View of the Druzhby Square and the Maykop Mosque
|City status since||1870|
|o Body||Council of People's Deputies|
|o Head||Nikolay Pivovarov|
|o Total||58.62 km2 (22.63 sq mi)|
|Elevation||220 m (720 ft)|
| o Estimate |
|o Rank||120th in 2010|
|o Density||2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)|
|o Subordinated to||Maykop Republican Urban Okrug|
|o Capital of||Republic of Adygea|
|o Capital of||Maykop Republican Urban Okrug|
|o Urban okrug||Maykop Urban Okrug|
|o Capital of||Maykop Urban Okrug|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (MSK )|
|Dialing code(s)||+7 8772|
|City Day||First Saturday of June|
Maykop (Russian: , IPA: [m?j'kop]; Adyghe: , romanized: Myjæqwapæ [m?jaq?a:pa]) is the capital city of the Republic of Adygea in Russia, located on the right bank of the Belaya River (a tributary of the Kuban River). It borders Maykopsky District, from which it is administratively and municipally separate, to the east and south; Giaginsky District to the north, and Belorechensky District of Krasnodar Krai to the west.
In 1936, Maykop and the surrounding region merged with Adyghe Autonomous Oblast and became the administrative centre of the autonomy. The Wehrmacht occupied Maykop on August 9, 1942 without a fight as a result of a Brandenburger commando operation. German attempts to re-start oil production in the scorched-earth area proved only minimally successful. In January 1943 the Transcaucasian Front of the Red Army re-took the town.
Since 1991 Maykop has served as the capital of the Republic of Adygea in the Russian Federation.
The discovery of extensive underground oil reserves has made Maykop a major centre for oil extraction for the Soviet Union and, subsequently, Russia. Other economically important sectors are food processing and the timber industry.
Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with eight rural localities, incorporated as Maykop Republican Urban Okrug--an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. It has the following rural localities under its jurisdiction:
Other ethnic groups include Chechens, Daghestanis and Tartars. There are ethnic tensions between the Muslim Adyghe and the Russians--with the two communities described as being "sharply divided".
Maykop is home to the Adyghe State University and Maykop State Technological University. There are also several facilities of professional education in Maykop. There are a lot of schools. For example Adyghe Republican Gymnasium which is located near the mosque, the theatre and the park of friendship. It has 11 grades. There are a lot of rules: students must wear a uniform, girls must have pony tails or braids. The school has five buildings. There is a sports hall where students play basketball and volleyball. There is also a football pitch where boys play football. A canteen is a separate building.
Maykop lies within the humid subtropical climate zone (Cfa), according to the Köppen climate classification, or just within the humid continental climate (Dfa) zone according to the 32 °F or 0 °C demarcation used by many United States climatologists.
|Climate data for Maykop|
|Average high °C (°F)||3.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||-0.5
|Average low °C (°F)||-4.9
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||60
|Average precipitation days||8||7||8||8||8||9||7||6||7||7||9||10||94|
February 15, 2010 saw Maykop record the absolute maximum for any winter month in Russia: 23.4 °C or 74.1 °F.
On the south side of the city, alongside the Belaya River is the military complex housing the 131st Motor Rifle Brigade of the Southern Military District of the Russian Armed Forces which took part in the First Chechen War.
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The Maikop field in the province of Kuban on the north flank of the Caucasus, northeast of the Black Sea, was discovered in 1910.