Maestro De Campo Island
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Maestro De Campo Island
Concepcion

Sibale, Sibale Island
Municipality of Concepcion
Map of Romblon with Concepcion highlighted
Map of Romblon with Concepcion highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Concepcion is located in Philippines
Concepcion
Concepcion
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°56?N 121°43?E / 12.93°N 121.71°E / 12.93; 121.71Coordinates: 12°56?N 121°43?E / 12.93°N 121.71°E / 12.93; 121.71
Country Philippines
RegionMimaropa
ProvinceRomblon
DistrictLone district
Founded1570
Barangays9 (see Barangays)
Government
[2]
 o Type
 o MayorMedrito "Jun" F. Fabreag, Jr.[1]
 o Vice MayorMonico F. Firmalan, Jr.[1]
 o CongressmanEleandro Jesus Madrona
 o CouncilorsJun Fabella (PDPLBN)
Ebeth Faderogao (PDPLBN)
Neil Falculan (PDPLBN)
Viding Ferrancullo (PDPLBN)
Jasmin Famarin (LP)
Joe Ferranco (PDPLBN)
Ogie Abainza (PDPLBN)
Reinhart "Art" Famarin (NP)
 o Electorate3,433 voters (2019)
Area
[3]
 o Total19.82 km2 (7.65 sq mi)
Population
(2015 census) [4]
 o Total4,037
 o Density200/km2 (530/sq mi)
 o Households
1,047
Economy
 o Income class6th municipal income class
 o Poverty incidence22.61% (2015)[5]
 o Revenue?37,355,989.21 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
5516
PSGC
175905000[6]
+63 (0)42
Climate typetropical climate
Native languagesBantoanon
Tagalog

Concepcion, officially the Municipality of Concepcion, is a 6th class municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 4,037 people. [4]

History

Early history

Concepcion started as a small village founded in 1570 by the Spanish colonization forces led by Martin de Goiti and Juan de Salcedo, upon orders from then Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines, Miguel Lopez de Legazpi. The village was named after the Immaculate Concepcion. Throughout the Spanish era, the village was administered as part of Banton municipality on nearby Banton Island.[7]

On 2 July 1907, during the American colonization of the Philippines, Concepcion was elevated to municipal status but was incorporated as part of Mindoro province after Romblon was abolished and incorporated as part of Capiz province. However, on 10 March 1917, Romblon was reinstated as a separate province, and thus, Concepcion was incorporated back to the province.[7]

On 8 June 1940, the special municipality of Maghali was established upon passage of Commonwealth Act No. 581 (authored by Congressman Leonardo Festin). This demoted Concepcion and Corcuera from their municipality status and incorporated into the new municipality with its capital in Banton. The special municipality was abolished through the passage of Republic Act No. 38 (authored by Congressman Modesto Formilleza), and by 1 October 1946,[8] Concepcion regained its municipal status which it still holds today.[7]

Proposed secession

Among the islands of Romblon, Concepcion is the farthest from the provincial capital. It is also far from the nearest commercial capital, Odiongan. It takes five hours to travel between Concepcion and Romblon thus making it difficult for provincial executives to visit the island municipality. The nearest municipality from Concepcion is Pinamalayan, Oriental Mindoro, which is only two hours by boat. Hence, most Sibalenhons buy and sell their products in this town instead of Odiongan or Romblon.[9]

In the past, there have been attempts to secede Concepcion from Romblon and re-annex it to Oriental Mindoro. On 16 March 1924, Act No. 3131 was introduced in Congress seeking to re-annex the municipality to Oriental Mindoro but it didn't push through. More recently, in 2014, town mayor Lemuel Cipriano expressed that "90% of Concepcion's 4,500 population are seeking to be re-annexed to Oriental Mindoro". In order to be re-annexed, a resolution calling for a referendum in the island must be filed in Congress by the provincial representative. Oriental Mindoro governor Alfonso Umali Jr. and Second District Congressman Reynaldo Umali have expressed support for a possible referendum.[10]

Geography

Concepcion is located on Maestro de Campo Island (also known as Sibale to its inhabitants) which is the westernmost island of the province and approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) off the coast from Mindoro. The island is mountainous with steep shores. Its settlements are dispersed along the coast with the poblacion on the south shore. The island's interior is jagged and forested, with caves, clear rivers, unique rock formations, and hills that offer extensive views.[] Every village has its own cove and white sand beaches which are used for swimming and scuba diving.[]

Climate

Climate data for Concepcion, Romblon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26
(79)
28
(82)
29
(84)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 115
(4.5)
66
(2.6)
55
(2.2)
39
(1.5)
164
(6.5)
282
(11.1)
326
(12.8)
317
(12.5)
318
(12.5)
192
(7.6)
119
(4.7)
173
(6.8)
2,166
(85.3)
Average rainy days 13.6 9.4 10.4 10.5 21.1 26.0 29.0 27.6 27.5 23.1 16.7 16.1 231
Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally) [11]

Barangays

Concepcion is politically subdivided into 9 barangays.

  • Bachawan
  • Calabasahan
  • Dalajican
  • Masudsud
  • Poblacion
  • Sampong
  • San Pedro (Agbatang)
  • San Vicente
  • Masadya

Demographics

According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 4,037 people.[15] Majority of its inhabitants speak the local dialect, Asi, which is also spoken in the nearby islands of Banton and Simara. Sibalenhons, as the islanders call themselves, are predominantly Roman Catholic with a small percentage of Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, and Iglesia ni Cristo.

Local government

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[16] the municipal government is composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice vayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Bayan alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms. As of 30 June 2019, Concepcion's incumbent mayor is Medrito "Jun" Fabreag, Jr. while his vice mayor is Monico "Nonoy" Firmalan, Jr. Both are from the PDP-Laban political party.

The barangays or villages, meanwhile, are headed by elected officials, the topmost being the Punong Barangay or the Barangay Chairperson (addressed as Kapitan; also known as the Barangay Captain). The Kapitan is aided by the Sangguniang Barangay (Barangay Council) whose members, called Barangay Kagawad (Councilors), are also elected.[17]

Tourism

The mountains and the forest offer mountain trekkers new challenges.[original research?] The beaches have diving spots.[] Tropical coral reef systems surround the island. Some old folk believe they share the forest and coves with enchanted beings.[18]

Each of the island's nine barangays has its own cove with a palm-fringed white sand beach front. The entire island is visited for its swimming and scuba diving.[] Notable beaches include those along Tongo point and the beaches between barangay (village) Bachawan and Sampong.[] The island's interior hills, stretching five to nine kilometer, have trails for hiking and climbing. The island hills are also commonly visited by motor-cross biking enthusiasts.[] Other places of interest in the island include:[18]

  • Mount Banderahan: American soldiers in the early 20th century climbed the island's mountain and planted an American flag. The flagpole, hewed in a big stone, is a landmark sought out by mountain climbers.
  • Tinigban Falls: The fall site is a rock formation amid lush greenery. An Old Spanish encomendero once built a mansion here, embedding a mirror into a huge rock so he could have a full view of the waterfalls from his bathroom.
  • Matudtod Cave: Ancient skeletal remains and artifacts were found in this cave.
  • Quebrada Beach: Quebrada beach facing the town of Concepcion, scalloping the cove with its white sand and wonderful rock formation.

References

  1. ^ a b "Halalan 2019 Philippine Election Results". ABS-CBN News.
  2. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ "Report No3  - Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF), 2015 Census of Population, PSA, 2016, ISSN 0117-1453, archived (PDF) from the original on 25 October 2020CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  4. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 2019.
  6. ^ Philippine Standard Geographic Code, PSA
  7. ^ a b c Maestro de Campo History[permanent dead link] Maestro de Campo Dive Resort. Retrieved on 14 April 2012
  8. ^ "Republic Act No. 38 : REPUBLIC ACTS - PHILIPPINE LAWS STATUTES and CODES - CHANROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY". laws.chanrobles.com.
  9. ^ Fallarme, Eufronio (February 2006). "Sibale: A Misannexed Municipality". Sanrokan News Magazine. Retrieved 2014.
  10. ^ Evora, Robert (12 March 2014). "Sibale seeks town cut-off". Manila Standard Today. Retrieved 2014.
  11. ^ "Concepcion: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 2016.
  13. ^ Censuses of Population (1903-2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  14. ^ "Province of Romblon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 2016.
  15. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 2013.
  16. ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". The LawPhil Project. 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 2014.
  17. ^ "The Barangay". Local Government Code of the Philippines. Chan Robles Law Library.
  18. ^ a b Milex, Fabula (2001). "Profile: Concepcion, Romblon". Archived from the original on 2014-08-14. Retrieved 2014.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Maestro_de_Campo_Island
 



 



 
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