List of Languages by Number of Words
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List of Languages by Number of Words

This is a list of dictionaries considered authoritative or complete by approximate number of total words, or headwords, included. These figures do not take account of entries with senses for different word classes (such as noun and adjective) and homographs. Although it is possible to count the number of entries in a dictionary, it is not possible to count the number of words in a language.[1][2] In compiling a dictionary, a lexicographer decides whether the evidence of use is sufficient to justify an entry in the dictionary. This decision is not the same as determining whether the word exists.[]

The green background means a given dictionary is the largest in a given language.

Language Approx. no. of words Dictionary Notes
Korean 1,100,373 1100373
 
? (Woori Mal Saem, 2017) Online open dictionary including dialects of South and North Korea.[3]
Finnish 800,000 800000
 
RedFox Pro Online dictionary. The free version has over 300,000 Finnish words and the Pro version has over 800,000 Finnish words. The dictionary has agglomerated other dictionaries, such as technical ones[4], and the largest set comes from Wordnet[5]. Note that even this dictionary essentially doesn't include inflections.
Turkish 616,767 616767
 
Büyük Türkçe Sözlük Online dictionary of the Turkish Language Association[6]
Swedish 600,000 600000
 
Svenska Akademiens ordbok, Swedish Academy After having completed letters A through T SAOB included 470,000 words, but 600,000 words when the alphabet was completed in 2017. Svenska Akademiens ordlista, which includes only commonly used words, currently includes ~126,000 words after having added 13,500 and removed 9,000 in its latest edition, SAOL 14, plus an additional 200,000 still encountered words in earlier editions.[7][8]
Icelandic 560,000 560000
 
Orðabók Háskólans 43,000 basic words and 519,000 compound words of which more than half are attested only once or don't get into print ("instant combinations")[9]
Japanese 500,000 500000
 
Nihon Kokugo Daijiten [10]
Lithuanian 500,000 500000
 
Lietuvi? kalbos ?odynas (Academic Dictionary of Lithuanian) 22,000 pages in 20 volumes with quotations from all kinds of writing and dialect records between 1547 and 2001. Accessible online at www.lkz.lt.[11]
English 505,000 505000
 
Wiktionary, english language version Contains 505,000 gloss entries[12]
English 470,000 470000
 
Webster's Third New International Dictionary and Addenda Section Contains 470,000 entries[13]
Portuguese 442,000 442000
 
Novo Dicionario Houaiss da Lingua Portuguesa The dictionary contains 442,000 entries, phrases and meanings.[]
Dutch 400,000 400000
 
Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal The 43 volumes of the WNT (including three supplements) consist of 49,255 pages, describing Dutch words from 1500 to 1976.[14]
Chinese 370,000 370000
 
Hanyu Da Cidian [15]
English 350,000 350000
 
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition In the introduction to the 4th and 5th editions, it is mentioned that more than 10,000 words have been added, thus the total for the 5th edition will be more than 370,000 words.[16][failed verification]
Finnish 350,000 350000
 
Suomen murteiden sanakirja (in progress) Suomen murteiden sanakirja (SMS) will include 350,000 words from different dialects, with well-documented definitions, based on the archives (Suomen murteiden sana-arkisto) of 400,000 words, with over 8 million definitions.[17][18]
Persian 343,466 343466
 
Dehkhoda Dictionary, 1998, ISBN 9789640396025 The original series initially consisted of 3 million records ( fish or ? bargeh in Persian) (up to 100 records for each word or proper noun) until Dehkhoda's death in November 1955, and currently contains 343,466 entries that according to the latest digital release of the dictionary by Tehran University Press (version 3.0) are based on an ever-growing library of over 2300 volumes in lexicology and various other scientific fields.[19][20]
Norwegian 330,000 330000
 
Norsk Ordbok The finished dictionary has about 330,000 headwords, whersas the corpus it's built upon, conatains about 500,000 words in total.[21]
German 330,000 330000
 
Deutsches Wörterbuch 330,000 words in use since the mid-fifteenth century. -- Duden's Großes Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache contains over 200,000 contemporary words.[22][23]
Norwegian 300,000 300000
 
Tanums store rettskrivningsordbok (10. utgave) [24]
Gujarati 281,377 281377
 
Bhagavadgomandal 2.81 lakh words and their meanings in 9 volumes. Also serves as an encyclopedia with almost 8.22 lakh words.[25]
Urdu 264000 264000
 
Urdu Lughat [26]
Italian 260,000 260000
 
Grande dizionario italiano dell'uso The number of "sayable and writable" word forms is estimated at over 2 million[27]
Czech 250,000 250000
 
cs:P?íru?ní slovník jazyka ?eského Nine volumes of this dictionary were printed in years 1935-1957. They contain about 250,000 words, their meanings and example usage from literature. The dictionary is available online.[28]
Belarusian 223,000 223000
 
? ? [29]
English 207,016 207016
 
WordNet, 3.1 As of November 2012 WordNet's latest Online-version is 3.1. The database contains 155,327 words organized in 175,979 synsets for a total of 207,016 word-sense pairs.[30]
Finnish 201,000 201000
 
Nykysuomen sanakirja, 1961 Nykysuomen sanakirja can be translated to The Dictionary of Modern Finnish or The Dictionary of Contemporary Finnish, but the language can be quite dated; the dictionary only reflects the language as it was no later than 1961. Even though it has been published again, it hasn not been updated. The dictionary contains over 201,000 headwords in six volumes.[31] For modern language, The New Dictionary of Modern Finnish is more relevant.
Danish 200,000 200000
 
Ordbog over det danske Sprog Dictionary maintained by the Society for Danish Language and Literature. Covers Dansh language use 1700-1950.[32] The society also maintains a sister dictionary, Den Danske Ordbog covering language use since 1950.
Slovak 200,000 200000
 
Slovník slovenského jazyka z r. 1959 - 1968, Slovník sú?asného slovenského jazyka A - G, H - L, M - N z r. 2006, 2011, 2015 Here is the information about the number of words in Slovak language written by Jazykovedný ústav ?. ?túra SAV.


Romanian 180,000 180000
 
dexonline Online dictionary. Project of digitisation of 67 general, specialty and archaic dictionaries. Launched in 2001. As of 2013, it contained over 180,000 unique words and 576,000 definitions.
English 171,476 171476
 
Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition Oxford Dictionary has 273,000 headwords; 171,476 of them being in current use, 47,156 being obsolete words and around 9,500 derivative words included as subentries. The dictionary contains 157,000 combinations and derivatives in bold type, and 169,000 phrases and combinations in bold italic type, making a total of over 600,000 word-forms.[33][34]
There is one count that puts the English vocabulary at about 1 million words -- but that count presumably includes words such as Latin species names, prefixed and suffixed words, scientific terminology, jargon, foreign words of extremely limited English use and technical acronyms.[35][36][37]
Kazakh 166,000 166000
 
15 " ? ? ?" Explanatory dictionary of the Kazakh language[38]
Russian 150,000 150000
 
? ? ? Great Academy Dictionary of Russian language[39]
Belarusian 150,000 150000
 
? ? ? [40]
French 135,000 135000
 
Trésor de la Langue Française informatisé ATILF[41] (Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française - Computer Processing and Analysis of the French Language)
135,000 (Larousse Dictionnaire de français, published by Editions Larousse)[42][43]
Ukrainian 134,058 134058
 
? ? (The Dictionary of the Ukrainian language) The dictionary was finished in late 1970s - early 1980s[44][45]
Russian 130,000 130000
 
? ? Great Dictionary of Russian language[46]
Indonesian 127,036 127036
 
Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, 5th edition, 2016
Tamil 124,405 124405
 
University of Madras Tamil Lexicon The dictionary includes 124,405 separate entries.[47]
Arabic 120,000 120000
 
Taj al-Arus Min Jawahir al-Qamus
Bulgarian 119,200 119200
 
Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language (monolingual academic explanatory dictionary), (?) ? ? in Bulgarian, in 15+ volumes This dictionary covers vocabulary from the last 150 years of the Bulgarian language and is compiled and edited by linguistics (primarily native lexicographers and lexicologists) from The Institute for the Bulgarian Language (part of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences). It includes basic, commonly used, literary, colloquial, dialectical, archaic and obsolete Bulgarian words, as well as some specialized terminology. The latest volume (15th) published in 2015 ends with headwords beginning with the (Bulgarian Cyrillic) letter ?.[48]
Belarusian 112,462 112462
 
Skarnik As of August 2019. Belarusian-Russian online dictionary contains 112,462 words.[49]
Slovene 110,180 110180
 
Slovar slovenskega knji?nega jezika, Second edition, 2014 The official dictionary of modern Slovene is Slovar slovenskega knji?nega jezika (SSKJ; Standard Slovene Dictionary). It was published in five volumes by Dr?avna Zalo?ba Slovenije between 1970 and 1991 and contains more than 100,000 entries and subentries with accentuation, part-of-speech labels, common collocations, and various qualifiers. In the 1990s, an electronic version of the dictionary was published and it is available online.[50]
Finnish 102,174 102174
 
Kielitoimiston sanakirja, 2018 Online dictionary. Institute for the Languages of Finland (governmental institute) has selected the core vocabulary, and many headwords are not included.[51]


Polish 100,000 100000
 
S?ownik j?zyka polskiego PWN Polish dictionary of PWN contains about 100,000 articles and 145,000 definitions.[52]
French 100,000 100000
 
Dictionnaire Le Grand Robert de la langue française, 2019 Contains 100,000 words and 350,000 definitions.[53]
Spanish 93,000 93000
 
Diccionario de la lengua española de la Real Academia Española, 23rd edition, 2014 [54]
Dutch 90,000 90000
 
Van Dale, 14th edition, 2005 [55]
Chinese 85,568 85568
 
Zhonghua Zihai Number of different characters in use over three millennia of written history. The Hanyu Da Cidian defines some 370,000 words.[56][57][58]


Malaysian 82,900 82900
 
Kamus Dewan, 4th Edition, 2005
Chechen 70,000 70000
 
? ?
Catalan 69,988 69988
 
Diccionari de la llengua catalana (Dictionary of the Catalan language of the Institute of Catalan Studies (DIEC))
The dictionary includes 69,988 headwords and 132,343 definitions.[59]
Romanian 67,000 67000
 
Dic?ionarul explicativ al limbii române (Published by the Romanian Academy)
Galician 59,999 59999
 
Dicionario da Real Academia Galega (Dictionary of the Royal Galician Academy) [60]
Tatar 56,000 56000
 
-? ? ?.?. , ?.?. ?, ?.?. ?, ?.?. ?, ?.?. ? Tatar-Russian dictionary of Sh.N. Asylgaraev, F.A. Ganiev, M.Z. Zakiyev, K.M. Minnullin, D.B. Ramazanova[61]
Turkmen 50,000 50000
 
Türkmen dilini? dü?ündiri?li sözlügi Turkmen Explanatory Dictionary[62]
Azerbaijani 44,750 44750
 
Az?rbaycan dilinin izahl? lüti Azerbaijani Explanatory Dictionary[63]
Bashkir 40,000 40000
 
-? ? ? ?.?. Bashkir-Russian dictionary Uraksin Z. G.[64]
Chuvash 40,000 40000
 
-? ? ?. ?. Chuvash-Russian dictionary Skvortsova M. I.[65]
Dargwa 40,000 40000
 
-? ? ? ?. ?. Dargwa-Russian dictionary of Yusupov H. A[66]
Classical Latin 39,589 39589
 
Oxford Latin Dictionary This dictionary includes 39,589 Classical Latin entries, including those borrowed from Greek, Gaulish, other Italic dialects, Sanskrit, as well as others. There are approximately: 10,000 Adjectives, 2,123 Adverbs, 46 Conjunctions, 77 Interjections, 17450 Nouns, 26 Particles, 39 Prepositions, 17 Pronouns, and 5,986 verbs. The remaining entries are references to other entries (such as alternate spellings or archaic versions), prefixes, suffixes, and terms left untranslated by the original editors.[67]
Avar 36,000 36000
 
?-? ? . ?. ?. Avar-Russian dictionary of Gimbatov M. M
Arabic 32,300 32300
 
Lexicon of the Modern Arabic Language
Quechua 20,000 20000
 
Diccionario Quechua-Español Lira Jorge Quechua-Spanish dictionary Lira Jorge [68]
Esperanto 16,780 16780
 
Plena Ilustrita Vortaro de Esperanto (Complete Illustrated Dictionary of Esperanto) 46,890 lexical units[69]

References

  1. ^ "How many words are there in the English language?". Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ "The Biggest Vocabulary?". The Economist. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 2018.
  3. ^ ""? - "". ?. Retrieved .[dead link]
  4. ^ "RedFox Sanakirja: Sisältöpäivitykset" (in Finnish). Redfox languages Oy. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Suomen suurin sanakirja julkaistiin ilmaisena netissä" (in Finnish). Yle. Retrieved .
  6. ^ "Büyük Türkçe Sözlük". Turkish Language Association. Retrieved 2017.
  7. ^ "Engelsk har næppe flere ord end dansk". videnskab.dk. Retrieved .
  8. ^ SAOL. Svenska Akademien. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  9. ^ "Hvað eru til mörg orð í íslensku?". University of Iceland. Retrieved 2016.
  10. ^ "NIHON KOKUGO DAIJITEN". Indiana University. Retrieved 2016.
  11. ^ "Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language". 2002. Archived from the original on 2017-08-11. Retrieved 2018.
  12. ^ "Statistics". en.wiktionary.org. Retrieved .
  13. ^ "How many words are there in English?". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved .
  14. ^ "Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal". Retrieved 2017.
  15. ^ _?. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
  16. ^ https://www.amazon.com/American-Heritage-Dictionary-English-Language/dp/0395448956
  17. ^ "Suomen murteiden sanakirja" (in Finnish). Institute for the Languages of Finland. Retrieved .
  18. ^ "Suomen murteiden sana-arkisto: Pääkokoelma" (in Finnish). Institute for the Languages of Finland. Retrieved .
  19. ^ https://icps.ut.ac.ir/talif-f.html
  20. ^ http://www.popflock.com/learn?s=Dehkhoda_Dictionary
  21. ^ "Antall ord i norsk". Språkrådet (in Norwegian). Retrieved .
  22. ^ "Großes Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache". Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Retrieved 2016.
  23. ^ "Deutsches Wörterbuch von Jacob Grimm und Wilhelm Grimm (The German Dictionary of the Brothers Grimm)". Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities & Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Retrieved 2016. Also available online.
  24. ^ "Antall ord i norsk". Språkrådet (in Norwegian). Retrieved .
  25. ^ "What is Bhagavadgomanal?". bhagavadgomandalonline.com. Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved .
  26. ^ "New Urdu dictionary heavily influenced by TV news". tribune. Retrieved 2020.
  27. ^ "Quante parole ci sono nel dizionario italiano?". Retrieved 2017.
  28. ^ "P?íru?ní slovník jazyka ?eského". www.ujc.cas.cz.
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  30. ^ https://wordnet.princeton.edu
  31. ^ Kolehmainen, Taru: "Viisikymmentä vuotta Nykysuomen sanakirjan alullepanosta" (in Finnish). Institute for the Languages of Finland. Retrieved . Kielikello 10/1977.
  32. ^ Ordbog over det danske Sprog, Society for Danish Language and Literature
  33. ^ Robert McCrum, William Cran, & Robert MacNeil. The Story of English. New York: Penguin, 1992: 1
  34. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, Second Edition, Volume 1. Oxford University Press, 1989.
  35. ^ Algeo 1999.
  36. ^ "How many words are there in the English language?". Oxford English Dictionary. Retrieved 2016.
  37. ^ Bas Aarts; Sylvia Chalker; Edmund Weiner (16 January 2014). The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar. OUP Oxford. pp. 436-. ISBN 978-0-19-107900-9.
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  49. ^ https://www.skarnik.by/belrus
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  56. ^ Shouhui Zhao, Dongbo Zhang, The Totality of Chinese Characters - A Digital Perspective Archived July 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
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  62. ^ [11]
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  64. ^ [13]
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  67. ^ Oxford Latin Dictionary, Oxford University Press, 1968.
  68. ^ https://futatraw.ourproject.org/descargas/DicQuechuaBolivia.pdf
  69. ^ Blahu?, Marek. A Spell Checker for Esperanto. Brno : Masaryk University, Faculty of Informatics, 2008. 40 pp. Bachelor thesis. Text in English. Supervisor RNDr. Petr Sojka, Ph.D. Available online: [16] p. 17

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List_of_languages_by_number_of_words
 



 



 
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