Lonicera Sempervirens
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Lonicera Sempervirens

Lonicera sempervirens
Lonicera sempervirens 2.jpg

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification edit
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Genus: Lonicera
Species:
L. sempervirens
Binomial name
Lonicera sempervirens

Lonicera sempervirens (commonly known as coral honeysuckle, trumpet honeysuckle, or scarlet honeysuckle) is a species of honeysuckle native to the eastern United States.[1][2]

It can grow in many areas due to its hardiness.[3] It is most often grown as a plant for wildlife. Ruby-throated hummingbirds use it in their natural range[4] as well as other birds, butterflies, and bees.[5] It hosts the caterpillars of spring azures and snowberry clearwing moths.[6] It is also grown as an ornamental for its attractive flowers, especially as a native alternative to the invasive Japanese honeysuckle.[7][8] Several cultivars have been selected for variation in flower color, including 'Magnifica' (flowers red outside, yellow inside), 'Sulphurea' (yellow flowers), and 'Superba' (bright scarlet flowers).[9]

It is a twining vine growing to 20 ft or more through shrubs and young trees. The leaves are produced in opposite pairs, oval, up to 5 cm long and 4 cm broad; the leaves immediately below the flowers are perfoliate, joined at the base in a complete ring round the shoot. They are evergreen in zone 8 and warmer and deciduous in colder climates. This is the reason for the species epithet, from Latin sempervirens, meaning "evergreen".[10] The flowers are produced on new growth in clusters of several groups of three together, tubular, 5 cm long, with five small lobes opening at the tip to expose the stamens and stigma. The leaves have been shown to deteriorate during the winter.[11] Ruby-throated hummingbirds and insects pollinate the bright red to pinkish-red flowers from mid-spring to fall.[12][4]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Lonicera sempervirens". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA.
  2. ^ "Lonicera sempervirens". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  3. ^ Gilman, Edward F. (2015-08-14). "Lonicera sempervirens Trumpet Honeysuckle". edis.ifas.ufl.edu. Retrieved .
  4. ^ a b Operation Rubythroat "Top Ten" Native Hummingbird Plants: Lonicera sempervirens
  5. ^ "Lonicera sempervirens". plants.ces.ncsu.edu. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Lonicera Sempervirens". wildflower.org. Ladybird Johnson Wildflower Center. Retrieved 2020.
  7. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
  8. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Lonicera sempervirens". Retrieved 2013.
  9. ^ Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan ISBN 0-333-47494-5.[page needed]
  10. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315.
  11. ^ Schierenbeck, Kristina A.; Marshall, John D. (November 1993). "Seasonal and diurnal patterns of photosynthetic gas exchange for Lonicera sempervirens andL. Japonica(Caprifoliaceae)". American Journal of Botany. 80 (11): 1292-1299. doi:10.1002/j.1537-2197.1993.tb15367.x. ISSN 0002-9122.
  12. ^ Tenaglia, Dan. "Lonicera sempervirens page". Missouri Plants. Missouri Botanical Garden.



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