London Convention (1884)
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London Convention 1884
London Convention (1884)
A Convention Between Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the South African Republic
Delegates from the South African Republic to the London Convention (1884).
ContextRetrocession of the South African Republic after the First Boer War
Signed27 February 1884
LocationLondon, United Kingdom
Effective27 February 1884
Expiration31 May 1902
London Convention at Wikisource

The London Convention was a treaty negotiated in 1884 between the United Kingdom, as the paramount power in South Africa, and the South African Republic (Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek).[1] The London Convention superseded the 1881 Pretoria Convention.

Historical background

The treaty governed the relations between the ZAR and the United Kingdom, following the retrocession of the South African Republic in the aftermath of the First Boer War.


The South African Republic was represented by the following delegates:

Content of the convention

The convention incorporated the bulk of the earlier Pretoria Convention, but with two major differences.

Name of the country

Following the Pretoria Convention, the name of the South African Republic had been changed to the Transvaal Territory. At the request of the Transvaal Territory's Volksraad the name was restored to South African Republic.


The main outcome of the London Convention was that British suzerainty over the South African Republic was relinquished.

See also


  1. ^ G.W. Eybers (1917). Select constitutional documents illustrating South African history, 1795-1910. pp. 469-470.

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