Ludwig Ritter Von Kochel
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Ludwig Ritter Von Kochel

Ludwig Ritter von Köchel
LudwigRittervon Köchel.jpg
Ludwig Ritter von Köchel
Born(1800-01-14)14 January 1800
Died3 June 1877(1877-06-03) (aged 77)
NationalityAustrian
Occupationmusicologist, writer, composer, botanist and publisher
Known forKöchel catalogue
Köchel's arms as Ritter, 1842.

Ludwig Alois Friedrich Ritter von Köchel (German: ['koeç?l];[Note 1] 14 January 1800 - 3 June 1877) was an Austrian musicologist, writer, composer, botanist and publisher. He is best known for cataloguing the works of Mozart and originating the 'K-numbers' by which they are known (K for Köchel).

Life

Born in the town of Stein, Lower Austria, he studied law in Vienna and graduated with a PhD in 1827. For fifteen years, he was tutor to the four sons of Archduke Charles of Austria. Köchel was rewarded with a knighthood[Note 2] and a generous financial settlement, permitting him to spend the rest of his life as a private scholar. Contemporary scientists were greatly impressed by his botanical researches in North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, the United Kingdom, the North Cape, and Russia. In addition to botany, he was interested in geology and mineralogy, but also loved music, and was a member of the Mozarteum Salzburg. He died of cancer at age 77 in Vienna.

Köchel catalogue

In 1862 he published the Köchel catalogue, a chronological and thematic register of the works of Mozart. This catalogue was the first on such a scale and with such a level of scholarship behind it; it has since undergone revisions. Mozart's works are often referred to by their K-numbers (cf. opus number); for example, the "Jupiter" symphony, Symphony No. 41 K. 551.

Other works

Moreover, Köchel arranged Mozart's works into twenty-four categories, which were used by Breitkopf & Härtel when they published the first complete edition of Mozart's works from 1877 to 1910, a venture partly funded by Köchel.

He also catalogued the works of Johann Fux.[1][2]

Notes

  1. ^ Regarding personal names: Ritter is a title, translated approximately as Sir (denoting a Knight), not a first or middle name. There is no equivalent female form.
  2. ^ Ritter is a title translated approximately as Sir,

References

  1. ^ Köchel, Ludwig von (1872). Thematisches Verzeichniss der Compositioner von Johann Josef Fux. Wien: A. Hölder. OCLC 9116963.
  2. ^ Brook, Barry S.; Viano, Richard J. (1997) Thematic Catalogues in Music: An Annotated Bibliography at Google Books. Pendragon Press. page 146. ISBN 0-918728-86-X.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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