This is a list of instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs number, covering those instruments that are classified under 321.322 under that system. These instruments may be known as necked box lutes or necked guitars.
These instruments may be classified with a suffix, based on the method used to cause the strings to vibrate.
||Spain||321.322||Flatback bandurria is box lute. Roundback bandurria is bowl lute.|
||Ireland||321.322||An Irish variant of the Greek bouzouki, with a flat rather than bowl-shaped back|
||Colombia and Venezuela||321.322||Fretted stringed instrument with a hollow body and with four strings|
||Puerto Rico||321.322||Fretted stringed instrument with a hollow body, derived from the Spanish tiple and other stringed instruments, made from carved wood with strings (ten, in five courses of two)|
||Bangladesh||321.322||Small stringed instrument, with plucked metal strings, elongated belly as soundboard and narrow neck ending in a pegbox, decorated with carvings of animals and covered with skin|
||Sweden||321.322-72||Hurdy-gurdy that uses a rosined wheel to create sound|
||Turkmenistan||321.322||Plucked string instrument with two strings and a long neck, strummed or plucked|
||321.322||Fretted stringed instrument, long-necked with a flat soundboard and back, and incurved sides|
||Portugal||321.322||Fretted 12-stringed (in 6 courses) instrument with a hollow body|
|Norway||321.322-71||Ornately decorated fiddle with four main strings and four resonating strings beneath them, which are not touched by the bow|
||European||321.322||Originally a bowlback, but modern flatbacks exist too|
|Music of Algeria, Music of Morocco, Chaabi music, Music of Kabyle people, Andalusian classical music, Andalusi nubah, Nuubaat||321.322||Fretted stringed instrument, short-necked, 4 courses/8 strings or 5 courses/10 strings or 6 courses/12 strings. Flat soundboard and flatback.|
|Europe, has spread worldwid||321.322||Fretted stringed instrument, short-necked, the types belonging to this category have a flat, carved, or canted soundboard and flat or carved back|
||Sweden||321.322-71||Bowed keyed fiddle|
||Balochs||321.322||Bowed string instrument with a long neck, similar to a fiddle or sarangi and played vertically|
|Colombia||321.322||Guitar-like instrument with a neck and four courses of three strings each|
||Cuba||321.322||Guitar-like instrument with a neck and three courses of two strings each|
|Hawaii||321.322||String instrument derived from the Portuguese braguinha, from the Hawaiian uku lele, jumping flea, referring to the swift fingerwork the instrument requires|
chords on a ukulele (help·info)
viola da mano (Italian/Portuguese)
|Spain, Portugal, Italy||321.322||Most commonly twelve-stringed, arranged in six courses|
||Germany||321.322||mandola-like lute with nine steel strings|
moon guitar, moon lute, gekkin, laqin
|China||321.322||Two varieties: a round moon-shaped lute with four strings and a short neck, played with a plectrum, common in Northern China, and a variety with a longer neck found in Taiwan|
The dotara is the national instrument of Bangladesh.
There was great admiration for his virtuosity on their national instrument
His book, The Portuguese Guitar, Lisbon 1999, is the first monograph on this national instrument's origins and historical evolution, iconography, organological study and repertoire.
The Hardanger fiddle is considered Norway's national instrument.
In Norway, the national instrument has come to be the Hardanger fiddle.
a newly developed resonator design pioneered by the Gibson Company with arched top and back boards with f-shaped soundholes, like violin resonators
The nyckelharpa is considered Sweden's national instrument.
Notwithstanding the emergence of a strong nationalistic feeling among the Baloch population both in Iran and Pakistan, the existence of pahlawan (professional singers of verse narratives), and the love for suroz (a bowed instrument played as an accompaniment to narrative songs and considered to be the national instrument of the Baloch) among the educated classes, there seems to be no future for the oral tradition in Balochistan.
The tres is the national instrument of Cuba, and at first glance you'd probably call it a guitar.
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