List of Rail Gauges
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List of Rail Gauges

This list presents an overview of railway track gauges by size. A gauge is measured between the inner faces of the rails.

Track gauges by size

Minimum and ridable miniature railways

For ridable miniature railways and minimum gauge railways, the gauges are overlapping. There are also some extreme narrow gauge railways listed. See: Distinction between a ridable miniature railway and a minimum gauge railway for clarification.

Model railway gauges are covered in rail transport modelling scales.

Gauge Country Notes
Metric Imperial
 
89 mm See ​ in (89 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
121 mm See ​ in (121 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
127 mm See gauge ridable miniature railways
184 mm See ​ (184 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
See gauge ridable miniature railways
210 mm See ​ in (210 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
229 mm See 9 in (229 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
England Railway built by minimum gauge pioneer Sir Arthur Heywood, later abandoned in favor of gauge.
240 mm See ​ in (240 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
241 mm See ​ in (241 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
260 mm See ​ in (260 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
267 mm England Beale Park miniature railway
305 mm See 12 in (305 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
311 mm Wales Fairbourne Railway
340 mm Netherlands Ridable miniature railway in DierenPark Amersfoort[1]
350 mm Netherlands Collection Decauville Spoorweg Museum[2]
356 mm United States See 14 in (356 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways and Chicago Tunnel Company (during construction process)
368 mm United States John J. Coit's Seaside Park Miniature Railway and Long Beach and Asbury Park Railway
381 mm See 15 in gauge railways
400 mm France Agricultural field railways (Decauville portable track)
406 mm United States See 16 in (406 mm) gauge ridable miniature railways
419 mm Canada See ​ in (419 mm) gauge ridable miniature railway
England Berkhamsted Gasworks Railway[3]
432 mm England Long Rake Spar mine, underground mine railway[4]
450 mm Czech Republic Industrial railways[5]
England Littlethorpe Potteries, hand-worked line connecting clay pits to pottery[6]
457 mm England Crewe Works Railway, Royal Arsenal Railway, Sand Hutton Light Railway, Steeple Grange Light Railway
United States Eastlake Park Scenic Railway, Venice Miniature Railway and Billy Jones Wildcat Railroad
470 mm United States Travel Town Museum miniature railway
483 mm Isle of Man Great Laxey Mine Railway
United States Swanton Pacific Railroad
England Ayle Colliery mine railway, Athole G. Allen Ltd. Closehouse Barytes Mine railway[4]

Narrow gauge

Railways with a track gauge between and .

Gauge Country Notes
Metric Imperial
 
500 mm Austria Geriatriezentrum Am Wienerwald Feldbahn
Argentina Tren del Fin del Mundo, Ushuaia - Parque Nacional Tierra del Fuego
France Several Decauville portable railways, Chemin de Fer Touristique du Tarn, Petit train d'Artouste
508 mm England Great Woburn Railway situated in Woburn Safari Park; and North Bay Railway near Scarborough
United States Confusion Hill
Russia Krasnoyarsk Child Railway
520 mm Germany Several railways. Origine: from 1' 8" preußische Zoll = 523,2 mm.[7]
533 mm England Pleasure Beach Express
550 mm Germany Mine railways in Mayen
557 mm Dominican Republic Transport in the Dominican Republic
560 mm Germany Salt mine railway in Berchtesgaden[8]
575 mm Germany Iron ore mine railways in Bad Ems and Ramsbeck[9]
578 mm United States Lakeside Amusement Park
Wales Penrhyn Quarry Railway
580 mm Austria Wolfsegg Traunthaler Kohlenwerke in Ampflwang im Hausruckwald[10]
597 mm See 2 ft and 600 mm gauge railways
600 mm
603 mm
610 mm
620 mm Slovenia Cave railway in the Postojna Cave[]
622 mm Wales Penrhyn Quarry Railway, until 1879
630 mm Germany Brickworks in Zehdenick[11]
655 mm Germany Schlebusch-Harkorter Coal Railway[]
660 mm Germany Industrial and mine railways in Saarland and Rhineland-Palatinate
Japan Yamanashi horse-drawn tramway
Wales Cwt y Bugail Quarry
686 mm See 2 ft 3 in gauge railways
693 mm Sweden 28 Swedish inches.[12] Several railways.
700 mm Denmark The Standard gauge for sugar beet railways; none remain.
England Biwater Pipes and Castings[13]
France Chemin de fer d'Abreschviller
Indonesia Once used by 36 sugar mills in Java, only 23 still in use.
Latvia Used in some peat railways
Netherlands Used in industrial, peat, and field railways
711 mm England Snailbeach District Railways
716 mm Poland Dobre Aleksandrowskie - Kruszwica railway[14] (operating tourist railway)
724 mm Wales Guest Keen Baldwins Iron and Steel Company Ltd.: Briton Ferry Steelworks,[15]Glyn Valley Tramway
737 mm England St. Michael's Mount Tramway[16]
740 mm Luxembourg Minière et Métallurgique de Rodange mine railway[17]
750 mm See 750 mm gauge railways
760 mm Bulgaria Origin:
See Bosnian gauge

Septemvri - Dobriniste narrow railway

762 mm See 2 ft 6 in gauge railways
762 mm Horse-drawn tram Willemstad, Curaçao nl:Curaçaose tram[discuss]
765 mm DR Congo Matadi-Kinshasa Railway, converted to 1925-1931.[18]
775 mm England Jee's Hartshill Granite Quarry[19]
Germany Bombergbahn [de], a funicular a funicular in Bad Pyrmont
785 mm Germany Origin:
Bröl Valley Railway
Poland Silesian Interurbans, Upper Silesian Narrow Gauge Railways
791 mm Denmark Faxe Jernbane in southern Zealand
800 mm See 800 mm gauge railways
802 mm Sweden Far behind , one of the most common narrow gauges in Sweden, for example the Hällefors-Fredriksberg Railways [sv] (1874-1970) in Värmland. Never formed much of a network, none remain.
813 mm England Winnal Gasworks Railway[20]
Wales Rhosydd Quarry, a counterbalance weight for a gauge incline;
820 mm Germany Prince William Railway Company, Wuppertal-Vohwinkel-Essen-Überruhr railway, converted to standard gauge.
825 mm England Brighton and Rottingdean Seashore Electric Railway (a vehicle that ran on two parallel gauge tracks, billed as 18 ft (5.5 m) gauge), Furzebrook Railway and Volk's Electric Railway
838 mm Japan Nankai Railway
England Seaton Tramway, Volk's Electric Railway (former gauge)
850 mm Italy Ponte Tresa-Luino (1924: converted to gauge, 1950: closed)

Menaggio-Porlezza railway (1939: closed)

860 mm Germany Alsen´sche Portland-Cementfabrik KG in Itzehoe[21]
876 mm England Biwater Pipes and Castings[22]Cattybrook Brickworks railway[3]
880 mm Germany Bayerisches Moor- und Torfmuseum,[23] Peat museum (operating)
Norway Industrial railway in Stokke
889 mm England Miller Engineering & Construction Ltd. Sandiacre depot[24]
Germany Schlebusch-Harkorter Coal Railway[]
891 mm Sweden

See Swedish three foot gauge railways

900 mm See 900 mm gauge railways
914 mm See 3 ft gauge railways
925 mm Germany Trams in Chemnitz, since in 1914
943 mm England Central Electricity Generating Board Fawley Tunnel[20]
946 mm Austria Gletscherbahn Kaprun 2,[25] a funicular partly inside a tunnel.
950 mm Italy Cagliari light rail, Circumvesuviana, Dolomites Railway, Ferrovia Circumetnea, Ferrovie della Sardegna, Metrosassari, Rome-Giardinetti railway, Rome-Fiuggi railway
Eritrea Eritrean Railway
Libya Italian Libya Railways
Somalia Mogadishu-Villabruzzi Railway
955 mm Switzerland Polybahn funicular
965 mm England Clifton Rocks Railway
United States Birmingham Coal Company Railroad, Detroit, Bay City & Alpena Railroad and Keeling Coal Company
972 mm England Betchworth Quarry Railways
985 mm Switzerland Zugerbergbahn funicular
1,000 mm See metre gauge
1,009 mm Bulgaria Sofia Tramway
1,016 mm Scotland Kilmarnock and Troon Railway
United States Coal Hill Coal Railroad, Keeling Coal Company, Pittsburgh and Castle Shannon Plane, Pittsburgh and Castle Shannon Railroad
1,029 mm England Herne Bay Pier Railway
1,035 mm England Lake Lock Rail Road
1,040 mm Austria Festungsbahn (Salzburg)
1,050 mm Jordan Hejaz railway
Syria
Lebanon and Syria Former Beyrouth - Damascus Railway, in Lebanon mostly dismantled
Syria and
Saudi Arabia
Hejaz railway (Damascus–Medina)
1,055 mm Algeria National Company for Rail Transport
1,067 mm See 3 ft 6 in gauge railways
1,093 mm England Middlesbrough Corporation Tramways, Middlesbrough, Stockton and Thornaby Electric Tramways Company and Swinefleet Works
Sweden Köping-Uttersberg-Riddarhyttan Railway, 1864-1968. The gauge was by mistake.
1,099 mm Sweden Christinehamn - Sjöändans järnväg [sv][26] 44 Swedish inches[12]
1,100 mm Brazil The Santa Teresa Tramway in Rio de Janeiro
Germany Braunschweig tram system; tram systems in Kiel and Lübeck, closed
Italy Former SVIE (Società Varesina per Impresse Electriche) network around Varese, circa 1903-1955
1,106 mm Austria From Gmunden in the Salzkammergut to Budweis, now in the Czech Republic.
1,130 mm England London Pneumatic Despatch Company
1,143 mm England Lynton and Lynmouth Cliff Railway
1,156 mm United States Arcata and Mad River Railroad
1,168 mm United States (Puerto Rico) El Conquistador Resort
1,188 mm Sweden Engelsberg-Norberg Railway
Indonesia Trams in Jakarta
1,200 mm China Chaoyang Commuter Rail [zh], Chaoyang District, Shantou, China
France Funiculars: Funiculaire Du Perce-Neige in Tignes, and Funival at Val-d'Isère
Italy Funiculars: Central Funicular of the Naples Metro, Gardena Ronda Express in Val Gherdëina (South Tyrol)
Switzerland Parsenn funicular at Davos, Rheineck-Walzenhausen mountain railway (part of St. Gallen S-Bahn), St. Moritz-Corviglia funicular (lower section only of 436 metres (1,430 ft) route-length only - upper section is gauge), Thunersee-Beatenberg funicular in Bern canton
1,217 mm Sweden Four lines, all converted to standard gauge before 1900, still in use. 1217 mm is based on Swedish feet but compatible with locomotives of (). See:Narrow gauge railways in Sweden
1,219 mm England Furzebrook Railway (c.1830-1957), Redruth and Chasewater Railway 1826-1915,
Bradford Corporation Tramways, Keighley Tramway and a cluster in the NW of England
New Zealand Wellington tramway system: electric trams, closed 1964.
Scotland Falkirk and District Tramways (1905-1936), Glasgow Subway
United States Former tram systems in Canton, Ohio; Honolulu, Hawaii; Laredo, Texas; Pueblo, Colorado; San Antonio, Texas.
Wales Padarn Railway (1842-1961), Saundersfoot Railway (1829-1939)
1,245 mm England Middleton Railway, converted to standard gauge after 1881
United States Hecla and Torch Lake Railroad[27]
1,270 mm England Surrey Iron Railway
Wales Merthyr Tramroad, Rumney Railway
1,295 mm United States Delaware and Hudson Canal Company Gravity Railroad, Delaware and Hudson Railway and Haytor Granite Tramway
1,300 mm France Funiculars of Lyon (Lyon, France)
Austria Reisszug (Salzburg, Austria)
1,321 mm England Mansfield and Pinxton Railway
Wales Monmouthshire Railway and Canal Company (Newport and Pontypool Railway)
1,333 mm England Belvoir Castle tramway[28]
1,350 mm Brazil Santos tramways (closed 1971)[29] and later Santos heritage tramways (1984-86 and 2000-present)[30]
1,372 mm See 4 ft 6 in gauge railway
1,384 mm Scotland various railways in Scotland prior to 1840
1,397 mm Wales Duffryn Llynvi and Porthcawl Railway[31]
1,416 mm England Huddersfield Corporation Tramways
Scotland List of town tramway systems in Scotland
1,422 mm United States Centreville Military Railroad; Green Mountain Cog Railway; Manassas Gap Railroad; Mount Washington Cog Railway
England prior to 1846 (proto standard gauge)
1,429 mm United States Washington Metro

Standard gauge:  /

Gauge Country Notes
Metric Imperial
1,432 mm Hong Kong Disneyland Resort Line, Island Line (excluding Kennedy Town Station, HKU Station, Sai Ying Pun Station), Kwun Tong Line (excluding Whampoa Station, Ho Man Tin Station), Tseung Kwan O Line, Tsuen Wan Line, Tung Chung Line [32]
Bucharest Bucharest Metro
See Category:Standard gauge railways Standard gauge is defined both in metric and in imperial units. It's also the best-known gauge worldwide; 55% of the world owns this track.
1,440 mm Switzerland St. Moritz-Corviglia funicular (upper section of 1,616 metres or 5,302 feet route-length only - lower section is gauge)

Broad gauge

Gauge Country Notes
Metric Imperial
 
1,445 mm Italy Tramway networks in Milan, Turin and Rome; Orvieto Funicular; railway network until 1930.
Spain Madrid Metro
1,448 mm England Manchester and Leeds Railway
United States Danville, Hazleton and Wilkes-Barre Railroad, Strasburg Rail Road (converted to standard gauge).[]
1,450 mm Germany Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe AG, Trams in Dresden
1,458 mm Germany Trams in Leipzig
1,473 mm United States The Midwest, until after the Civil War (Ohio gauge)
1,480 mm 4 ft 10​ in United States and Canada Proposed track gauge conversion from to , temporal gauge would be this gauge.
1,492 mm Canada Toronto Suburban Railway[33] from 1891 - 1917. until the end at 1931
1,495 mm Canada Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) (subway and streetcars, excluding Scarborough RT and Eglinton Crosstown LRT) [33]
1,520 mm Russia Also named Russian gauge.
See 5 ft and 1520 mm gauge railways & Confederate railroads in the American Civil War
1,524 mm Finland
1,537 mm England London and Blackwall Railway 1840-49, converted to standard gauge
1,575 mm Spain Ferrocarril de Langreo
United States Columbus Ohio streetcar[34]
1,581 mm United States Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA),[35]Philadelphia
1,588 mm United States Pennsylvania trolley gauge[35]
1,600 mm Ireland See 5 ft 3 in gauge railways
1,613 mm United States Sacramento Valley Railroad (1852-77)
1,638 mm United States Baltimore, Baltimore Streetcar System (defunct)[36] and Baltimore Streetcar Museum (operating)
1,664 mm Portugal
Converted to from 1955[37]
1,668 mm See Iberian gauge
1,672 mm
Spain
Spanish national rail network Converted to from 1955;[37] The current Barcelona metro line 1 and Cercanías Málaga.
1,676 mm India See 5 ft 6 in gauge railway
1,727 mm England Babbacombe Cliff Railway and Fisherman's Walk Cliff Railway
1,750 mm[38] France Ligne de Sceaux Paris to Limours via Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse, until 1891
1,800 mm Germany Oberweißbacher Bergbahn (funicular section only)[39][40]
United States Hogwarts Express (located in Universal Orlando Resort)
1,829 mm India In the 19th century, engineers considered this gauge but finally settled on
Russia Saint Petersburg - Tsarskoe Selo Railway, 1837-1897, Proposed for the TKM World Link (Yakutsk - Fort Nelson) and onward to most of the North American destinations and some part of the Siberian destinations.
United States Albany and Susquehanna Railroad, Erie Railroad until June 22, 1880, Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad March-May 1876, Predominant gauge used by railroads along southern tier of New York State that connected to the pioneering Erie Railroad. Most lines converted to standard gauge 1876-1880, along with the Erie.
1,850 mm Canada Falls Incline Railway[41] in the city of Niagara Falls, Ontario[gauge?]
1,880 mm Ireland Ulster Railway, 1839-1846, re-gauged to
Taiwan Taipei Metro medium-capacity rubber-tired trains (with rails)
Japan SCMaglev train depots for Chuo Shinkansen.
1,945 mm Netherlands Hollandsche IJzeren Spoorweg-Maatschappij, 1839-1866[36]
1,980 mm / 1,981 mm Israel Haifa, Carmelit subway railway line - Funicular
England North Cliff Lift, Scarborough
2,000 mm Scotland Cairngorm Mountain Railway - Funicular
2,134 mm England Original definition of Brunel's broad gauge. This rail gauge was soon changed to [42] to ease running in curves.
2,140 mm South Africa East London and Table Bay harbour railways
England Brunel's Great Western Railway until converted to standard gauge by May 1892,
see Great Western Railway The "gauge war". Also, harbour railways at the Isle of Portland and Brixham
Isle of Man Port Erin Breakwater Railway
Portugal (Azores) Ponta Delgada and Horta harbour (using rolling stock from Holyhead harbour)
Russia Proposed for the Moscow-Kaliningrad route (almost parallel with tracks) and onward to some other destinations, eventually as far to Great Britain, France, Central Asia and North America.
Wales Holyhead harbour railway
2,286 mm England St Nicholas Cliff Lift, Scarborough
2,440 mm United States Johnstown Inclined Plane, Johnstown, Pennsylvania
2,503 mm 8 ft 2​ in Netherlands and other Recently proposed some of the transcontinental lines such as links from the Netherlands to North America.
2,743 mm Japan Lake Biwa Canal, an inclined plane near Kyoto
United States Knoxville Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
3,000 mm Nazi Germany See Breitspurbahn
3,048 mm United States Fort Pitt Incline, Penn Incline, Monongahela Freight Incline and Castle Shannon Incline, Pittsburgh[43]
3,327 mm Scotland Dalzell Iron and Steel Works, Motherwell, Lanarkshire.[44][gauge?]
5,500 mm England Magnus Volk's Brighton and Rottingdean Seashore Electric Railway[45]
8,200 mm Austria Lärchwandschrägaufzug[46]
Russia The electric "ship elevator" at the Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric dam[47][gauge?]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Nieuw ballastbed voor spoorlijn Dierenpark Amersfoort" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 April 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ "DSM Andere - Algemene Informatie Materieel". Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ a b Nicholson, Peter (1975). Industrial Narrow Gauge Railways in Britain. Bradford, Barton. ISBN 0-85153-236-5.
  4. ^ a b Industrial Locomotives 1979: including preserved and minor railway locomotives. Industrial Railway Society. 1979. ISBN 0-901096-38-5.
  5. ^ Track gauge by size From Czech wiki
  6. ^ "Littlethorpe Potteries website article on pot making". Archived from the original on 2009-03-25.
  7. ^ "DGEG - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Eisenbahngeschichte - Spurweiten 500 bis 599 mm - Eisenbahn Eisenbahngeschichte Eisenbahnhistorie Museen Eisenbahnmuseum Eisenbahn-Geschichte Zeitschrift". Archived from the original on 15 August 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  8. ^ "Bahn-Express - Magazin für Werkbahnfreunde". Archived from the original on 3 August 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  9. ^ "Fahrzeugliste". Retrieved 2016.
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  13. ^ "List of 2 ft gauge railways worldwide". Archived from the original on May 9, 2007.
  14. ^ "Twoja Kruszwica: Kruszwicka Kolejka Dojazdowa - "wojenna" linia Cukrowni Kruszwica. - Portal Historii i Wspó?czesno?ci Kruszwicy". Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  15. ^ "1974 Aidan Fuller Memorial Trophy Photographic Competition Entry". The Industrial Railway Record. Industrial Railway Society. 60: 49. 1975.
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  18. ^ Neil Robinson: World Rail Atlas and Historical Summary 7. North, East and Central Africa. 2009.
  19. ^ "Industrial Railways: Baganall 0-6-0ST Works No 1911 Baganall 0-6-0ST Works No 1911 'Stafford' is seen at Jee's Hartshill Granite quarry". Warwickshire Railways. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  20. ^ a b Mitchell, Vic & Smith, Keith (2004). Hampshire Narrow Gauge including the Isle of Wight. Middleton Press. ISBN 1-904474-36-5.
  21. ^ Die ,,Kreidebahn" zwischen Itzehoe und Lägerdorf Archived 2014-05-05 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ Industrial Narrow Gauge Railways in England Archived 2014-02-22 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ Barchewitz, Ekkehard. "Feldbahn - Bayerisches Moor-und Torfmuseum Rottau :: Industriedenkmal, Museum, Feldbahn und wundervolle Natur". Archived from the original on 29 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  24. ^ Bryant, R.S. (ed.) (1987). Industrial Locomotives, including preserved and minor railway locomotives. Industrial Railway Society. ISBN 0-901096-55-5.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  25. ^ "Lift-World :: Liftdatenbank : 180-FUC Gletscherbahn Kaprun 2". Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  26. ^ "Filipstads Gille". Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  27. ^ Joint Documents of the State of Michigan for the Year 1893. 4. Lansing, MI: Robert Smith & Company. 1893. p. 445.
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  29. ^ Morrison, Allen (1989). The Tramways of Brazil: A 130-Year Survey. New York: Bonde Press. pp. 134-138. ISBN 0-9622348-1-8. Archived from the original on 2009-03-03.
  30. ^ Morrison, Allen (November 1, 2010). "The Tramways of Latin America in 2010". Archived 2010-11-08 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2010-11-09.
  31. ^ Hughes, Stephen (1 January 1990). The Archaeology of an Early Railway System: The Brecon Forest Tramroads. Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments in Wales. Archived from the original on 3 December 2017. Retrieved 2016 – via Google Books.
  32. ^ "?(MTR)". Retrieved 2016.
  33. ^ a b "Old Time Trains". Archived from the original on 3 December 2017. Retrieved 2016.
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  35. ^ a b Hilton, George Woodman; Due, John Fitzgerald (1 January 2000). The Electric Interurban Railways in America. Stanford University Press. Archived from the original on 3 December 2017. Retrieved 2016 – via Google Books.
  36. ^ a b "Railroad Gauge Width". ? . ? . Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved .
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  38. ^ "Écartement des rails". fr.wikipedia (in French). 2007-11-13. Retrieved .
  39. ^ Rieger, Bernhard (2006-04-23). "Oberweißbacher Bergbahn". Archived from the original on 2014-09-11. Retrieved .
  40. ^ "Lift-World :: Lift-Database : 100-FUC Oberweißbacher Bergbahn". Archived from the original on 25 June 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  41. ^ "History of the Incline Railway". Archived from the original on 20 June 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  42. ^ MacDermot, E.T. (1927). History of the Great Western Railway, vol. I: 1833-1863. Paddington: Great Western Railway. p. 49. In laying the rails an extra quarter of an inch was allowed on the straight, making the gauge , strictly speaking, but it was always referred to as 7 feet.
  43. ^ "The Inclined Planes". The Street Railway Journal Souvenir: 38-40. October 1891. Archived from the original on 2016-04-05.
  44. ^ Jones, Robin. Britain's Weirdest Railways. Horncastle: Morton's Media Ltd. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-906167-25-7.
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  46. ^ "http://en.leitner-ropeways.com/Home/'Larchwandschragaufzug'-will-be-more-modern,-safer-and-faster". Archived from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 2016. External link in |title= (help)
  47. ^ Boat lift Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric power station on the Yen Archived 2014-04-07 at the Wayback Machine

External links


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