M%C5%8Dri Clan
Get M%C5%8Dri Clan essential facts below. View Videos or join the M%C5%8Dri Clan discussion. Add M%C5%8Dri Clan to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
M%C5%8Dri Clan
M?ri clan
Alex K Hiroshima Mori (color).svg
M?ri clan (mon)
Home provinceSagami
Aki
Parent houseImperial Seal of Japan.svg Imperial House of Japan
Japanese Crest Nagato mitu Hosi.svg ?e clan ()
Titlesvarious
FounderM?ri Suemitsu (?)
Final rulerM?ri Takachika (?)
Current headM?ri Motoyoshi (?)
Founding year13th century (first half)
Ruled until1868 (Meiji Restoration)

The M?ri clan ( M?ri-shi) was a Japanese samurai clan descended from ?e no Hiromoto. The family's most illustrious member, M?ri Motonari, greatly expanded the clan's power in Aki Province. During the Edo period his descendants became daimy? of the Ch?sh? Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. After the Meiji Restoration with the abolition of the han system and daimy?, the M?ri clan became part of the new nobility.[1]

Origins

Grave of M?ri Suemitsu in Kamakura.

The founder of the clan, M?ri Suemitsu, was the fourth son of ?e no Hiromoto. He founded the clan when he took the name from his sh?en named "M?ri" in Aik? District, Sagami Province.[2] After the J?ky? War, Suemitsu was appointed to the jit? office of a sh?en in Aki Province. He was defeated by H?j? Tokiyori in 1247 and committed suicide (seppuku) at Minamoto no Yoritomo's shrine (hokked?) along with his Miura clan allies.[3] The genealogy of the Mori clan is well verified because it matches up from several different sources such as the M?ri Family Tree (?), Sonpi Bunmyaku and ?e Family Tree ().[4]

According to the Sonpi Bunmyaku (?) from the late 14th century:[5]

?e no Hiromoto (?, 1148-1225)
  ?
M?ri Suemitsu (?, 1202-1247)
  ?
M?ri Tsunemitsu (?, ? - ? )
  ?
M?ri Tokichika (?, ? -1341)
  ?
M?ri Sadachika (?, ? -1351)
  ?
M?ri Chikahira (?, ? -1375), moved the family to Aki Province.
  ?
M?ri Motoharu (?, 1323- ? )

Kamakura period

During the Kamakura shogunate the M?ri were a gokenin family due to the fame of their ancestor ?e no Hiromoto. M?ri Suemitsu, the fourth son of ?e no Hiromoto inherited M?ri-sh?en from his father and that is why he began to use the name. It is reasonable to say he is the first head of the M?ri clan but in the M?ri family tradition he is the 39th head of the family according to him being the 39th linear descendant of Amenohohi-no-mikoto (?), an ancient god of Japan.[6] After the third head of the clan, M?ri Tokichika, his son M?ri Sadachika (?) was supposed to succeed him but he and his son were both killed by the H?j? clan and the great-grandson of Tsunemitsu became the next head of the clan.[7]

M?ri Takachika


At the end of the Kamakura shogunate they became distant from the shogunate and showed a favorable attitude to Ashikaga Takauji.[8]

Sengoku period

M?ri Motonari's battle standard, housed at the M?ri Museum.

In the Sengoku period, M?ri Motonari expanded their power to the whole of Aki province and then to other neighboring provinces. In his generation, M?ri became the daimy? from a local jizamurai.[]

During the war with the Oda clan and the Ikk?-ikki, the M?ri helped the Ikk?-ikki clans by establishing a naval trade route between each other's provincial docks and harbours, the Oda eventually nullified this by laying siege to the trade ships between the two clans and went to further disrupt trade by attempting to destroy the M?ri fleet, failing on their first attempt in 1571. The second battle took place in 1579 with the Oda sending eight Atakebune (heavily armoured ships with iron-clad plating) warships to finally destroy the M?ri naval threat.

After a struggle between Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who led his army as a general of Oda Nobunaga, the two sides made peace and M?ri remained as a daimy? who kept five provinces in Ch?goku.

Edo period

In 1600, M?ri Terumoto nominally led the West Army in the Battle of Sekigahara. The West Army lost the battle and the M?ri clan lost three eastern provinces and moved their capital from Hiroshima to present-day Hagi, Yamaguchi. The newer fief, M?ri han, consisted of two provinces: Nagato Province and Su? Province. Derived from the former, M?ri han was referred to often as Ch?sh? han.

After the Meiji Restoration

After the Meiji Restoration with the abolition of the han system and daimy?, the M?ri clan became part of the new nobility. They became a Duke family.[9]

Clan Heads

M?ri clan crest (mon).
  1. M?ri Suemitsu (?, 1202-1247), fourth son of ?e no Hiromoto (?), gokenin of the Kamakura shogunate.
  2. M?ri Tsunemitsu (?, ? - ? ), gokenin of the Kamakura shogunate.
  3. M?ri Tokichika (?, ? -1341), gokenin of the Kamakura shogunate.
  4. M?ri Motoharu (?, 1323- ? ), great-grandson of Tokichika (father and grandfather) skipped over, jizamurai of Aki, retainer of Ashikaga shogunate.
  5. M?ri Hirofusa (?, 1347-1385), jizamurai of Aki, retainer of Ashikaga shogunate.
  6. M?ri Mitsufusa (?, 1386-1436), jizamurai of Aki, retainer of Ashikaga shogunate.
  7. M?ri Hiromoto (?, ? -1464), jizamurai of Aki, retainer of Ashikaga shogunate.
  8. M?ri Toyomoto (?, 1444-1476), jizamurai of Aki, retainer of Ashikaga shogunate.
  9. M?ri Hiromoto (?, 1466-1506), jizamurai of Aki, retainer of Ashikaga shogunate. Died young of alcohol poisoning.
  10. M?ri Okimoto (?, 1492-1516), jizamurai of Aki, retainer of Ashikaga shogunate. Died young of alcohol poisoning, succeeded by his infant son.
  11. M?ri K?matsumaru (, 1515-1523), jizamurai of Aki, retainer of Ashikaga shogunate. Died at only 9 years of age, succeeded by his uncle.
  12. M?ri Motonari (?, 1497-1571), arguably the most famous member of the clan. Expanded the clan's power to nearly all of the Ch?goku region.
  13. M?ri Takamoto (?, 1523-1563), became head of the clan when his father "retired" but died young before his father, suspected assassination by poisoning.
  14. M?ri Terumoto (?, 1553-1625), 1st daimy? of Hiroshima Domain, taken away from him after Battle of Sekigahara.
  15. M?ri Hidenari (?, 1595-1651), 1st daimy? of Ch?sh? Domain.
  16. M?ri Tsunahiro (?, 1639-1689), 2nd daimy? of Ch?sh? Domain.
  17. M?ri Yoshinari (?, 1668-1694), 3rd daimy? of Ch?sh? Domain.
  18. M?ri Yoshihiro (?, 1673-1707), 4th daimy? of Ch?sh? Domain, adopted from the Ch?fu-M?ri branch family ().
  19. M?ri Yoshimoto (?, 1677-1731), 5th daimy? of Ch?sh? Domain.
  20. M?ri Munehiro (?, 1717-1751), 6th daimy? of Ch?sh? Domain.
  21. M?ri Shigenari (?, 1725-1789), 7th daimy? of Ch?sh? Domain.
  22. M?ri Haruchika (?, 1754-1791), 8th daimy? of Ch?sh? Domain.
  23. M?ri Narifusa (?, 1782-1809), 9th daimy? of Ch?sh? Domain.
  24. M?ri Narihiro (?, 1784-1836), 10th daimy? of Ch?sh? Domain.
  25. M?ri Narimoto (?, 1794-1836), 11th daimy? of Ch?sh? Domain.
  26. M?ri Narit? (?, 1814-1837), 12th daimy? of Ch?sh? Domain.
  27. M?ri Takachika (?, 1819-1871), 13th (and last) daimy? of Ch?sh? Domain.
  28. M?ri Motonori (?, 1839-1896), Duke under the Kazoku system.
  29. M?ri Motoakira (?, 1865-1938), Duke under the Kazoku system.
  30. M?ri Motomichi (?, 1903-1976), Duke under the Kazoku system.
  31. M?ri Motoyoshi (?, 1930- ), current head of the family.
  32. M?ri Motohide (?, 1967- ), heir apparent to head of the family.

Popular culture

The clan's war with Hideyoshi appears in Eiji Yoshikawa's novel Taiko: An Epic Novel of War and Glory in Feudal Japan.

The M?ri are a playable faction in Shogun: Total War and Total War: Shogun 2.

See also


References

  1. ^ "The Far East". University of Michigan. 6 (7). 1875.
  2. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. (1993). The Bakufu in Japanese History. Stanford University Press. p. 112. ISBN 0804722102.
  3. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. (1993). The Bakufu in Japanese History. Stanford University Press. p. 113. ISBN 0804722102.
  4. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. (1993). The Bakufu in Japanese History. Stanford University Press. p. 221. ISBN 0804722102.
  5. ^ Sonpi Bunmyaku
  6. ^ Zhong, Yijiang (2016). The Origin of Modern Shinto in Japan: The Vanquished Gods of Izumo. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 135. ISBN 1474271103.
  7. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. (1993). The Bakufu in Japanese History. Stanford University Press. p. 209. ISBN 0804722102.
  8. ^ Mass, Jeffrey P. (1993). The Bakufu in Japanese History. Stanford University Press. p. 221. ISBN 0804722102.
  9. ^ Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Matsudaira" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 29; retrieved 2013-7-11.

This article incorporates text from OpenHistory.


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

M%C5%8Dri_clan
 



 



 
Music Scenes