List of Musical Instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs Number: 311.121.221
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List of Musical Instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs Number: 311.121.221

This is a list of instruments by Hornbostel-Sachs number, covering those instruments that are classified under 311.121.221 under that system. These instruments are single-stringed heterochord musical bows with an attached resonator and a tuning noose.


3: Instruments in which sound is produced by one or more vibrating strings (chordophones, string instruments).
31: Instruments which consist solely of a string bearer or a string bearer with a resonator that is not integral to the instrument
311: Instruments with a string bearer shaped like a bar, or consisting of a sideways board (bar zithers)
311.1: Instruments with a flexible or curved string bearer
311.12: Instruments with string made from a different material than the string bearer
311.121: Instruments with only one heterochord string
311.121.2: Instrument has a resonator
311.121.22: Instrument has a resonator that is attached
311.121.221: Instrument does not have a tuning noose

These instruments may be classified with a suffix, based on how the strings are caused to vibrate.

  • 4: Hammers or beaters
  • 5: Bare hands and fingers
  • 6: Plectrum
  • 7: Bowing
    • 71: Using a bow
    • 72: Using a wheel
    • 73: Using a ribbon
  • 8: Keyboard
  • 9: Using a mechanical drive
Instrument Tradition Hornbostel-Sachs classification Description
berimbau[1]
Brazil 311.121.221 Single-stringed musical bow
About this sound Toque de Angola on unaccompanied berimbau 

References

  • von Hornbostel, Erich M.; Curt Sachs (March 1961). "Classification of Musical Instruments: Translated from the Original German by Anthony Baines and Klaus P. Wachsmann". The Galpin Society Journal. The Galpin Society Journal, Vol. 14. 14: 3-29. doi:10.2307/842168. JSTOR 842168. 

Notes

  1. ^ Graham, Richard (Spring-Summer 1991). "Technology and Culture Change: The Development of the "Berimbau" in Colonial Brazil". Latin American Music Review / Revista de Música Latinoamericana. Latin American Music Review / Revista de Música Latinoamericana, Vol. 12, No. 1. 12 (1): 1–20. doi:10.2307/780049. JSTOR 780049. Although this metamorphosis insured the emerging berimbau a higher social status as a Brazilian national instrument. 

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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