The following is a list of the territorial entities where German is an official language. It includes countries, which have German as (one of) their nationwide official language(s), as well as dependent territories with German as a co-official language.
German is the official language of six countries, all of which lie in central and western Europe. These countries (with the addition of South Tyrol of Italy) also form the Council for German Orthography and are referred to as the German Sprachraum (German language area).
|Germany||84,900,000||75,101,421 (91.8%)||5,600,000 (6.9%)||De facto sole nationwide official language[a]|
|Belgium||11,420,163||73,000 (0.6%)||2,472,746 (22%)||De jure official language in the German speaking community|
|Austria||8,838,171||8,040,960 (93%)||516,000 (6%)||De jure sole nationwide official language|
|Switzerland||8,508,904||5,329,393 (64.6%)||395,000 (5%)||Co-official language at federal level; de jure sole official language in 17, co-official in 4 cantons (out of 26)|
|Luxembourg||602,000||11,000 (2%)||380,000 (67.5%)||De jure nationwide co-official language|
|Liechtenstein||37,370||32,075 (85.8%)||5,200 (13.9%)||De jure sole nationwide official language|
|Total||112,238,899||87,875,432||9,368,946||Total speakers: 97,244,378|
German, or one of its dialects, is a co-official language in several dependent entities. In each of these regions, German, along with the official language of the host nation, is an official language on the administrative level.
|Autonomous Province of South Tyrol||Italy||511,750||354,643 (69.3%)||Co-official language on province level; equal to Italian|
| Opole Voivodeship (28 communes)
Silesian Voivodeship (3 communes)
|Poland||250,000||~50,000 (~20%)||Auxiliary language in 31 communes;|
also national minority language
| Espírito Santo (5 municipalities)
Santa Catarina (2 municipalities)
Rio Grande do Sul (2 municipalities)
|Brazil||205,000||N/A||Co-official language in 9 municipalities (as "German", "Pomeranian", and "Hunsrückisch");|
also statewide cultural language in Espírito Santo;Riograndenser Hunsrückisch German is an integral part of the historical and cultural heritage of Rio Grande do Sul.
In the two Slovak villages of Krahule/Blaufuss and Kune?ov/Kuneschhau (total population 530) the percentage of ethnic Germans exceeds 20%, therefore making German a co-official language according to Slovak law. However, due to the size of the villages and the approximate number of native German speakers (~100), the administrative impact is negligible.
There are other political entities (countries as well as dependent entities) which acknowledge other legal statuses for the German language or one of its dialects. While these may cover minority rights, support of certain language facilities (schools, media, etc.), and the promotion of cultural protection/heritage, they do not encompass the establishment of German as an "official" language, i.e., being required in public offices or administrative texts.
Although in France, the High German varieties Alsatian and Moselle Franconian are identified as "regional languages" according to the European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages of 1998, the French government has not yet ratified the treaty, and those varieties have no official legal status.
Due to the German diaspora and Russian Mennonites (speaking Mennonite Low German), other countries with sizable populations of (mostly bilingual) German L1 speakers include Argentina, Australia, Canada, Costa Rica, Paraguay (see also Mennonites in Paraguay), as well as the United States. However, in none of these countries does German or a German variety have any legal status.
German is an official language of the following international institutions: