The badge of the Grand Cross
|Awarded by The Grand Duke of Hesse|
|Motto||Gott Ehre Vater Land|
|Eligibility||soldiers and civilians|
|Sovereign||Grand Duke of Hesse|
Commander 1st Class
Commander 2nd Class
Knight 1st Class
Knight 2nd Class
|Next (higher)||House Order of the Golden Lion|
|Next (lower)||Order of Philip the Magnanimous|
Ribbon bar of the order
The order was founded by Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine as an order of merit without name or statute on August 25, 1807. On December 14, 1831 statutes were adopted for the order, giving it its formal name, dividing it into five classes, and setting the terms for award. It was to be awarded to meritorious soldiers and civilians "von den obersten Stufe bis auf die unterste" (from the highest level to the lowest).
The order became obsolete with the abdication of the last Grand Duke of Hesse in November 1918.
The order was divided into five classes: