List of Presidents of the Congress of Deputies of Spain
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List of Presidents of the Congress of Deputies of Spain
Escudo de España (mazonado).svg

politics and government of
Spain

The president of the Congress of Deputies, also known as the president of the Cortes, is the highest authority of the Congress of Deputies of Spain, the lower house of the Cortes Generales. The President is elected by and among the incumbent members of congress (diputados).

The office was established in 1810 when the Supreme Central Junta convened the first Spain's general election to form the Cortes of Cádiz. In the first meeting of the Cortes, on 24 September 1810, the first president was elected, Ramón Lázaro de Dou y de Bassols, although Benito Ramón Hermida Maldonado held the office as acting president during the beginning of that meeting. During this time, the Cortes were a unicameral parliament and the tenure of the president of the house was 1 month. In 1814, King Ferdinand VII dissolved the parliament and abolished the 1812 Constitution, restoring absolutism. Briefly, from 1820 to 1823, the Constitution was restored against the will of the monarch and in 1823 the King abolished it again until his death in 1833, when Queen Regent Maria Christina, in order to gain the favour of the Liberals to support the reign of her daughter, Isabella II, approved the Royal Statue of 1834, creating a bicameral parliament and restoring the office. The parliament was inactive in three more times in Spanish history: from 1923 to 1927 due to the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera (although he created an advisory assembly from 1927 to 1929), from 1929 to 1931 after the dictatorship and from 1939 to 1943, after the Civil War.

After 1834, none of the constitutions or the different internal rules of the Congress established a time limited to held the office, so it is understood that he or she occupies it for the time of the legislature, an idea that continues today in force. Another peculiarity of Spanish parliamentarism is the existence of the position of acting president. After every general election and before the Congress is fully constituted, the Congress' internal rules from 1834 to 1982 established that an acting president had to be elected, and, once the Congress is fully constituted, the House must ratified the appointment or elect a new president. In 1982, this position disappeared.

The current and 181st President, Meritxell Batet, was elected for the first time in May 21, 2019.[1] She was re-elected in December 3, 2019.[2] In both occasions, she represented Barcelona.

List of presidents

Since its creation in 1810, 137 people have served as president in 181 presidencies.[3] The first president was Ramón Lázaro de Dou y de Bassols who served during the first month. The shortest presidency was that of the Francisco Salmerón y Alonso which was president briefly between March 19 and March 22, 1873 and the longest was that of Esteban de Bilbao Eguía serving 22 years, 6 months and 13 days. Many presidents have served in non-consecutive terms in office; The Marquess of Vega de Armijo served in five non-consecutive terms while Francisco Martínez de la Rosa and Francisco Javier Istúriz y Montero served in four. The first woman who have served as president was Luisa Fernanda Rudi Ubeda, between 2000 and 2004.

No. Name Party Constituency Term of service
- Benito Ramón Hermida Maldonado Independent Galicia

(Santiago de Compostela)

September 24, 1810
1st Ramón Lázaro de Dou y de Bassols Independent Principalty of Catalonia September 24, 1810 -
October 23, 1810
2nd Luis Rodríguez del Monte y del Prado Independent Galicia

(Betanzos)

October 24, 1810 -
November 23, 1810
3rd José Luis Morales Gallego Independent Seville

(representing the Junta of Seville)

November 24, 1810 -
December 23, 1810
4th Alonso Cañedo y Vigil Independent Asturias

(representing the Junta of Asturias)

December 24, 1810 -
January 23, 1811
5th Antonio Joaquín Pérez Martínez Robles Independent New Spain

(Puebla de los Ángeles)

January 24, 1811 -
February 23, 1811
6th Vicente Joaquín Noguera Climent Independent Valencia

(representing the Junta of Valencia)

February 24, 1811 -
March 23, 1811
7th Diego Muñoz Torrero y Ramírez Independent Extremadura March 24, 1811 -
April 23, 1811
8th Vicente Cano Manuel y Ramírez de Arellano Independent Murcia April 24, 1811 -
May 23, 1811
9th José Pablo Valiente y Bravo Independent Seville May 24, 1811 -
June 23, 1811
10th Jaime Creus Martí Independent Principalty of Catalonia June 24, 1811 -
July 23, 1811
11th Juan José Guereña y Garayo Independent New Spain

(Durango)

July 24, 1811 -
August 23, 1811
12th Ramón Giraldo y Arquellada Independent La Mancha August 24, 1811 -
September 23, 1811
13th Bernardo Nadal y Crespí Independent Majorca

(Palma de Mallorca)

September 24, 1811 -
October 23, 1811
14th Antonio Larrazábal y Arrivillaga Independent Guatemala October 24, 1811 -
November 23, 1811
15th José Casquete de Prado Bootello Independent Extremadura November 24, 1811 -
December 23, 1811
16th Manuel de Villafañe y Andreu Independent Valencia December 24, 1811 -
January 23, 1812
17th Antonio Agustín Payán de Tejada y Figueroa Independent Galicia

(La Coruña)

January 24, 1812 -
February 23, 1812
18th Vicente Pascual y Esteban Independent Aragón

(Teruel)

February 24, 1812 -
March 23, 1812
19th Vicente Morales Duárez Independent Viceroyalty of Peru March 24, 1812 -
April 2, 1812+
20th José María Gutiérrez de Terán Independent New Spain April 2, 1812 -
April 23, 1812
April 24, 1812 -
May 23, 1812
21st José Miguel Guridi y Alcocer Independent New Spain

(Tlaxcala)

May 24, 1812 -
June 23, 1812
22nd Juan Polo y Catalina Independent Aragón June 24, 1812 -
July 23, 1812
23rd Felipe Vázquez Canga Independent Asturias July 24, 1812 -
August 23, 1812
24th Andrés Ángel de la Vega Infanzón Independent Asturias August 24, 1812 -
September 23, 1812
25th Andrés de Jáuregui de Aróstegui Independent Cuba

(La Habana)

September 24, 1812 -
October 23, 1812
26th Francisco Morros y Cibila Independent Principality of Catalonia October 24, 1812 -
November 23, 1812
27th Juan del Valle y Milans del Bosch Independent Principality of Catalonia November 24, 1812 -
December 23, 1812
28th Francisco Ciscar y Ciscar Independent Valencia December 24, 1812 -
January 23, 1813
29th Miguel Antonio de Zumalacárregui e Imaz Independent Gipuzkoa
(Santiago de Compostela)
January 24, 1813 -
February 23, 1813
30th Joaquín Maniau Torquemada Independent New Spain

(Veracruz)

February 24, 1813 -
March 23, 1813
31st Francisco de Calello Miranda Independent Asturias March 24, 1813 -
April 23, 1813
32nd Pedro José Gordillo y Ramos Independent Canary Islands

(Gran Canaria)

April 24, 1813 -
May 23, 1813
33rd Florencio del Castillo Solano Independent Guatemala May 24, 1813 -
June 23, 1813
34th José Antonio Sombiela y Mestre Independent Valencia June 24, 1813 -
July 23, 1813
35th Andrés Morales de los Ríos y Gil Independent Cádiz July 24, 1813 -
August 23, 1813
36th José Miguel Gordoa y Barrios Independent New Spain

(Zacatecas)

August 24, 1813 -
September 25, 1813
37th Francisco Rodríguez Ledesma Independent Extremadura October 1, 1813 -
October 31, 1813
38th Francisco Tacón Rossique Independent Murcia November 1, 1813 -
January 15, 1814
39th Jeronimo Antonio Díez Baras Independent Salamanca January 16, 1814 -
February 15, 1814
40th Antonio Joaquín Pérez Martínez Robles Independent New Spain

(Puebla de los Ángeles)

February 16, 1814 -
February 25, 1814
41st Vicente Ruiz Albillos Independent Salamanca February 25, 1814 -
March 31, 1814
42nd Francisco Antonio de la Dueña y Cisneros Independent Principality of Catalonia April 1, 1814 -
April 30, 1814
43rd Antonio Joaquín Pérez Martínez Robles Independent New Spain

(Puebla de los Ángeles)

May 1, 1814 -
May 10, 1814
Parliament dissolved between 1814 and 1820
44th José de Espiga y Gadea Independent Principality of Catalonia July 6, 1820 -
August 9, 1820
45th Ramón Giraldo y Arquellada Independent La Mancha August 9, 1820 -
September 8, 1820
46th José María Queipo de Llano Ruiz de Saravia Independent Asturias September 9, 1820 -
October 8, 1820
47th José María Calatrava y Peinado Independent Extremadura October 9, 1820 -
November 9, 1820
48th Vicente Cano Manuel y Ramírez de Arellano Independent Murcia February 25, 1821 -
March 31, 1821
49th José María Gutiérrez de Terán Independent New Spain April 1, 1821 -
April 30, 1821
50th Antonio de la Cuesta y Torre Independent Ávila May 1, 1821 -
May 31, 1821
51st Jose María Moscoso de Altamira Quiroga Independent Galicia June 1, 1821 -
June 30, 1821
52nd Pedro González Vallejo Independent Soria September 24, 1821 -
October 27, 1821
53rd Francisco Martínez de la Rosa Independent Granada October 28, 1821 -
November 27, 1821
54th Diego Clemencín Independent Murcia November 28, 1821 -
December 27, 1821
55th Joaquín Rey Esteve Independent Principality of Catalonia December 28, 1821 -
January 27, 1822
56th Ramón Giraldo y Arquellada Independent La Mancha January 28, 1822 -
February 14, 1822
57th Rafael del Riego y Florez Valdes Independent Asturias February 15, 1822 -
March 31, 1822
58th Cayetano Valdés y Flores Independent Seville April 1, 1822 -
April 30, 1822
59th Miguel Ricardo de Álava y Esquivel Independent Álava* May 1, 1822 -
May 31, 1822
60th Álvaro Gómez Becerra Independent Cáceres June 1, 1822 -
June 30, 1822
61st Ramón Salvato de Esteve Independent Principality of Catalonia October 3, 1822 -
November 6, 1822
62nd Diego Vicente Cañas Portocarrero Independent Valladolid November 7, 1822 -
December 6, 1822
63rd Juan Oliver y García Independent Málaga December 7, 1822 -
January 6, 1823
64th Francisco Javier Istúriz y Montero Independent Cádiz January 7, 1823 -
February 6, 1823
65th Domingo María Ruiz de la Vega Méndez Independent Granada February 7, 1823 -
February 19, 1823
66th Manuel Flores Calderón Independent Burgos February 25, 1823 -
March 22, 1823
March 23, 1823 -
May 1, 1823
67th Joaquín María Ferrer y Cafranga Independent Gipuzkoa
(Santiago de Compostela)
May 1, 1823 -
June 1, 1823
68th Tomás Gener y Buigas Independent Cuba June 1, 1823 -
July 6, 1823
69th Juan Pedro Zulueta y Ceballos Independent Cádiz July 7, 1823 -
August 5, 1823
70th Álvaro Gómez Becerra Independent Extremadura September 7, 1823 -
September 27, 1823
Parliament dissolved between 1823 and 1834
- Antonio Posada Rubín de Celis Independent-Isabellinos Murcia July 20, 1834 -
July 28, 1834
71st Ildefonso Díez de Rivera y Muro Progressive Valencia July 29, 1834 -
May 29, 1835
72nd Francisco Javier Istúriz y Montero Moderate Cádiz November 12, 1835 -
November 20, 1835
November 21, 1835 -
January 27, 1836
March 17, 1836 -
March 22, 1836
73rd Antonio González González Progressive Badajoz March 23, 1836 -
May 23, 1836
74th Álvaro Gómez Becerra Progressive Cáceres October 17, 1836 -
October 20, 1836
October 21, 1836 -
November 30, 1836
75th Antonio González González Progressive Badajoz December 1, 1836 -
January 1, 1837
76th Joaquín María Ferrer y Cafranga Progressive Gipuzkoa January 2, 1837 -
January 31, 1837
77th Miguel Antonio de Zumalacárregui e Imaz Progressive Gipuzkoa February 1, 1837 -
February 28, 1837
78th Ramón Salvato de Esteve Moderate Barcelona March 1, 1837 -
March 31, 1837
79th Pedro Antonio Acuña y Cuadros Progressive Jaén April 1, 1837 -
April 30, 1837
80th Martín de los Heros y de las Bárcenas Progressive Biscay May 1, 1837 -
May 31, 1837
81st Agustín Argüelles Álvarez González Progressive Madrid June 1, 1837 -
June 30, 1837
82nd Vicente Sancho y Cobertores Progressive Castellón July 1, 1837 -
July 31, 1837
83rd Miguel Calderón de la Barca Moderate Madrid August 1, 1837 -
August 31, 1837
84th Antonio Seoane Hoyos Progressive Seville September 1, 1837 -
September 30, 1837
85th Juan Bautista Muguiro e Iribarren Progressive Navarra October 1, 1837 -
October 31, 1837
86th Joaquín María López y López Progressive Madrid November 1, 1837 -
November 4, 1837
87th Joaquín José de Muro y Bidaurreta Moderate Soria November 13, 1837 -
November 17, 1837
November 18, 1837 -
January 1, 1838
88th Manuel Barrio Ayuso Moderate Soria January 2, 1838 -
January 31, 1838
89th Manuel de la Rivaherrera y Vivanco Moderate Burgos February 1, 1838 -
February 15, 1838
90th Manuel Barrio Ayuso Moderate Soria February 16, 1838 -
July 17, 1838
91st Francisco Javier Istúriz y Montero Moderate Cádiz November 9, 1838 -
June 1, 1839
- Miguel Antonio de Zumalacárregui e Imaz Progressive Gipuzkoa

(Santiago de Compostela)

September 1, 1839 -
September 9, 1839
92nd José María Calatrava y Peinado Progressive Madrid September 10, 1839 -
November 18, 1839
- Álvaro Flórez Estrada Progressive Oviedo February 18, 1840 -
March 17, 1840
93rd Francisco Javier Istúriz y Montero Moderate Cádiz March 18, 1840 -
October 11, 1840
- Román Martínez de Montaos Progressive Oviedo March 19, 1841 -
March 27, 1841
94th Agustín Argüelles Álvarez González Progressive Madrid March 28, 1841 -
August 24, 1841
95th Pedro Antonio Acuña y Cuadros Progressive Soria December 27, 1841 -
December 28, 1841
December 29, 1841 -
July 16, 1842
96th Salustiano de Olózaga y Almandoz Progressive Logroño November 15, 1842 -
January 3, 1843
- Ramón Giraldo y Arquellada Progressive Albacete April 3, 1843 -
April 30, 1843
97th Manuel Cortina y Arenzana Progressive Seville April 30, 1843 -
May 26, 1843
98th Salustiano de Olózaga y Almandoz Progressive Logroño November 4, 1843 -
November 26, 1843
99th Pedro José Pidal Moderate Oviedo November 27, 1843 -
July 4, 1844
100th Francisco de Paula Castro y Orozco Moderate Jaén October 17, 1844 -
May 23, 1845
December 16, 1845 -
October 31, 1846
- Modesto Cortázar y Leal de Ibarra Progressive Zamora January 1, 1847 -
January 20, 1847
101st Francisco de Paula Castro y Orozco Moderate Girona January 21, 1847 -
October 5, 1847
102nd Alejandro Mon y Menéndez Moderate Oviedo November 16, 1847 -
March 26, 1848
- Manuel Seijas Lozano Moderate Ourense December 16, 1848 -
December 19, 1848
103rd Luis Mayans y Enríquez de Navarra Moderate Valencia December 20, 1848 -
July 14, 1849
October 30, 1849 -
November 1, 1849
November 2, 1849 -
August 4, 1850
November 1, 1850 -
November 7, 1850
November 8, 1850 -
April 7, 1851
June 1, 1851 -
June 11, 1851
June 12, 1851 -
January 7, 1852
104th Francisco Martínez de la Rosa Moderate Granada December 1, 1852 -
December 2, 1852
March 1, 1853 -
March 16, 1853
March 17, 1853 -
April 9, 1853
November 19, 1853 -
December 10, 1853
- Evaristo Fernández San Miguel y Valledor Progressive Oviedo November 10, 1854 -
November 27, 1854
105th Baldomero Espartero Progressive Logroño November 28, 1854 -
December 4, 1854
106th Pascual Madoz Progressive Lleida December 5, 1854 -
January 24, 1855
107th Facundo Infante Chacón Progressive Badajoz January 25, 1855 -
September 15, 1856
108th Francisco Martínez de la Rosa Moderate Granada May 1,1857 -
May 8, 1857
May 9,1857 -
July 16, 1857
109th Juan Bravo Murillo Moderate Badajoz January 11, 1858 -
May 13, 1858
110th Francisco Martínez de la Rosa Moderate Granada December 2, 1858 -
December 12, 1858
December 13, 1858 -
January 27, 1860
May 26, 1860 -
September 28, 1861
November 9, 1861 -
February 7, 1862+
- Modesto Lafuente y Zamalloa
(Vice President of the Congress of Deputies)
Liberal Union León February 7, 1862 -
February 18, 1862
111th Alejandro Mon y Menéndez Moderate Oviedo February 19, 1862 -
October 31, 1862
112th Diego López Ballesteros Pérez Santamaría Moderate Oviedo December 2, 1862 -
August 12, 1863
113th Antonio de los Ríos Rosas Liberal Union Málaga/Cádiz November 5, 1863 -
November 24, 1863
November 25, 1863 -
June 23, 1864
114th Alejandro de Castro y Casal Moderate Pontevedra December 23, 1864 -
January 4, 1865
January 5, 1865 -
February 20, 1865
- Martín Belda y Mencia del Barrio Liberal Union Córdoba February 21, 1865 -
March 7, 1865
115th Fernando Álvarez Martínez Moderate Burgos March 8,1865 -
July 12, 1865
116th Antonio de los Ríos Rosas Liberal Union Málaga December 28, 1865 -
January 3, 1866
January 4, 1866 -
October 2, 1866
117th Martín Belda y Mencia del Barrio Liberal Union Córdoba March 30, 1867 -
April 3, 1867
April 4, 1867 -
December 3, 1867
118th Luis José Sartorius y Tapia Moderate Cuenca December 28, 1867 -
December 3, 1868
119th Nicolás María Rivero Progressive Madrid February 12, 1869 -
February 19, 1869
February 20, 1869 -
January 17, 1870
120th Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla Radical-Democratic Madrid January 17, 1870 -
January 2, 1871
121st Salustiano de Olózaga y Almandoz Constitutionalist Logroño April 4, 1871 -
May 12, 1871
May 13, 1871 -
October 2, 1871
122nd Práxedes Mateo Sagasta Constitutionalist Madrid October 3, 1871 -
January 6, 1872
123rd Antonio de los Ríos Rosas Liberal Union Málaga April 25, 1872 -
May 9, 1872
May 10, 1872 -
June 28, 1872
124th Nicolás María Rivero Constitutionalist Madrid/Seville September 16, 1872 -
September 25, 1872
September 26, 1872 -
February 11, 1873
125th Cristino Martos y Balbí Radical-Democratic Madrid February 12, 1873 -
March 18, 1873
126th Francisco Salmerón y Alonso Federal Democratic Republican Almería March 19, 1873 -
March 22, 1873
127th José María Orense Milá de Aragón Herrero Federal Democratic Republican Palencia June 1, 1873 -
June 6, 1873
June 7, 1873 -
June 12, 1873
128th Nicolás Salmerón y Alonso Federal Democratic Republican Almería June 13, 1873 -
August 24, 1873
129th Emilio Castelar Federal Democratic Republican Huelva August 25, 1873 -
September 8, 1873
130th Nicolás Salmerón y Alonso Federal Democratic Republican Almería September 9, 1873 -
January 8, 1874
131st José Posada Herrera Liberal Oviedo February 16, 1876 -
February 25, 1876
February 26, 1876 -
January 5, 1877
April 26, 1877 -
July 11, 1877
January 10, 1878 -
January 28, 1878
132nd Adelardo López de Ayala y Herrera Conservative Badajoz/Madrid February 16, 1878 -
December 30, 1878
June 2, 1879 -
June 23, 1879
June 24, 1879 -
December 30, 1879+
- José Moreno Nieto
(Vice President of the Congress of Deputies)
Liberal Badajoz December 30, 1879 -
January 21, 1880
133rd Francisco de Borja Queipo de Llano Conservative Oviedo January 21, 1880 -
September 16, 1880
December 31, 1880 -
June 25, 1881
134th José Posada Herrera Liberal Madrid/Oviedo September 21, 1881 -
October 19, 1881
October 20, 1881 -
November 16, 1882
December 4, 1882 -
July 26, 1883
135th Práxedes Mateo Sagasta Liberal Zamora December 17, 1883 -
March 31, 1884
136th Francisco de Borja Queipo de Llano Conservative Oviedo May 21, 1884 -
June 8, 1884
June 9, 1884 -
July 11, 1885
137th Antonio Cánovas del Castillo Conservative Madrid December 26, 1885 -
March 8, 1886
138th Cristino Martos y Balbí Liberal Valencia May 10, 1886 -
June 10, 1886
June 11, 1886 -
December 24, 1886
January 17, 1887 -
November 3, 1887
December 2, 1887 -
November 6, 1888
November 30, 1888 -
June 3, 1889
139th Manuel Alonso Martínez Liberal Burgos June 14, 1889 -
December 29, 1890
140th Alejandro Pidal y Mon Conservative Oviedo March 3, 1891 -
April 19, 1891
April 20, 1891 -
January 5, 1893
141st Antonio Aguilar y Correa Liberal Córdoba April 6, 1893 -
May 7, 1893
May 8, 1893 -
October 16, 1894
November 12, 1894 -
July 1, 1895
142nd Alejandro Pidal y Mon Conservative Oviedo May 12, 1896 -
June 15, 1896
June 16, 1896 -
February 26, 1898
143rd Antonio Aguilar y Correa Liberal Córdoba April 21, 1898 -
April 24, 1898
April 25, 1898 -
March 16, 1899
144th Alejandro Pidal y Mon Conservative Oviedo June 3, 1899 -
June 15, 1899
June 16, 1899 -
October 18, 1900
145th Raimundo Fernández Villaverde y García Rivero Conservative Pontevedra November 20, 1900 -
April 25, 1901
146th Antonio Aguilar y Correa Liberal Córdoba June 12, 1901 -
July 1, 1901
July 2, 1901 -
July 14, 1901
147th Segismundo Moret Liberal Zaragoza July 15, 1901 -
April 3, 1902
148th Antonio Aguilar y Correa Liberal Córdoba April 3, 1902 -
March 26, 1903
149th Raimundo Fernández Villaverde y García Rivero Conservative Pontevedra May 19, 1903 -
June 17, 1903
June 18, 1903 -
July 18, 1903
150th Francisco Romero Robledo Conservative Málaga October 20, 1903 -
September 12, 1904
October 3, 1904 -
August 17, 1905
151st Antonio Aguilar y Correa Liberal Córdoba October 12, 1905 -
November 17, 1905
November 18, 1905 -
January 18, 1906
152nd José Canalejas y Méndez Liberal Alicante/Ciudad Real January 19, 1906 -
March 3, 1907
153rd Eduardo Dato Iradier Conservative León May 14, 1907 -
June 5, 1907
June 6, 1907 -
September 13, 1908
October 12, 1908 -
September 27, 1909
October 15, 1909 -
April 14, 1910
154th Álvaro de Figueroa y Torres Liberal Guadalajara June 16, 1910 -
June 29, 1910
June 30, 1910 -
February 17, 1911
March 6, 1911 -
November 18, 1912
155th Segismundo Moret Liberal Granada November 19, 1912 -
January 28, 1913+
- Antonio Aura Boronat
(Vice President of the Congress of Deputies)
Liberal Huesca January 28, 1913 -
May 27, 1913
156th Miguel Villanueva y Gómez Liberal Logroño May 27, 1913 -
January 2, 1914
157th Augusto González Besada Conservative Alicante April 3, 1914 -
April 27, 1914
April 28, 1914 -
October 28, 1915
November 5, 1915 -
March 16, 1916
158th Miguel Villanueva y Gómez Liberal Logroño May 11, 1916 -
May 28, 1916
May 29, 1916 -
January 23, 1917
January 29,1917 -
January 10, 1918
March 19, 1918 -
April 7, 1918
April 8, 1918 -
May 2, 1919
- Juan Armada y Losada Conservative A Coruña June 25, 1919 -
July 27, 1919
159th José Sánchez-Guerra y Martínez Conservative Córdoba July 28, 1919 -
October 2, 1920
January 5, 1921 -
February 21, 1921
February 22, 1921 -
February 21, 1922
March 1, 1922 -
March 14, 1922
160th Gabino Bugallal Araújo Conservative Ourense March 15, 1922 -
April 5, 1923
161st Melquíades Álvarez y González Posada Liberal Oviedo May 25, 1923 -
June 11, 1923
June 12, 1923 -
September 15, 1923
Parliament dissolved between 1923 and 1927
162nd José María Yanguas y Messía Patriotic Union - October 10, 1927 -
July 6, 1929
Parliament dissolved between 1929 and 1931
163rd Julián Besteiro Socialist Madrid July 14, 1931 -
July 26, 1931
July 27, 1931 -
October 9, 1933
164th Santiago Alba y Bonifaz Radical Republican Zamora December 8, 1933 -
December 27, 1933
December 28, 1933 -
January 7, 1936
165th Diego Martínez Barrio Republican Union Madrid March 16, 1936 -
April 2, 1936
April 3, 1936 -
March 31, 1939
Parliament dissolved between 1939 and 1943
166th Esteban de Bilbao Eguía Falangist - March 16, 1943 -
September 29, 1965
167th Antonio Iturmendi Bañales Falangist - September 30, 1965 -
November 26, 1969
168th Alejandro Rodríguez de Valcárcel Falangist - November 27, 1969 -
December 5, 1975
169th Torcuato Fernández-Miranda Falangist - December 6, 1975 -
June 30, 1977
- Antonio Hernández Gil
President of the Realm's Council and Parliament
Independent - June 15, 1977 -
December 29, 1978
170th Fernando Álvarez de Miranda Democratic Centre Union Palencia July 13, 1977 -
October 17, 1977
October 18, 1977 -
March 22, 1979
171st Landelino Lavilla Democratic Centre Union Madrid March 23, 1979 -
May 2, 1939
May 3, 1979 -
November 17, 1982
172nd Gregorio Peces-Barba Socialist Valladolid November 18, 1982 -
July 14, 1986
173rd Félix Pons Socialist Balearic Islands July 15, 1986 -
November 20, 1989
November 21, 1989 -
June 28, 1993
June 29, 1993 -
March 26, 1996
174th Federico Trillo Popular Alicante March 27, 1996 -
April 4, 2000
175th Luisa Fernanda Rudi Ubeda Popular Zaragoza April 5, 2000 -
April 1, 2004
176th Manuel Marín Socialist Ciudad Real April 2, 2004 -
March 31, 2008
177th José Bono Socialist Toledo April 1, 2008 -
December 12, 2011
178th Jesús Posada Popular Soria December 13, 2011 -
January 12, 2016
179th Patxi López Socialist Biscay January 13, 2016 -
July 18, 2016
180th Ana Pastor Julián Popular Madrid July 19, 2016 -
May 20, 2019
181st Meritxell Batet Socialist Barcelona May 21, 2019 -
December 2, 2019
December 3, 2019 -
present
  Acting • + Death in office •   Independent (73) •   Progressive (29) •   Moderate (24) •   Liberal Union (6) •   Radical-Democratic (2) •   Constitutionalist (3) •   Federal Democratic Republican (5) •   Liberal (19) •   Conservative (15) •   Patriotic Union (1) •   Socialist (7) •   Radical Republican (1) •   Republican Union (1) •   Falangist (4) •   Democratic Centre Union (2) •   Popular (4)

Presidents by time in office

The length of time given below is based on the difference between dates. Many presidents were elected multiple times, and to terms that were, in several instances, not consecutive; the length of time given for each president measures their cumulative length of incumbency as president (even if they were elected as acting president). The time after adjournment of one Congress but before the convening of the next Congress is also counted.

Coat of Arms of the Spanish Congress of Deputies
Esteban de Bilbao Eguía, longest serving president of the Congress, 22 years, 193 days
Félix Pons, longest tenure of office in the current democratic period, 9 years, 350 days
Alejandro Pidal y Mon, longest tenure of office in the 19th century, 5 years, 5 days (non-consecutive)
Rank Name Time in office
1 Esteban de Bilbao Eguía 22 years, 193 days 1943
2 Félix Pons 9 years, 255 days 1986; 1989; 1993
3 Alejandro Rodríguez de Valcárcel 6 years, 8 days 1969
4 Alejandro Pidal y Mon 5 years, 5 days 1891; 1896; 1899
5 Francisco Martínez de la Rosa 4 years, 182 days 1821; 1852; 1853; 1857; 1858
6 Antonio Iturmendi Bañales 4 years, 57 days 1965
7 Jesús Posada 4 years, 30 days 2011
8 Antonio Aguilar y Correa 4 years, 74 days 1893; 1894; 1898; 1901; 1902; 1905
9 Federico Trillo 4 years, 8 days 1996
10 Manuel Marín 3 years, 364 days 2004
11 Luisa Fernanda Rudi Ubeda 3 years, 362 days 2000
12 José Posada Herrera 3 years, 320 days 1876; 1877; 1878; 1881; 1882
13 José Bono 3 years, 255 days 2008
14 Landelino Lavilla 3 years, 239 days 1979
15 Gregorio Peces-Barba 3 years, 238 days 1982
16 Miguel Villanueva y Gómez 3 years, 211 days 1913; 1916; 1917; 1918
17 Cristino Martos y Balbí 3 years, 58 days 1873; 1886; 1887; 1888
18 Diego Martínez Barrio 3 years, 15 days 1936
19 Eduardo Dato Iradier 2 years, 335 days 1907; 1908; 1909
20 Ana Pastor Julián 2 years, 305 days 2016
21 José Sánchez-Guerra y Martínez 2 years, 229 days 1919; 1921; 1922
22 Francisco de Paula Castro y Orozco 2 years, 271 days 1844; 1845; 1847
23 Francisco de Borja Queipo de Llano 2 years, 201 days 1880; 1884
24 Álvaro de Figueroa y Torres 2 years, 155 days 1910; 1911
25 Julián Besteiro 2 years, 87 days 1931
26 Santiago Alba y Bonifaz 2 years, 30 days 1933
27 Antonio de los Ríos Rosas 2 years, 17 days 1863; 1865; 1866; 1872
28 Augusto González Besada 1 year, 348 days 1914; 1915
29 Adelardo López de Ayala y Herrera 1 year, 317 days 1878; 1879
30 Francisco Romero Robledo 1 year, 301 days 1903; 1904
31 José María Yanguas y Messía 1 year, 269 days 1927
32 Fernando Álvarez de Miranda 1 year, 252 days 1977
33 Facundo Infante Chacón 1 year, 234 days 1855
34 Francisco Javier Istúriz y Montero 1 year, 207 days 1823; 1835; 1836; 1838; 1840
35 Torcuato Fernández-Miranda 1 year, 206 days 1975
36 Manuel Alonso Martínez 1 year, 198 days 1889
37 Meritxell Batet 1 year, 197 days 2019
38 Nicolás María Rivero 1 year, 122 days 1869; 1872
39 Gabino Bugallal Araújo 1 year, 21 days 1922
40 Alejandro Mon y Menéndez 1 year, 20 days 1847; 1862
41 José Canalejas y Méndez 1 year, 43 days 1906
42 Manuel Ruiz Zorrilla 350 days 1870
43 Luis José Sartorius y Tapia 341 days 1867
44 Segismundo Moret 332 days 1901; 1912
45 Ildefonso Díez de Rivera y Muro 304 days 1834
46 Martín Belda y Mencia del Barrio 262 days 1865; 1867
47 Diego López Ballesteros Pérez Santamaría 253 days 1862
48 Salustiano de Olózaga y Almandoz 252 days 1842; 1843; 1871
49 Pedro Antonio Acuña y Cuadros 230 days 1837; 1841
50 Raimundo Fernández Villaverde y García Rivero 216 days 1900; 1903
51 Práxedes Mateo Sagasta 200 days 1871; 1883
52 Nicolás Salmerón y Alonso 192 days 1873
53 Patxi López 187 days 2016
54 Manuel Barrio Ayuso 181 days 1838
55 Agustín Argüelles Álvarez González 178 days 1837; 1841
56 Pedro José Pidal 129 days 1843
57 Fernando Álvarez Martínez 126 days 1865
58 Juan Bravo Murillo 122 days 1858
59 Antonio Aura Boronat 119 days -
60 Melquíades Álvarez y González Posada 113 days 1923
61 José María Calatrava y Peinado 100 days 1820; 1839
62 Ramón Giraldo y Arquellada 104 days 1811; 1820; 1822; 1843
63 Álvaro Gómez Becerra 93 days 1822; 1823; 1836
64 Antonio González González 92 days 1836
65 José María Gutiérrez de Terán 80 days 1812; 1821
66 Francisco Tacón Rossique 75 days 1813
67 Antonio Cánovas del Castillo 72 days 1885
68
(tie)
Manuel Flores Calderón 65 days 1823
Miguel Antonio de Zumalacárregui e Imaz 65 days 1813; 1837; 1839
69 Ramón Salvato de Esteve 64 days 1822; 1837
70 Vicente Cano Manuel y Ramírez de Arellano 63 days 1811; 1821
71 Joaquín María Ferrer y Cafranga 60 days 1823; 1837
72 Alejandro de Castro y Casal 59 days 1864; 1865
73 Pascual Madoz 50 days 1854
74 Joaquín José de Muro y Bidaurreta 49 days 1837
75 Antonio Joaquín Pérez Martínez Robles 48 days 1811; 1814
76 Rafael del Riego y Florez Valdes 44 days 1822
77 Tomás Gener y Buigas 35 days 1823
78
(tie)
Vicente Ruiz Albillos 34 days 1814
José de Espiga y Gadea 34 days 1820
79 Pedro González Vallejo 33 days 1821
80
(tie)
José Miguel Gordoa y Barrios 32 days 1813
Juan Armada y Losada 32 days 1919
81
(tie)
Luis Rodríguez del Monte y del Prado 30 days 1810
Alonso Cañedo y Vigil 30 days 1810
Diego Muñoz Torrero y Ramírez 30 days 1811
José Pablo Valiente y Bravo 30 days 1811
Juan José Guereña y Garayo 30 days 1811
Antonio Larrazábal y Arrivillaga 30 days 1811
Manuel de Villafañe y Andreu 30 days 1811
Antonio Agustí Payán de Tejada y Figueroa 30 days 1812
José Miguel Guridi y Alcocer 30 days 1812
Felipe Vázquez Canga 30 days 1812
Andrés Ángel de la Vega Infanzón 30 days 1812
Francisco Morros y Cibila 30 days 1812
Francisco Ciscar y Ciscar 30 days 1812
Francisco de Calello Miranda 30 days 1813
Florencio del Castillo Solano 30 days 1813
Andrés Morales de los Ríos y Gil 30 days 1813
Francisco Rodríguez Ledesma 30 days 1813
Jeronimo Antonio Díez Baras 30 days 1814
Antonio de la Cuesta y Torre 30 days 1821
Joaquín Rey Esteve 30 days 1821
Miguel Ricardo de Álava y Esquivel 30 days 1822
Juan Oliver y García 30 days 1822
Martín de los Heros y de las Bárcenas 30 days 1837
Vicente Sancho y Cobertores 30 days 1837
Miguel Calderón de la Barca 30 days 1837
Juan Bautista Muguiro e Iribarren 30 days 1837
82
(tie)
Ramón Lázaro de Dou y de Bassols 29 days 1810
José Luis Morales Gallego 29 days 1810
Jaime Creus Martí 29 days 1811
Bernardo Nadal y Crespí 29 days 1811
José Casquete de Prado Bootello 29 days 1811
Juan Polo y Catalina 29 days 1812
Andrés de Jáuregui de Aróstegui 29 days 1812
Juan del Valle y Milans del Bosch 29 days 1812
Pedro José Gordillo y Ramos 29 days 1813
José Antonio Sombiela y Mestre 29 days 1813
Francisco Antonio de la Dueña y Cisneros 29 days 1814
José María Queipo de Llano Ruiz de Saravia 29 days 1820
Jose María Moscoso de Altamira Quiroga 29 days 1821
Diego Clemencín 29 days 1821
Cayetano Valdés y Flores 29 days 1822
Diego Vicente Cañas Portocarrero 29 days 1822
Juan Pedro Zulueta y Ceballos 29 days 1823
Antonio Seoane Hoyos 29 days 1837
83
(tie)
Vicente Pascual y Esteban 28 days 1812
Álvaro Flórez Estrada 28 days 1840
84
(tie)
Vicente Joaquín Noguera Climent 27 days 1811
Joaquín Maniau Torquemada 27 days 1813
85 Manuel Cortina y Arenzana 26 days 1843
86 José Moreno Nieto 22 days -
87 Modesto Cortázar y Leal de Ibarra 19 days 1847
88 Evaristo Fernández San Miguel y Valledor 17 days 1854
89
(tie)
Manuel de la Rivaherrera y Vivanco 14 days 1838
Emilio Castelar 14 days 1873
90 Domingo María Ruiz de la Vega Méndez 12 days 1823
91
(tie)
Modesto Lafuente y Zamalloa 11 days -
José María Orense Milá de Aragón Herrero 11 days 1873
92
(tie)
Antonio Posada Rubín de Celis 8 days 1834
Román Martínez de Montaos 8 days 1841
93 Baldomero Espartero 6 days 1854
94
(tie)
Joaquín María López y López 3 days 1837
Manuel Seijas Lozano 3 days 1848
Francisco Salmerón y Alonso 3 days 1873
95 Benito Ramón Hermida Maldonado 1 day 1810

References

  1. ^ Díez, Anabel; Casqueiro, Javier (2019-05-21). "La socialista Meritxell Batet, elegida nueva presidenta del Congreso". El País (in Spanish). ISSN 1134-6582. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Press, Europa (2019-12-03). "Meritxell Batet, reelegida presidenta del Congreso". www.europapress.es. Retrieved .
  3. ^ Congress of Deputies. "List of presidents listed in a chronological and alphabetical order". www.congreso.es. Retrieved 2020.

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