Viking Metal Bands
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List of Viking Metal Bands
Enslaved performing live at Roadburn Festival, April 2015

This is a list of Viking metal bands. Viking metal is a style of heavy metal music with origins in black metal and Nordic folk music, characterized by a lyrical and thematic focus on Norse mythology, Norse paganism, and the Viking Age. Viking metal is quite diverse as a musical style, to the point where some consider it more a cross-genre term than genre, but it is typically manifested as black metal with influences from Nordic folk music. Common traits include a slow-paced and heavy riffing style, anthemic choruses, use of both clean and harsh vocals, a reliance on folk instrumentation, and often the use of keyboards for atmospheric effect.

Viking metal emerged during the late-1980s through the mid-1990s as a rejection of Satanism and the occult, instead embracing the Vikings and paganism as the leaders of opposition to Christianity. It is similar, in lyrics, sound, and thematic imagery, to pagan metal, but pagan metal has a broader mythological focus and uses folk instrumentation more extensively. Most Viking metal bands originate from the Nordic countries, and nearly all bands claim that their members descend, directly or indirectly, from Vikings.

Though artists such as Led Zeppelin, Yngwie Malmsteen, Heavy Load, and Manowar have previously dealt with Viking themes, Bathory from Sweden is generally credited with pioneering the style with its albums Blood Fire Death (1988) and Hammerheart (1990), which launched a renewed interest in the Viking Age among heavy metal musicians. Enslaved, from Norway, followed up on this burgeoning Viking trend with Hordanes Land (1993) and Vikingligr Veldi (1994). Burzum, Emperor, Einherjer, and Helheim, among others, helped further develop the genre in the early through mid-1990s. Through the work of artists such as the German project Falkenbach, Viking metal soon spread from the Nordic countries to other nations with Viking history or an even broader Germanic heritage, and has since influenced musicians across the globe. The death metal bands Unleashed and Amon Amarth, which emerged in the early 1990s, also adopted Viking themes, broadening the style from its primarily black metal origin.

Band Formed Origin Notes
Adorned Brood 1993 Germany [1]
Ingeborg Anna Baumgrtel of Adorned Brood, 2007
Amon Amarth 1992 Sweden [2][3][4]
Ted Lundstrm of Amon Amarth
Ancient Rites 1988 Belgium [5]
smegin 1998 Norway [6][7]
Barbarin 2007 Australia [8]
Barbarin, 2010
Bathory 1983 Sweden [9]
Black Messiah 1992 Germany [1]
Black Messiah, 2016
Blackmore's Night 1997 United Kingdom
United States
[10]
Borknagar 1995 Norway [11][12]
Burzum 1988 Norway [13]
Varg Vikernes of Burzum
Claim the Throne 2004 Australia [14]
Darkwoods My Betrothed 1992 Finland [15]
Destroy Destroy Destroy 2003 United States [16]
Doomsword 1997 Italy [17]
Drottnar 1996 Norway [18][19]
Sven-Erik Lind of Drottnar
Einherjer 1993 Norway [3]
Einherjer
Elexorien 2004 Netherlands [20]
Eluveitie 2002 Switzerland [21]
Eluveitie, 2012
Emperor 1991 Norway [22]
Ensiferum 1995 Finland [23]
Ensiferum, 2016
Enslaved 1991 Norway [3][24]
Ivar Bjrnson of Enslaved
Equilibrium 2001 Germany [25]
Jen Majura of Equilibrium
Falkenbach 1989 Germany [26]
Fejd 2001 Sweden [27]
Fejd, 2013
Finsterforst 2004 Germany [28]
Finsterforst
Folkearth 2003 International [29]
Folkodia 2007 International [30]
Forefather 1997 England [31]
Glittertind 2001 Norway [32]
Torbjrn Sandvik of Glittertind
Grand Magus 1996 Sweden [33]
Janne Christoffersson of Grand Magus
Heidevolk 2002 Netherlands [34]
Heidevolk
Hel 1999 Sweden [35]
Helheim 1992 Norway [36]
Holy Blood 1999 Ukraine [37]
Isengard 1989 Norway [38]
Fenris of Isengard, seen here in 2007
Ithilien 2005 Belgium [39]
Ithilien in 2016
Kampfar 1994 Norway [40]
Kampfar
Kivimetsn Druidi 2002 Finland [41]
Korpiklaani 2003 Finland [40]
Tuomas Rounakari of Korpiklaani
Leaves' Eyes 2003 Germany
Norway
[42]
Liv Kristine of Leaves' Eyes
Mnegarm 1995 Sweden [43]
Mithotyn 1993 Sweden [44]
Myrkgrav 2003 Norway [45]
Myrkgrav logo
Moonsorrow 1995 Finland [46][47]
Ville Sorvali of Moonsorrow
Obscurity 1997 Germany [48]
Agalaz of Obscurity
Primordial 1987 Ireland [49]
Satyricon 1991 Norway [38]
Sigurd Wongraven "Satyr" of Satyricon, 2008
Sklmld 2009 Iceland [50]
Bjrgvin Sigursson of Sklmld
Skeletonwitch 2003 United States [51]
Scott Hendrick of Skeletonwitch
Slechtvalk 1999 Netherlands [37][52]
Slechtvalk
Solefald 1995 Norway [53]
Storm 1994 Norway [54]
Kari Ruesltten of Storm, seen here with The Sirens, 2015
Svartsot 2005 Denmark [55]
Svartsot
The Sword 2003 United States [56]
J. D. Cronise of The Sword
Thyrfing 1995 Sweden [57][58][59]
Trollech 1999 Czech Republic [60]
Turisas 1997 Finland [61]
Warlord Nygrd of Turisas
Tr 1998 Faroe Islands [62][63]
Heri Joensen of Tr
Unleashed 1989 Sweden [2][3][64]
Johnny Hedlund of Unleashed
Ulver 1993 Norway [38]
Kristoffer Rygg of Ulver, 2007
Vintersorg 1994 Sweden [65]
Windir 1994 Norway [66]
Wintersun 2003 Finland [67]
Wolfchant 2003 Germany [68]
Gvern of Wolfchant

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b Manea, Irina-Maria (April 16, 2015). "Primal Roots: Ancestry and Race in Extreme Music Discourses". Proceedings of IAC-SSaH 2015: International Academic Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities in Prague 2015. Czech Institute of Academic Education: 187-188. ISBN 978-80-905791-2-5. 
  2. ^ a b Kahn-Harris 2007, pp. 106
  3. ^ a b c d von Helden, Imke (2010). Rosemary Hill and Karl Spracklen, ed. "Scandinavian Metal Attack: The Power of Northern Europe in Extreme Metal" (PDF). Inter-Disciplinary Press: 34. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 28, 2014. Retrieved 2014. 
  4. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Amon Amarth interview". About.com. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ Steiff (February 2015). "Review - Ancient Rites - Laguz" (PDF). Metal Only.de (in German). Wolfgang Steiner. Retrieved 2017. 
  6. ^ Matthijssens, Vera (April-May 2015). "Asmegin - Arv". Lords of Metal. Horst Vonberg (157). Retrieved 2015. 
  7. ^ Van Horn, Jr., Ray. "Asmegin - 'Arv'". About.com. IAC. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved 2015. 
  8. ^ Staff Writer (March 6, 2015). "Hear Why This Viking Metal Band Should Have Gone To Eurovision". The Music. Street Press Australia. Retrieved 2017. 
  9. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Blood Fire Death review". Allmusic. Retrieved . 
  10. ^ Van Horn, Jr., Ray (n.d.). "Blackmore's Night - A Knight in York". Blabbermouth.net. Roadrunner Records. Retrieved 2017. 
  11. ^ Weinstein, pg. 60.
  12. ^ Freeborn 2010, pg. 846.
  13. ^ Huey, Steve. "Burzum". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2012. 
  14. ^ Giffin, Brian (2002). Encyclopaedia of Australian Heavy Metal. Bendigo: Moonlight Publications. p. 2051. ISBN 978-0-9943206-1-2. 
  15. ^ Harris, Craig. "Darkwoods My Betrothed". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2012. 
  16. ^ Kurosu, Jason (January 9, 2009). "Tennessee metalheads Destroy to the third power". Highlander Newspaper. College Publisher. Retrieved 2009. [permanent dead link]
  17. ^ Cle, Bruder (2003). "Doomsword - Let Battle Commence". Rock Hard (in German). Retrieved 2017. 
  18. ^ Cranson, David (February 1, 2001). "Drottnar - Spiritual Battles". Cross Rhythms Magazine No. 61. Cross Rhythms Radio. Retrieved 2010. 
  19. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Drottnar". MusicMight. Archived from the original on 2012-09-15. Retrieved . 
  20. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Elexorien". MusicMight. Archived from the original on 2012-10-14. Retrieved . 
  21. ^ Dieters, Frank (July-August 2006). "Eluveitie - Spirit". Lords of Metal (61). Retrieved 2017. 
  22. ^ Huey, Steve. "Emperor". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2012. 
  23. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Victory Songs review". About.com. Retrieved . 
  24. ^ Sanneh, Kelefa (2007-11-08). "On the Road to Spread the Word of Good, Old-Fashioned Evil". New York Times. Retrieved . 
  25. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Equilibrium". About.com. Retrieved . 
  26. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Heralding: The Fireblade review". About.com. Archived from the original on February 15, 2006. Retrieved 2017. 
  27. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Fejd". MusicMight. Retrieved 2017. 
  28. ^ Jervis, Marcus. "Finsterforst - Rastlos Review". About.com. IAC. Retrieved 2015. 
  29. ^ Matthijssens, Vera (December 2006). "Folkearth - By The Sword Of My Father". Lords of Metal (65). Retrieved 2017. 
  30. ^ Sadeghi, Nima (August 2013). "Folkodia - The Fall Of The Magog". Lords of Metal (138). Retrieved 2017. 
  31. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Forefather". MusicMight. Archived from the original on 2012-09-30. Retrieved . 
  32. ^ Schmidt, Nadine (November 19, 2013). "Glittertind - Djevelsvart". Metal.de (in German). Versus:Media UG. Retrieved 2017. 
  33. ^ Prato, Greg. "Iron Will". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2012. 
  34. ^ Zed, Natalie. "Heidevolk - Batavi Review". About.com. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 2012. 
  35. ^ "Hel". MusicMight. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 2012. 
  36. ^ Hoad 2013, pg. 63.
  37. ^ a b Beck, Chris. "The Patriot review". HM. Archived from the original on 2012-03-18. Retrieved .  "Compared to their first two albums, The Patriot is slightly heavier and has a stronger Viking metal influence a la Slechtvalk."
  38. ^ a b c Dare, Tom (December 28, 2014). "There's more to folk metal than warpaint and the hurdy gurdy". Metal Hammer. Teamrock. Retrieved 2017. 
  39. ^ METALGLORY, Tomektor. "METALGLORY Magazine - Reviews - From Ashes To The Frozen Land CD Review Rezension". www.metalglory.de. Retrieved . 
  40. ^ a b Bowar, Chad. "Kvass review". About.com. Retrieved . 
  41. ^ Hoad 2013, pg. 64.
  42. ^ Freeman, Phil. "Njord". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2012. 
  43. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Manegarm". Allmusic. Retrieved . 
  44. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Falconer". Allmusic. Retrieved . 
  45. ^ Kalis, Quentin (April 2, 2007). "Myrkgrav - _Trollskau, Skromt Og Kolabrenning_". Chronicles of Chaos. Retrieved 2017. 
  46. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Moonsorrow - Viides Luku: Hvitetty review". About.com. Retrieved June 2010.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  47. ^ "Moonsorrow". About.com. Retrieved June 2010.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  48. ^ Observer (24 December 2010). "Obscurity - Tenkterra". Sputnikmusic. Retrieved 2012. 
  49. ^ Palmerston, Sean (January 26, 2008). "Primordial - To The Nameless Dead". Exclaim!. Ian Danzig. Retrieved 2015. 
  50. ^ Zed, Natalie. "Skalmold - Baldur Review". About.com. Retrieved . 
  51. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Skeletonwitch". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2012. 
  52. ^ Van Pelt, Doug (August 2010). "Top 100 Christian metal albums of all time" (pdf). HM Magazine: 25. ISSN 1066-6923. 
  53. ^ Taylor, Laura Wiebe (February 27, 2007). "Solefald - Black for Death: An Icelandic Odyssey Part II". Exclaim!. Ian Danzig. Retrieved 2015. 
  54. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Storm". MusicMight. Archived from the original on 2009-01-12. Retrieved . 
  55. ^ Woolley, Ellis (March 21, 2010). "Svartsot - Mulmets Viser". Rockfreaks.net. Retrieved 2017. 
  56. ^ Kiser, Matt (January-February 2008). "The Sword is Mightier than the Pen". CMJ New Music Monthly. CMJ Network (153): 23. ISSN 1074-6978. Retrieved 2014. 
  57. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Thyrfing". MusicMight. Archived from the original on 2015-04-03. Retrieved . 
  58. ^ Serba, John. "Vansinnesvisor review". Allmusic. Retrieved . 
  59. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Hels Vite review". About.com. Archived from the original on 2011-05-27. Retrieved . 
  60. ^ Born, R. "Trollech". MusicMight. Retrieved 2012. 
  61. ^ Bowar, Chad. "The Varangian Way review". About.com. Retrieved . 
  62. ^ Monger, James Christopher. "Tr". Allmusic. Retrieved . 
  63. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Eric the Red review". About.com. Archived from the original on 2008-03-20. Retrieved . 
  64. ^ Bowar, Chad. "Hammer Battalion review". About.com. Retrieved . 
  65. ^ Walschots, Natalie Zina (July 9, 2012). "Vintersorg - Orkan". Exclaim!. Retrieved 2017. 
  66. ^ Sharpe-Young, Garry. "Windir". MusicMight. Archived from the original on 2011-06-07. Retrieved . 
  67. ^ "Hagyomny?rze;s skandinv mdra: viking metal Budapesten". Passzio.hu (in Hungarian). Rock Klub. November 2006. Retrieved 2017. 
  68. ^ Rivadavia, Eduardo. "A Pagan Storm". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2012. 

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