|Louisiana's 5th congressional district|
Louisiana's 5th congressional district since January 3, 2013.
Louisiana's 5th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The 5th district encompasses rural northeastern Louisiana and much of central Louisiana, as well as the northern part of Louisiana's Florida parishes in southeast Louisiana, taking in Monroe, Alexandria, Opelousas, Amite and Bogalusa. The seat is currently vacant, after being held by Ralph Abraham, who was first elected in 2014. On February 26, 2020, Abraham announced he would not be seeking re-election for a fourth term, honoring his pledge to serve only three terms in Congress. On December 5, 2020, Luke Letlow defeated Lance Harris in the runoff election, after no candidate received a majority of the vote in the primary. He was scheduled to assume office on January 3, 2021, but died on December 29, 2020 of complications from COVID-19. A special election has been scheduled for March 20, 2021.
In 2014, Ralph Abraham defeated Monroe Mayor Jamie Mayo for the 113th United States Congress, replacing McAllister, who was defeated in the Louisiana primary. On February 26, 2020, Abraham announced he would not be seeking re-election for a fourth term, honoring his pledge to only serve three terms in Congress.
"On November 16, 2013, Republican newcomer Vance McAllister, a businessman from Swartz, Louisiana, handily defeated fellow Republican State Senator Neil Riser of Columbia in Caldwell Parish to claim the seat in a special election. McAllister led Riser, 54,449 (59.7) to 36,837 (40.3 percent), with all 981 precincts reporting. McAllister won fourteen of the twenty-four parishes in the district, including large margins in Ouachita and Rapides. McAllister had criticized Governor Bobby Jindal for not extending Medicaid to qualified poor Louisianians, and Riser had endorsed the governor's refusal.
Analysts considered McAllister's victory as a rejection of Jindal's efforts to have the seat vacated and to replace Alexander with his hand-picked candidate in a low-turnout special election. The runoff turnout was less than 19%, three percent less than in the primary.
Previously the seat was held by Rodney Alexander, who in 2004 had switched from the Democratic Party to the GOP. Alexander resigned on September 26, 2013 to become secretary of the Louisiana Department of Veterans Affairs under Governor Jindal.
Originally 14 candidates ran to succeed Alexander, including Clyde C. Holloway, a former representative from Louisiana's 8th congressional district, since disbanded. Riser and McAllister emerged from the primary to meet in the runoff.
|Election results from presidential races|
|District created March 4, 1863|
|Vacant||March 4, 1863 -
July 18, 1868
|Civil War and Reconstruction|
|W. Jasper Blackburn||Republican||July 18, 1868 -
March 3, 1869
Retired to run for Lieutenant Governor.
|Republican||March 4, 1869 -
June 8, 1876
|Lost contested election.|
William B. Spencer
|Democratic||June 8, 1876 -
January 8, 1877
|44th||Won contested election.|
Resigned to become associate justice of the Louisiana Supreme Court.
|Vacant||January 8, 1877 -
March 3, 1877
John E. Leonard
|Republican||March 4, 1877 -
March 15, 1878
|Vacant||March 15, 1878 -
November 5, 1878
J. Smith Young
|Democratic||November 5, 1878 -
March 3, 1879
|45th||Elected to finish Leonard's term.|
J. Floyd King
|Democratic||March 4, 1879 -
March 3, 1887
|Democratic||March 4, 1887 -
March 3, 1889
Charles J. Boatner
|Democratic||March 4, 1889 -
March 20, 1896
|Elected in 1888.|
House declared seat vacant after election was contested by Alexis Benoit.
|Vacant||March 20, 1896 -
June 10, 1896
Charles J. Boatner
|Democratic||June 10, 1896 -
March 3, 1897
|Elected to finish Boatner's term.|
Samuel T. Baird
|Democratic||March 4, 1897 -
April 22, 1899
|Vacant||April 22, 1899 -
August 29, 1899
Joseph E. Ransdell
|Democratic||August 29, 1899 -
March 3, 1913
|Elected to finish Baird's term.|
James Walter Elder
|Democratic||March 4, 1913 -
March 3, 1915
Riley J. Wilson
|Democratic||March 4, 1915 -
January 3, 1937
Newt V. Mills
|Democratic||January 3, 1937 -
January 3, 1943
Charles E. McKenzie
|Democratic||January 3, 1943 -
January 3, 1947
|Democratic||January 3, 1947 -
January 3, 1977
|Democratic||January 3, 1977 -
January 3, 1993
Lost re-election in a redistricting contest.
|Republican||January 3, 1993 -
January 3, 1997
|Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1992.|
Redistricted to the 4th district.
|Republican||January 3, 1997 -
January 3, 2003
|Elected in 1996.|
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
|Democratic||January 3, 2003 -
August 9, 2004
|Elected in 2002.|
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Resigned to become Secretary of the Louisiana Department of Veterans Affairs.
|Republican||August 9, 2004 -|
September 26, 2013
|Vacant||September 26, 2013 -
November 16, 2013
|Republican||November 16, 2013 -
January 3, 2015
|Elected to finish Alexander's term.|
|Republican||January 3, 2015 -
January 3, 2021
|Elected in 2014.|
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
|Vacant||January 3, 2021 -
|117th||Member-elect Luke Letlow died December 29, 2020.|
|Democratic||Rodney Alexander (Incumbent)||86,718||50.28|
|Republican||Rodney Alexander (Incumbent)||141,495||59.44|
|Democratic||Zelma "Tisa" Blakes||58,591||24.61|
|Republican||John W. "Jock" Scott||37,971||15.95|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|Democratic||Gloria Williams Hearn||33,233||29.00|
|Independent||Tom Gibbs Jr.||33,279||21.43|
|No Party||"Ron" Ceasar||37,486||14.41|
|Libertarian||Clay Steven Grant||20,194||7.76|
|Republican||Vance M. McAllister||26,606||11|
|Republican||Clyde C. Holloway||17,877||7|
|Green||Eliot S. Barron||1,655||1|
|Democratic||Jessee Carlton Fleenor||67,118||30.0|
|Democratic||Sandra "Candy" Shoemaker-Christophe||50,812||16|
|Democratic||Martin Lemelle Jr.||32,186||10|
|Republican||Allen Guillory Sr.||22,496||7|
|Democratic||Jesse P. Lagarde||7,136||2|