Shamian Subdistrict riverfront
Liwan in Guangzhou
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|o Total||62.40 km2 (24.09 sq mi)|
|o Density||11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Guangdong Romanization||lei6 wan1 kêu1|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Lìw?n Q?|
|Alternative Chinese name|
|Guangdong Romanization||lei6 wan1|
|Second alternative Chinese name|
|Guangdong Romanization||sei1 guan1|
|Third alternative Chinese name|
|Guangdong Romanization||fong1 qun1|
Liwan District is one of 11 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province, China. The district is split into two parts by the Pearl River: Xiguan in the northeast and Fangcun in the southwest.
Liwan District was named after "Lizhiwan", which is derived from poem of "a bay of green water and red lychees along both banks". It covers an area of 16.2 square kilometres (6.3 sq mi) and has a permanent population of about 540,000 and a permanent nonnative population of over 200,000. Liwan District is positioned in the flourishing west part of Guangzhou, on the northeast bank of the Pearl River.
Liwan was originally a western suburb of Guangzhou known as Xiguan and Huadai/Huadi located in between two counties of Panyu County and Nanhai County. On 15 February 1921 Liwan along with Guangfu (present Yuexiu) formed the City of Guangzhou.
Fangcun, in the western part of Liwan District, lay at the southwest of Guangzhou's downtown area and south of Pearl River. It was established as a "Fangcun District" in 1949 after the Chinese Communist Party took over Guangzhou from the Kuomintang. In 2005, it was withdrawn and merged with Liwan.
|Name||Chinese (S)||Hanyu Pinyin||Canton Romanization||Population (2010)||Area (km2)|
|Baihedong Subdistrict||Báihèdòng Ji?dào||bag6 hog6 dung6 gai1 dou6||48,238||3.10|
|Caihong Subdistrict||?||C?ihóng Ji?dào||coi2 hung4 gai1 dou6||54,348||1.06|
|Chajiao Subdistrict||?||Chájiào Ji?dào||ca4 geo3 gai1 dou6||54,918||4.05|
|Changhua Subdistrict||?||Ch?nghuá Ji?dào||cêng1 wa4 gai1 dou6||32,778||1.61|
|Chongkou Subdistrict||?||Ch?ngk?u Ji?dào||cung1 heo2 gai1 dou6||48,097||4.20|
|Dongjiao Subdistrict||?||D?ngjiào Ji?dào||dung1 gao3 gai1 dou6||35,889||4.60|
|Dongsha Subdistrict||?||D?ngsh? Ji?dào||dung1 Sh? gai1 dou6||29013||7.90|
|Duobao Subdistrict||?||Du?b?o Ji?dào||do1 bou2 gai1 dou6||32,581||0.86|
|Fengyuan Subdistrict||?||Féngyuán Ji?dào||fung4 yun4 gai1 dou6||59,337||0.78|
|Hailong Subdistrict||?||H?ilóng Ji?dào||hoi2 lung4 gai1 dou6||31,801||9.49|
|Huadi Subdistrict||?||Hu?dì Ji?dào||fa1 déi2 gai1 dou6||39,635||1.63|
|Hualin Subdistrict||?||Huálín Ji?dào||wa4 lem4 gai1 dou6||46,309||0.72|
|Jinhua Subdistrict||?||J?nhu? Ji?dào||gem1 fa1 gai1 dou6||54,670||1.16|
|Lingnan Subdistrict||?||L?ngnán Ji?dào||ling5 nam4 gai1 dou6||27,560||0.90|
|Longjin Subdistrict||?||Lóngj?n Ji?dào||lung4 zên1 gai1 dou6||43,518||0.53|
|Nanyuan Subdistrict||?||Nányuán Ji?dào||nam4 yun4 gai1 dou6||70,066||1.85|
|Qiaozhong Subdistrict||?||Qiáozh?ng Ji?dào||kiu4 zung1 gai1 dou6||31,643||4.40|
|Shamian Subdistrict||?||Sh?miàn Ji?dào||sa1 min2 gai1 dou6||3,397||0.30|
|Shiweitang Subdistrict||Shíwéitáng Ji?dào||ség6 wei4 tong4 gai1 dou6||57,192||5.18|
|Xicun Subdistrict||?||Xic?n Ji?dào||sei1 qun1 gai1 dou6||45,069||3.27|
|Zhanqian Subdistrict||?||Zhànqián Ji?dào||zam6 qin4 gai1 dou6||27,431||0.96|
|Zhongnan Subdistrict||?||Zh?ngnán Ji?dào||zung1 nam4 gai1 dou6||24,710||7.00|
Liwan district has a well-developed transport network which enables it to reap benefits as an important place for business. There is a developed traffic network connecting with the railway station and Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport in the north. Renmin Bridge and Zhujiang Tunnel link the banks of the Pearl River in the southern part of Liwan. Zhujiang Bridge, which connects Nanhai and Foshan, links the east and west together in Liwan's west. Guangzhou South Railway Cargo Station of Jingguang Railway and Xinfeng Terminal are in Liwan's southwest. No. 107 State Highway and Guang-Fo Highway connecting with Guang-Shen Highway are through to Hong Kong. Line 1 of Guangzhou Metro and Inner overhead road pass through the District.
Liwan is currently service by four metro lines operated by Guangzhou Metro:
Liwan District has many attractions and historical sites. The historically famous Lizhiwan (lit. Lychee Bay) has a 1000-year history. Shisanhang had a foreign trade privilege for hundred years. Haishan Xianguan had a leader of Lingnan horticulture, which made contribution to the development of Lingnan culture. Now, there are two national key protection units Chen Learning Academy (Chen Clan Temple) and Shamian Ancient Buildings, out of which Chen Learning Academy was elected one of the 8 new scenic spots of Guangzhou. There are several municipality-level relic spots: Hualin Temple, one of Guangzhou's Buddhist "five jungles", Taoist Zhenwudi Renwei Temple, Jiang Guangding's former residence, Li Wentian's Taihua Building and Xiguan big house. In addition, there are historic sites where Dr. Sun Yat-sen, Zhan Tianyou, Chen Shaobai and Tang Tingguang lived or worked. There are Guangya School setup by Zhang Zhidong, a member of the Westernization Movement in the late Qing Dynasty and relic site of Xicun Industrial Zone developed by Chen Jitang when was in power during PC period. All those spots are like pearls dotted in this valuable land and show people its glorious and splendid past.
In order to integrate those typical spots organically for tourists' convenience, Liwan District Administration divides them into 4 tourist areas, Xiguan Folk Custom Area, Chen Clan Temple Cultural and Leisure Area, Shamian Continental Tourist Area, and Shisanhang Commercial and Cultural Area. It is proposed to build large-scale "Lingnan Custom" tourist project at Xiguan Folk Custom Area so as to provide domestic and foreign tourists with all-directional services in tour, culture, leisure, foods and accommodation.
Liwan District's developed commerce. National ethical commercial street Shangxiajiu Pedestrian Street is arrayed with shops and gathers a lot of businessmen. in 1995, Shangxiajiu Lu was declared the first weekend commercial pedestrian street of Guangzhou. In 1996, it was elected one of the 10 tourist attractions of Guangzhou. There are many special streets such as blackwood and jade street, ceramic crafts street, and more than 100 wholesale markets engaged in traditional Chinese medicine, aquatic products, shoes, stationery, metal ware, textile (knitted), electric appliance (communications) and decoration materials, among which Qingping Traditional Chinese Herbs and Huangsha Aquatic Product Market are State-level markets; Yiyuan Stationery Market, Guangdong Electric Appliance City are province-level markets. Market is flourishing, which radiates the whole nation and the Southeast Asia as well as the world.
Liwan District is a gathering place of star-level restaurants of Guangzhou, including White Swan Hotel, Guangzhou Restaurant, Shengli Hotel, Qingping Restaurant, Taotaoju Restaurant, Lianxianglou Restaurant and Panxi Restaurant. Various special Liwan foods with long history and both famous at home and abroad are available, including Shunji coconut ice cream, Wuzhanji Jidi congee, Tingzai congee, Ouchengji dumpling and Nanxin double-condensed milk.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2014)