Lorenz Christoph Mizler von Kolof (also known as Wawrzyniec Mitzler de Kolof and Mitzler de Koloff; 26 July 1711 - 8 May 1778) was a German physician, historian, printer, mathematician, Baroque music composer, and precursor of the Polish Enlightenment.
He was born Lorenz Christoph Mizler von Kolof in Heidenheim, Middle Franconia. His parents were Johann Georg Mizler, a court clerk to the Margrave of Ansbach at Heidenheim, and Barbara Stumpf, of St. Gallen, Switzerland.
His first teacher was N. Müller, a minister from Obersulzbach, from whom Mizler learned the flute and violin. From 1724 to 1730, Mizler studied at the Ansbach Gymnasium with Rector Oeder and Johann Matthias Gesner, who became director of the Thomasschule zu Leipzig from 1731 to 1734. He enrolled at Leipzig University on 30 April 1731, where he studied theology. His teachers there included Gesner, Johann Christoph Gottsched, and Christian Wolff. He earned a BS in December 1733 and a MS in March 1734. During this time, he also pursued the study of composition, and had some association with Johann Sebastian Bach, whom, he wrote, he had the honor to call his "good friend and patron."
From May 1737, Mizler began lecturing on music history and Johann Mattheson's Neu-eröffnete Orchestre (Newly Published Orchestra) he was the first to lecture on music at a German university in 150 years. He also began a monthly publication, the Neu eröffnete musikalische Bibliothek (Newly Published Musical Library) in 1738 At about this time, Mizler began a music publishing business; and he returned school to take a doctorate of medicine at Erfurt University in 1747.
In 1743 he left Leipzig and settled permanently in Poland. Mitzler de Kolof (his nom de guerre in Poland) became secretary, teacher, librarian and court mathematician to Count Ma?achowski of Ko?skie, from whom he learned Polish and with whom he studied Polish history and literature.
In 1747 Mizler moved to Warsaw. Mitzler also began a medical practice, which included consulting as a court physician to King August III. When he became court physician, this afforded him time to study the natural sciences.
He established the publishing house 'Mizlerischer Bücherverlag, Warschau und Leipzig' in 1754.
In association with the Za?uski Library, Mitzler published and edited Poland's first scientific periodicals: Warschauer Bibliothek (1753-55), Acta Litteraria... (1755-56), Nowe Wiadomo?ci Ekonomiczne i Uczone (Economic and Learned News, 1758-61 and 1766-67). From 1765 he published the Monitor (1765-85), which had been founded at the initiative of King Stanis?aw August Poniatowski, in 1773-77 as its editor. In 1756 he set up a printing establishment, which in 1768 he conveyed (together with a type foundry) to Warsaw's Corps of Cadets, while retaining the business' directorship. At this printing establishment, Mitzler published scholarly editions of historic sources (a collection of chronicles, Collectio magna, 1761-71), literary works, and textbooks for the Corps of Cadets. He also operated a bookstore.
Mitzler died in Warsaw in 1778.
Mitzler, an amateur composer, was deeply interested in music theory, advocating the establishment of a musical science based firmly on mathematics; philosophy; and the imitation of nature in music. He translated Johann Joseph Fux's Gradus ad Parnassum into German (the original was in Latin), having written of it that "this methodical guide to musical composition [is] among all such works the best book that we have for practical music and its composition."
Mitzler was a polymath: his interests encompassed music, mathematics, philosophy, theology, law, and the natural sciences. He was influenced in philosophy by the ideas of Wolff, Gottfried Leibniz, and Gottsched.
The Musikalische Bibliothek (this original title is in German and means "musical library"), which he published between 1736 and 1754, is an important document of the musical life in Germany at the time, and includes reviews of books on music written from 1650 up to its publication. Mizler himself contributed commentaries and criticisms on the writings of Wolfgang Printz, Leonhard Euler, Johann Adolf Scheibe, Johann Samuel Schroeter, Meinrad Spieß, Gottsched, and Mattheson; especially the latter two's Critische Dichtkunst (1729) and Vollkommene Capellmeister (1739). His essays were detailed and perceptive and offer a useful musicological resource for present-day scholars of Baroque music.
He founded the Correspondierende Societät der musicalischen Wissenschaften (or "Corresponding Society of the Musical Sciences") in 1738. Its aim was to enable musical scholars to circulate theoretical papers in order to further musical science by encouraging discussion of the papers via correspondence. Many of the papers appear in the Musikalische Bibliothek. The entry requirements of this society resulted in both the famous 1746/1748 Haussmann portrait of Bach and his Canonic Variations on "Vom Himmel hoch da komm' ich her" for organ, BWV 769.
Membership was limited to twenty. Belonging to the society were: