List of Mountain Types
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List of Mountain Types

Mountains and hills can be characterized in several ways. Some mountains are volcanoes and can be characterized by the type of lava and eruptive history. Other mountains are shaped by glacial processes and can be characterized by their shape. Finally, many mountains can be characterized by the type of rock that make up their composition.

Types of mountains according to geology

Glacially sculpted mountains and hills

Volcanic mountains

Mountains with structure-controlled form

Other types of mountain or hill

Mountains defined by their vegetation

Types of rock that make up mountains

Groups of mountains


  1. ^ Lidmar-Bergström, Karna (1995). "Relief and saprolites through time on the Baltic Shield". Geomorphology. 12 (1): 45-61. Bibcode:1995Geomo..12...45L. doi:10.1016/0169-555X(94)00076-4.

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