as well as local Malay dialects (Kelantanese or Kedah) in addition to standard Malaysian|
|Predominantly Therav?da Buddhism with a small minority professing Sunni Islam|
|Related ethnic groups|
The Malaysian Siamese, Siamese Malaysians or Thai Malaysians are people of full or partial Thai descent who were born in or immigrated to Malaysia. In 2014, there were nearly 70,000 people self-identifying as "Siamese" or "Thai" who hold Malaysian nationality. This number excludes those Thais living in Malaysia who do not hold Malaysian citizenship. Politically, Malaysian Siamese are recognised as Bumiputeras (indigenous) and are given similar status to the Malays.
In 2000, the national statistics cited 50,211 individuals of Thai ethnicity in Malaysia. Among these, 38,353 (or 76.4% of them) hold Malaysian citizenship.
Most Malaysian Siamese people lead a way of life similar to the Malays. This is evident especially among the Kelantanese Siamese. One could not differentiate a Malay or a Siamese if they are not heard speaking their own language. The only distinctive mark among them is their religion and language. Otherwise Malaysian Siamese are like Malays as they also speak fluent local Malay dialects.
The Malaysian Siamese often get patronage from the state governments for their community well being. Often, temples are given generous fundings by the governments. Their community are also known for the making of traditional medicine.
Malaysian Siamese people adhere to either Buddhism or Islam. The predominant form of Buddhism is Therav?da which is centred on their place of worship called Wat. There also exists a significant Muslim community. However, many Muslim Siamese have become assimilated into the Malay populace and no longer identify as Siamese.
There are an estimated 70,000 Malaysians of Siamese origin in the country.
The Thai community in Malaysia is a significant part of the nation's multiracial society. At present, an estimated 70,000 Thai-speaking Buddhists live in the west coast and east coast in the north of peninsular Malaysia.
Masyarakat Siam di Malaysia kebanyakannya menetap di kawasan Utara Semenanjung Malaysia iaitu di Kedah, Perlis, Perak, Kelantan dan sebahagian kecil di negeri Terengganu. Sebahagian besar masyarakat Siam menetap di Kedah iaitu berjumlah 30,000 orang, 13,000 orang di Kelantan, 6,000 di Perlis dan 2,000 di Perak.
As a mark of their last respect, thousands of Thai community in Malaysia including in Perak, Negeri Sembilan, Kedah, Kelantan, Sabah and Kuala Lumpur held religious ceremonies in their local temples today.
In Kedah, there were about forty-two thousand Siamese-Malaysians people (42,000 people), twenty-eight thousand people in Kelantan (28,000 people), eight thousand people in Perlis (8,000 people) and the remaining three thousand and two hundred people in Perak (3,200 people) and in Penang there was about 400 people, in Kuala Lumpur about 300 people and in Terengganu about 24 households". (Boonsom Suwanmanee, member of the Senate, Malaysia, In-depth Interview, May 27, 2015)
The Siamese here are considered part of the Bumiputra ethnic group, because we settled in Malaysia before British colonisation changed the border between Thailand and Malaysia. However, Siamese Malaysians are not entitled to all the same rights as indigenous Malaysians. For instance, they cannot buy land plots reserved for indigenous Malaysians, but they can maintain ownership. Despite this, Siamese Malaysians enjoy more privileges than other ethnic groups, such as Indians and Chinese, when it comes to government regulations and support. He noted Siamese Malaysians are ethnically different from Thais who migrated to Malaysia later on.