List of Countries by Human Development Index
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List of Countries by Human Development Index

World map
World map representing Human Development Index categories (based on 2018 data, published in 2019).
  0.800-1.000 (very high)
  0.700-0.799 (high)
  0.555-0.699 (medium)
  0.350-0.554 (low)
  Data unavailable
World map
World map of countries by Human Development Index categories in increments of 0.050 (based on 2018 data, published in 2019)
  >= 0.900
  0.850-0.899
  0.800-0.849
  0.750-0.799
  0.700-0.749
  0.650-0.699
  0.600-0.649
  0.550-0.599
  0.500-0.549
  0.450-0.499
  0.400-0.449
  
  Data unavailable

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) ranks countries into four tiers of human development by combining measurements of life expectancy, education, and per-capita income into the Human Development Index (HDI) in its annual Human Development Report.

The HDI is a summary index using life expectancy at birth, expected years of schooling for children and mean years of schooling for adults, and GNI per capita. The final HDI is a value between 0 and 1 with countries grouped into four categories depending on the value, very high for HDI of 0.800 and above, high from 0.700 to 0.799, medium from 0.550 to 0.699 and low below 0.550.[1][2]

The Human Development Report has been published most years since 1990. The 2019 report contained the HDI of 189 countries and territories and 15 regions or groups of countries based on data collected in 2018.[3]

In the 2010 Human Development Report, a further Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI) was introduced assessing countries on a fourth dimension of inequality. The report stated that while the HDI remains useful, "the IHDI is the actual level of human development (accounting for inequality)" and "the HDI can be viewed as an index of 'potential' human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)".[4]

Countries

World map
Change in score on the Human Development Index from 2017 to 2018 (based on 2017 and 2018 data, published in 2019).
  + 0.010
  + 0.007
  + 0.006
  + 0.005
  + 0.004
  + 0.003
  + 0.002
  + 0.001
  ± 0.000
  - 0.001
  - 0.002
  No data
  • Increase = increase
  • Steady = steady
  • Decrease = decrease
Rank Country or Territory HDI
2018 data (2019 report)[5] Change from previous year[5] 2018 data (2019 report)[5] Average annual HDI growth (2010-2018)[6]
Very high human development
1 Steady  Norway 0.954 Increase 0.16
2 Steady   Switzerland 0.946 Increase 0.18
3 Steady  Ireland 0.942 Increase 0.71
4 Steady  Germany 0.939 Increase 0.25
4 Increase (2)  Hong Kong 0.939 Increase 0.51
6 Decrease (1)  Australia 0.938 Increase 0.17
6 Increase (1)  Iceland 0.938 Increase 0.64
8 Decrease (1)  Sweden 0.937 Increase 0.42
9 Steady  Singapore 0.935 Increase 0.35
10 Steady  Netherlands 0.933 Increase 0.31
11 Steady  Denmark 0.930 Increase 0.27
12 Steady  Finland 0.925 Increase 0.30
13 Steady  Canada 0.922 Increase 0.38
14 Steady  New Zealand 0.921 Increase 0.30
15 Steady  United Kingdom 0.920 Increase 0.21
15 Steady  United States 0.920 Increase 0.12
17 Steady  Belgium 0.919 Increase 0.22
18 Steady  Liechtenstein 0.917 Increase 0.17
19 Steady  Japan 0.915 Increase 0.42
20 Steady  Austria 0.914 Increase 0.26
21 Steady  Luxembourg 0.909 Increase 0.22
22 Steady  Israel 0.906 Increase 0.27
22 Steady  South Korea 0.906 Increase 0.33
24 Steady  Slovenia 0.902 Increase 0.29
25 Steady  Spain 0.893 Increase 0.40
26 Steady  Czech Republic 0.891 Increase 0.41
26 Steady  France 0.891 Increase 0.27
28 Steady  Malta 0.885 Increase 0.55
29 Steady  Italy 0.883 Increase 0.17
30 Steady  Estonia 0.882 Increase 0.54
31 Steady  Cyprus 0.873 Increase 0.34
32 Steady  Greece 0.872 Increase 0.22
32 Increase (1)  Poland 0.872 Increase 0.54
34 Steady  Lithuania 0.869 Increase 0.67
35 Steady  United Arab Emirates 0.866 Increase 0.68
36 Increase (2)  Andorra 0.857 Increase 0.43
36 Steady  Saudi Arabia 0.857 Increase 0.71
36 Increase (2)  Slovakia 0.857 Increase 0.42
39 Steady  Latvia 0.854 Increase 0.56
40 Steady  Portugal 0.850 Increase 0.42
41 Steady  Qatar 0.848 Increase 0.22
42 Steady  Chile 0.847 Increase 0.71
43 Steady  Brunei 0.845 Increase 0.19
43 Steady  Hungary 0.845 Increase 0.28
45 Steady  Bahrain 0.838 Increase 0.64
46 Steady  Croatia 0.837 Increase 0.41
47 Steady  Oman 0.834 Increase 0.63
48 Steady  Argentina 0.830 Increase 0.18
49 Steady  Russia 0.824 Increase 0.69
50 Steady  Belarus 0.817 Increase 0.39
50 Increase (1)  Kazakhstan 0.817 Increase 0.84
52 Decrease (1)  Bulgaria 0.816 Increase 0.58
52 Decrease (2)  Montenegro 0.816 Increase 0.36
52 Decrease (1)  Romania 0.816 Increase 0.29
55 Increase (1)  Palau 0.814 Increase 0.60
56 Decrease (5)  Barbados 0.813 Increase 0.22
57 Steady  Kuwait 0.808 Increase 0.22
57 Increase (1)  Uruguay 0.808 Increase 0.54
59 Steady  Turkey 0.806 Increase 1.03
60 Steady  Bahamas 0.805 Increase 0.16
61 Steady  Malaysia 0.804 Increase 0.49
62 Steady  Seychelles 0.801 Increase 0.63
High human development
63 Increase (2)  Serbia 0.799 Increase 0.60
63 Steady  Trinidad and Tobago 0.799 Increase 0.17
65 Decrease (2)  Iran 0.797 Increase 0.68
66 Steady  Mauritius 0.796 Increase 0.79
67 Steady  Panama 0.795 Increase 0.60
68 Steady  Costa Rica 0.794 Increase 0.64
69 Steady  Albania 0.791 Increase 0.84
70 Steady  Georgia 0.786 Increase 0.91
71 Increase (1)  Sri Lanka 0.780 Increase 0.49
72 Decrease (1)  Cuba 0.778 Increase 0.02
73 Increase (1)  Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.777 Increase 0.48
74 Decrease (1)  Antigua and Barbuda 0.776 Increase 0.08
75 Steady  Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.769 Increase 0.93
76 Steady  Mexico 0.767 Increase 0.47
77 Steady  Thailand 0.765 Increase 0.74
78 Steady  Grenada 0.763 Increase 0.33
79 Decrease (1)  Brazil 0.761 Increase 0.59
79 Decrease (1)  Colombia 0.761 Increase 0.54
81 Steady  Armenia 0.760 Increase 0.52
82 Decrease (1)  Algeria 0.759 Increase 0.49
82 Decrease (1)  North Macedonia 0.759 Increase 0.41
82 Increase (3)  Peru 0.759 Increase 0.65
85 Increase (1)  China 0.758 Increase 0.95
85 Decrease (1)  Ecuador 0.758 Increase 0.71
87 Steady  Azerbaijan 0.754 Increase 0.36
88 Steady  Ukraine 0.750 Increase 0.29
89 Increase (1)  Dominican Republic 0.745 Increase 0.76
89 Steady  Saint Lucia 0.745 Increase 0.26
91 Steady  Tunisia 0.739 Increase 0.39
92 Increase (2)  Mongolia 0.735 Increase 0.66
-- -- World 0.731 Increase 0.60
93 Steady  Lebanon 0.730 Decrease -0.36
94 Increase (3)  Botswana 0.728 Increase 1.22
94 Decrease (1)  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.728 Increase 0.29
96 Steady  Jamaica 0.726 Increase 0.05
96 Decrease (4)  Venezuela 0.726 Decrease -0.45
98 Steady  Dominica 0.724 Decrease -0.15
98 Increase (4)  Fiji 0.724 Increase 0.52
98 Increase (1)  Paraguay 0.724 Increase 0.56
98 Increase (1)  Suriname 0.724 Increase 0.41
102 Decrease (3)  Jordan 0.723 Decrease -0.07
103 Steady  Belize 0.720 Increase 0.49
104 Increase (1)  Maldives 0.719 Increase 0.90
105 Decrease (1)  Tonga 0.717 Increase 0.45
106 Steady  Philippines 0.712 Increase 0.73
107 Decrease (1)  Moldova 0.711 Increase 0.56
108 Steady  Turkmenistan 0.710 Increase 0.67
108 Increase (1)  Uzbekistan 0.710 Increase 0.83
110 Increase (1)  Libya 0.708 Decrease -0.84
111 Steady  Indonesia 0.707 Increase 0.74
111 Decrease (1)  Samoa 0.707 Increase 0.30
113 Decrease (2)  South Africa 0.705 Increase 0.78
114 Steady  Bolivia 0.703 Increase 0.88
115 Steady  Gabon 0.702 Increase 0.81
116 Steady  Egypt 0.700 Increase 0.62
Medium human development
117 Decrease (1)  Marshall Islands 0.698 NA[a]
118 Steady  Vietnam 0.693 Increase 0.74
119 Steady  Palestine 0.690 Increase 0.35
120 Steady  Iraq 0.689 Increase 0.68
121 Steady  Morocco 0.676 Increase 1.14
122 Steady  Kyrgyzstan 0.674 Increase 0.73
123 Steady  Guyana 0.670 Increase 0.61
124 Steady  El Salvador 0.667 Increase 0.14
125 Increase (1)  Tajikistan 0.656 Increase 0.50
126 Increase (2)  Cape Verde 0.651 Increase 0.48
126 Increase (1)  Guatemala 0.651 Increase 0.98
126 Decrease (1)  Nicaragua 0.651 Increase 0.74
129 Steady  India 0.647 Increase 1.34
130 Decrease (1)  Namibia 0.645 Increase 1.17
131 Steady  East Timor 0.626 Increase 0.13
132 Increase (1)  Honduras 0.623 Increase 0.51
132 Steady  Kiribati 0.623 Increase 0.71
134 Steady  Bhutan 0.617 Increase 0.98
135 Increase (1)  Bangladesh 0.614 Increase 1.40
135 Steady  Micronesia 0.614 Increase 0.41
137 Increase (2)  São Tomé and Príncipe 0.609 Increase 1.36
138 Decrease (2)  Congo, Republic of the 0.608 Increase 1.12
138 Increase (1)  Eswatini 0.608 Increase 2.15
140 Steady  Laos 0.604 Increase 1.28
141 Steady  Vanuatu 0.597 Increase 0.26
142 Steady  Ghana 0.596 Increase 0.91
143 Increase (1)  Zambia 0.591 Increase 1.35
144 Decrease (1)  Equatorial Guinea 0.588 Increase 0.18
145 Increase (1)  Myanmar 0.584 Increase 1.39
146 Decrease (1)  Cambodia 0.581 Increase 1.05
147 Increase (1)  Kenya 0.579 Increase 1.04
147 Increase (1)    Nepal 0.579 Increase 1.18
149 Decrease (2)  Angola 0.574 Increase 1.50
150 Steady  Cameroon 0.563 Increase 2.26
150 Increase (3)  Zimbabwe 0.563 Increase 2.22
152 Decrease (1)  Pakistan 0.560 Increase 0.85
153 Decrease (1)  Solomon Islands 0.557 Increase 0.78
Low human development
154 Steady  Syria 0.549 Decrease -1.98
155 Steady  Papua New Guinea 0.543 Increase 0.80
156 Steady  Comoros 0.538 Increase 0.60
157 Increase (1)  Rwanda 0.536 Increase 1.19
158 Decrease (1)  Nigeria 0.534 Increase 1.25
159 Increase (1)  Tanzania 0.528 Increase 1.03
159 Increase (1)  Uganda 0.528 Increase 0.97
161 Decrease (2)  Mauritania 0.527 Increase 0.91
162 Steady  Madagascar 0.521 Increase 0.42
163 Steady  Benin 0.520 Increase 1.19
164 Steady  Lesotho 0.518 Increase 1.46
165 Steady  Ivory Coast 0.516 Increase 1.61
166 Steady  Senegal 0.514 Increase 1.17
167 Steady  Togo 0.513 Increase 1.16
168 Steady  Sudan 0.507 Increase 0.93
169 Steady  Haiti 0.503 Increase 0.92
170 Steady  Afghanistan 0.496 Increase 0.83
171 Steady  Djibouti 0.495 Increase 1.32
172 Steady  Malawi 0.485 Increase 1.32
173 Steady  Ethiopia 0.470 Increase 1.66
174 Increase (3)  The Gambia 0.466 Increase 0.79
174 Increase (2)  Guinea 0.466 Increase 1.67
176 Decrease (3)  Liberia 0.465 Increase 0.67
177 Decrease (2)  Yemen 0.463 Decrease -0.94
178 Decrease (1)  Guinea-Bissau 0.461 Increase 1.01
179 Steady  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0.459 Increase 1.24
180 Steady  Mozambique 0.446 Increase 1.51
181 Steady  Sierra Leone 0.438 Increase 1.45
182 Increase (1)  Burkina Faso 0.434 Increase 1.84
182 Steady  Eritrea 0.434 Increase 0.02
184 Steady  Mali 0.427 Increase 0.72
185 Steady  Burundi 0.423 Increase 0.65
186 Steady  South Sudan 0.413 Decrease -0.35
187 Steady  Chad 0.401 Increase 0.89
188 Steady  Central African Republic 0.381 Increase 0.89
189 Steady  Niger 0.377 Increase 2.09

Regions and groups

Region or group 1990 data​[7] 2000 data​[7] 2010 data​[7] 2013 data​[7] 2015 data​[7] 2016 data​[7] 2017 data​[7] 2018 data​[7]
Very high human development
OECD 0.785 0.834 0.873 0.883 0.889 0.892 0.894 0.895
Very high human development 0.779 0.823 0.866 0.878 0.886 0.888 0.890 0.892
High human development
Europe and Central Asia 0.652 0.667 0.735 0.759 0.770 0.772 0.776 0.779
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.628 0.687 0.731 0.748 0.754 0.756 0.758 0.759
High human development 0.568 0.630 0.706 0.727 0.738 0.743 0.746 0.750
East Asia and the Pacific 0.519 0.597 0.697 0.714 0.727 0.733 0.737 0.741
World 0.598 0.641 0.697 0.713 0.722 0.727 0.729 0.731
Small Island Developing States 0.595 0.642 0.702 0.708 0.717 0.719 0.722 0.723
Arab states 0.556 0.613 0.676 0.688 0.695 0.699 0.701 0.703
Medium human development
Developing countries 0.516 0.571 0.642 0.663 0.674 0.680 0.683 0.686
South Asia 0.441 0.505 0.585 0.607 0.624 0.634 0.639 0.642
Medium human development 0.436 0.497 0.575 0.599 0.616 0.625 0.630 0.634
Low human development
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.402 0.423 0.498 0.521 0.532 0.535 0.539 0.541
Least developed countries 0.350 0.399 0.485 0.504 0.516 0.520 0.525 0.528
Low human development 0.352 0.386 0.473 0.490 0.499 0.501 0.505 0.507

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Data not available for 2010

References

  1. ^ "Human Development Index (HDI) | Human Development Reports". hdr.undp.org. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ "Human Development Report 2019 - Technical notes" (PDF). hdr.undp.org. United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ "Human Development Report 2019 Overview" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. pp. 22-25. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ Human Development Report 2010 (PDF). New York: United Nations Development Programme. 2010. p. 87. ISBN 9780230284456. Retrieved 2020.
  5. ^ a b c Human Development Report 2019 (PDF). New York: United Nations Development Programme. 2019. pp. 300-303. ISBN 978-92-1-126439-5. Retrieved 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Human Development Report 2019 (PDF). New York: United Nations Development Programme. 2019. p. 307. ISBN 978-92-1-126439-5. Retrieved 2020.

External links


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List_of_countries_by_Human_Development_Index
 



 



 
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