Maikop
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Maikop
Maykop

Other transcription(s)
 o Adyghe
 o Ubykh
View of the Druzhby Square and the Maykop Mosque
View of the Druzhby Square and the Maykop Mosque
Flag of Maykop
Flag
Coat of arms of Maykop
Coat of arms
Location of Maykop
Maykop is located in Russia
Maykop
Maykop
Location of Maykop
Maykop is located in Republic of Adygea
Maykop
Maykop
Maykop (Republic of Adygea)
Coordinates: 44°36?N 40°05?E / 44.600°N 40.083°E / 44.600; 40.083Coordinates: 44°36?N 40°05?E / 44.600°N 40.083°E / 44.600; 40.083
CountryRussia
Federal subjectAdygea[1]
FoundedMay 1857
City status since1870
Government
 o BodyCouncil of People's Deputies
 o HeadNikolay Pivovarov
Area
 o Total58.62 km2 (22.63 sq mi)
Elevation
220 m (720 ft)
Population
 o Total144,249
 o Estimate 
(2018)[4]
141,970 (-1.6%)
 o Rank120th in 2010
 o Density2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)
 o Subordinated toMaykop Republican Urban Okrug[1]
 o Capital ofRepublic of Adygea
 o Capital ofMaykop Republican Urban Okrug[1]
 o Urban okrugMaykop Urban Okrug[5]
 o Capital ofMaykop Urban Okrug[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
385000
Dialing code(s)+7 8772
OKTMO ID79701000001
City DayFirst Saturday of June
Websiteweb.archive.org/web/20020604231940/http://www.admins.maykop.ru/

Maykop (Russian: , IPA: [m?j'kop]; Adyghe: , romanized: Myjæqwapæ [m?jaq?a:pa]) is the capital city of the Republic of Adygea in Russia, located on the right bank of the Belaya River (a tributary of the Kuban River). It borders Maykopsky District, from which it is administratively and municipally separate, to the east and south; Giaginsky District to the north, and Belorechensky District of Krasnodar Krai to the west.

Population: ;[3];[8].[9]

History

The city gave its name to the early Bronze Age Maykop culture after the discovery of a royal burial site there in 1897.[10]

Following the establishment of an military camp in 1825,[11] the Imperial Russian Army built a military fort at Maykop in 1857.[12]

In 1910 oil deposits were discovered in the vicinity of Maykop.[13]

In 1936, Maykop and the surrounding region merged with Adyghe Autonomous Oblast and became the administrative centre of the autonomy. The Wehrmacht occupied Maykop on August 9, 1942 without a fight as a result of a Brandenburger commando operation. German attempts to re-start oil production in the scorched-earth area proved only minimally successful. In January 1943 the Transcaucasian Front of the Red Army re-took the town.

Since 1991 Maykop has served as the capital of the Republic of Adygea in the Russian Federation.

Economy

Brewery (cultural heritage)

The discovery of extensive underground oil reserves has made Maykop a major centre for oil extraction for the Soviet Union and, subsequently, Russia. Other economically important sectors are food processing and the timber industry.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with eight rural localities, incorporated as Maykop Republican Urban Okrug--an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] It has the following rural localities under its jurisdiction:[14]

As a municipal division, Maykop Republican Urban Okrug is incorporated as Maykop Urban Okrug.[5]

Ethnic groups

Ethnic groups in the city (2002 data):[]

Other ethnic groups include Chechens, Daghestanis and Tartars.[15] There are ethnic tensions between the Muslim Adyghe and the Russians--with the two communities described as being "sharply divided".[16]

Education

Maykop is home to the Adyghe State University and Maykop State Technological University. There are also several facilities of professional education in Maykop. There are a lot of schools. For example Adyghe Republican Gymnasium which is located near the mosque, the theatre and the park of friendship. It has 11 grades. There are a lot of rules: students must wear a uniform, girls must have pony tails or braids. The school has five buildings. There is a sports hall where students play basketball and volleyball. There is also a football pitch where boys play football. A canteen is a separate building.

Climate

Maykop lies within the humid subtropical climate zone (Cfa), according to the Köppen climate classification, or just within the humid continental climate (Dfa) zone according to the 32 °F or 0 °C demarcation used by many United States climatologists.

Climate data for Maykop
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.9
(39.0)
5.8
(42.4)
11.0
(51.8)
18.2
(64.8)
22.6
(72.7)
26.2
(79.2)
28.9
(84.0)
28.5
(83.3)
24.3
(75.7)
17.6
(63.7)
12.3
(54.1)
6.9
(44.4)
17.2
(62.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) -0.5
(31.1)
1.3
(34.3)
5.7
(42.3)
12.6
(54.7)
16.8
(62.2)
20.3
(68.5)
22.8
(73.0)
22.3
(72.1)
18.1
(64.6)
12.0
(53.6)
7.6
(45.7)
2.8
(37.0)
11.8
(53.3)
Average low °C (°F) -4.9
(23.2)
-3.3
(26.1)
0.4
(32.7)
6.9
(44.4)
11.0
(51.8)
14.4
(57.9)
16.7
(62.1)
16.0
(60.8)
11.9
(53.4)
6.3
(43.3)
2.8
(37.0)
-1.3
(29.7)
6.4
(43.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 60
(2.4)
41
(1.6)
51
(2.0)
58
(2.3)
73
(2.9)
89
(3.5)
70
(2.8)
58
(2.3)
62
(2.4)
66
(2.6)
75
(3.0)
69
(2.7)
772
(30.4)
Average precipitation days 8 7 8 8 8 9 7 6 7 7 9 10 94
Source: worldweather.org[17]

February 15, 2010 saw Maykop record the absolute maximum for any winter month in Russia: 23.4 °C or 74.1 °F.

Military

On the south side of the city, alongside the Belaya River is the military complex housing the 131st Motor Rifle Brigade of the Southern Military District of the Russian Armed Forces which took part in the First Chechen War.

Notable people

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Law #171
  2. ^ ? « » ( ?). Archived September 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine ? ?.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #171 stipulates that the borders of the republican urban okrugs are identical to those of the municipal urban okrugs.
  6. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  7. ^ . ?- ? . (Russian Post). (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Ivanova, Mariya (2007). "The Chronology of the "Maikop Culture" in the North Caucasus: Changing Perspectives". Armenian Journal of Near Eastern Studies. II: 7-39.
  11. ^ Potto, Vasiliy Aleksandrovich (1887). ? ? , , ? 2- (in Russian) (2 ed.). Saint Petersburg. . p. 527-528. Retrieved 2019. 23 ? [1825 ?] ? ? ? (), ? , , ...
  12. ^ James B. Minahan (May 30, 2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World A-Z. ABC-CLIO. p. 38. ISBN 9780313076961.
  13. ^ Garvin, James Louis, ed. (1926). "Petroleum". The Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (13 ed.). The Encyclopædia Britannica Company, ltd. Retrieved 2019. The Maikop field in the province of Kuban on the north flank of the Caucasus, northeast of the Black Sea, was discovered in 1910.
  14. ^ Law #223
  15. ^ Irina BABICH (2004). "THE REPUBLIC OF ADIGEY: ISLAM AND SOCIETY AT THE TURN OF THE CENTURY". Central Asia and the Caucasus. 6 (30): 55.
  16. ^ Klimenko, Oxana; Bowers, Stephen R.; and Solovyeva, Lena, "North Caucasus Baseline Project: Adygea" (2009). Faculty Publications and Presentations. Paper 18. Page 3.
  17. ^ "worldweather.org". Retrieved 2012.

Sources

  •  -- ? ? .  No171  5 2000 ?. « - ? ? », ? . No97  6 ? 2012 ?. «? ? ? ? ? ? " ? ? ? ?  -- ? ?"». ? ? ?  ?. : " ", No156-157, 7 ? 2004 ?. (State Assembly of the Republic of Adygea. Law #171 of May 5, 2000 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Republic of Adygea, as amended by the Law #97 of June 6, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Republic of Adygea Due to the Adoption of the Law of the Republic of Adygea "On Transformation of the Urban-Type Settlement of Tulsky into a Settlement--a Rural Locality. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • ? .  No223  24 2004 ?. «? ? " ", ? ? », ? . No347  27 2014 ?. «? ? ? "? ? " ", ? ? "». ? ? ?  ?. : " ", No102-103, 27 2004 ?. (Council of the Republic of Adygea. Law #223 of May 24, 2004 On the Municipal Formation "the City of Maykop", Granting It the Status of an Urban Okrug, and on the Establishment of Its Borders, as amended by the Law #347 of November 27, 2014 On Amending the Law of the Republic of Adygea "On the Municipal Formation "the City of Maykop", Granting It the Status of an Urban Okrug, and on the Establishment of Its Borders". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).


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Maikop
 



 



 
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