List of Island Countries and Territories in the Indian Ocean
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List of Island Countries and Territories in the Indian Ocean

This list of sovereign states that either border on or are in the Indian Ocean consists of 38 countries, with 13 in Africa, 22 in Asia, 1 in Oceania, and 2 in Europe.

Sovereign states

The states listed in this table either border on or are in the Indian Ocean, which here includes the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.

Recognised states

The following fully recognised states are all member states of the United Nations.

Flag Coat of Arms

or
National Emblem

Map English Short Name

and
Formal Name

Local Short name(s)

and
Formal Nam(e)s

Capital Population Area
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Coat of Arms of Australia.svg
Australia on the globe (Australia centered).svg
Australia


Commonwealth of Australia

English: Australia -- Commonwealth of Australia Canberra 23,268,319 7,741,220 km2

(2,988,902 sq mi)

Flag of Bahrain.png
Emblem of Bahrain.svg
LocationBahrain.png
Bahrain


Kingdom of Bahrain

Arabic? ? - ?

(Al Ba?rayn - Mamlakat al Ba?rayn)

Manama 1,569,446 760 km2

(293 sq mi)

Flag of Bangladesh.svg
National emblem of Bangladesh.svg
Bangladesh on the globe (Bangladesh centered).svg
Bangladesh


People's Republic of Bangladesh

Bengali? -

(B?ngl?desh - Ga?apraj?tantr? B?ngl?desh)

Dhaka 161,376,708 147,570 km2

(56,977 sq mi)

Flag of the Comoros.svg
Seal of the Comoros.svg
Locator map of Comoros in Africa.svg
Comoros


Union of the Comoros

Arabic: -- ?

(Juzur al Qamar--Jumh?riyyat al Qamar al-Mutta?idah)


Comorian: Komori--Udzima wa Komori


French: Comores--Union des Comores

Moroni, Comoros 832,322 2,235 km2

(863 sq mi)

Flag of Djibouti.svg
Emblem of Djibouti.svg
Djibouti in Africa (-mini map -rivers).svg
Djibouti


Republic of Djibouti

Arabic: -- ?

(Jib?ti--Jumh?r?yat Jib?ti)


French: Djibouti--République de Djibouti

Djibouti City 958,923 23,200 km2

(8,958 sq mi)

Flag of Egypt.svg
Coat of arms of Egypt.svg
Location Egypt AU Africa.svg
Egypt


Arab Republic of Egypt

Arabic: -- ? ?

(Mi?r--Jumh?r?yat Mi?r al?Arabiyyah)

Cairo 98,423,598 1,001,449 km2

(386,662 sq mi)

Flag of Eritrea.svg
Emblem of Eritrea (or argent azur).svg
LocationEritrea.png
Eritrea


State of Eritrea

Arabic: -- ?

(?Iritriy?--Dawlat ?Iritriy?)


English: Eritrea--State of Eritrea


Tigrinya -- ?

(?Ertra--Hagere ?Ertra)

Asmara 3,452,786 117,600 km2

(45,406 sq mi)

Flag of India.png
Emblem of India.svg.png
India on the globe (India centered).svg
India


Republic of India

Hindi - ? ?

(Bh?rat - Bh?rat Ga?arajya)

New Delhi 1,352,642,280 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)
Flag of Indonesia.svg
National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg
Indonesia on the globe (Indonesia centered).svg
Indonesia


Republic of Indonesia

Indonesian: Indonesia - Republik Indonesia Jakarta 267,670,543 1,904,569 km2 (735,358 sq mi)
Flag of Iran.svg
Emblem of Iran.svg
Iran on the globe (Iran centered).svg
Iran


Islamic Republic of Iran

Persian: -

(?r?n - Jomh?r?-ye Esl?m?-ye ?r?n)

Tehran 83,183,741 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi)
Flag of Iraq.svg
Coat of arms of Iraq (2008-present).svg
LocationIraq.png
Iraq


Republic of Iraq

Arabic: - ? ?

(Al 'Ir?q - Jumh?r?yat al 'Ir?q)

Baghdad 38,433,600 438,317 km2 (169,235 sq mi)
Flag of Israel.svg
Emblem of Israel.svg
Israel (orthographic projection) with disputed territories.svg
Israel


State of Israel

Hebrew: -

(Yisra'el - Medinat Yisra'el)


Arabic - ?

(Isr?'?l - Dawlat Isr?'?l)

Jerusalem
(claimed and
de facto)
8,381,516 20,770 km2

(8,019 sq mi)

Flag of Jordan.png
Coat of arms of Jordan.svg
Jordan (orthographic projection).svg
Jordan


Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Arabic: - ?

(Al Urdun - Al Mamlakah al Urdun?yah al H?shim?yah)

Amman 9,965,318 89,342 km2 (34,495 sq mi)
Flag of Kenya.svg
Coat of arms of Kenya (Official).svg
Location Kenya AU Africa.svg
Kenya


Republic of Kenya

English: Kenya--Republic of Kenya


Swahili: Kenya--Jamhuri ya Kenya

Nairobi 51,392,565 580,367 km2

(224,081 sq mi)

Flag of Kuwait.png
Emblem of Kuwait.svg
LocationKuwait.png
Kuwait


State of Kuwait

Arabic -

(Al Kuwayt - Dawlat al Kuwayt)

Kuwait City 4,137,312 17,818 km2 (6,880 sq mi)
Flag of Madagascar.svg
Seal of Madagascar.svg
Location Madagascar AU Africa.svg
Madagascar


Republic of Madagascar

French: Madagascar--République de Madagascar


Malagasy: Repoblikan'i Madagasikara

Antananarivo 26,262,313 587,041 km2

(226,658 sq mi)

Flag of Malaysia.png
Coat of arms of Malaysia.svg
Malaysia (orthographic projection).svg
Malaysia Malaysian: Persekutuan Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 31,528,033 329,847 km2 (127,355 sq mi)
Flag of Maldives.svg
Emblem of Maldives.svg
Maldives in Asia (special marker).svg
Maldives


Republic of Maldives

Dhivehi: -

(Dhivehi Raajje - Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa)

Malé 515,696 298 km2 (115 sq mi)
Flag of Mauritius.svg
Coat of arms of Mauritius.svg
Mauritius in Africa (+dependencies).svg
Mauritius


Republic of Mauritius

English: Mauritius--Republic of Mauritius


French: Maurice--République de Maurice


Mauritian Creole: Moris--Repiblik Moris

Port Louis 1,267,185 2,040 km2

(788 sq mi)

Flag of Mozambique.svg
Emblem of Mozambique.svg
Location Mozambique AU Africa.svg
Mozambique


Republic of Mozambique

Portuguese: Moçambique--República de Moçambique Maputo 29,496,004 801,590 km2

(309,496 sq mi)

Flag of Myanmar.svg
State seal of Myanmar.svg
Myanmar in Asia.svg
Myanmar


Republic of the Union of Myanmar

Burmese: -

(Myanma - Pyidaungzu Myanma Naingngandaw)

Naypyidaw 53,708,320 676,578 km2 (261,228 sq mi)
Flag of Oman.svg
National emblem of Oman.svg
Oman on the globe (Afro-Eurasia centered).svg
Oman


Sultanate of Oman

Arabic? -

('Um?n - Sal?anat 'Um?n)

Muscat 4,829,473 309,500 km2 (119,499 sq mi)
Flag of Pakistan.svg
State emblem of Pakistan.svg
Pakistan on the globe (de-facto and claimed hatched) (Asia centered).svg
Pakistan


Islamic Republic of Pakistan

English: Pakistan - Islamic Republic of Pakistan


Urdu? - ? ?

(P?kist?n -- Isl?m? Jamh?r?yah-e-P?kist?n)

Islamabad 212,228,286 881,913 km2 (340,509 sq mi)
Flag of Qatar.png
Emblem of Qatar.svg
LocationQatar.png
Qatar


State of Qatar

Arabic: - ?

(Qatar - Dawlat Qatar)

Doha 2,781,682 11,586 km2 (4,473 sq mi)
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg
Emblem of Saudi Arabia.svg
Saudi Arabia on the globe (Saudi Arabia centered).svg
Saudi Arabia


Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Arabic? - ? ?

(As Su'?d?yah - Al Mamlakah al 'Arab?yah as Su'?d?yah)

Riyadh 33,702,756 2,149,690 km2(830,000 sq mi)
Flag of Seychelles.svg
Coat of arms of Seychelles.svg
Seychelles in Africa.svg
Seychelles


Republic of Seychelles

English: Seychelles--Republic of Seychelles


French: Seychelles--République des Seychelles


Seychellois Creole: Sesel--Repiblik Sesel

Victoria 97,096 451 km2

(174 sq mi)

Flag of Singapore.svg
Coat of arms of Singapore.svg
Singapore in its region (zoom).svg
Singapore


Republic of Singapore

Chinese: -

(X?nji?p? - X?nji?p? Gònghéguó)


English: Singapore - Republic of Singapore


Malay: Singapura - Republik Singapura


Tamil? -

(Chi?kapp?r - Chi?kapp?r Ku?iyarachu)

Singapore 5,757,499 697 km2

(269 sq mi)

Flag of Sri Lanka.svg
Emblem of Sri Lanka.svg
Sri Lanka on the globe (Asia centered).svg
Sri Lanka


Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Sinhala? - ? ?

(Shr? La?k? - Shr? La?k? Praj?t?ntrika Sam?jav?d? Janarajaya)


Tamil: - ?

(Ila?kai - Ila?kai Ja?an?yaka Cho?halichak Ku?iyarachu)

Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte 21,228,763 65,610 km2

(25,332 sq mi)

Flag of Somalia.svg
Coat of arms of Somalia.svg
Location Somalia AU Africa.svg
Somalia


Federal Republic of Somalia

Arabic -- ? ? ?

(A? ?om?l--Jumh?riyyah a? ?om?l al F?dr?liyyah)


Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya

Mogadishu 15,008,226 637,657 km2

(246,201 sq mi)

Flag of South Africa.svg
Coa of South Africa.png
South africa in au.png
South Africa


Republic of South Africa

Afrikaans: Suid-Afrika--Republiek van Suid-Afrika


Bloemfontein (judicial),

Cape Town (legislative),

and Pretoria (executive)

57,792,518 1,221,037 km2

(471,445 sq mi)

Flag of Sudan.png
Coat of arms of Sudan.png
Sudan on the globe (claimed) (North Africa centered).svg
Sudan


Republic of the Sudan

Arabic -- ? ?

(As S?d?n--Jumh?riyyah as S?d?n)


English: Republic of the Sudan

Khartoum 41,801,533 1,861,484 km2

(718,723 sq mi)

Flag of Tanzania.svg
Coat of arms of Tanzania.svg
Location Tanzania AU Africa.svg
Tanzania


United Republic of Tanzania

English: Tanzania--United Republic of Tanzania


Swahili: Tanzania--Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania

Dodoma (official)

Dar es Salaam (seat of government)

56,313,438 945,203 km2

(364,945 sq mi)

Flag of Thailand.svg
Emblem of Thailand.svg
Thailand (orthographic projection).svg
Thailand


Kingdom of Thailand

Thai: -

(Thai - Ratcha Anachak Thai)

Bangkok 69,428,453 513,120 km2 (198,117 sq mi)
Flag of East Timor.svg
Coat of arms of East Timor.svg
Timor-Leste in Asia (special marker).svg
Timor-Leste


Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste

Portuguese: Timor-Leste - República Democrática de Timor-Leste


Tetum: Timor Lorosa'e - Repúblika Demokrátika Timor Lorosa'e

Dili 1,267,974 14,874 km2 (5,743 sq mi)
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg
Emblem of the United Arab Emirates.svg
United Arab Emirates on the globe (United Arab Emirates centered).svg
United Arab Emirates Arabic - ? ? ?

(Al Im?r?t - Al Im?r?t al 'Arab?yah al Mutta?idah)

Abu Dhabi 9,630,959 83,600 km2 (32,278 sq mi)
Flag of Yemen.svg
Emblem of Yemen.svg
Yemen in Asia.svg
Yemen


Republic of Yemen

Arabic? - ?

(Al Yaman - Al Jumh?r?yah al Yaman?yah)

Sana'a (de jure) 28,498,683 527,968 km2 (203,850 sq mi)

States with limited or no international recognition

Further information: List of states with limited recognition

The entity listed below has declared itself to be a sovereign state and exercizes control over some territory but has limited or no recognition from other states and is not a member state of the United Nations.

Flag Coat of Arms

or
National Emblem

Map English Short Name

and
Formal Name

Status Local Short Name(s)

and
Formal Name(s)

Capital Population Area
Flag of Somaliland.svg
Emblem of Somaliland.svg
Somaliland orthographic.png
Somaliland


Republic of Somaliland

State not controlled by Somalia [1]

Recognized by no UN member [2][3]

Arabic ? -- ?

(Jumh?r?yat Ar? a?-m?l)


Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Somaliland

Hargeisa 4,000,000 176,120 km2 (68,000 sq mi)

Constituent parts of sovereign states

Flag Coat of Arms

or
Territorial Emblem

Map English Short Name

and
Formal Name

Status Local Short Name(s)

and
Formal Name(s)

Capital Population Area
Andaman and Nicobar Administration Banner.png
Seal of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.png
IN-AN.svg
Andaman and Nicobar Islands


Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Union Territory of India English: Andaman and Nicobar Islands -- Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands


Hindi: ? ? ? -- ? ?
(Andamaan Aur Nikobaar Dveep Samooh -- Kendr Shaasit Pradesh Andamaan Aur Nikobaar Dveep Samooh)

Port Blair 380,520 8,250 km2

(3,190 sq mi)

Flag of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands.svg
Armoiries des Terres australes et antarctiques françaises.svg
French Southern and Antarctic Lands in France (zoomed).svg
French Southern and Antarctic Lands Overseas Territory and constituent part of the French Republic French: Terres australes et antarctiques françaises Saint-Pierre[4] No permanent population[5]

200~400 scientists and military personnel[6]

439,666.4 km2

(169,756.1 sq mi)

Lakshadweep emblem.jpg
Lakshadweep emblem.jpg
IN-LD.svg
Lakshadweep


Union Territory of Lakshadweep

Union Territory of India English: Lakshadweep -- Union Territory of Lakshadweep


Malayalam -- ? ?
(Lak?adv?p -- K?ndrabhara?a Pradam?ya Lak?adv?p)

Kavarrati 70,365 32.62 km2

(12.59 sq mi)

Flag of Mayotte (local).svg
Coat of Arms of Mayotte.PNG
Location Mayotte Africa.svg
Mayotte

Mayotte Region

Overseas Region and constituent part of the French Republic French: Mayotte -- Région Mayotte Dzaoudzi (official)

Mamoudzou (seat of prefect and departmental council)

266,380 374 km2

(144 sq mi)

Flag Phuket Province.png
Seal Phuket (blue).png
Thailand Phuket locator map.svg
Phuket


Phuket Province

Province of Thailand Thai: -- ?

(Phuket -- Phuket Changwat)

Phuket 416,582 543 km2

(210 sq mi)

Flag of South Africa.svg
Orthographic projection centered on the Prince Edward Island.png
Prince Edward Islands


Territory of South Africa English: Prince Edward Islands Uninhabited Uninhabited 335 km2

(129 sq mi)

Flag of France.png
Blason Réunion DOM.svg
Reunion in Africa.svg
Réunion


Reunion Region

Overseas Department of France French: La Réunion -- Région Réunion Saint-Denis 859,959 2,511 km2

(970 sq mi)

Flag of Zanzibar.svg
Spice Islands (Zanzibar highlighted) sv.svg
Zanzibar


Republic of Zanzibar

Semi-autonomous Region of Tanzania Arabic: -- ?

(Zinjib?r -- Jumh?r?yat Zinjib?r)


English: Zanzibar -- Republic of Zanzibar


Swahili: Zanzibar -- Jamhuri ya Zanzibar

Zanzibar City 1,303,569 [7] 2,462 km2

(951 sq mi)

Dependent territories of sovereign states

Flag Coat of Arms

or
Territorial Emblem

Map English Short Name

and
Formal Name

Status Local Short Name(s)

and
Formal Name(s)

Capital Population Area
Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Coat of Arms of Australia.svg
Ashmore.png
Ashmore and Cartier Islands


Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands

External|Territory of Australia English: Ashmore and Cartier Islands -- Territory of Ashmore and Cartier Islands Uninhabited Uninhabited 5 km2

(2 sq mi)

Flag of the Commissioner of the British Indian Ocean Territory.svg
Coat of arms of the British Indian Ocean Territory.svg
British Indian Ocean Territory in Asia.svg
British Indian Ocean Territory British Overseas Territory English: British Indian Ocean Territory Camp Justice Non-Permanent: 3,000 military personnel

Permanent: 0

60 km2

(23 sq mi)

Flag of Christmas Island.svg
Unofficial Coat of Arms of Christmas Island.svg
Christmas Island Australia 76-fr.png
Christmas Island


External Territory of Australia English: Christmas Island


Chinese: --


Malay: Pulau Krismas -- Wilayah Pulau Krismas

Flying Fish Cove 1,843 135 km2

(52 sq mi)

Flag of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands.svg
Clunies-Ross family arms.svg
Cocos-keeling-islands-map.svg
Cocos (Keeling) Islands


External Territory of Australia English: Cocos (Keeling) Islands -- Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands


Malay: Kepulauan Cocos (Keeling) -- Wilayah Kepulauan Cocos (Keeling)


Cocos Islands Malay: Pulu Kokos (Keeling)

West Island 544 14 km2

(5.4 sq mi)

Flag of Australia (converted).svg
Coat of Arms of Australia.svg
Orthographic projection centred over the Heard Islands 2.png
Heard Island and McDonald Islands


Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands

External Territory of Australia English: Heard Island and McDonald Islands -- Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands Uninhabited Uninhabited 368 km2

(142 sq mi)

See also

References

  1. ^  "The Somali Republic shall have the following boundaries. (a) North; Gulf of Aden. (b) North West; Djibouti. (c) West; Ethiopia. (d) South south-west; Kenya. (e) East; Indian Ocean."
  2. ^ Lacey, Marc (5 June 2006). The Signs Say Somaliland, but the World Says Somalia Archived 2011-05-30 at WebCite. The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  3. ^ "UN in Action: Reforming Somaliland's Judiciary" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2012-01-21. Retrieved 2012-05-29.
  4. ^ The main station on the Îles Éparses is on Tromelin. The headquarters of the district chief, however, is Saint-Pierre, in Réunion.
  5. ^ "French Southern and Antarctic Lands". Archived from the original on 2007-08-14. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  6. ^ TAAF Collectivity. "Présentation des territoires". taaf.fr (in French). Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  7. ^ MWACHANG`A, DEVOTA (23 May 2014). "Kikwete to grace launch of 2012 statistics report". IPP Media.

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List_of_island_countries_and_territories_in_the_Indian_Ocean
 



 



 
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