List of Wind Tunnels
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List of Wind Tunnels
Name Status Size Use Location Comments
ACE Climatic Wind Tunnel L 46 ft x W 14.7 ft x H 9.5 ft (L 14.3 m x W 4.5 m x H 2.9 m) Full scale: automotive, motorsport, cycling, skiing, architectural, transit, truck, product development Oshawa, Ontario, Canada Available and accessible for all industries requiring wind tunnel services or climatic services
A2 wind tunnel Test section W ~14 ft x H ~10 ft x L ~20 ft Full scale general purpose Mooresville, NC, USA ~$500/hr full scale race car, motorcycle, bicycle
AeroDyn Wind Tunnel Full scale NASCAR racecars Mooresville, NC, USA
Aircraft Research Association Ltd (ARA) Operational 9ft (2.74m) x 8ft (2.44m) Bedford, UK Transonic closed circuit, continuous flow wind tunnel. Mach number 0 - 1.4. Reynolds Number 3.5 to 16.7 million/m[1]
Auto Research Center (ARC) W 2.3 m x H 2.1 m (W 7.4 ft x H 6.9 ft) Subsonic research and development including: 50% scale model automotive rolling road, wind turbine design and optimization, and cycling Indianapolis, IN, USA Wind tunnel has a moving ground plane as well as primary and secondary boundary layer suction. Subsonic testing capabilities for motorsports, production cars, commercial semi-trucking, cycling, wind turbines, architecture, aerospace, academic research, and industrial research and development.
Boeing Subsonic (low-speed) Wind Tunnel - BVWT Operational 20 x 20 ft Philadelphia, PA Contact Boeing Technology Services for additional information about or to use Boeing Facilities[2]
Boeing Transonic Wind Tunnel - BTWT Operational 8 x 12 ft Seattle, WA
Boeing Polysonic (supersonic) Wind Tunnel - PSWT Operational 4 x 4 ft St. Louis, MO
Boeing Icing Wind Tunnel - BRAIT Operational 4 x 6 ft Seattle, WA
Boeing Low-speed Aero-Acoustic Facility - LSAF Operational Varies Seattle, WA
Boeing Propulsion Wind Tunnel - BPWT (9x9) Operational 9 x 9 ft Low-speed, atmospheric, non-return, induction-type facility. Typical models include engine inlets, exhaust nozzles, small engines or powered vehicles, aerodynamic half or full models, as well as thrust reversers. Seattle, WA
Cal Poly's Low- Speed Wind Tunnel L 14 ft x W 4 ft x H 3 ft (L 4.3 m x W 1.22 m x H 0.91 m) Low speed: Scale model testing, Aerospace, Automotive, IR industry San Luis Obispo, CA, USA Startups, major Aerospace corporations and other scientific equipment tested here. Rolling road implementation in progress.
Calspan Wind Tunnel Operational 8 ft × 8 ft (2.4 m × 2.4 m) Subsonic / Transonic Buffalo, New York, USA The only independently owned and operated wind tunnel in the United States.
GVPM Operational W 14m x H 3.8m x L 36m - W 4m x H 3.8m x L 4m Building, bridges, rail, aeronautical, general purpose Milano - Italy Vertically arranged closed circuit wind tunnel with two test sections: one atmospheric (max speed 16m/s), one aeronautical (max speed 55m/s) with possibility to test with open / closed jet.
CSTB Jules Verne dynamic wind tunnel operational W 6m x H 5m x L 12m[3] Automotive, Rail, Full scale general purpose CSTB Nantes, France Three test sections with wind speeds up to 280 km/h
CSTB Jules Verne climatic wind tunnel operational W 10m x H 7m x L 20m[4] Automotive, Rail, Building components, Icing, snow, hot and cold climates CSTB Nantes, France
CSTB Jules Verne atmospheric wind tunnels operational W 4m x H 2.5m x L 20m[5] Wind Engineering, Scale buildings, Dispersion CSTB Nantes, France Two wind tunnels
European transonic wind tunnel Transonic Cologne, Germany
NASA Langley Eight-Foot High Speed Tunnel

[6]

8 ft (2.4 m) High speed Hampton, Virginia, USA
NASA Langley 30- by 60-Foot Full-Scale Wind Tunnel

[7]

demolished 30 ft (9.1 m) by 60 ft (18 m) Full-scale aircraft Hampton, Virginia, USA NASA's oldest operating wind tunnel until its closing in October of 1995
Glenn L. Martin Wind Tunnel Test section 7.75 ft x 11.04 ft (corner fillets) Low speed: scale model testing, automotive, aerospace University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, USA
NASA Glenn Hypersonic Test Facility Hypersonic Sandusky, Ohio, USA
Modine Wind Tunnel 46 L x 14 W x 13.5 H ft Racine, Wisconsin, USA Climatic wind tunnel testing, large truck and automotive
Ames 7×10 foot Wind Tunnel (operated by the US Army) 7 ft × 10 ft (2.1 m × 3.0 m) Mountain View, California, USA
San Diego Wind Tunnel San Diego, CA, USA Major airframers, bicycle manufacturers and professional athletes
NASA Ames Trisonic wind tunnel El Segundo, California, USA
NASA Ames National Full Scale Aerodynamic Complex (operated by the US Air Force) 40 ft × 80 ft (12 m × 24 m) Subsonic Mountain View, California, USA
NASA Ames Unitary Plan Wind Tunnel Mountain View, CA, USA
Variable Density Tunnel Variable density Hampton, Virginia, USA
Vertical wind tunnel; Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute Vertical Moscow, Russia
Wind Shear's Full Scale, Rolling Road, Automotive Wind Tunnel Wind shear Concord, NC, USA
NASA Ames Hypersonic Propulsion Integration 16 Inch Shock 16 in (41 cm) Hypersonic propulsion Mountain View, CA, USA
NASA Ames Hypersonic Propulsion Integration Direct-Connect Hypersonic propulsion Mountain View, CA, USA
NASA Ames National Full Scale Aerodynamic Complex (operated by the US Air Force) 80 ft × 120 ft (24 m × 37 m) Subsonic atmospheric Mountain View, CA, USA Largest wind tunnel in the world
NASA Ames Subsonic 12 Foot High-Rn Pressure 12 ft (3.7 m) Subsonic Mountain View, CA, USA
NASA Ames Supersonic 9×7 Foot High-Rn 9 ft × 7 ft (2.7 m × 2.1 m) Supersonic Mountain View, CA, USA
NASA Ames Transonic 11 Foot High-Rn 11 ft Transonic Mountain View, CA, USA
NASA Glenn 10- by 10-Foot Abe Silverstein Supersonic Wind Tunnel 10 ft × 10 ft (3.0 m × 3.0 m) Supersonic Cleveland, OH, USA
NASA Glenn 9- by 15-Foot Wind Tunnel 9 ft × 15 ft (2.7 m × 4.6 m) Subsonic Cleveland, OH, USA
NASA Glenn 8- by 6-Foot Wind Tunnel 8 ft × 6 ft (2.4 m × 1.8 m) Transonic Cleveland, OH, USA
NASA Glenn Aero-Acoustic Propulsion Laboratory Nozzle Aeroacoustic Test Rig 53 in (1,300 mm) Acoustic testing of exhaust nozzles, subsonic Cleveland, OH, USA Free-jet
NASA Glenn Engine Components Research Lab Cleveland, OH, USA
NASA Glenn Icing Research Tunnel Subsonic Icing Cleveland, OH, USA
NASA Glenn Propulsion Systems Laboratory active Full-Scale Engine Testing Cleveland, OH, USA Four test cells: 1 & 2 demolished; 3 & 4 active. Cell 3 has icing capabilities
TitanX Jamestown Vehicle Climatic Wind Tunnel 9.4 ft x 11.4 ft (3.0 m x 3.5 m) Climatic testing of vehicle systems and entire trucks Jamestown, NY, USA Open for external clients
NASA Langley Hypersonic 20 Inch Mach 6 Air 20 in (51 cm) Hypersonic Hampton, VA
NASA Langley Hypersonic 31 Inch Mach 10 Air 31 in (79 cm) Hypersonic Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley Hypersonic 20 Inch Mach 6 Tetrafluoromethane Demolished in 2016[8] 20 in (51 cm) Hypersonic Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley Hypersonic Propulsion Integration 8 Foot High-Temperature Tunnel 8 ft (2.4 m) Hypersonic, high-temperature Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley Hypersonic Propulsion Integration Arc-Heated Scramjet Hypersonic Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley Hypersonic Propulsion Integration Combustion Scramjet Hypersonic Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley Hypersonic Propulsion Integration Supersonic Combustion Hypersonic Hampton, VA
NASA Langley Hypersonic Propulsion Integration 15 Inch Mach 6 High-Temperature Tunnel 15 in (38 cm) Hypersonic Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley Subsonic 12 Foot Atmospheric Lab 12 ft (3.7 m) Subsonic atmospheric Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley Subsonic 20 Foot Vertical Spin Tunnel 20 ft (6.1 m) Subsonic vertical spin Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley Subsonic 14×22 foot Atmospheric 14 ft × 22 ft (4.3 m × 6.7 m) Subsonic atmospheric Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley Subsonic Low-Turbulence Pressure Tunnel Subsonic low-turbulence Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley Supersonic High-Rn Supersonic Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley High-Rn Transonic Dynamics Tunnel Transonic Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley Transonic 16 Foot Atmospheric 16 ft (4.9 m) Transonic atmospheric Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley National Transonic Facility Transonic Hampton, VA, USA
NASA Langley NASA/GASL HYPULSE Propulsion Integration Hampton, VA, USA
ONERA Modane wind tunnel Operational D 8m x L 14m[9] Subsonic atmospheric ONERA Modane, France Largest continuous blow-down wind tunnel in the world, Mach 0.05 to 1.[10]
RWDI Wind Tunnels operational 24 ft, 12 ft[11] Wind engineering, scale buildings Guelph, Ontario, Canada Two wind tunnels
Texas A&M Oran W. Nicks Low Speed Wind Tunnel L 12 ft x W 10 ft x H 7 ft Scale aircraft, UAV, rocket, missile, academic research, automotive, motorsport, cycling, skiing, architectural, transit, truck, product development 0-200MPH Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA 7ft x 7ft, capable of mach 0.4
University of Washington Aeronautical Laboratory ("UWAL"), Kirsten Wind Tunnel 8 ft x 12 ft Subsonic Seattle, WA, USA
University of Washington Dept. of Aero&Astro 3X3 3 ft x 3 ft Velocity range approx. 20 to 135 mph Seattle, WA, USA The original "Boeing Aerodynamical Chamber", built in 1918 with an Eiffel 4 ft by 4ft and updated in the early 1990s with new power systems and a higher velocity EDL 3 ft by 3 ft
Virginia Tech Stability Wind Tunnel 6 ft × 6 ft (1.8 m × 1.8 m) Blacksburg, Virginia
MARHy wind tunnel(Experimental plateform FAST)[1] operational 5m x 2.5m cylindrical test chamber Hypersonic/supersonic rarefied wind tunnel. No limit running time. Reynolds number /cm: 26.3 < Re < 7522;Mach number: 0.8 < Mach < 20 Laboratoire ICARE, CNRS, Orleans, FRANCE Fundamental and applied research of fluid dynamic phenomena in rarefied compressible flows. Aerodynamic and aerothermal behavior of probes and models;Plasma flow control in rarefied and super/hypersonic flows.
PHEDRA (Experimental plateform FAST)[2] operational 4.5m x 2.1 m cylindrical test chamber Supersonic high enthalpy rarefied wind tunnel. No limit running time . Averaged enthalpy, Mj/kg: few < Ho < 50; Mach number: 2 < Mach < 8;Working gas: N2, Air, CO2, CH4, Ar and extensive mixtures Laboratoire ICARE, CNRS, Orleans, FRANCE Fundamental research of high enthalpy fluid dynamic phenomena in non-equilibrium flows. Aerodynamic and aerothermal behavior of probes and models; Atmospheric entry research.
EDITH supersonic wind tunnel (Experimental plateform FAST)[3] operational 1.2 m x 1.7 m cylindrical test chamber Long shot time running (20 minutes). Laboratoire ICARE, CNRS, Orleans, FRANCE Fundamental research on shock waves. Aerodynamic and aerothermal behavior of probes and models. Fluidic thrust vectoring of supersonic nozzle
Large Amplitude Multi-Purpose (LAMP) Vertical Wind Tunnel Bihrle Applied Research Operational 10 ft Test Section Vertical, Subsonic, High AOA, Static or body-axis oscillatory Neuburg a.d. Donau, Germany Privately owned wind tunnel. +- 180 Degree AOA and +-90 Degree Sideslip. Diverse testing capability: static, wind body axis dynamic, Multi-body axis dynamic, simultaneous force moment and pressure data acquisition.

References

  1. ^ "Transonic Wind Tunnel Testing". www.ara.co.uk. Aircraft Research Association. Retrieved 2019.
  2. ^ "Boeing: Wind Tunnels and Propulsion Testing Services". www.boeing.com. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "JULES VERNE CLIMATIC WIND TUNNEL". CSTB. 2017-10-02.
  4. ^ "JULES VERNE CLIMATIC WIND TUNNEL". CSTB. 2017-10-02.
  5. ^ "CSTB Atmospheric Wind Tunnels". CSTB. 2017-10-02.
  6. ^ "8-Foot High Speed Tunnel". nasa.gov. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ "NASA Langley's 30- by 60-Foot Tunnel". nasa.gov. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved 2018.
  8. ^ Dietrich, Tamara. "NASA Langley dismantles wind tunnel, part of Columbia disaster probe". dailypress.com. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "ONERA MODANE WIND TUNNEL". ONERA. 2017-11-16.
  10. ^ "ONERA MODANE WIND TUNNEL". ONERA. 2017-11-16.
  11. ^ "Our New State-of-the-Art Facility". RWDI. 2016-12-02.

7. http://www.boeing.com/company/key-orgs/boeing-technology-services/wind-tunnels-and-propulsion.page


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