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Long Dock Tunnel
Eastern portal above which are three engraved stones. The first lists the officers and engineers of the company. The seconds reads "Long Dock Company founded 1856". The third reads "Bergen Tunnel completed 1861".
Western portal above which is "Erie", the name of the railroad that owned the tunnel. To the south was the 1910 Erie Cut which traveled under the Bergen Arches.
The tunnel runs 4,311 feet (1,314 m) long, 23 feet (7.0 m) high, and 30 feet (9.1 m) wide. Eight shafts, 70-90 feet (21-27 m) in depth were sunk down from atop the Palisades to reach the tunnel.
In 1910 the Erie Railroad replaced the Long Dock Tunnel with the Erie Cut, though primarily for use by passenger trains. Erie freight trains continued to use the tunnel as do freight railroads to this day.
A 2005 map of the active railroads of northern Hudson County. The Long Dock Tunnel is the part of the blue line marked Conrail National Docks Branch which runs between the tunnel portal just east of the West End Junction (bottom center) and the tunnel portal just west of the connection with the Conrail River Line stub.