List of Alloys
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List of Alloys


This is a list of named alloys grouped alphabetically by base metal. Within these headings, the alloys are also grouped alphabetically. Some of the main alloying elements are optionally listed after the alloy names.

Alloys by base metal

Aluminium

Aluminium also forms complex metallic alloys, like ?-Al-Mg, ?'-Al-Pd-Mn, and T-Al3Mn.

Beryllium

Bismuth

Chromium

Cobalt

Copper

Gallium

Gold

See also notes below[note 1]

Indium

Iron

Most iron alloys are steels, with carbon as a major alloying element.

Lead

Magnesium

Mercury

Nickel

Plutonium

Potassium

Rare earths

Rhodium

Samarium

SmCo (cobalt); used for permanent magnets in guitar pickups, headphones, satellite transponders, etc.

Scandium

Silver

Sodium

Titanium

Tin

Uranium

Zinc

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The purity of gold alloys is expressed in karats, (UK: carats) which indicates the ratio of the minimum amount of gold (by mass) over 24 parts total. 24 karat gold is fine gold (24/24 parts), and the engineering standard[] is that it be applied to alloys that have been refined to 99.9% or better purity ("3 nines fine"). There are, however, places in the world that allow the claim of 24kt. to alloys with as little as 99.0% gold ("2 nines fine" or "point nine-nine fine).[] An alloy which is 14 parts gold to 10 parts alloy is 14 karat gold, 18 parts gold to 6 parts alloy is 18 karat, etc. This is becoming more commonly[] and more precisely expressed as a decimal fraction, i.e.: 14/24 equals .585 (rounded off), and 18/24 is .750 ("seven-fifty fine"). There are hundreds of possible alloys and mixtures possible, but in general the addition of silver will color gold green, and the addition of copper will color it red. A mix of around 50/50 copper and silver gives the range of yellow gold alloys the public is accustomed to seeing in the marketplace.[]

References

  1. ^ Hunter, Christel (2006). Aluminum Building Wire Installation and Terminations, IAEI News, January-February 2006. Richardson, TX: International Association of Electrical Inspectors.
  2. ^ Hausner(1965) Beryllium its Metallurgy and Properties, University of California Press
  3. ^ "Ultimet® alloy - Nominal Composition". Haynes International. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ "Tin Based Alloys". Mayer Alloys.

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