List of Shipwrecks in December 1944
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List of Shipwrecks in December 1944

The list of shipwrecks in December 1944 includes ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during December 1944.

1 December

List of shipwrecks: 1 December 1944
Ship Country Description
AF 4  Kriegsmarine The Artilleriefährprahm, a converted Type A Marinefährprahm, was sunk.[1]
AF 11  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Artilleriefährprahm struck a mine and sank in the Ems.[2]
HMS Empire Dace  Royal Navy World War II: The ferry struck a mine and sank in the Gulf of Patras off Missolonghi, Greece. 20 crew, 2 gunners and 56 British troops were killed.[3]
Korsvik  Kriegsmarine World War II: The refrigerated cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Skaggerak by Allied aircraft.[4]
Saar  Germany World War II: The fishing trawler was shelled and sunk in the Baltic Sea by K-51 ( Soviet Navy).[5]

2 December

List of shipwrecks: 2 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Akikawa Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy MI-29: The Standard 2AT tanker (a.k.a. Awagawa Maru) was torpedoed and sunk in the East China Sea west of Yakushima Island (30°24?N 128°17?E / 30.400°N 128.283°E / 30.400; 128.283) by USS Sea Devil ( United States Navy). A total of 249 troops, seven guards and eighteen crewmen were killed. One hundred and eighty-six survivors were rescued by Konan Maru No. 1 ( Japan). seventy-nine other survivors reached the shore.[6]
Hawaii Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy MI-29: The Hawaii Maru-class transport was torpedoed and sunk in the East China Sea west of Yakushima Island (30°24?N 128°17?E / 30.400°N 128.283°E / 30.400; 128.283) by USS Sea Devil ( United States Navy). Lost with all hands; 1,843 troops of the Imperial Japanese Army 23rd Infantry Division, 60 other troops, 83 gunners and 148 crewmen were killed. Also, 60 explosive motor boats aboard are lost.[6]
Kong Halfdan  Norway World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and sank in the Baltic Sea off Stora Pölsan, Sweden (57°46?N 11°24?E / 57.767°N 11.400°E / 57.767; 11.400). All crew survived.[4]
HMS Northcoates  Royal Navy World War II: The Castle-class trawler foundered in heavy weather in the English Channel (51°49?N 05°11?W / 51.817°N 5.183°W / 51.817; -5.183) while under tow due to engine failure.[7]
Seeburg  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk by Shch-407 ( Soviet Navy) in the Baltic Sea off Gotenhafen (54°39?N 18°39?E / 54.650°N 18.650°E / 54.650; 18.650). Raised in 1954 and rebuilt for Polish service.[8]
142  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The communications vessel was torpedoed and sunk in the Indian Ocean by HMS Sturdy ( Royal Navy).[9]

3 December

List of shipwrecks: 3 December 1944
Ship Country Description
CD-64  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy HI-83: The Type D escort ship was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea east of Hainan, China (18°36?N 111°54?E / 18.600°N 111.900°E / 18.600; 111.900) by USS Pipefish ( United States Navy). Her captain and 184 crew members were lost.[10]
USS Cooper  United States Navy World War II: Battle of Ormoc Bay: The Allen M. Sumner-class destroyer was torpedoed and sunk in Ormoc Bay, Leyte, Philippines (10°54?N 124°36?E / 10.900°N 124.600°E / 10.900; 124.600) by Take ( Imperial Japanese Navy) with the loss of 191 of her 357 crew.
Cornwallis  Canada World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Gulf of Maine 10 nautical miles (19 km) off Mount Desert Island, Maine, United States (43°59?N 68°20?W / 43.983°N 68.333°W / 43.983; -68.333) by U-1230 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 43 of her 48 crew. Survivors were rescued by the fishing vessel Notre Dame ( United States).[11]
Francis Asbury  United States World War II: The Liberty ship struck a mine and was damaged in the North Sea (51°21?N 3°00?E / 51.350°N 3.000°E / 51.350; 3.000). Of her 41-man merchant complement and 28-man armed guard, 9 of the former and 6 of the latter were killed. Forty-six from both groups were injured, and one merchant sailor and one armed guard died later of their injuries. She drifted aground off Ostend, Belgium, where she was sunk by gunfire as a menace to navigation.[12][13]
Kuwa  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Battle of Ormoc Bay: The Matsu-class destroyer was shelled and sunk in Ormoc Bay by USS Allen M. Sumner, USS Cooper and USS Moale (all  United States Navy). About half her crew was lost.[14][15]
Revoljucija  Soviet Union World War II: Convoy KB 35: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Barents Sea (68°44?N 37°49?E / 68.733°N 37.817°E / 68.733; 37.817) by U-1163 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of all 23 crew.
Shoei Maru No. 8 Go  Imperial Japanese Navy The auxiliary patrol ship was lost on this date.[16]

4 December

List of shipwrecks: 4 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Dirschau  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was struck a mine and sank in the Baltic Sea off Leba, Pomerania (54°47?N 17°28?E / 54.783°N 17.467°E / 54.783; 17.467).[9][17]
Hakko Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The oiler was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea west of Palawan Island (13°12?N 116°37?E / 13.200°N 116.617°E / 13.200; 116.617) by USS Flasher ( United States Navy). Twenty-four passengers and 24 crewmen were killed. Survivors were rescued by CD-17 and Yurishima (both  Imperial Japanese Navy).[18]
Kishinami  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Y?gumo-class destroyer was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea west of Palawan Island (13°12?N 116°37?E / 13.200°N 116.617°E / 13.200; 116.617) by USS Flasher ( United States Navy) with the loss of 90 of her 240 crew. Survivors were rescued by CD-17 and Yurishima (both  Imperial Japanese Navy).[19]
SS 6 and SS 9  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The SS-class landing ships were sunk by US aircraft near Mindoro.[20]

5 December

List of shipwrecks: 5 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Albert Janus  Germany World War II: Convoy BE-1075-AL: The cargo ship was sunk in Ørstafjord, Norway by de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of 143, 235 and 248 Squadrons, Royal Air Force.[9][21]
Antoine Saugrain  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and damaged in the Leyte Gulf by Japanese aircraft. She was taken in tow but was torpedoed again on 6 December and sank. A total of 376 troops, 26 gunners, and 42 crewmen were rescued by USS San Pedro, USS Coronado, (both  United States Navy), and USAS LT-454 ( United States Army).[22]
BO-230  Soviet Navy World War II: The BO-201-class submarine chaser was torpedoed and sunk in the Barents Sea (69°29?N 35°12?E / 69.483°N 35.200°E / 69.483; 35.200) by U-365 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of all hands.[23]
Hira  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The river gunboat was bombed and severely damaged by Nationalist Chinese aircraft after running aground near Anking, China (30°30?N 117°00?E / 30.500°N 117.000°E / 30.500; 117.000). She was scrapped in July 1945.[24]
Hozu  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Seta-class gunboat was bombed and sunk by Chinese aircraft after running aground near Anking, China (30°30?N 117°00?E / 30.500°N 117.000°E / 30.500; 117.000).[24]
Hozu Maru No. 16  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The picket ship was damaged in an air attack at Rabaul, New Guinea and beached in Karavia Bay. Salvaged post war by HMAS Reserve, used as a tender at Madang.[25]
HMS LCT-328  Royal Navy World War II: The LCT Mk 3-class landing craft tank was sunk by a mine off Missolonghi, Greece. Two crew and 13 Indian soldiers were killed.[26][27]
USS LSM-20  United States Navy World War II: The landing ship medium was sunk in the Philippine Sea off Leyte, Philippines by a Japanese kamikaze aircraft attack. Survivors were rescued by USS Flusser ( United States Navy).[28]
USS LSM-149  United States Navy The landing ship medium was lost by grounding in the Philippines, or off Sansapor, New Guinea.[29]
Lapwing Unknown The oil vessel was wrecked on the beach 500 feet from the Jetty, Fort McRee at the Mouth of Pensacola Bay.[30]
Proletarij  Soviet Navy World War II: Convoy PK 20: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Barents Sea 15 nautical miles (28 km) north of Tsyp-Navolok Cape (69°57?N 32°53?E / 69.950°N 32.883°E / 69.950; 32.883) by U-995 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 29 of her 56 crew. Survivors were rescued by MO-426 ( Soviet Navy).[31]
Radbod  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk by Allied aircraft off Ålesund, Norway.[32]
T-82  Soviet Navy The auxiliary minesweeper sank on this date.[33]
T-377  Soviet Navy The Type MT-1 minesweeper sank in an accident in the Gulf of Riga.[34]

6 December

List of shipwrecks: 6 December 1944
Ship Country Description
AF 27  Kriegsmarine The Artilleriefährprahm, a converted Type C Marinefährprahm, was wrecked. Salvaged by the Soviets.[1]
Antoine Saugrain  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was torpedoed in the Leyte Gulf by Japanese aircraft and sank. A total of 376 troops, 26 gunners, and 42 crewmen were rescued by USS San Pedro and USS Coronado (both  United States Navy), and USAS LT-454 ( United States Army).[22]
Banshu Maru No. 31  Japan World War II: Convoy TAMA-34: The transport was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea west of Dalupiri Island (18°45?N 120°49?E / 18.750°N 120.817°E / 18.750; 120.817). All 23 crewmen were killed.[35]
HMS Bullen  Royal Navy World War II: The Captain-class frigate was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean off Cape Wrath, Sutherland (58°30?N 5°03?W / 58.500°N 5.050°W / 58.500; -5.050) by U-775 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 71 of her 168 crew.
Fukuyo Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy TAMA-34: The transport was torpedoed, blew up and sank in the South China Sea north of Bagui Bay, Luzon, Philippines (30°24?N 128°17?E / 30.400°N 128.283°E / 30.400; 128.283) by USS Trepang ( United States Navy). A total of 913 naval personnel, 66 gunners and 94 crewmen were killed.[35]
Jinyo Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy TAMA-34: The transport was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea north of Bagui Bay, Luzon (18°30?N 121°57?E / 18.500°N 121.950°E / 18.500; 121.950) by USS Trepang ( United States Navy). A total of 1,383 troops and 44 crewmen were killed.[35]
Shinto Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea by USS Segundo ( United States Navy).[9]
U-297  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC/41 submarine was depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean 16 nautical miles (30 km) west of Yesnaby, Orkney Islands, United Kingdom by a Short Sunderland aircraft of 201 Squadron, Royal Air Force with the loss of all 50 crew.[36]
USS YCF-42  United States Navy The car float broke in two and sank in the Atlantic Ocean off Cape Lookout, North Carolina.[37]
Yasukuni Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy TAMA-34: The ore carrier was torpedoed and damaged in the South China Sea north of Bagui Bay, Luzon (18°30?N 121°57?E / 18.500°N 121.950°E / 18.500; 121.950) by USS Segundo ( United States Navy). Torpedoed and damaged again on 7 December by USS Razorback ( United States Navy). She was beached and abandoned on Fugo Island 37 miles (60 km) north of Cape Mayraira. Three troops and 25 crewmen killed. The ship was bombed and destroyed by United States Navy carrier aircraft on 15 December.[38]

7 December

List of shipwrecks: 7 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Akagisan Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy TA-8: The Akagisan Maru-class transport was beached at San Isidro, Leyte, Philippines (11°23?N 124°23?E / 11.383°N 124.383°E / 11.383; 124.383) to facilitate landing of troops. She was bombed and destroyed by United States Fifth Air Force aircraft and Vought F4U Corsair aircraft of Squadrons VMF 211, 218, and 313, United States Marine Corps. All 69 gunners and 58 crewmen were killed.[39][40]
BO-229  Soviet Navy World War II: The BO-201-class submarine chaser was torpedoed and sunk in the Barents Sea (69°28?N 34°19?E / 69.467°N 34.317°E / 69.467; 34.317) by U-997 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 23 of her 36 crew. Survivors were rescued by BO-227 ( Soviet Navy).[41]
Ditmar Koel  Germany World War II: Convoy BE-1081-ST: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in Bjørnefjord, Norway by HNoMS MTB 653 and HNoMS MTB 717 (both  Royal Norwegian Navy). 36 crew were killed.[9][42][43]
Hakuba Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy TA-8: The transport was beached at San Isidro, (11°23?N 124°23?E / 11.383°N 124.383°E / 11.383; 124.383) to facilitate landing of troops. She was bombed and destroyed by United States Fifth Air Force aircraft and Vought F4U Corsair aircraft of Squadrons VMF 211, 218, and 313, United States Marine Corps.[39]
Kenjo Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy TAMA-34: The transport was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea east of Camiguin, Philippines (18°52?N 121°57?E / 18.867°N 121.950°E / 18.867; 121.950) by USS Razorback and USS Segundo (both  United States Navy).[9][35]
USS LSM-318  United States Navy World War II: The landing ship medium was sunk by a Japanese kamikaze aircraft in Ormoc Bay, Leyte, Philippines. Two crew were killed and about 10 wounded.[44][45][46]
USS Mahan  United States Navy World War II: The Mahan-class destroyer was damaged in the Camotes Sea by a Japanese kamikaze aircraft and was abandoned. She was scuttled by USS Walke ( United States Navy). Six crewmen were missing and 13 were seriously wounded.[47]
Nichiyo Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy TA-8: The transport was beached at San Isidro, Leyte (11°23?N 124°23?E / 11.383°N 124.383°E / 11.383; 124.383) to facilitate landing of troops. She was bombed and destroyed by United States Fifth Air Force aircraft and Vought F4U Corsair aircraft of Squadrons VMF 211, 218, and 313, United States Marine Corps.[39]
Nordenham  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed by SHCH-309 ( Soviet Navy) in the Baltic Sea off Ventspils, Latvia, and was beached.[48]
Samsip  United Kingdom World War II: The Liberty ship struck a mine and was damaged in the Scheldt, Belgium. The wreck was scuttled by a Royal Navy ship. Six crew were killed.[49][50]
Shinsei Maru No. 5  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy TA-8: The transport was beached at San Isidro, Leyte (11°23?N 124°23?E / 11.383°N 124.383°E / 11.383; 124.383) to facilitate landing of troops. She was bombed and destroyed by United States 5th Air Force fighter-bombers, and United States Marine Corps F4U Corsairs of squadrons VMF 211, 218, and 313.[39]
T-11  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy TA-8: The No.1-class landing ship (high speed transport) was beached at San Isidro 30 miles (48 km) north of Ormoc, The Philippines (11°23?N 124°23?E / 11.383°N 124.383°E / 11.383; 124.383) to facilitate landing of troops. She was bombed and destroyed by United States Fifth Air Force aircraft and Vought F4U Corsair aircraft of Squadrons VMF 211, 218, and 313, United States Marine Corps.[39]
V 1606 Julius Fock  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Vorpostenboot was torpedoed and sunk in the Baltic Sea off Steinort, Pomerania by Soviet Douglas A-20 Havoc aircraft. 13 crewmen killed.[9][51]
USS Ward  United States Navy
USS Ward

World War II: The Wickes-class destroyer was hit by a Japanese kamikaze aircraft in Ormoc Bay and was abandoned. She was scuttled by USS O'Brien ( United States Navy). Wreck found in 2017. The whole crew was saved, with only one injured.[52]

8 December

List of shipwrecks: 8 December 1944
Ship Country Description
R 56  Kriegsmarine World War II: The minesweeper was attacked in Bömmelenfjord by Fairey Firefly aircraft of 771 Squadron, Fleet Air Arm, based on HMS Implacable ( Royal Navy). She caught fire and capsized.[9]
Shoei Maru  Japan World War II: The tanker was torpedoed and sunk off the coast of Malaya by USS Hammerhead and USS Paddle (both  United States Navy). 42 crewmen were killed.[9][53]

9 December

List of shipwrecks: 9 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Havda  Norway World War II: The passenger ship was torpedoed and sunk in the North Sea off Florø, Norway by Bristol Beaufighter aircraft of 455 Squadron, Royal Air Force with the loss of five lives.[9][54]
Jun'y?  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Hiy?-class aircraft carrier was torpedoed and heavily damaged in the Strait of Formosa by USS Plaice, USS Redfish or USS Sea Devil (all  United States Navy). 19 crewmen were killed. Withdrawn from service and saw out the war as a guard ship, she was subsequently declared a constructive total loss and scrapped post-war.[55]
U-387  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was depth charged and sunk in the Barents Sea (69°41?N 33°12?E / 69.683°N 33.200°E / 69.683; 33.200) by HMS Bamborough Castle ( Royal Navy) with the loss of all 51 crew.[56]

10 December

List of shipwrecks: 10 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Dan Beard  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Irish Sea off Strumble Head, Pembrokeshire, United Kingdom (51°56?N 5°29?W / 51.933°N 5.483°W / 51.933; -5.483) by U-1202 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 29 of her 67 crew.[57][58]
Gudrun  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk off Egersund, Norway by de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of 235 and 248 Squadrons, Royal Air Force.[9][59]
USS LCT-1075  United States Navy World War II: The landing craft tank was set on fire at Leyte, Philippines by a kamikaze hitting the Liberty ship Marcus Daly ( United States) while she was alongside receiving cargo. The burning wreck was consequently beached. One crew was killed, two missing and ten wounded, one dying of his wounds later.[60][61][62][63]
USS PT-323  United States Navy World War II: The PT boat was damaged by a kamikaze off Leyte (10°33?N 125°14?E / 10.550°N 125.233°E / 10.550; 125.233). Two crew were killed and 11 wounded. She was beached and abandoned.[64][65]
William S. Ladd  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was sunk in Leyte Harbour by a Japanese kamikaze attack. There was no dead and only 16 wounded.[66][62]

11 December

List of shipwrecks: 11 December 1944
Ship Country Description
CHa-76  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The CHa-1-class auxiliary submarine chaser was sunk in the East China Sea (33°48?N 128°20?E / 33.800°N 128.333°E / 33.800; 128.333) by USS Sea Owl ( United States Navy).[67][68]
MAS 531 War flag of the Italian Social Republic.svg Marina Nazionale Repubblicana World War II: The MAS 526-class MAS boat was sunk off southern France by Sabre ( Free French Naval Forces).[69]
HMS MMS 257  Royal Navy World War II: The MMS-class minesweeper was sunk by a mine off the mouth of the Scheldt.[70]
Mino Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy TA-9: The transport was bombed and sunk 30 nautical miles (56 km) off Palompon, Philippines (11°20?N 124°10?E / 11.333°N 124.167°E / 11.333; 124.167) by Vought F4U Corsair aircraft of Squadrons VMF 211, 218, and 313, United States Marine Corps.[39]
USS Reid  United States Navy World War II: The Mahan-class destroyer was sunk in the Philippine Sea off Leyte, Philippines (9°57?40?N 124°56?01?E / 9.96111°N 124.93361°E / 9.96111; 124.93361) by a Japanese kamikaze aircraft attack with the loss of at least 103 crew. One hundred and fifty survivors were rescued.
Tasmania Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy TA-9: The Shanghai Maru-class transport was bombed and sunk 30 nautical miles (56 km) off Palompon, (11°20?N 124°10?E / 11.333°N 124.167°E / 11.333; 124.167) by Vought F4U Corsair aircraft of Squadrons VMF 211, 218, and 313, United States Marine Corps.[39]

12 December

For the sinking of the Japanese tanker Yuho Maru on this date, see the entry for 26 November 1944.
List of shipwrecks: 12 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Erica Schünemann  Germany World War II: The transport ship was sunk in a Soviet air raid on Liep?ja, Latvia.[9]
Inca  Germany World War II: The coastal tanker was sunk in a Soviet air raid on Liep?ja.[9]
Lookout  Panama The cargo ship, one of the seized Danish ships, Anna Maersk, operated under Panamanian flag for the War Shipping Administration, struck a sunken wreck and foundered in the North Sea off Vlissingen, Zeeland, Netherlands.[71][72][73]
Minna Cords  Germany World War II: The coaster was sunk in a Soviet air raid on Liep?ja.[9]
T-12  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The No.1-class landing ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Luzon Channel (20°34?N 118°45?E / 20.567°N 118.750°E / 20.567; 118.750) by USS Pintado ( United States Navy)[74]
T-104  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The No. 103-class landing ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Luzon Channel (20°34?N 118°45?E / 20.567°N 118.750°E / 20.567; 118.750) by USS Pintado ( United States Navy)[75]
T-159  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Battle of Ormoc Bay: Convoy TA-9: The No. 103-class landing ship was shelled and sunk in Ormoc Bay, Philippines (11°20?N 124°10?E / 11.333°N 124.167°E / 11.333; 124.167) by United States Army field artillery, mortars, tank destroyers and by USS Coghlan ( United States Navy).[76]
HNoMS Tunsberg Castle  Royal Norwegian Navy World War II: Convoy RA 62: The Flower-class corvette struck a mine and sank in the Barents Sea (70°43?N 30°07?E / 70.717°N 30.117°E / 70.717; 30.117) with the loss of five of her 120 crew.[77]
Uzuki  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Battle of Ormoc Bay: Convoy TA-9: The Mutsuki-class destroyer was torpedoed and sunk in Ormoc Bay (11°03?N 124°23?E / 11.050°N 124.383°E / 11.050; 124.383) by USS PT-490 and USS PT-492 (both  United States Navy). her captain and 170 crewmen were killed; There were 59 survivors.[78]
U-416  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine collided with M 203 ( Kriegsmarine) and sank in the Baltic Sea northwest of Pillau, East Prussia (54°58?N 19°33?E / 54.967°N 19.550°E / 54.967; 19.550) with the loss of 36 of her 41 crew.[79]
V 5101 Blitz  Kriegsmarine The naval trawler/Vorpostenboot was lost on this date.[80]
Wartheland  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk off Davik, Norway by de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of 143, 235 and 248 Squadrons, Royal Air Force. Three German soldiers and the Norwegian pilot were killed. She was broken up in place in 1950.[9][81][82]
Y?zuki  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Battle of Ormoc Bay: Convoy TA-9: The Mutsuki-class destroyer was bombed and sunk 65 nautical miles (120 km) north-west of Cebu, Philippines (11°20?N 124°10?E / 11.333°N 124.167°E / 11.333; 124.167) by United States Army and United States Marine Corps aircraft with a loss of 20 crewmen. One hundred and twenty survivors, including her captain, were rescued by Kiri ( Imperial Japanese Navy).[83]
Z35  Kriegsmarine World War II: The destroyer struck a mine and sank after entering a German minefield northeast of Tallinn in the Gulf of Finland. 262 crew were killed.[84]
Z36  Kriegsmarine World War II: The destroyer struck a mine and sank after entering a German minefield northeast of Tallinn in the Gulf of Finland. 278 crew were killed.[84]

13 December

List of shipwrecks: 13 December 1944
Ship Country Description
My?k?  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The My?k?-class cruiser was torpedoed and severely damaged in the Java Sea by USS Bergall ( United States Navy). She was towed in to Singapore where it was found that she was unrepairable. She saw out the war as a floating anti-aircraft battery.
USS Nashville  United States Navy World War II: The Brooklyn-class cruiser was severely damaged off Negros Island, Philippines by a kamikaze attack. Repairs took until 15 April 1945 to complete.
U-365  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was depth charged and sunk in the Arctic Ocean east of Jan Mayen, Norway (70°43?N 8°07?E / 70.717°N 8.117°E / 70.717; 8.117 by Fairey Swordfish aircraft of 813 Squadron, Fleet Air Arm based on HMS Campania ( Royal Navy) with the loss of all 50 crew.

14 December

List of shipwrecks: 14 December 1944
Ship Country Description
HMS Aldenham  Royal Navy World War II: The Hunt-class destroyer struck a mine and sank in the Adriatic Sea 45 nautical miles (83 km) south-east of Pola, Italy with the loss of 121 of her 184 crew. Survivors were rescued by HMS Atherstone, HMHDML 1168 and HMML 238 (all  Royal Navy).[9][85]
CD-28  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Type D escort ship was torpedoed and sunk 100 nautical miles (190 km) north-west of Manila, Phlippines (15°50?N 119°45?E / 15.833°N 119.750°E / 15.833; 119.750) by USS Blenny ( United States Navy). One hundred and fifteen crewmen were lost.[86]
Choun Maru No. 7  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary minesweeper was torpedoed and sunk in the Indian Ocean by HMS Shalimar ( Royal Navy).[9]
Clara L. M. Russ  Germany World War II: The transport was sunk by Soviet aircraft, at Liep?ja, Latvia.[51]
Erika Schunemann  Germany World War II: The transport was sunk by Soviet aircraft at Liep?ja, Latvia.[87]
Inka  Germany World War II: The tanker was sunk by Soviet aircraft at Liep?ja, Latvia.[87]
Minna Cords  Germany World War II: The transport was lost in a collision, or sunk by Soviet aircraft, at Liep?ja, Latvia.[87][88]
North Wind  United States The 2,448-gross register ton, 298.6-foot (91.0 m) passenger steamer was wrecked in the Shumagin Islands off the Alaska Peninsula near Simeonof Island at 54°52?N 159°10?W / 54.867°N 159.167°W / 54.867; -159.167 (SS North Wind).[89]
Oryoku Maru  Japan World War II: The transport was bombed and damaged by aircraft from USS Hornet ( United States Navy) and beached off Suesute Point. Patched and refloated at high tide. She was bombed and damaged again the next day by aircraft from USS Hornet. She ran onto rocks on Caimon Reef, capsized and sank 300 yards (270 m) off Olongapo Navy Base (14°45?N 120°13?E / 14.750°N 120.217°E / 14.750; 120.217). A total of 442 Japanese civilian evacuees, 286 prisoners of war, 38 gunners and ten crewmen were killed.[90]
Otterburg  Germany World War II: The transport was sunk by Soviet aircraft, at Liep?ja, Latvia.[51]
Perseus  Germany World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and sank off Moss, Norway.[91]
Schauenberg  Germany World War II: The Hansa A Type cargo ship was severely damaged in an Allied air raid on Libau.
T-106  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The landing ship was sunk off Luzon, Philippines by aircraft based on USS Hornet ( United States Navy).[9]
Taisho Maru No. 5  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The guard boat was torpedoed and sunk 100 nautical miles (190 km) north-west of Manila (16°27?N 119°43?E / 16.450°N 119.717°E / 16.450; 119.717) by USS Blenny ( United States Navy).[92]

15 December

List of shipwrecks: 15 December 1944
Ship Country Description
AF 82  Kriegsmarine The Artilleriefährprahm, a converted Type C Marinefährprahm, was sunk in a collision off Thybören. There were 2 dead, 3 missing and 45 survivors. SHe was salvaged by the Soviets and put in service as BD-323 ( Soviet Navy) in February 1946.[1][93]
CD-54  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Type D escort ship was sunk in the Luzon Channel north of Calaya Island (19°25?N 121°25?E / 19.417°N 121.417°E / 19.417; 121.417) by United States Navy carrier-based aircraft.[94]
Delphin  Germany World War II: The coaster struck a mine and sank in Hohwacht Bay.[9]
Fort Maisonneuve  United Kingdom World War II: The Fort ship struck a mine and sank in the North Sea (51°53?N 3°21?E / 51.883°N 3.350°E / 51.883; 3.350). Four crew were killed.[95][96][97]
USS LST-472  United States Navy
USS LST-472

World War II: The LST-1-class landing ship tank was damaged in the South China Sea off Mindoro, Philippines by a Japanese kamikaze attack. She was scuttled by USS Hall ( United States Navy). Three crew were missing and four died of their wounds.[98][99]

USS LST-738  United States Navy
USS LST-738 and USS Moale. Smoke from USS LST-742 in the left background.
World War II: The LST-542-class landing ship tank was damaged in the South China Sea off Mindoro by a Japanese kamikaze attack. USS Moale ( United States Navy) rescued 88 survivors before LST-738 was scuttled by USS Hall ( United States Navy).
Momo  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Matsu-class destroyer was torpedoed and sunk 140 nautical miles (260 km) west-south-west of Cape Bolinao, Luzon (16°00?N 117°39?E / 16.000°N 117.650°E / 16.000; 117.650 by USS Hawkbill ( United States Navy) with a loss of her captain and 91 crew members, there were 36 wounded.[100]
S 198  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type 1939/40 schnellboot was sunk at IJmuiden, North Holland, Netherlands by Avro Lancaster aircraft of 617 Squadron, Royal Air Force using Tallboy bombs. Ten of her crew were killed.[9][101]
T-106  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: The No.103-class landing ship was sunk west of Luzon (15°30?N 119°50?E / 15.500°N 119.833°E / 15.500; 119.833) by United States Navy carrier-based aircraft.[102][103]

16 December

List of shipwrecks: 16 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Ferndale  Kriegsmarine World War II: Convoy BE-102-AL: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk at Krakhellesund, Norway by de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of 143, 235 and 248 Squadrons, Royal Air Force. The crew survived while three German Flak gunners were killed.[104]
Jusan Maru I-Go  Japan World War II: The transport ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean off the Bonin Islands by USS Finback ( United States Navy).[9]
M 4243 Herzog Albrecht  Kriegsmarine World War II: The minesweeper, a converted Neuwerk-class naval trawler, was scuttled in the mouth of the Loire River.[105]
Parat  Norway World War II: The salvage tug was bombed and sunk at Krakhellesund, Norway by de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of 143, 235 and 248 Squadrons, Royal Air Force. There was no casualties.[9][106]
Shoei Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary gunboat was torpedoed and sunk in the Indian Ocean southwest of Sunda Strait (05°57?S 104°44?E / 5.950°S 104.733°E / -5.950; 104.733) by HMS Stoic ( Royal Navy). 12 crewmen were killed.[9][107]

17 December

List of shipwrecks: 17 December 1944
Ship Country Description
U-772  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean south of Cork, Ireland (51°16?N 8°05?W / 51.267°N 8.083°W / 51.267; -8.083) by HMS Nyasaland ( Royal Navy) with the loss of all 48 crew.

18 December

List of shipwrecks: 18 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Finlande  France The trawler foundered off Peterhead, Scotland.[108]
Gemma  Kriegsmarine World War II: The net tender was sunk at Gotenhafen, German-occupied Poland by Royal Air Force aircraft.[9]
Heinz Horn  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was sunk at Gotenhafen by Royal Air Force aircraft.[9]
USS Hull  United States Navy Typhoon Cobra: The Farragut-class destroyer foundered in the Philippine Sea (14°57?N 127°58?E / 14.950°N 127.967°E / 14.950; 127.967) with the loss of 98 of her 160 crew. Forty-one survivors were rescued by USS Tabberer ( United States Navy), the rest of the survivors rescued on 20 December.
Leverkusen  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk by aircraft at Danzig, Germany,[109] or at Gotenhafen.[9]
USS Monaghan  United States Navy Typhoon Cobra: The Farragut-class destroyer foundered in the Philippine Sea (14°57?N 127°58?E / 14.950°N 127.967°E / 14.950; 127.967) with the loss of 94 of her 100 crew. Survivors rescued on 20 December.
USS PT-300  United States Navy World War II: The PT boat was sunk off Mindoro, Philippines (12°19?N 121°05?E / 12.317°N 121.083°E / 12.317; 121.083) by a kamikaze attack. Four crew were killed, four missing and six of the seven survivors were wounded.[110][111]
Schleswig-Holstein  Kriegsmarine World War II: The training ship, a former Deutschland-class battleship, was bombed and sunk in shallow waters in Gotenhafen by Royal Air Force aircraft. Raised post-war and used as training hulk.
Seelöwe  Kriegsmarine World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk at Gotenhafen by Royal Air Force aircraft. Refloated in 1946 and repaired. Entered Polish service in 1949 as Warta.[112]
Silverlaurel  United Kingdom World War II: Convoy BTC 10: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel south of the Eddystone Lighthouse (50°07?N 4°40?W / 50.117°N 4.667°W / 50.117; -4.667) by U-486 ( Kriegsmarine). All 65 crew were rescued by Monkstone ( United Kingdom).[113]
USS Spence  United States Navy Typhoon Cobra: The Fletcher-class destroyer foundered in the Philippine Sea (14°57?N 127°58?E / 14.950°N 127.967°E / 14.950; 127.967) with the loss of 312 of her 336 crew. Fourteen survivors were rescued by USS Tabberer ( United States Navy), the rest of the survivors rescued on 20 December.
SS Steel Traveller  United States World War II: Convoy ATM-16: The United States Army chartered cargo ship struck a mine in the Scheldt. She split in two and sank near Buoy NF 16. Two crewmen were killed. A passenger, 26 gunners and 45 crewmen were rescued by La Combattante ( Free French Naval Forces).[114]
T10  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type 35 torpedo boat was bombed and sunk off Gotenhafen by Royal Air Force aircraft.[115]
Theresia L M Russ  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was sunk by a Royal Air Force air raid on Gotenhafen. She was later repaired and returned to service.
Trude Schünemann  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was sunk at Gotenhafen by Royal Air Force aircraft.[9]
U-1209  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine hit the Wolf Rock between the Isles of Scilly and Cornwall, United Kingdom and was consequently scuttled with the loss of nine of her 44 crew. The survivors were picked up by Royal Navy vessels.[116][117]
Unitas  Germany World War II: The factory ship was sunk at Gotenhafen by Royal Air Force aircraft.[9]
Waldemar Kophamel  Kriegsmarine World War II: The submarine tender was bombed and sunk by aircraft off the German coast. Raised in 1950 and transferred to the Soviet Union in 1951.[118]
Zähringen  Kriegsmarine World War II: The target ship, a former Wittelsbach-class battleship, was bombed and sunk at Gotenhafen by Royal Air Force aircraft.

19 December

List of shipwrecks: 19 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Hida Maru  Japan World War II: The Type 1K ore carrier was bombed and damaged at Hong Kong by four North American P-51 Mustangs of the United States Fourteenth Air Force. She was beached in a sinking condition. The wreck was bombed again on 16 January 1945 by United States Navy carrier-based aircraft. The wreck was totally abandoned on 4 May 1945.[119]
Shinfuku Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship, which had been torpedoed and damaged on 6 December by USS Segundo ( United States Navy), was sunk west of Manila, Philippines by Consolidated PBY Catalina aircraft of the United States Navy.[9]
U-737  Kriegsmarine The Type VIIC submarine collided with MRS-25 ( Kriegsmarine) in Vestfjorden, Norway and sank with the loss of 31 of her 51 crew.[120][121]
UJ 1116  Kriegsmarine World War II: The KUJ-class submarine chaser was sunk by a mine off Feiestein, Norway.[122]
Unry?  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The aircraft carrier was torpedoed and sunk in the East China Sea (29°59?N 124°03?E / 29.983°N 124.050°E / 29.983; 124.050) by USS Redfish ( United States Navy) with the loss of 1,239 of her 1,386 crew. Survivors, an officer and 146 crewmen, were rescued by Shigure ( Imperial Japanese Navy).

20 December

List of shipwrecks: 20 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Bryteren  Norway The cargo ship collided with Bretagne ( Norway) at Oslo, Norway, and sank with the loss of one crew member. Raised in 1945, repaired and returned to service.[112]
Hiyoshi Maru No. 2 GO  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy No. 3217: The transport was damaged by a mine off Chichijima, Japan, and was beached. She was refloated on 6 January 1945.[123]
USS LST-359  United States Navy World War II: The landing ship tank was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean north-east of the Azores, Portugal (42°04?N 19°08?W / 42.067°N 19.133°W / 42.067; -19.133) by U-870 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of two of her 107 crew. Survivors were rescued by Moose Peak ( United States).[124][125]
Mamiya  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The supply ship was torpedoed and damaged in the South China Sea (17°48?N 114°09?E / 17.800°N 114.150°E / 17.800; 114.150) by USS Sealion ( United States Navy). She was torpedoed again by USS Sealion and sunk on 21 December.[126]
SF 312  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Siebelfahre Type 43 was sunk in the port of Memel by Soviet bombers. She was later raised and repaired.[51][127][128]
Shoeki Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was sunk south of the Celebes Islands by North American B-25 Mitchell aircraft of the Royal Netherlands Air Force.[9]

21 December

List of shipwrecks: 21 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Hitonose The repair ship sank after colliding with the merchant ship Kosho ( Japan). She was raised, repaired and returned to service.[129]
USS LST-460  United States Navy World War II: The landing ship tank was damaged in the Sulu Sea by a Japanese kamikaze aircraft attack and was abandoned.[130]
USS LST-749  United States Navy World War II: The LST-542-class landing ship tank was sunk in the Sulu Sea by a Japanese kamikaze aircraft attack with the loss of many lives. Survivors were rescued by USS Converse ( United States Navy).
Reshitl'nyj  Soviet Union World War II: The gunboat was rammed and sunk in the Barents Sea off Mys Korabel'naya Pakhta by U-995 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 28 of the 31 people on board. Survivors were rescued by MO-251 ( Soviet Navy).[9][131]
Samtucky  United Kingdom World War II: Convoy HX 327: The cargo ship was torpedoed and damaged in the Atlantic Ocean (44°22?N 63°23?W / 44.367°N 63.383°W / 44.367; -63.383) by U-806 ( Kriegsmarine). She was beached off Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. Later repaired and returned to service.[132]
Trostburg  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk by aircraft at Hamburg, Germany. Wreck scrapped in the Soviet Union from August 1950.[133]
UJ 1113 and UJ 1702  Kriegsmarine World War II: The KUJ-class naval trawler/submarine chasers struck mines and sank off the Feistein Lighthouse, Norway.[122][134]
UJ 1116  Kriegsmarine World War II: The KUJ-class naval trawler/submarine chaser was lost on this date.[135]
Weichselland  Germany World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and sank near Stavanger, Norway.[136]

22 December

List of shipwrecks: 22 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Arita Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy HI-82: The Type 2TL standard tanker was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea 25 nautical miles (46 km) east of Qu?ng Ngãi, French Indochina (15°07?N 109°05?E / 15.117°N 109.083°E / 15.117; 109.083) by USS Flasher ( United States Navy). Fifty-seven crewmen were killed.[137]
Chidori  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Chidori-class torpedo boat was torpedoed and sunk in the Pacific Ocean (34°30?N 138°02?E / 34.500°N 138.033°E / 34.500; 138.033) 90 nautical miles (170 km) west-south-west of Yokosuka by USS Tilefish ( United States Navy).[138][139]
Eberhard Balkenkreuz (Iron Cross) Luftwaffe World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and sank off Rixhöft, Pomerania.[9][140]
USS LST-563  United States Navy
USS LST-563 aground on Clipperton Island.
The landing ship tank was wrecked on Clipperton Island (10°18?N 109°13?W / 10.300°N 109.217°W / 10.300; -109.217). Several attempts made at salvaging her but efforts were abandoned in February 1945.[141]
Kenzui Maru  Japan World War II: Convoy TAMA-36: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk 9 nautical miles (17 km) north of North San Fernando, Luzon, Philippines by USS Blenny ( United States Navy). One thousand, seven hundred and forty-two troops were killed.[142]
Omurosan Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy HI-82: The tanker was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea 25 miles east of Quang Ngai, French Indochina (15°07?N 109°05?E / 15.117°N 109.083°E / 15.117; 109.083) by USS Flasher ( United States Navy). Two crewmen were killed.[143]
Otowasan Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy HI-82: The Otowasan Maru-class tanker was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea 25 nautical miles (46 km) east of Qu?ng Ngãi, (15°07?N 109°05?E / 15.117°N 109.083°E / 15.117; 109.083) by USS Flasher ( United States Navy). Fifty-six troops, a passenger, her captain and 62 crewmen were killed.[144]
R-402  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type R-401 minesweeper was sunk by a mine off Feiestein, Norway.[145]
Reporter  Germany World War II: The customs vessel was sunk in the Baltic Sea by Soviet Petlyakov Pe-2 aircraft.[51]
SW.31  Germany World War II: The police vessel was sunk in the Baltic Sea by Soviet Petlyakov Pe-2 aircraft.[51]
UJ 1211 Narvik  Kriegsmarine): The Seeteufel-class naval whaler/submarine chaser was wrecked at Ulvenfeuer.[146]
Vs 60 Fredericus Rex  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Vorpostenboot struck a mine and sank in the Baltic Sea north of Usedom, Pomerania.[9]
Vs 134  Kriegsmarine The KFK 2-class naval drifter/Vorpostenboot was sunk in a collision.[147]
Yaei Maru No. 6  Japan World War II: The tanker was torpedoed and sunk in the Strait of Malacca by HMS Terrapin and HMS Trenchant (both  Royal Navy).[9]

23 December

List of shipwrecks: 23 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Assault demolition motorboats  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Fifty Maru-ni Type explosive motor boats were destroyed in their base in a cave on Corregidor, Philippines, when an engine compartment fire detonated the explosives on board one boat as the boats are preparing to sortie. One hundred crewmen were killed.[148]
Dumfries  United Kingdom World War II: Convoy MKS 71: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel south-east of St. Catherine's Point, Isle of Wight (50°23?N 1°43?W / 50.383°N 1.717°W / 50.383; -1.717) by U-313 ( Kriegsmarine). All 59 crew were rescued by HMS Balsam and HMS Pearl (both  Royal Navy).[149]
M-489  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type 1940 minesweeper was torpedoed and sunk in Bømlafjorden, Norway by HNoMS MTB 712 ( Royal Norwegian Navy). Of the 75 crew on board, 46 were killed.[150]
HMMTB 357  Royal Navy World War II: The motor torpedo boat was shelled and damaged by German surface ships, and foundered the next day in the North Sea.[151]
S 185  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type 1939/40 schnellboote was shelled and sunk in a battle against HMS Curzon, HMS Kittiwake and HMS Torrington (all  Royal Navy). Six crew were killed and 22 captured.[101][152]
S-192  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type 1939/40 schnellboote was shelled and sunk in a battle against HMS Curzon, HMS Kittiwake and HMS Torrington (all  Royal Navy). There were no survivor.[101][152]

24 December

List of shipwrecks: 24 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Alan A. Dale  Panama World War II: The cargo ship was sunk at Antwerp, Belgium by a German Biber midget submarine. All 65 crew survived.
BMO-594  Soviet Navy World War II: The MO-class small guard ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Baltic Sea off Cape Pakri by U-637 ( Kriegsmarine).[9][153]
CH-30  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The CH-28-class submarine chaser was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea off Kuching (02°42?N 111°05?E / 2.700°N 111.083°E / 2.700; 111.083) by USS Barbero ( United States Navy).[154]
HMCS Clayoquot  Royal Canadian Navy World War II: Convoy XB 139: The Bangor-class minesweeper was torpedoed and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean 3 nautical miles (5.6 km) off the Sambro Lightship ( Canada) (44°25?N 63°20?W / 44.417°N 63.333°W / 44.417; -63.333) by U-806 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of eight of her 81 crew.[85][155]
Empire Path  United Kingdom World War II: The cargo ship struck a mine and was damaged in the English Channel off Dunkerque, Nord, France (51°22?N 2°25?E / 51.367°N 2.417°E / 51.367; 2.417). She was beached but her back was broken. Declared a total loss.[156]
Junpo Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea off Makassar, Netherlands East Indies (01°10?N 108°20?E / 1.167°N 108.333°E / 1.167; 108.333) by USS Barbero ( United States Navy).[9][157]
Leopoldville  Belgium World War II: Convoy WEP 3: The troopship was torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel 5 nautical miles (9.3 km) off Cherbourg, Seine-Inférieure, France (49°45?N 1°34?W / 49.750°N 1.567°W / 49.750; -1.567) by U-486 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 819 of the 2,374 people on board. Survivors were rescued by HMS Brilliant ( Royal Navy) and USS PC-1225 ( United States Navy).
T-8  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The No.1-class landing ship was sunk off Chichi Jima (25°10?N 141°00?E / 25.167°N 141.000°E / 25.167; 141.000) by USS Case and USS Roe (both  United States Navy).[158]
T-157  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The No.103-class landing ship was sunk at Iwo Jima (24°47?N 141°20?E / 24.783°N 141.333°E / 24.783; 141.333) by USS Case and USS Roe (both  United States Navy).[158]
Robert J. Walker  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and damaged in the Pacific Ocean off the south coast of New South Wales, Australia (36°32?S 150°45?E / 36.533°S 150.750°E / -36.533; 150.750) by U-862 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of two of the 69 people on board. Survivors - a passenger, 26 gunners, and 40 crewmen, were rescued by HMAS Quickmatch ( Royal Australian Navy). She sank the next day.[159][160]

25 December

List of shipwrecks: 25 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Baltenland  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk by K-56 ( Soviet Navy) off Northern Norway.[9][161]
HMS Dakins  Royal Navy World War II: The Captain-class frigate was severely damaged by a mine in the North Sea off Ostend, West Flanders, Belgium. Declared a total constructive loss.[162]
Manila Maru  Japan World War II: The tanker was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea by USS Mingo ( United States Navy).[163]
Reisui Maru  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The auxiliary minesweeper was torpedoed and sunk in the Strait of Makassar by HMS Terrapin and HMS Trenchant (both  Royal Navy).[9]

26 December

List of shipwrecks: 26 December 1944
Ship Country Description
HMS Affleck  Royal Navy World War II: The Captain-class frigate was torpedoed and damaged in the English Channel 10 nautical miles (19 km) off Cherbourg, Manche, France by U-486 ( Kriegsmarine). She was towed to Cherbourg but was declared a constructive total loss.
HMS Capel  Royal Navy World War II: The Captain-class frigate was torpedoed and sunk in the English Channel 10 nautical miles (19 km) north-east of Cherbourg (49°50?N 1°41?W / 49.833°N 1.683°W / 49.833; -1.683) by U-486 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 76 of her 156 crew.
Biwi  Germany World War II: The coaster was torpedoed and sunk off Olskjær, Norway by HNoMS MTB 627 and HNoMS MTB 717 (both  Royal Norwegian Navy). Raised post-war, repaired and entered Swedish service as Servus.[164]
James H. Breasted  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was sunk in the Philippine Sea at Mindoro, Philippines by Japanese aircraft.[165]
Kiyoshimo  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The Y?gumo-class destroyer was bombed and damaged by United States Army aircraft off Mindoro, Philippines. She was then torpedoed and sunk 145 nautical miles (269 km) south of Manila (12°20?N 121°00?E / 12.333°N 121.000°E / 12.333; 121.000) by USS PT-223 ( United States Navy). Eighty-two crewmen were killed, 74 were wounded. One hundred and sixty-nine survivors, including her captain, were rescued by Asashimo ( Imperial Japanese Navy) and five by United States Navy PT boats.[166]
RT-52 Som  Soviet Union World War II: The fishing vessel was torpedoed and sunk in the Barents Sea off Cape Svyatoy Nos by U-995 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 31 of her 32 crew. The survivor was taken on board U-995 as a prisoner of war.[167]
U-2342  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type XXIII submarine struck a mine and sank in the Baltic Sea north of Swinemünde, Pomerania (54°01?08?N 14°15?20?E / 54.01889°N 14.25556°E / 54.01889; 14.25556) with the loss of seven crew. The wreck was dispersed in 1954.
Benjamin Ide Wheeler  United States Liberty ship sank after kamikaze attack at Leyte Gulf with the loss of two crew. The wreck refloated and used as stationary depot ship at site. Scrapped in 1948

27 December

List of shipwrecks: 27 December 1944
Ship Country Description
HR 1 Varouni  Kriegsmarine The armed yacht was lost on this date.[168]
Jamaica Planter  United Kingdom World War II: Convoy HX 326: The cargo ship collided with Wellesley ( United States) and sank. All crew survived.[169]
T-7  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The No.1-class landing ship was sunk at Iwo Jima (24°47?N 141°20?E / 24.783°N 141.333°E / 24.783; 141.333) by USS Fanning, USS Cummings, and USS Dunlap (all  United States Navy).[170]
T-132  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The No.103-class landing ship was sunk at Iwo Jima (24°47?N 141°20?E / 24.783°N 141.333°E / 24.783; 141.333) by USS Fanning, USS Cummings, and USS Dunlap (all  United States Navy).[170]
U-877  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type IXC/40 submarine was depth charged and sunk in the Atlantic Ocean north-west of the Azores, Portugal (46°25?N 36°38?W / 46.417°N 36.633°W / 46.417; -36.633) by HMCS St. Thomas ( Royal Canadian Navy) using Squid. All 56 crew were rescued by HMCS St. Thomas.

28 December

List of shipwrecks: 28 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Empire Javelin  United Kingdom World War II: The infantry landing ship was sunk, probably by a mine, in the English Channel north-east of Cherbourg, Manche, France (50°5?N 1°0?W / 50.083°N 1.000°W / 50.083; -1.000). Survivors were rescued by L'Escarmouche ( Free French Naval Forces).[171]
Hobart Baker  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Philippine Sea off Mindoro, Philippines by Japanese aircraft.[172]
Holmengraa  Kriegsmarine World War II: The naval tanker was bombed and sunk by aircraft off Horten, Norway.[173]
John Burke  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was sunk in the Philippine Sea off Mindoro by a Japanese kamikaze attack. The ship exploded and sank killing all 28 gunners and 40 crewmen.[174]
La France  Kriegsmarine World War II: The auxiliary minelayer was bombed and sunk at Skudeneshavn, Norway by de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of 143, 235 and 248 Squadrons, Royal Air Force. Refloated in 1946, repaired and returned to Norwegian commercial service.[9][175][176]
USS LST-750  United States Navy World War II: The LST-542-class landing ship tank was damaged in the Sulu Sea off Los Negros (09°01?N 122°30?E / 9.017°N 122.500°E / 9.017; 122.500) by a Japanese kamikaze attack. She was scuttled by USS Edwards ( United States Navy).[177]
Nosaki  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: The refrigerated cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea 50 nautical miles (93 km) north-east of Nha Trang, French Indochina by USS Dace ( United States Navy). Twenty-five survivors were rescued on 29 December off Cam Rahn Bay by Kaya, Kashi, and Sugi (all  Imperial Japanese Navy).
U-735  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was bombed and sunk by Royal Air Force aircraft off Horten, Norway with the loss of 39 of the 40 crew on board at the time.
William Sharon  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was sunk off Mindoro by a Japanese kamikaze attack.[9]

29 December

List of shipwrecks: 29 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Arthur Sewall  United States World War II: Convoy TBC 21: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and damaged in the English Channel 7 nautical miles (13 km) south-east of Portland Bill, Dorset (50°28?N 2°28?W / 50.467°N 2.467°W / 50.467; -2.467) by U-322 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of two of her 69 crew. She was towed to Weymouth by HMS Pilot ( Royal Navy) but was declared a total loss.[178]
Black Hawk  United States World War II: Convoy TBC 21: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and damaged in the English Channel by U-322 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of one of her 69 crew. Survivors were rescued by HMS Dahlia ( Royal Navy). She broke in two, with the stern section sinking. The bow section was beached and later scrapped.[179][180]
HMMTB 782  Royal Navy World War II: The motor torpedo boat was sunk by a mine off the Scheldt.[181]
Nordvard  Kriegsmarine World War II: The U-boat support ship was bombed and sunk off Moss, Norway by de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of 143, 235 and 248 Squadrons, Royal Air Force. One hundred and sixteen crew were killed.[9][182][183]
T-883 Dvina  Soviet Navy World War II: Convoy KB 37: The minesweeper was torpedoed and sunk in the Barents Sea south-east of Cape Svyatoj Nos by U-995 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of all 49 crew.[9][184]
Thann  Germany World War II: The tanker struck a mine and sank in the Baltic Sea off Darß, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.[9]
U-322  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC/41 submarine was depth charged and sunk in the English Channel south of Weymouth, Dorset, United Kingdom (50°25?N 2°26?W / 50.417°N 2.433°W / 50.417; -2.433) by HMCS Calgary ( Royal Canadian Navy) with the loss of all 52 crew.[185]
Vänersborg  Sweden World War II: The cargo ship either struck a mine and sank 20 nautical miles (37 km) off the Utklippan Lighthouse with the loss of nineteen of her twenty crew,[186] or was torpedoed and sunk by K51 ( Soviet Navy).[9]
Vestkap  Norway The coaster was driven ashore in a storm at Stokmarknes, Norway and was a total loss.[187]
Walter Korte  Germany World War II: The buoy tender sank in the Baltic Sea off Swinemünde, Pomerania. Probable cause of loss was striking a mine.[9]
130  Japan World War II: The lighter was sunk in Philippines waters by USS Hawkbill ( United States Navy).[9]

30 December

List of shipwrecks: 30 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Aobason Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy MATA-38: The Aobason Maru-class transport was bombed and sunk at San Fernando, Luzon, Philippines by Liberator aircraft of the United States Fifth Air Force. Twenty-five soldiers, a gunner and three crew members were killed.[188]
CD-20  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy MATA-38: The Type D escort ship was bombed and sunk at the mouth of Lingayen Gulf, Luzon (06°30?N 120°18?E / 6.500°N 120.300°E / 6.500; 120.300) by Douglas A-20 Havoc, North American B-25 Mitchell and Curtiss P-40 Warhawk aircraft of the United States Fifth Air Force. Fifty-two crew members were lost.[189]
CH-18  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy MATA-38: The CH-13-class submarine chaser was bombed and sunk at the mouth of Lingayen Gulf (06°30?N 120°18?E / 6.500°N 120.300°E / 6.500; 120.300) by Douglas A-20 Havoc, North American B-25 Mitchell and Curtiss P-40 Warhawk aircraft of the United States Fifth Air Force.[190]
Juan de Fuca  United States World War II: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and damaged by a Japanese aircraft, without casualties, in the Philippine Sea 20 nautical miles (37 km; 23 mi) off Mindoro, Philippines. She was beached on Ambulong Island. She was later refloated and towed to Subic Bay. Repaired and entered United States Navy service as USS Araner.[191][192]
Kuretake  Imperial Japanese Navy World War II: Convoy MATA-38: The Wakatake-class destroyer was torpedoed and sunk in the South China Sea 60 nautical miles (110 km) southeast of Formosa (21°00?N 121°24?E / 21.000°N 121.400°E / 21.000; 121.400) by USS Razorback ( United States Navy).[193]
Muroran Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy MATA-38: The transport was bombed and north of Lingayen Gulf (17°17?N 120°24?E / 17.283°N 120.400°E / 17.283; 120.400) by Douglas A-20 Havoc, North American B-25 Mitchell and Curtiss P-40 Warhawk aircraft of the United States Fifth Air Force. 71 crewmen were killed. There were only 3 survivors.[190][194]
USS Orestes  United States Navy World War II: The Varuna-class motor torpedo boat tender was damaged in the Pacific Ocean by an Aichi D3A Val aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy which crashed into her amidships killing 45 of her 341 crew. She was beached and later towed to Leyte, Philippines by USS LST-708 ( United States Navy). Subsequently repaired and returned to service.
USS Porcupine  United States Navy
USS Porcupine

World War II: The Armadillo-class tanker was damaged in Mangarin Bay (12°21?N 121°02?E / 12.350°N 121.033°E / 12.350; 121.033) by a Japanese Aichi D3A Val aircraft in a Kamikaze attack. She was scuttled by USS Gansevoort ( United States Navy).

Tbilisi  Soviet Union World War II: Convoy KP 24: The Liberty ship was torpedoed and damaged in the Barents Sea (69°56?N 32°29?E / 69.933°N 32.483°E / 69.933; 32.483) by U-956 ( Kriegsmarine) with the loss of 47 of the 139 people on board. Survivors were rescued by BO-150 and T-115 (both  Soviet Navy). Tbilisi was taken in tow by the tugs M-2 and M-12 (both  Soviet Navy), eventually arriving at Murmansk. Although she was declared a total loss, she was repaired and returned to service in 1959 when the bow section from Horace Gray ( United States) was fitted at Archangelsk.[195]
Teikai Maru  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy MATA-38: The transport was bombed and damaged north of Lingayen Gulf, Luzon (17°17?N 120°24?E / 17.283°N 120.400°E / 17.283; 120.400) by Douglas A-20 Havoc, North American B-25 Mitchell and Curtiss P-40 Warhawk aircraft of the United States Fifth Air Force. The burning wreck drifted aground on the coast. 22 passengers, fifteen gunners and 23 crew members were lost.[190][196]

31 December

List of shipwrecks: 31 December 1944
Ship Country Description
Achilles  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was sunk off Flekkefjord, Norway by de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of 143, 235 and 248 Squadrons, Royal Air Force.[9][197]
Faro  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk at Hamburg in an American air raid.[198]
M-445  Kriegsmarine World War II: The minesweeper was bombed and sunk at Hamburg in an American air raid.[199]
Mannheim  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk at Hamburg in an American air raid.[200]
Palermo  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was sunk in Flekkefjord by de Havilland Mosquito aircraft of 143, 235 and 248 Squadrons, Royal Air Force.[9]
Rival  Germany World War II: The cargo ship was bombed and sunk at Hamburg in an American air raid.[201]
U-906  Kriegsmarine World War II: The unfinished Type VIIC submarine was bombed and sunk at Hamburg in an American air raid.[202]
U-2530  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type XXI submarine was bombed and sunk at Hamburg in an American air raid. Refloated in January 1945.[203]
Unryu Maru  Japan World War II: The cargo ship was torpedoed and sunk in the Indian Ocean near Port Blair, Andaman Islands by HMS Shakespeare ( Royal Navy). One hundred and forty-nine passengers and crew were killed; two watchmen survived.[204]

Unknown date

List of shipwrecks: Unknown date 1944
Ship Country Description
HMS Charlestown  Royal Navy The Town-class destroyer collided with HMS Florizel ( Royal Navy) in the North Sea off Harwich, Essex, United Kingdom and was damaged. She was not repaired.
HMS Cyrus  Royal Navy The Cybele-class mine destructor vessel was wrecked in the Seine River sometime in December.[205]
Ha-83  Imperial Japanese Navy The midget submarine was lost in late December when she ran aground off Cebu, Philippines.[206]
James Harrod  United States The Liberty ship was involved in a collision in the North Sea off Walmer, Kent. She caught fire and was then beached.[207]
HMS LCA 1188  Royal Navy The landing craft assault was lost sometime in December.[208]
S-602  Kriegsmarine World War II: The MAS 423-class MAS boat was scuttled at ?ibenik, Yugoslavia.[209]
Pionier  Kriegsmarine The Pionier-class river monitor was lost sometime in December. Salvaged post war and put in service as ORP Okon ( Polish Navy).[210]
SS-10 and SS-14  Imperial Japanese Army World War II: Convoy TA-7, 2nd group: The SS craft No. 3-class landing ships, comprising an unescorted convoy, went missing on the night of 1-2 December, and lost with all hands after departing Palompon, Leyte, Philippines. USS Conway, USS Cony, USS Eaton, and USS Sigourney (all  United States Navy) did report sinking an enemy vessel in the area the convoy would have been in.[211]
U-196  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type IXD2 submarine went missing on or after 1 December whilst on patrol in the Sunda Strait with the loss of all 65 crew. Cause unknown.
U-262  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine was bombed and damaged at Gotenhafen, Pomerania. She was stricken from the navy register in April 1945. The wreck was scrapped in 1947.[212]
U-400  Kriegsmarine World War II: The Type VIIC submarine struck a mine and sank in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Cornwall, United Kingdom (50°33?16?N 5°11?37?W / 50.55444°N 5.19361°W / 50.55444; -5.19361) in mid-December with the loss of all 50 crew.
USS YCF-42  United States Navy The non-self-propelled car float was lost sometime in December.[213]

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List_of_shipwrecks_in_December_1944
 



 



 
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