List of Islands by Area
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List of Islands by Area
Dymaxion world map with the continental landmasses (Roman numerals) and 30 largest islands (Arabic numerals) roughly to scale

This list of islands by area includes all islands in the world greater than 2,500 km2 (970 sq mi) and several other islands over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi), sorted in descending order by area. For comparison, continents are also shown.

Continental mainlands

The continental landmasses listed below are not normally known as islands. However, the definition of continent is not a consistent term: it is possible to list Australia (as an example) as an island, a continent, or both. For simplicity, Australia and the other continents have been listed as continental landmasses. The figures are approximations and are for the four major continental mainlands only.[Note 1] The human-made Suez and Panama Canals are disregarded.

Rank Continental mainland Area
(km2)
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
1 Afro-Eurasia 84,980,532 32,811,167 123 countries, 8 partially recognized states, 2 special administrative regions of China,[Note 2] 2 autonomous cities of Spain,[Note 3] 1 Spanish overseas tied island, and 1 British overseas territory[Note 4]
2 Americas 42,549,000 16,428,000 22 countries and  French Guiana[Note 5]
3 Antarctica[Note 6] 14,200,000 5,500,000 None (7 countries have made 8 territorial claims)
4 Australia[Note 7] 7,595,342 2,932,578  Australia

Islands

Islands 100,000 km2 (38,600 sq mi) and greater

Rank Island Area
(km2)[6]
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
1 Greenland (main island) 2,130,800[7] 822,700  Denmark ( Greenland forms a part of the Danish Realm)
2 New Guinea 785,753[8] 303,381  Indonesia (Papua and West Papua) and  Papua New Guinea
3 Borneo 748,168 288,869  Brunei,  Indonesia (Central, East, North, South and West Kalimantan) and  Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak)
4 587,041[9] 226,658  Madagascar
5 Baffin Island 507,451[10] 195,928  Canada (Nunavut)
6 Sumatra 443,065 171,068  Indonesia (Aceh, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, Riau and North, South and West Sumatra provinces)
7 Honshu 225,800 87,200  Japan (Ch?bu, Ch?goku, Kansai, Kant? and T?hoku regions)
8 Victoria Island 217,291[10] 83,897  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
9 Great Britain 209,331 80,823  United Kingdom (England, Scotland and Wales)
10 Ellesmere Island 196,236[10] 75,767  Canada (Nunavut)
11 Sulawesi 180,681 69,761  Indonesia (Gorontalo and Central, North, South, Southeast and West Sulawesi)
12 South Island 145,836 56,308  New Zealand (Canterbury, Marlborough, Nelson, Otago, Southland, Tasman and West Coast)
13 Java 138,794 53,589  Indonesia (Banten, Jakarta, Yogyakarta and Central, East and West Java)
14 North Island 111,583 43,082  New Zealand (Auckland, Bay of Plenty, Gisborne, Hawke's Bay, Manawat?-Whanganui, Northland, Taranaki, Waikato and Wellington)
15 Luzon 109,965 42,458  Philippines (Bicol, Cagayan Valley, Calabarzon, Central Luzon, Cordillera, Ilocos, and the National Capital Region)
16 Newfoundland 108,860[10] 42,030  Canada (Newfoundland and Labrador)
17 Cuba (main island) 105,806 40,852  Cuba
18 Iceland (main island) 101,826 39,315  Iceland

Islands 25,000-99,999 km2 (9,700-38,600 sq mi)

Rank Island Area
(km2)[6]
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
19 Mindanao 97,530 37,660  Philippines (Caraga, Davao, Bangsamoro, Northern Mindanao, Soccsksargen, and Zamboanga Peninsula)
20 Ireland 84,421[11] 32,595  Ireland and  United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)
21 Hokkaido 78,719 30,394  Japan (Hokkaido region)
22 Hispaniola 73,929 28,544  Dominican Republic and  Haiti
23 Sakhalin 72,493 27,990  Russia (Sakhalin)
24 Banks Island 70,028[10] 27,038  Canada (Northwest Territories)
25 Sri Lanka (main island) 65,268[12] 25,200  Sri Lanka
26 Tasmania (main island) 65,022 25,105  Australia (Tasmania)
27 Devon Island 55,247[10] 21,331  Canada (Nunavut) (largest uninhabited island in the world)
28 Alexander Island 49,070 18,950 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina (partial),  Chile and  United Kingdom)
29 Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego 47,992 18,530  Argentina (Tierra del Fuego) and  Chile (Magallanes)
30 47,079 18,177  Russia (Arkhangelsk)
31 Berkner Island 43,873 16,939 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile (partial) and  United Kingdom)
32 Axel Heiberg Island 43,178[10] 16,671  Canada (Nunavut)
33 Melville Island 42,149[10] 16,274  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
34 Southampton Island 41,214[10] 15,913  Canada (Nunavut)
35 Marajó 40,100[12] 15,500  Brazil (Pará) - at the mouth of the Amazon River, it is the world's largest fluvial island
36 Spitsbergen 38,981[13] 15,051  Norway (Svalbard)
37 Kyushu 37,437 14,455  Japan (Ky?sh? region)
38 New Britain 35,145 13,570  Papua New Guinea (West New Britain Province and East New Britain Province)
39 Taiwan (main island) 34,507 13,323  Republic of China (Taiwan)
40 Prince of Wales Island 33,339[10] 12,872  Canada (Nunavut)
41 33,246 12,836  Russia (Arkhangelsk)
42 Hainan 33,210 12,820  China (Hainan Province)
43 Vancouver Island 31,285[10] 12,079  Canada (British Columbia)
44 Timor 28,418 10,972  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara) and  East Timor
45 Sicily 25,711[14] 9,927  Italy (Sicily)

Islands 10,000-24,999 km2 (3,861-9,652 sq mi)

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[6]
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
46 Somerset Island 24,786[10] 9,570  Canada (Nunavut)
47 Kotelny Island 24,000 9,300  Russia (Sakha)
48 Sardinia 23,949 9,247  Italy (Sardinia)
49 Bananal 20,000[12] 7,398  Brazil (Tocantins) - the world's 2nd largest fluvial island and the world's largest island surrounded entirely by fresh water
50 Shikoku 18,545 7,160  Japan (Shikoku region)
51 Halmahera 18,040 6,970  Indonesia (North Maluku)
52 Seram 17,454 6,739  Indonesia (Maluku)
53 New Caledonia (main island) 16,648 6,428  New Caledonia (sui generis collectivity of  France)
54 Bathurst Island 16,042[10] 6,194  Canada (Nunavut)
55 Prince Patrick Island 15,848[10] 6,119  Canada (Northwest Territories)
56 Thurston Island 15,700[12] 6,100 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
57 Nordaustlandet 14,467[13] 5,586  Norway (Svalbard)
58 Sumbawa 14,386 5,554  Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
59 October Revolution Island 14,204 5,484  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
60 Flores 14,154 5,465  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
61 King William Island 13,111[10] 5,062  Canada (Nunavut)
62 Negros 13,075 5,048  Philippines (Western Visayas and Central Visayas)
63 Samar 12,849 4,961  Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
64 Palawan 12,189 4,706  Philippines (Mimaropa)
65 Panay 12,011 4,637  Philippines (Western Visayas)
66 Yos Sudarso (Dolak) 11,742 4,534  Indonesia (Papua)
67 Bangka 11,413 4,407  Indonesia (Bangka Belitung Islands)
68 Ellef Ringnes Island 11,295[10] 4,361  Canada (Nunavut)
69 Bolshevik Island 11,206 4,327  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
70 Jamaica (main island) 11,190 4,320  Jamaica
71 Bylot Island 11,067[10] 4,273  Canada (Nunavut)
72 Sumba 10,711 4,136  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
73 Mindoro 10,572 4,082  Philippines (Mimaropa)
74 Viti Levu 10,531 4,066  Fiji (Central Division and Western Division)
75 Hawai?i (Big Island) 10,434 4,029  United States (Hawaii)
76 Cape Breton Island 10,311[10] 3,981  Canada (Nova Scotia)

Islands 5,000-9,999 km2 (1,931-3,861 sq mi)

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[6]
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
77 Prince Charles Island 9,521[10] 3,676  Canada (Nunavut)
78 Bougainville Island 9,318 3,598  Papua New Guinea (Autonomous Region of Bougainville)
79 Kodiak Island 9,310 3,595[15]  United States (Alaska)
80 Cyprus (main island) 9,234 3,565  Cyprus,  Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Sovereign Base Areas of the  United Kingdom, and  Northern Cyprus[Note 8]
81 Puerto Rico (main island) 9,100 3,500  Puerto Rico, insular area of the  United States
82 Komsomolets Island 8,812 3,402  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
83 Corsica 8,741 3,375  France (Corsica)
84 Disko Island 8,612 3,325  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
85 Carney Island 8,500[12] 3,300 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
86 Chiloé Island 8,478 3,273  Chile (Los Lagos Region)
87 Buru 8,473 3,271  Indonesia (Maluku)
88 Crete 8,350 3,220  Greece (Crete)
89 Anticosti Island 7,941[10] 3,066  Canada (Quebec)
90 Roosevelt Island 7,910 3,050 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand)
91 Wrangel Island (Vrangelya) 7,866 3,037  Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
92 7,700 3,000  Brazil (Amazonas) (if taken as one fluvial island)
93 New Ireland 7,405 2,859  Papua New Guinea (New Ireland Province)
94 Leyte 7,368 2,845  Philippines (Eastern Visayas)
95 East Falkland 7,040 2,720  Falkland Islands, part of the British Overseas Territories, territories under sovereignty of  United Kingdom and disputed with  Argentina[Note 9]
96 Zealand 7,031[16] 2,715  Denmark (Zealand and Capital Region)
97 Cornwallis Island 6,995[10] 2,701  Canada (Nunavut)
98 Prince of Wales Island 6,675 2,577  United States (Alaska)
99 Kerguelen (main island) 6,617 2,555  French Southern and Antarctic Lands, overseas territory of  France
100 Siple Island 6,390 2,470 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
101 Graham Island 6,361[10] 2,456  Canada (British Columbia)
102 New Siberia (Novaya Sibir) 6,201 2,394  Russia (Sakha Republic)
103 Melville Island 5,765 2,226  Australia (Northern Territory)
104 Prince Edward Island 5,620[10] 2,170  Canada (Prince Edward Island)
105 Vanua Levu 5,587 2,157  Fiji (Northern Division)
106 Wellington Island 5,556 2,145  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
107 Coats Island 5,498[10] 2,123  Canada (Nunavut)
108 Bali 5,416 2,091  Indonesia (Bali)
109 Chichagof Island 5,388 2,080  United States (Alaska)
110 Guadalcanal 5,353 2,067  Solomon Islands (Guadalcanal Province and Capital Territory)
111 Amund Ringnes Island 5,255[10] 2,029  Canada (Nunavut)
112 Bolshoy Lyakhovsky Island 5,157 1,991  Russia (Sakha Republic)
113 St. Lawrence Island 5,135 1,983  United States (Alaska)
114 Riesco Island 5,110[17] 1,970  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
115 Edgeøya 5,073[13] 1,959  Norway (Svalbard)
116 Mackenzie King Island 5,048[10] 1,949  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
117 Trinidad 5,009 1,934  Trinidad and Tobago
118 Caviana 5,000[17] 1,900  Brazil (Pará)

Islands 2,500-4,999 km2 (965-1,930 sq mi)

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[6]
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
119 Kolguyev Island 4,968 1,918  Russia (Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
120 Gurupá 4,864[17] 1,878  Brazil (Pará)
121 Isabela Island 4,711 1,819  Ecuador (Galápagos Province)
122 4,685[16] 1,809  Denmark (North Denmark) (physically part of the Jutland peninsula until 1825)
123 Lombok 4,625 1,786  Indonesia (West Nusa Tenggara)
124 West Falkland 4,531 1,749  Falkland Islands, part of the British Overseas Territories, territories under sovereignty of  United Kingdom and disputed with  Argentina[Note 9]
125 Belitung 4,478 1,729  Indonesia (Bangka-Belitung Islands)
126 Cebu 4,468 1,725  Philippines (Central Visayas)
127 Adelaide Island 4,463 1,723 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
128 Stefansson Island 4,463[10] 1,723  Canada (Nunavut)
129 Madura Island 4,429 1,710  Indonesia (East Java)
130 Buton 4,408 1,702  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
131 Kangaroo Island 4,374 1,689  Australia (South Australia)
132 Admiralty Island 4,362 1,684  United States (Alaska)
133 Nunivak Island 4,209[17] 1,625  United States (Alaska)
134 Unimak Island 4,119 1,590  United States (Alaska)
135 Hoste Island 4,117[17] 1,590  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
136 Spaatz Island 4,100[17] 1,600 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
137 Baranof Island 4,065 1,570  United States (Alaska)
138 Nias 4,048 1,563  Indonesia (North Sumatra)
139 Espiritu Santo 3,956 1,527  Vanuatu (Sanma Province)
140 Milne Land 3,913 1,511  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
141 Malaita 3,836 1,481  Solomon Islands (Malaita Province)
142 Siberut 3,829 1,478  Indonesia (West Sumatra)
143 Bohol 3,821 1,475  Philippines (Central Visayas)
144 South Georgia 3,718 1,436  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, part of the British Overseas Territories, territories under sovereignty of  United Kingdom
145 Euboea 3,707 1,431  Greece (Central Greece)
146 Santa Inés Island 3,688 1,424  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
147 Mallorca 3,667 1,416  Spain (Balearic Islands)
148 Santa Isabel Island 3,665 1,415  Solomon Islands (Isabel Province)
149 Long Island 3,629[17] 1,401  United States (New York)
150 Socotra 3,607 1,393  Yemen (Socotra Governorate)
151 Wetar 3,600[17] 1,400  Indonesia (Maluku)
152 Tupinambarana (northern part) 3,600 1,400  Brazil (Amazonas)
153 Traill Island 3,542 1,368  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
154 North Andros Island 3,439 1,328  Bahamas (North Andros and Central Andros)
155 Vaygach Island 3,329 1,285  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
156 Masbate Island 3,268[17] 1,262  Philippines (Bicol Region)
157 Iturup (Etorofu) 3,238 1,250  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast) (also claimed by  Japan (Hokkaid? region))
158 Makira (San Cristóbal) 3,190 1,230  Solomon Islands (Makira-Ulawa Province)
159 Mansel Island 3,180[10] 1,230  Canada (Nunavut)
160 Yamdena 3,100[17] 1,200  Indonesia (Maluku)
161 Waigeo 3,060[17] 1,180  Indonesia (West Papua)
162 Akimiski Island 3,001[10] 1,159  Canada (Nunavut)
163 Gotland 2,994[18] 1,156  Sweden (Gotland)
164 Funen 2,985[16] 1,153  Denmark (Southern Denmark)
165 Choiseul Island 2,971 1,147  Solomon Islands (Choiseul Province)
166 Revillagigedo Island 2,965 1,145  United States (Alaska)
167 Taliabu 2,913 1,125  Indonesia (North Maluku)
168 Muna Island 2,889 1,115  Indonesia (South East Sulawesi)
169 Zemlya Georga 2,821 1,089  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
170 Kupreanof Island 2,813 1,086  United States (Alaska)
171 Borden Island 2,794[10] 1,079  Canada (Northwest Territories and Nunavut)
172 North Andaman Island 2,781 1,074  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
173 Manitoulin Island 2,766[19] 1,068  Canada (Ontario) (world's largest freshwater lake island)
174 Unalaska Island 2,722 1,051  United States (Alaska)
175 Saaremaa 2,672 1,032  Estonia (Saaremaa)
176 Moresby Island 2,608[10] 1,007  Canada (British Columbia)
177 James Ross Island 2,598 1,003 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
178 Obira 2,542 981  Indonesia (North Maluku)
179 Réunion (main island) 2,535 979  France (Réunion, overseas department)

Islands 1,000-2,499 km2 (386-965 sq mi)

This section of the list might not be complete, but covers almost all of the islands in the world over 1,000 km2 (390 sq mi). The area of some Antarctic islands is uncertain.

Rank Island's name Area
(km2)[6]
Area
(sq mi)
Countries / Dependencies
180 Navarino Island 2,473[] 955  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
181 Paramushir 2,471[17] 954  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
182 Ross Island 2,460[17] 950 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  New Zealand)
183 Ymer Island 2,437 941  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
184 Anvers Island 2,432 939 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
185 Karaginsky Island 2,404[] 928  Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
186 Cornwall Island 2,358[10] 910  Canada (Nunavut)
187 Peleng 2,346 906  Indonesia (Central Sulawesi)
188 Groote Eylandt 2,285 882  Australia (Northern Territory)
189 Yapen 2,278 880  Indonesia (Papua)
190 Morotai 2,266 875  Indonesia (North Maluku)
192 Princess Royal Island 2,251[10] 869  Canada (British Columbia)
193 Isla de la Juventud 2,237 864  Cuba (Isla de la Juventud)
194 Wilczek Land 2,203[] 851  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
195 Hinnøya 2,198[13] 849  Norway (Nordland and Troms)
196 Nelson Island 2,183[20] 843  United States (Alaska)
197 Richards Island 2,165[10] 836  Canada (Northwest Territories)
198 Trangan 2,149 830  Indonesia (Maluku)
199 Alor Island 2,120 820  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
200 Margarita Island 2,100 810  Colombia (an inland fluvial island in the Magdalena River, not to be confused with the Caribbean Venezuelan island)
201 Lewis and Harris 2,086 805  United Kingdom (Scotland)
202 Laut Island 2,057 794  Indonesia (South Kalimantan)
203 Malakula 2,041 788  Vanuatu (Malampa Province)
204 New Georgia 2,037 786  Solomon Islands (Western Province)
205 Misool 2,034 785  Indonesia (West Papua)
206 Magdalena Island 2,025 782  Chile (Aysén Region)
207 René-Levasseur Island 2,020[19] 780  Canada (Quebec) (largest artificial island)
208 Tenerife 2,008 775  Spain (Canary Islands)
209 Ayon 2,000[] 770  Russia (Chukotka Autonomous Okrug)
210 Kuiu 1,962 758  United States (Alaska)
211 Manus 1,940 750  Papua New Guinea (Manus Province)
212 Bioko 1,935 [21] 747  Equatorial Guinea (Bioko Norte Province and Bioko Sur Province)
213 Biak 1,904 735  Indonesia (Papua)
214 Maui 1,903 735  United States (Hawaii)
215 Bacan 1,900 730  Indonesia (North Maluku)
216 ?itný ostrov 1,886[] 728  Slovakia (Bratislava Region, Trnava Region and Nitra Region)
217 Mauritius (main island) 1,874 724  Mauritius
218 Fraser Island 1,840[22] 710  Australia (Queensland) (world's largest sand island)
219 Jeju Island 1,826[23] 705  South Korea (Jeju Province)
220 Stewart Island/Rakiura 1,815 701  New Zealand (Southland)
221 Bely Island 1,810 700  Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
222 Afognak 1,809 698  United States (Alaska)
223 Umnak 1,793 692  United States (Alaska)
224 Bolshoy Shantar Island 1,766 682  Russia (Khabarovsk Krai)
225 Bolshoy Begichev Island 1,764 681  Russia (Sakha Republic)
226 Simeulue 1,754 677  Indonesia (Aceh)
227 Kobroor 1,723 665  Indonesia (Maluku)
228 Air Force Island 1,720[10] 660  Canada (Nunavut)
229 Natuna Besar 1,720[] 660  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
230 Savai'i 1,718 663  Samoa (Fa'asaleleaga, Gaga'emauga, Gaga'ifomauga, Vaisigano, Satupa'itea and Palauli)
231 Geographical Society Island 1,717 663  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
232 Bathurst Island 1,692 653  Australia (Northern Territory)
233 Bering Island 1,660[] 640  Russia (Kamchatka Krai)
234 Skye 1,659 641  United Kingdom (Scotland)
235 Lesbos 1,641 634  Greece (North Aegean)
236 Soisalo 1,635[24] 631  Finland (Northern Savonia and Southern Savonia)
237 Fuerteventura 1,633 631  Spain (Canary Islands)
238 Salawati 1,623 627  Indonesia (West Papua)
239 Great Inagua 1,615 624  Bahamas (Inagua)
240 Kunashir Island 1,612 622  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast) (also claimed by  Japan (Hokkaid? region))
241 Joinville Island 1,607 620 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
242 Tanahbesar (Wokam) 1,604 619  Indonesia (Maluku)
243 Rantau 1,598 617  Indonesia (Riau)
244 Senja 1,590[13] 610  Norway (Troms)
245 Flaherty Island 1,585[10] 612  Canada (Nunavut)
246 Oahu 1,583 611  United States (Hawaii)
247 Zanzibar (Unguja) 1,575 608  Tanzania (Unguja North Region, Unguja South Region and Mjini Magharibi Region)
248 Graham Bell Island 1,557 601  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
249 Eglinton Island 1,541[10] 595  Canada (Northwest Territories)
250 Middle Andaman Island 1,536[23] 593  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
251 Clavering Island 1,535 593  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
252 Gran Canaria 1,530 590  Spain (Canary Islands)
253 Pioneer Island 1,527 590  Russia (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
254 Great Karimun 1,524 588  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
255 Catanduanes 1,523 588  Philippines (Bicol Region)
256 Charcot Island 1,500[] 580 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Chile and  United Kingdom)
257 Rupat 1,490 580  Indonesia (Riau)
258 Qeshm 1,488 575  Iran (Hormozgan Province)
259 Nares Land 1,466 566  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
260 South Andros Island 1,448 559  Bahamas (South Andros)
261 Bhola Island 1,441[] 556  Bangladesh (Barisal Division)
262 Fergusson Island 1,437 555  Papua New Guinea (Milne Bay Province)
263 Urup 1,437 555  Russia (Sakhalin Oblast)
264 Kauai 1,435 554  United States (Hawaii)
265 São Luís Island 1,410[] 540  Brazil (Maranhão)
266 Rhodes 1,410 540  Greece (South Aegean)
267 King George Island 1,384 534 None (Antarctic territorial claims by  Argentina,  Chile and  United Kingdom)
268 Graham Island 1,378[10] 532  Canada (Nunavut)
269 Pitt Island 1,375[10] 531  Canada (British Columbia)
270 Nottingham Island 1,372[10] 530  Canada (Nunavut)
271 Desolación Island 1,352 522  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
272 Ramree Island 1,350[23] 520  Myanmar (Rakhine State)
273 Flinders Island 1,330 510  Australia (Tasmania)
274 Öland 1,347[18] 520  Sweden (Kalmar)
275 Lougheed Island 1,308[10] 505  Canada (Nunavut)
276 Dawson Island 1,290 500  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
277 Barentsøya (Barents) 1,288[25] 497  Norway (Svalbard)
278 Lembata (Lomblen) 1,270 490  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
279 Chongming Island 1,267[] 489  People's Republic of China (Shanghai Municipality)
280 Basilan 1,266 489  Philippines (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao and Zamboanga Peninsula)
281 Shannon Island 1,259 486  Greenland, forms part of the Danish Realm ( Denmark)
282 Mill Island 1,258 486 None (Antarctic territorial claim by  Australia)
283 Morfil 1,250 480  Senegal (Saint-Louis Region)
284 Lolland 1,243[16] 480  Denmark (Zealand)
285 Mangole 1,229 475  Indonesia (North Maluku)
286 New Hanover Island (Lavongai) 1,227 474  Papua New Guinea (New Ireland Province)
287 Rote Island 1,227 474  Indonesia (East Nusa Tenggara)
288 South Andaman Island 1,211 468  India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)
289 Södertörn 1,207[26] 466  Sweden (Stockholm)
290 Okinawa Island 1,200 460  Japan (Ryukyu Islands)
291 Oleniy Island 1,197 462  Russia (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
292 Tiburón Island 1,190 460  Mexico (Sonora)
293 Campana Island 1,188 459  Chile (Aisén Region)
294 Bintan Island 1,173 453  Indonesia (Riau Islands)
295 Martinique 1,167 451  France (Martinique, overseas department)
296 Aracena Island 1,164 449  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
297 Sherman Island 1,159 447 None (unclaimed island of Antarctica)
298 Byam Martin Island 1,150[10] 440  Canada (Nunavut)
299 Great Abaco 1,146 442  Bahamas (North Abaco, Central Abaco and South Abaco)
300 Lifou Island 1,146 442  New Caledonia, special collectivity of  France
301 Wales Island 1,137[10] 439  Canada (Nunavut)
302 Île Vanier 1,126[10] 435  Canada (Nunavut)
303 Upolu 1,125 434  Samoa (Tuamasaga, A'ana, Aiga-i-le-Tai, Atua, Va'a-o-Fonoti and Gaga'emauga)
304 King Island 1,121 433  Australia (Tasmania)
305 Clarence Island 1,111 429  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
306 Padang Island 1,109 428  Indonesia (Riau)
307 Grand Bahama 1,096 423  Bahamas (East Grand Bahama, West Grand Bahama and Freeport)
308 Alexandra Land (Zemlya Aleksandry) 1,095 423  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
309 Rowley Island 1,090[10] 420  Canada (Nunavut)
310 Tahiti 1,069 413  French Polynesia, overseas collectivity of  France
311 Sääminginsalo 1,069[24] 413  Finland (Southern Savonia) (not a true island because it is detached from the mainland by an artificial canal)
312 Serrano Island 1,063 410  Chile (Aisén Region)
313 Atka Island 1,061 410  United States (Alaska)
314 Cameron Island 1,059[10] 409  Canada (Nunavut)
315 Gallya (Hall Island) 1,049 405  Russia (Arkhangelsk Oblast)
316 Madre de Dios Island 1,043 403  Chile (Magallanes and Antártica Chilena Region)
317 Normanby Island 1,040 400  Papua New Guinea (Milne Bay Province)
318 Hiiumaa 1,031 398  Estonia (Hiiumaa)
319 Margarita Island 1,020 390  Venezuela (Nueva Esparta)
320 Resolution Island 1,015[10] 392  Canada (Nunavut)
321 Grande Comore 1,013 391  Comoros (Grande Comore)
322 Mornington Island 1,002[] 387  Australia (Queensland)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Geographically, there are only four continents that are not separated by water: Afro-Eurasia (57% of the land surface), the Americas (28.5%), Antarctica (9%), and Australia (5%). The remaining 0.5% is made up of oceanic islands, mostly scattered within Oceania in the central and south Pacific Ocean.[1]
  2. ^  Hong Kong and  Macau.
  3. ^  Ceuta and  Melilla.
  4. ^  Gibraltar.
  5. ^ An overseas department and region of France.
  6. ^ Antarctica is a special case, for if its ice is considered not as land, but as water, it is not a single land mass, but several land areas of much smaller area, since the ice-bedrock boundary is below sea level in many regions of the continent. If its ice cover were to be lifted, some rock that is currently below sea level would rise as the weight of the ice would be removed,[2] although this would in part be counteracted, and in some areas of the continent overtaken, by eustatic rises in sea level.[3]
  7. ^ Australia is more than three times the size of Greenland, the largest island. Australia is sometimes dubbed "The Island Continent" or "Earth's largest island, but its smallest continent".[4][5]
  8. ^ The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus claims and controls one third of the island of Cyprus, although this is not recognised by any country except Turkey.
  9. ^ a b A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. The territory is described as "Falkland Islands (Malvinas)" by the United Nations.

Footnotes

  1. ^ Stephen Hawking; Lucy Hawking (9 January 2020). "Earth: What's It Made Of?". Unlocking the Universe. p. 62. ISBN 9780241418864.
  2. ^ Global warming and the stability of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, Michael Oppenheimer, 1998 (see map of Antarctica showing regions where bedrock is below sea level)
  3. ^ Jonathan L. Bamber; River; Vermeersen; LeBrocq (May 2009). "Reassessment of the Potential Sea-Level Rise from a Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet". Science. 324 (59295): 901-903. Bibcode:2009Sci...324..901B. doi:10.1126/science.1169335. PMID 19443778. S2CID 11083712.
  4. ^ "Australia in Brief - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade". Dfat.gov.au. Archived from the original on 2003-08-20. Retrieved .
  5. ^ "Area of Australia - States and Territories". Geoscience Australia. 15 May 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Islands By Land Area". Islands.unep.ch. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Continent or Island?". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved .
  8. ^ Ganeri, Anita (2014). Island Life. Raintree. p. 43. ISBN 9781406249453.
  9. ^ Europa Publications, ed. (2003). Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Psychology Press. p. 629. ISBN 9781857431834.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au "Atlas of Canada - Sea Islands". Atlas.nrcan.gc.ca. 2009-08-12. Archived from the original on 2013-01-22. Retrieved .
  11. ^ Nolan, Professor William. "Geography of Ireland". Government of Ireland. Archived from the original on 2009-11-24. Retrieved .
  12. ^ a b c d e "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved .
  13. ^ a b c d e "Statistisk årbok 2009: Geografisk oversikt" (in Norwegian). Ssb.no. Retrieved .
  14. ^ Popescu, Gabriel (2015). Agricultural Management Strategies in a Changing Economy. IGI Global. p. 310. ISBN 9781466675223.
  15. ^ Dunham, Mike (July 31, 2010). "Turns out Kodiak is largest U.S. island, depending on viewpoint". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved 2010.
  16. ^ a b c d "Kort & Matrikelstyrelsen - St?rste ?er". 2003-09-23. Retrieved .[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of the World by Region". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved .
  18. ^ a b Öar i Sverige Islands in Sweden
  19. ^ a b "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Lake Islands of the World". Worldislandinfo.com. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved .
  20. ^ The Essential Desk Reference. Oxford University Press. 2002. p. 279. ISBN 9780195128734.
  21. ^ World Atlas
  22. ^ World Heritage Places - Fraser Island
  23. ^ a b c "Joshua Calder's World Island Info - Largest Islands of Selected Countries". Worldislandinfo.com. Retrieved .
  24. ^ a b "Suomen suurimmat saaret". Kauko Huotari. Archived from the original on 2010-04-12. Retrieved .
  25. ^ "Svalbard Statistics 2005" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Retrieved .
  26. ^ "Statistics Sweden". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03.

References


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