List of Musical Instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs Number: 311.121.222
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List of Musical Instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs Number: 311.121.222

This is a list of instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs number, covering those instruments that are classified under 311.121.222 under that system. These instruments are single-stringed heterochord musical bows with an attached resonator and a tuning noose.


3: Instruments in which sound is produced by one or more vibrating strings (chordophones, string instruments).
31: Instruments which consist solely of a string bearer or a string bearer with a resonator that is not integral to the instrument
311: Instruments with a string bearer shaped like a bar, or consisting of a sideways board (bar zithers)
311.1: Instruments with a flexible or curved string bearer
311.12: Instruments with string made from a different material than the string bearer
311.121: Instruments with only one heterochord string
311.121.2: Instrument has a resonator
311.121.22: Instrument has a resonator that is attached
311.121.222: Instrument does have a tuning noose

These instruments may be classified with a suffix, based on how the strings are caused to vibrate.

  • 4: Hammers or beaters
  • 5: Bare hands and fingers
  • 6: Plectrum
  • 7: Bowing
    • 71: Using a bow
    • 72: Using a wheel
    • 73: Using a ribbon
  • 8: Keyboard
  • 9: Using a mechanical drive
Instrument Tradition Hornbostel-Sachs classification Description
goura[1]
Khoikhoi 311.121.222 Single stringed instrument, blown rather than plucked or strummed, with the string attached to a coconut shell resonator and with a tension noose wrapped around the string to adjust the pitch
lesiba[2]
Basotho 311.121.222 Stringed instrument, blown rather than plucked or strummed, with a single string and tuning noose attached both to a bow and a feather quill, with a frame made from a coconut shell

References

  • von Hornbostel, Erich M.; Curt Sachs (March 1961). "Classification of Musical Instruments: Translated from the Original German by Anthony Baines and Klaus P. Wachsmann". The Galpin Society Journal. The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 14. 14: 3-29. doi:10.2307/842168. JSTOR 842168. 

Notes

  1. ^ Balfour, Henry (January-June 1902). "The Goura, a Stringed-Wind Musical Instrument of the Bushmen and Hottentots". The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. 32. 32: 156-176. doi:10.2307/2842910. JSTOR 2842910. 
  2. ^ "Traditional Music & Dance". DrumCafe. Retrieved . 

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