List of Presidents of the Supreme Court of Spain
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List of Presidents of the Supreme Court of Spain
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politics and government of
Spain

The president of the Supreme Court is the head of the Supreme Court of Spain, an office created in 1812. Since 1980, the president of the Supreme Court is also the president of the General Council of the Judiciary, the governing body of the Judiciary of Spain. As such, the president is the defined in Section 105 of the Judiciary Organic Act as the "first judicial authority of the Nation" and he or she "represents the Judicial Power and its governing body".[1] That precept also establishes that, the president will hold those "category and honors" corresponding to the holder of one of the three powers of the State.[1]

List of presidents of the Supreme Court

Since its creation in 1812, 47 people have served as president in 48 presidencies. The first president was Ramón Posada y Soto who served during the first period of live of the institution from 1812 to 1814. The shortest presidency was that of José Hevia y Noriega who served 113 days and the longest was that of José Castán Tobeñas who served 22 years and 81 days. Lorenzo Arrazola y García has been the only person to serve in two different terms, the first between 1851 and 1853 and the second time from 1856 to 1864.

Eight of them have also held the position of president of the General Council of the Judiciary (CGPJ). The first holder was Federico Carlos Sainz de Robles y Rodríguez from 1980 to 1986. Francisco José Hernando was the longest-serving president of the CGPJ, serving for almost 7 years and Carlos Lesmes, the current president, is expected to surpasses him.

The current and 48th president of the Supreme Court, as well as 8th president of the General Council of the Judiciary is Carlos Lesmes since December 2018.[2] His tenure ended in December 2018, however, because of the political deadlock, he is serving as acting president since then.

President[3] Tenure Tenure length Prior/other position Head of State
1 Ramón Posada y Soto
(1746-1815)
June 12, 1812
-
May 4, 1814
1 year, 326 days Indies Councilor
(1810-1812)
Ferdinand VII
Office abolished between 1814 and 1820
2 Antonio Cano Manuel y Ramírez de Arellano
(1774-1838)
May 27, 1820
-
May 27, 1823
3 years, 0 days State Councilor
(1820)
Office abolished between 1823 and 1834
3 José Hevia y Noriega
(1776-1834)
April 1, 1834
-
July 23, 1834
(died)
113 days State Councilor
(1833-1834)
Isabella II
4 Vicente Cano Manuel y Ramírez de Arellano
(1774-1838)
July 29, 1834
-
January 9, 1838
(died)
3 years, 164 days Minister of Grace and Justice
(1821-1822)
5 Francisco Fernández del Pino Burgos-León
(1768-1843)
February 10, 1838
-
September 2, 1840
2 years, 205 days President of the Finance Supreme Court

(1834-1835)

6 José María Calatrava y Peinado
(1781-1846)
October 31, 1840
-
July 29, 1843
2 years, 271 days 92nd
President of the Congress of Deputies
(1839)
7 Nicolás María Garelli
(1777-1850)
December 15, 1843
-
February 12, 1850
(died)
6 years, 59 days Senator for Valencia
(1843)
8 José María Manescau
(1772-1850)
February 22, 1850
-
December 22, 1850
(died)
303 days Senator for life
(1849-1850)
9 Lorenzo Arrazola y García
(1795-1873)
January 23, 1851
-
April 9, 1853
2 years, 76 days Minister of Grace and Justice
(1849-1851)
10 Francisco Olabarrieta y Urquijo
(1784-1858)
June 3, 1853
-
December 8, 1854
188 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1843-1853)
11 José Alonso Ruiz de Conejares
(1781-1855)
December 8, 1854
-
April 13, 1855
(died)
126 days Minister of Grace and Justice
(1854)
12 Claudio Antón de Luzuriaga
(1792-1874)
November 14, 1855
-
October 17, 1856
338 days Minister of State
(1854-1855)
13 Lorenzo Arrazola y García
(1795-1873)
October 17, 1856
-
September 16, 1864
7 years, 335 days 8th

President of the Supreme Court
(1851-1853)

14 Ramón López Vázquez
(1807-1868)
September 30, 1864
-
October 13, 1868
(retired)
4 years, 15 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1856-1864)
15 Joaquín Aguirre de la Peña
(1807-1869)
October 13, 1868
-
July 19, 1869
(died)
279 days Chairman of the Revolutionary Superior Junta
(1868)
Francisco Serrano

(regent)

16 Pedro Gómez de la Serna
(1806-1871)
July 20, 1869
-
December 12, 1871
(died)
2 years, 145 days 7th
Attorney General
(1854-1856)
Amadeo I
17 Cirilo Álvarez Martínez de Velasco
(1807-1878)
January 8, 1872
-
November 6, 1878
(died)
6 years, 302 days Senator for Madrid
(1872)
See presidents of the First Republic
18 Fernando Calderón Collantes
(1811-1890)
January 6, 1879
-
July 23, 1882
(retired)
3 years, 198 days Minister of Grace and Justice
(1877-1879)
Alfonso XII
19 Eduardo Alonso Colmenares
(1820-1888)
July 23, 1882
-
March 31, 1888
(died)
5 years, 252 days Senator for life
(1877-1882)
Alfonso XIII
20 Eugenio Montero Ríos
(1832-1914)
May 7, 1888
-
September 10, 1888
126 days Minister of Development
(1885-1886)
21 Hilario Igón y del Royst
(?-1895)
July 8, 1889
-
July 16, 1892
(retired)
3 years, 8 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1875-1889)
22 Emilio Bravo y Romero
(1827-1893)
July 29, 1892
-
January 24, 1893
(retired)
179 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1874-1892)
23 Juan Francisco Bustamante
(1824-1898)
March 30, 1894
-
September 10, 1895
(retired)
2 years, 164 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1875-1889)
24 Santos Isasa y Valseca
(1822-1907)
September 10, 1895
-
June 5, 1901
(resigned)
5 years, 268 days 17th

Governor of the Bank of Spain
(1895)

25 Eduardo Martínez del Campo y Acosta
(1840-1911)
June 5, 1901
-
October 21, 1909
(resigned)
8 years, 138 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1891-1901)
26 José Aldecoa y Villasante
(1838-1917)
January 17, 1910
-
June 19, 1917
(died)
8 years, 153 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1883-1910)
27 José Ciudad Aurioles
(1849-1924)
November 15, 1917
-
March 5, 1923
(retired)
5 years, 108 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1903-1917)
28 Buenaventura Muñoz Rodríguez
(1853-1925)
March 5, 1923
-
February 7, 1924
(retired)
339 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1910-1923)
29 Andrés Tornos y Alonso
(1854-1926)
February 7, 1924
-
November 30, 1926
(died)
3 years, 296 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1912-1924)
30 Rafael Bermejo Ceballos-Escalera
(1857-1929)
December 7, 1926
-
January 28, 1929[4][5]
(died)
2 years, 52 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1910-1926)
31 Francisco García Goyena y Alzugaray
(1859-1935)
February 4, 1929
-
April 25, 1930
(retired)
1 year, 80 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1904-1929)
32 Antonio Marín de la Bárcena
(1858-1930)
April 25, 1930
-
October 6, 1930
(died)
164 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1909-1930)
33 José María Ortega Morejón
(1860-1948)
October 23, 1930
-
April 20, 1931
(retired)
179 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1918-1930)
34 Diego Medina y García
(1866-1942)
May 6, 1931
-
August 21, 1936
(retired)
5 years, 107 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1930-1931)
See presidents of the Second Republic
35 Mariano Gómez González
(1883-1951)
August 21, 1936
-
April 1, 1939
(exiled)
2 years, 223 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1932-1936)
36 Felipe Clemente de Diego y Gutiérrez
(1866-1945)
August 27, 1938
-
August 15, 1945
(died)
6 years, 353 days Member of the General Codification Commission
(1938)
Francisco Franco
37 José Castán Tobeñas
(1889-1969)
September 12, 1945
-
December 2, 1967[6]
22 years, 81 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1934-1945)
38 Francisco Ruiz-Jarabo
(1901-1990)
January 12, 1968[7]
-
June 12, 1973
5 years, 151 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1944-1945)
39 Valentín Silva Melero
(1905-1982)
July 13, 1973[8]
-
August 4, 1977[9]
4 years, 22 days Member of Parliament
(1949-1973)
Juan Carlos I
40 Ángel Escudero del Corral
(1916-2001)
August 4, 1977[10]
-
October 24, 1980
3 years, 81 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1967-1977)
Presidents of the Supreme Court and of the General Council of the Judiciary (1980-present)
41 Federico Carlos Sainz de Robles y Rodríguez
(1927-2005)
October 24, 1980
-
October 29, 1985
5 years, 5 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1979-1980)
Juan Carlos I
42 Antonio Hernández Gil
(1915-1994)
October 25, 1985[11]
-
November 8, 1990
5 years, 14 days President of the Council of State
(1982-1985)
43 Pascual Sala
(1935-)
November 8, 1990[12]
-
July 25, 1996
5 years, 261 days President of the Court of Auditors
(1988-1990)
44 Javier Delgado Barrio
(1932-)
July 25, 1996[13]
-
November 8, 2001
5 years, 126 days Magistrate of the Constitutional Court
(1995-1996)
45 Francisco José Hernando
(1936-2013)
November 8, 2001[14]
-
September 26, 2008
6 years, 323 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1986-2001)
46 Carlos Dívar
(1941-2017)
September 26, 2008[15]
-
June 30, 2012
(resigned)
3 years, 278 days 7th

President of the National Court
(2001-2008)

47 Gonzalo Moliner
(1944-)
July 21, 2012[16]
-
December 11, 2013
1 year, 143 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(1998-2008)
48 Carlos Lesmes
(1958-)
December 11, 2013
-
present
6 years, 342 days Magistrate of the Supreme Court
(2010-2013)
Felipe VI

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Ley Orgánica 6/1985, de 1 de julio, del Poder Judicial". www.boe.es. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Hernández, José Antonio (2013-12-09). "Conservative judge Carlos Lesmes elected to head up legal watchdog". EL PAÍS. Retrieved .
  3. ^ * Díaz Sampedro, Braulio. La politización de la justicia: El Tribunal Supremo (1836-1881), memoria para optar al grado de doctor. Madrid: Universidad Complutense, 2004. PP.296-297. ISBN 84-669-2484-1.
  4. ^ Diario ABC (30-01-1929), p.32.
  5. ^ Diario ABC (17-09-1929), p.27.
  6. ^ "Decreto 2904/1967, de 2 de diciembre, por el que se dispone cese en el cargo de Presidente del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia don José Castán Tobeñas". www.boe.es. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Decreto 34/1968, de 11 de enero, por el que se nombra Presidente del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia a don Francisco Ruiz Jarabo" (PDF). www.boe.es. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "Decreto 1502/1973, de 12 de julio, por el que se nombra Presidente del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia a don Valentín Silva Melero" (PDF). www.boe.es. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "Real Decreto 1974/1977, de 2 de agosto, por el que se dispone cese en el cargo de Presidente del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia, el excelentísimo señor don Valentín Silva Melero" (PDF). www.boe.es. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "Real Decreto 1975/1977, de 2 de agosto, por el que se nombra Presidente del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia al excelentísimo señor don Angel Escudero del Corral" (PDF). www.boe.es. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Real Decreto 1953/1985, de 23 de octubre, por el que se nombra Presidente del Tribunal Supremo y del Consejo General del Poder Judicial a don Antonio Hernández Gil" (PDF). www.boe.es. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "Real Decreto 1348/1990, de 7 de noviembre, por el que se nombra Presidente del Tribunal Supremo y del Consejo General del Poder Judicial a don Pascual Sala Sánchez" (PDF). www.boe.es. Retrieved .
  13. ^ "Real Decreto 1840/1996, de 24 de julio, por el que se nombra Presidente del Tribunal Supremo y del Consejo General del Poder Judicial a don Francisco Javier Delgado Barrio". www.boe.es. Retrieved .
  14. ^ "Real Decreto 1224/2001, de 7 de noviembre, por el que se nombra Presidente del Tribunal Supremo y del Consejo General del Poder Judicial a don Francisco José Hernando Santiago". boe.es. Retrieved .
  15. ^ "Real Decreto 1576/2008, de 24 de septiembre, por el que se nombra Presidente del Tribunal Supremo y del Consejo General del Poder Judicial a don José Carlos Dívar Blanco". boe.es. Retrieved .
  16. ^ [Real Decreto 1110/2012, de 20 de julio, por el que se nombra Presidente del Tribunal Supremo y del Consejo General del Poder Judicial a don Gonzalo Moliner Tamborero. "BOE.es - Documento BOE-A-2012-9777"] Check |url= value (help). boe.es. Retrieved .

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