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Lyndhurst, New Jersey
Township in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States
On February 22, 1840, Hudson County was formed by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature. The newly created county was created from territories that had been Bergen Township since 1691, as well as and from the southern portion of Lodi Township. The portion of Lodi Township taken at this time formed the new Harrison Township in Hudson County. The border between the newly created Harrison Township in Hudson County and the portion of Lodi Township remaining in Bergen County was the New Barbadoes Turnpike, which is now called Paterson Plank Road. Some of the residents of the northern portion of Harrison Township requested to be returned to Bergen County. On February 19, 1852, this area — which had been part of Lodi Township — was returned to Bergen County to become the newly formed Union Township.
On September 21, 1881, Rutherford became the first borough to be formed under the terms of the New Jersey Legislature's Borough Act of 1878, based on a referendum of voters that passed the previous day. Rutherford Borough was fully separated from the township form of government in 1890 and acquired an additional portion of Union Township in that year. On April 17, 1889, Boiling Springs Township was created from the northern portion of Union Township. This township was dissolved with the creation of the coterminous Borough of East Rutherford as of March 28, 1894. The borough of North Arlington was created as of March 11, 1896, as the result of a referendum that took place two days earlier. Finally, on March 27, 1917, the residents of the remaining portions of Union Township passed a referendum to change the name to Lyndhurst Township, which became effective as of May 15, 1917. The township is named for Lord Lyndhurst.
Kingsland is a former post village within the township. The Kingsland family possessed a large tract of land in the area known as Kingsland Manor. In 1872, the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad established a railway through the township, and erected a depot in the area named "Kingsland" in honor of the family. A railroad shop was built, and houses erected for the railroad employees. Church services were held in the train depot.
On January 11, 1917, a fire started in Building 30 of the Canadian Car and Foundry Company, in what is now Lyndhurst, in a plant that was producing munitions for sale to the United Kingdom and the Russian Empire during World War I. After a spill of flammable liquid started a fire in a building where shells were cleaned, about 500,000, three-inch (76 mm) explosive shells were discharged in about four hours, destroying the entire facility. It was said to have been a spectacle more magnificent than the explosion at Black Tom in Jersey City, New Jersey.
Tessie McNamara, who operated the company switchboard, was credited with saving 1,400 lives, contacting each of the buildings and shouting the warning, "Get out or go up!" Thanks to her dedication, no one was killed in the fire. The Lyndhurst Historical Society has created a vest pocket park dedicated to the memory of McNamara. The park is located on Clay Avenue, between Valley Brook Avenue and Wall Street West. The brick stack[clarification needed] can be seen from this park.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 4.96 square miles (12.86 km2), including 4.58 square miles (11.87 km2) of land and 0.38 square miles (0.99 km2) of water (7.66%).
Of the 8,337 households, 25.5% had children under the age of 18; 47.9% were married couples living together; 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present and 35.3% were non-families. Of all households, 28.7% were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.07.
18.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.3 years. For every 100 females, the population had 92.6 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 90.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $68,177 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,370) and the median family income was $79,579 (+/- $4,878). Males had a median income of $56,299 (+/- $6,347) versus $44,468 (+/- $2,406) for females. The per capita income for the township was $34,233 (+/- $2,119). About 3.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 Census, 33.8% of township residents were of Italian ancestry, the 19th-highest percentage of any municipality in the United States, and eighth-highest in New Jersey, among all places with more than 1,000 residents identifying their ancestry.
There were 7,877 households, out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the township the age distribution of the population shows 19.1% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 32.4% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. Lyndhurst has the highest proportion of single females ages 18-25.
The median income for a household in the township was $53,375, and the median income for a family was $63,758. Males had a median income of $42,359 versus $35,429 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,940. About 2.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those aged 65 or over.
Lyndhurst was historically home to manufacturers of machinery and metal products.
Lyndhurst is also home to several locally owned and operated businesses such as Mazur's Bakery and the Lyndhurst Pastry Shop, which produces regionally-acclaimed Italian cakes and pastries, homemade Italian Ice during the spring, summer and fall. The main business sections are Valley Brook Avenue, Ridge Road, and Stuyvesant Avenue. Lyndhurst has many neighborhood delis, eateries, restaurants, and stores which allow residents the ability to walk rather than drive.
Because portions of the township are located in the New Jersey Meadowlands, a number of radio stations have their transmitters and towers located in Lyndhurst. These include AM stations WINS-1010, WSNR-620, and WLIB-1190 along with as Amateur Radio and HD TV station W2INS.
Lyndhurst Meadowlands is home to one of nine Medieval Times dinner theaters nationwide.
Lyndhurst, together with North Arlington and Rutherford, was the site of the EnCap project, an effort to remediate landfills on the 785-acre (3.18 km2) site and construct homes and golf courses on top of the cleaned-up site. On May 27, 2008, the New Jersey Meadowlands Commission terminated its agreement with EnCap Golf Holdings, the company that had the contract to redevelop the site, after the company had missed targets to clean up the landfills as part of the project.
From 1946 until 1966, Lyndhurst was home to the BUR Barbell Company, the second-largest producer of weight training equipment in the United States.
Town mascot and names include the Lyndhurst Golden Bears/Lyndhurst Post 139/Lyndhurst Cubs
American Legion, Cricket, Stellatos, Savinos, I.A.C.L, Bergen County Glass, Carucci, and Century 21 make up Lyndhurst Little League as of 2017.
On July 14, 2006, the Lyndhurst-American Little League baseball team ended their 17-year drought to become district champs. Throughout the nine district playoff games, Lyndhurst-American hit 14 home runs and eventually emerged as sectional finalists; two wins away from appearing on national television.
Lyndhurst Youth Soccer
Lyndhurst Youth Soccer has approximately 600 players from age 5 to age 13 and several travel teams.
Parks and recreation
City Park of Lyndhurst
Riverside County Park is a Bergen County park covering 85 acres (34 ha) located on Riverside Avenue between Lyndhurst and North Arlington. It has a playground, athletic fields, tennis courts, a Bocce ball court, and fitness center.
The township named Lewandowski Park and Lewandowski Street in honor of the three Lewandowski brothers, who were killed while serving in the armed forces during World War II.
The Township of Lyndhurst has been governed under the Walsh Act form of New Jersey municipal government since 1913. The township is one of 30 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use the commission form of government. The governing body is comprised of five commissioners, who are elected concurrently at-large on a non-partisan basis to four-year terms of office as part of the May municipal election. At a reorganization meeting held after each election each of the five members is assigned a department to oversee and the commissioners select a mayor from among its five members.
Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. The freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year; a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore are selected from among its seven members at a reorganization meeting held each January.
As of 2018[update], the County Executive is Democratic James J. Tedesco III of Paramus, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Bergen County's Freeholders are
Freeholder Chairman Thomas J. Sullivan Jr., (D, Montvale, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder chairman ends 2018),
Freeholder Vice-Chairwoman Germaine M. Ortiz (D, Emerson, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder vice-chairwoman ends 2018),
Freeholder Chairman Pro-Tempore Mary J. Amoroso (D, Mahwah, term as freeholder ends 2019; term as freeholder chairman pro-tempore ends 2018),
David L. Ganz (D, Fair Lawn, 2020),
Steve Tanelli (D, North Arlington, 2018),Joan Voss (D, Fort Lee, 2020) and
Tracy Silna Zur (D, Franklin Lakes, 2018), Bergen County's constitutional officials are
County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale, 2021),
Sheriff Michael Saudino (D, Emerson, 2019) and
Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill, 2021).
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 11,595 registered voters in Lyndhurst Township, of which 3,237 (27.9% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,308 (19.9% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 6,044 (52.1% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 6 voters registered to other parties. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 56.4% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 69.6% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).
In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 4,818 votes (51.3% vs. 41.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Hillary Clinton with 4,229 votes (45.1% vs. 54.2%) and other candidates with 337 votes (4.5% vs. 4.6%), among the 9,501 ballots cast by the borough's 13,215 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.9% (vs. 72.5% in Bergen County). In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 4,689 votes (55.8% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 3,536 votes (42.1% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 113 votes (1.3% vs. 0.9%), among the 8,409 ballots cast by the township's 12,126 registered voters, for a turnout of 69.3% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County). In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 4,531 votes (49.6% vs. 44.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 4,434 votes (48.6% vs. 53.9%) and other candidates with 80 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 9,131 ballots cast by the township's 12,250 registered voters, for a turnout of 74.5% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 4,346 votes (50.5% vs. 47.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 4,163 votes (48.3% vs. 51.7%) and other candidates with 81 votes (0.9% vs. 0.7%), among the 8,612 ballots cast by the township's 11,721 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.5% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 60.4% of the vote (2,949 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 38.4% (1,876 votes), and other candidates with 1.2% (61 votes), among the 5,012 ballots cast by the township's 11,693 registered voters (126 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 42.9%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 2,628 votes (48.9% vs. 45.8% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 2,389 votes (44.5% vs. 48.0%), Independent Chris Daggett with 303 votes (5.6% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 29 votes (0.5% vs. 0.5%), among the 5,374 ballots cast by the township's 11,916 registered voters, yielding a 45.1% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).
The Lyndhurst Police Department (LPD) provides emergency and protective services to the township of Lyndhurst and is led by Chief James B. O'Connor. The LPD was established on January 1, 1907, under the laws of Union Township. The department has lost four officers in the line of duty; which is higher than any other municipality in Bergen County.
A Police Auxiliary Unit falls under the Police Department and the Office of Emergency Management. Lyndhurst Police Auxiliary is headed by Deputy Chief Wayne Alexander. The Police Auxiliary members augment the services of the Police Department, with participants required to dedicate at least 16 hours a month for patrols on weekends, evenings and at township events and functions.
The township of Lyndhurst runs both a volunteer and a paid ambulance service. Residents can use the Lyndhurst Police Emergency Squad for emergency services. The volunteers respond to medical calls from 6pm to 6am Monday through Friday and on a 24-hour basis on weekends, while the paid division is staffed from 6am-6pm during the week. Residents do not pay for services provided.
The New Jersey Turnpike Western Spur (I-95) northbound in Lyndhurst
Route 17 and County Route 507 pass through Lyndhurst. Route 3 is just over the northern border of Lyndhurst in neighboring Rutherford. Route 21 is across the Passaic River in neighboring Nutley and Clifton.
The Avondale-DeJessa Bridge, which connects Lyndhurst and Nutley over the Passaic River with one lane in each direction, carries more than 26,000 vehicles a day, and is among 22 bridges in Bergen County that have been classified as "structurally deficient".
The Lyndhurst Draw crosses the Passaic River carrying the NJT Main Line and Metro North Port Jervis Line.
^Kuperinsky, Amy. "'The Jewel of the Meadowlands'?: N.J.'s best, worst and weirdest town slogans", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, January 22, 2015. Accessed July 12, 2016. "Lyndhurst, a township situated between routes 3 and 21, offers another unexpected sign. Rolling past a 7-Eleven as traffic rushes by, 'Bear Country' is probably not what most people are thinking. But there it is: front and center on the town welcome sign, paired with a long-toothed bear head. (In reality, no actual bears are involved -- just the Lyndhurst High School Golden Bears, the football team.)"
^Nicholaides, Kelly. "Where the streets have been renamed", South Bergenite, May 31, 2012. Accessed January 25, 2015. "The Township of Lyndhurst lost three brothers in World War II. Lewandowski Street and Lewandowski Park memorialize the sacrifices of Alex, Walter, and William Lewandowski."
^Grant, Meghan. "Four from Giangeruso ticket, Montillo win in Lyndhurst", The Record, May 9, 2017. Accessed October 2, 2019. "Four members of Mayor Robert Giangeruso's ticket, along with the opposing ticket's leader, Commissioner John Montillo Jr., have won four-year terms on the Board of Commissioners, according to early unofficial election results.... Giangeruso earned the highest number of votes, 2,134, and is expected to be reappointed mayor. DiMaggio received 1,934 votes; Haggerty, 1,883; Jarvis Sr., 1,724; and Montillo, 1,775."
^Biography, Congressman Bill Pascrell. Accessed January 3, 2019."A native son of Paterson, N.J., Congressman Bill Pascrell, Jr. has built a life of public service upon the principles he learned while growing up on the south side of the Silk City."
^Wildstein, David (January 24, 2018). "Calabrese unopposed for Caride seat". Politics DW. Retrieved 2018. Caride resigned last week, following Gov. Phil Murphy's inauguration. She is currently the Acting Commissioner of Banking and Insurance as she awaits State Senate confirmation.
^Lyndhurst Board of Education District Policy 0110 - Identification, Lyndhurst School District. Accessed June 25, 2020. "Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Pre-Kindergarten through twelve in the Lyndhurst School District. Composition: The Lyndhurst School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Lyndhurst."
^Grant, Meghan. "Lyndhurst's DeJessa, bridges showing their ages", South Bergenite, December 6, 2012. Accessed October 13, 2013. "Jointly owned by Bergen and Essex Counties, the Avondale-DeJessa Memorial Bridge connecting Lyndhurst to Nutley is among those classified as structurally deficient."
^Sobko, Katie. "Lyndhurst native a teacher by day, mob artist by night", The Record, July 19, 2017. Accessed August 13, 2019. "Bell, a Lyndhurst native now living in Maryland, is a nationally renowned teacher -- he was named Maryland Art Education Teacher of the Year in 2002 and has a résumé filled with achievements, including a speaking engagement on innovation in arts education with former U.S. Secretary Arne Duncan in 2009."
^Biography, iTunes. Accessed May 16, 2016. "Bringing out new stamina to the death and doom metal styles by creating obscure and devastating compositions, Evoken started playing in the beginning of the '90s in Lyndhurst, NJ."
^DiLeo, Frank. "Pawel Wolak looked confident and strong from the start", Daily Record (Morristown), August 20, 2005. Accessed September 6, 2011. "Wayne Johnsen continued his destruction of light heavyweight contenders Friday. The Lyndhurst native earned his ninth career victory with a six-round unanimous decision over Dhafir Smith. The former football star at St Mary's in Rutherford was spectacular against Smith controlling the bout with his nasty right cross for the victory."
^Fujimori, Sachi. "Girl Scout, 99, recalls group's core values", The Post and Courier, March 18, 2012. Accessed May 16, 2016. "Once Libbie Lindsay first put on her Girl Scout uniform in 1925, she never wanted to take it off. Lindsay, 99, of Lyndhurst, N.J., still keeps the khaki knee-length jacket and matching ranger hat in pristine condition."
^Hague, Jim. "Obit: Ex-Giant Tom Longo dies, 73"Archived July 29, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, The Record, July 3, 2015. Accessed May 16, 2016. "Tom Longo, the former Lyndhurst High School great who went on to have a fine career at Notre Dame and later played in the NFL with the Giants and St. Louis Cardinals, died Thursday in a hospice near his home in Wayne after a two-year-long battle with cancer."
^"Shining Stars", Chicago Daily Tribune, January 26, 1957. Accessed August 1, 2007. "Lou Monte began playing the ukulele and singing at the age of seven when he lived with his five brothers and sisters and his Italian born parents in Lyndhurst, N. J."
^Donny Pritzlaff, Rutgers Scarlet Knights wrestling. Accessed January 29, 2018. "Prior to Rutgers, the Lyndhurst, N.J., native spent three seasons at the University of Michigan (2011-13) as an assistant wrestling coach after spending five years at the University of Wisconsin-Madison as the associate head wrestling coach."
^"Extension Oral History Project - Walt Schroeder - Part 1", Oregon Digital, October 28, 2007. Accessed May 17, 2016. "Well, I was born in a little town, at that time, called Hackensack, New Jersey which was the county seat of Bergen County. We lived at that time in a community nearby that did not have a hospital, called Lyndhurst."
^Kany, Klaus Reinhold. "Weir makes changes with eye on redemption", IceNetwork.com, August 24, 2007. Accessed May 20, 2013. "After a season that fell short of his and the American public's expectations, three-time U.S. champion Johnny Weir made a major decision: he left longtime coach Priscilla Hill and his training site at The Pond in Newark, Del., and moved into an apartment in Lyndhurst, N.J., to train at the Ice Vault in Wayne, N.J."