List of Olympic Games Host Cities
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List of Olympic Games Host Cities
Map of host cities and countries of the modern summer (orange) and winter (blue) Olympics. tap or hover over a city to show its name.

This is a list of host cities of the Olympic Games, both summer and winter, since the modern Olympics began in 1896. Since then, summer games have usually – but not always – celebrated a four-year period known as an Olympiad. There have been 28 Summer Olympic Games held in 23 cities, and 23 Winter Olympic Games held in 20 cities. In addition, three summer and two winter editions of the Games were scheduled to take place but later cancelled due to war: Berlin (summer) in 1916; Tokyo/Helsinki (summer) and Sapporo/Garmisch-Partenkirchen (winter) in 1940; and London (summer) and Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy (winter) in 1944. The 1906 Summer Olympics were officially sanctioned and held in Athens. However, in 1949, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), decided to unrecognize the 1906 Games.[1]

The Youth Olympic Games are held every four years in staggered summer and winter events consistent with the current Olympic Games format, though in reverse order with Winter Games held in leap years instead of Summer Games. The first summer version was held in Singapore from 14 to 26 August 2010 while the first winter version was held in Innsbruck, Austria from 13 to 22 January 2012.[2] The age limitation of the athletes is 14 to 18.[3]Jacques Rogge, IOC President, formally announced plans for the Youth Olympic Games at the 119th IOC session in Guatemala City in July 2007.[4] There are several goals for the YOG, and four of them include bringing together the world's best young athletes, offering an introduction into Olympism, innovating in educating and debating Olympic values.[5]Singapore was announced as the host of the inaugural Summer Youth Olympics in February 2008.[6] In December 2008 the IOC announced that Innsbruck, host of the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics, would be the host of the inaugural Winter Youth Olympics in 2012.[7] Five cities have been chosen by the IOC to host upcoming Olympic Games: Tokyo for the 2020 Summer Olympics, Beijing for the 2022 Winter Olympics, Paris for the 2024 Summer Olympics, Milan-Cortina d'Ampezzo for the 2026 Winter Olympics, and Los Angeles for the 2028 Summer Olympics.

In 2022, Beijing will become the first-ever city that has held both the summer and the winter Olympic Games. Ten cities will have hosted the Olympic Games more than once: Athens (1896 and 2004 Summer Olympics), Paris (1900, 1924 and 2024 Summer Olympics), London (1908, 1948 and 2012 Summer Olympics), St. Moritz (1928 and 1948 Winter Olympics), Lake Placid (1932 and 1980 Winter Olympics), Los Angeles (1932, 1984 and 2028 Summer Olympics), Innsbruck (1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics and 2012 Winter Youth Olympics), Tokyo (1964 and 2020 Summer Olympics), Lillehammer (1994 Winter Olympics and 2016 Winter Youth Olympics), Beijing (2008 Summer Olympics and 2022 Winter Olympics) and Cortina D'Ampezzo (1956 and 2026). Stockholm hosted the 1912 Summer Olympics and the equestrian portion of the 1956 Summer Olympics.[d] London became the first city to have hosted three Games with the 2012 Summer Olympics. Paris will become the second city to do this with the 2024 Summer Olympics, followed by Los Angeles as the third in 2028. The United States has hosted a total of eight Olympic Games, more than any other country, followed by France with five editions. Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Austria, Canada, Italy, Japan and Germany have each hosted three Games.

The Games have primarily been hosted in the continents of Europe (32 editions) and North America (12 editions); seven Games have been hosted in Asia and two have been hosted in Oceania. In 2010, Singapore became Southeast Asia's first Olympic host city for the inaugural Summer Youth Olympics, while Rio de Janeiro became South America's first Olympic host city with the 2016 Summer Olympics, followed by Buenos Aires with the 2018 Summer Youth Olympics. The 2022 Summer Youth Olympics in Dakar will become the first-ever Games to be held on the African continent. Other major geographic regions which have never hosted the Olympics include the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, Central America and the Caribbean.

Host cities are selected by the IOC membership, usually seven years in advance.[8] The selection process lasts approximately two years. In the first stage, any city in the world may submit an application to become a host city. After 10 months, the Executive Board of the IOC decides which applicant cities will become official candidates as based on the recommendation of a working group that reviews the applications. In a second stage, the candidate cities are investigated thoroughly by an Evaluation Commission, which then submits a final short list of cities to be considered for selection. The host city is then chosen by vote of the IOC session, a general meeting of IOC members.[9]

Olympic Games host cities

For individual summer and winter lists, see List of modern Summer Olympic Games, List of Winter Olympic Games and List of Youth Olympic Games.
City Country Continent Summer Winter Summer
(Youth)
Winter
(Youth)
Year Opening
Ceremony
Closing
Ceremony
Athens  Greece Europe S005I 1896 April 6 April 15
Paris  France S005II 1900 May 14 October 28
St. Louis[a]  United States America, North S005III 1904 July 1 November 23
London[c]  United Kingdom Europe S005IV 1908 April 27 October 31
Stockholm  Sweden S005V 1912 May 5 July 22
Berlin  Germany Europe S006VI 1916 Cancelled due to WWI[10]
Antwerp[d]  Belgium Europe S007VII 1920 April 20 September 12[11]
Chamonix  France W001I 1924 January 25 February 5[12]
Paris  France S008VIII May 4 July 27[13]
St. Moritz   Switzerland W002II 1928 February 11 February 19[14]
Amsterdam  Netherlands S009IX May 17 August 12[15]
Lake Placid  United States America, North W003III 1932 February 4 February 15[16]
Los Angeles  United States S010X July 30 August 14[17]
Garmisch-Partenkirchen  Nazi Germany Europe W004IV 1936 February 6 February 16[18]
Berlin  Nazi Germany S011XI August 1 August 16[19]
Sapporo,
Garmisch-Partenkirchen[e]
 Empire of Japan,
 Nazi Germany
Asia,
Europe
W005aV 1940 Cancelled due to WWII[10]
Tokyo,
Helsinki[f]
 Empire of Japan,
 Finland
S012XII
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy Europe W005bV 1944
London  United Kingdom S013XIII
St. Moritz   Switzerland Europe W005cV 1948 January 30 February 8
London  United Kingdom S014XIV July 29 August 14
Oslo  Norway W006VI 1952 February 14 February 25
Helsinki  Finland S015XV July 19 August 3
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy W007VII 1956 January 26 February 5
Stockholm,
Melbourne[g]
 Sweden,
 Australia
Europe,
Oceania
S016XVI June 10
November 22
June 17
December 8
Squaw Valley  United States America, North W008VIII 1960 February 18 February 28
Rome  Italy Europe S017XVII August 25 September 11
Innsbruck  Austria W009IX 1964 January 29 February 9
Tokyo  Japan Asia S018XVIII October 10 October 24
Grenoble  France Europe W010X 1968 February 6 February 18
Mexico City  Mexico America, North S019XIX October 12 October 27
Sapporo  Japan Asia W011XI 1972 February 3 February 13
Munich  West Germany Europe S020XX August 26 September 11
Innsbruck[j]  Austria W012XII 1976 February 4 February 15
Montreal  Canada America, North S021XXI July 17 August 1
Lake Placid  United States W013XIII 1980 February 13 February 24
Moscow  Soviet Union Europe[h] S022XXII July 19 August 3
Sarajevo  Yugoslavia Europe W014XIV 1984 February 7 February 19
Los Angeles  United States America, North S023XXIII July 28 August 12
Calgary  Canada W015XV 1988 February 13 February 28
Seoul  South Korea Asia S024XXIV September 17 October 2
Albertville  France Europe W016XVI 1992 February 8 February 23
Barcelona  Spain S025XXV July 25 August 9
Lillehammer  Norway W017XVII 1994 February 12 February 27
Atlanta  United States America, North S026XXVI 1996 July 19 August 4
Nagano  Japan Asia W018XVIII 1998 February 7 February 22
Sydney  Australia Oceania S027XXVII 2000 September 15 October 1
Salt Lake City  United States America, North W019XIX 2002 February 8 February 24
Athens  Greece Europe S028XXVIII 2004 August 13 August 29
Turin  Italy W020XX 2006 February 10 February 26
Beijing[i]  China Asia S029XXIX 2008 August 8 August 24
Vancouver  Canada America, North W021XXI 2010 February 12 February 28
Singapore  Singapore Asia SY01I August 14 August 26
Innsbruck  Austria Europe WY01I 2012 January 13 January 22
London  United Kingdom S030XXX July 27 August 12
Sochi  Russia Europe[h] W022XXII 2014 February 7 February 23
Nanjing  China Asia SY02II August 16 August 28
Lillehammer  Norway Europe WY02II 2016 February 12 February 21
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil America, South S031XXXI August 5 August 21
Pyeongchang  South Korea Asia W023XXIII 2018 February 9 February 25
Buenos Aires  Argentina America, South SY03III October 6 October 18
Lausanne   Switzerland Europe WY03III 2020 January 9 January 22
Tokyo  Japan Asia S032XXXII July 24 August 9
Beijing  China W024XXIV 2022 February 4 February 20
Dakar  Senegal Africa SY04IV (TBD) (TBD)
(TBD) (TBD) WY03IV 2024 (TBD) (TBD)
Paris  France Europe S033XXXIII July 26 August 11
Milan and Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy W025XXV 2026 February 6 February 22
(TBD) (TBD) SY05V (TBD) (TBD)
Los Angeles  United States America, North S034XXXIV 2028 July 21 August 6
(TBD) (TBD) S035XXXV 2032 (TBD) (TBD)

Host cities for multiple Summer and Winter Olympic Games and Youth Olympic Games

List of cities that hosted multiple editions of the Olympic Games
Rank City Country Continent Summer Olympics Winter Olympics Summer Youth Olympics Winter Youth Olympics Total
1 London  United Kingdom Europe 3 (1908, 1948, 2012) 0 0 0 3
Paris  France 3 (1900, 1924, 2024) 0 0 0
Los Angeles  United States America, North 3 (1932, 1984, 2028) 0 0 0
Innsbruck  Austria Europe 0 2 (1964, 1976) 0 1 (2012)
5 Athens  Greece 2 (1896, 2004) 0 0 0 2
Tokyo  Japan Asia 2 (1964, 2020) 0 0 0
Beijing  China 1 (2008) 1 (2022) 0 0
St. Moritz   Switzerland Europe 0 2 (1928, 1948) 0 0
Lake Placid  United States America, North 0 2 (1932, 1980) 0 0
Lillehammer  Norway Europe 0 1 (1994) 0 1 (2016)
Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy 0 2 (1956, 2026) 0 0
  1. The 1906 Intercalated Games are no longer officially recognized by the IOC as an official Olympic Games.

Number of Olympic Games by country

Nations that have hosted or will host the Summer Olympics
  5 times
  4 times (no entry)
  3 times
  2 times
  1 time
  Never held games
Nations that have hosted or will host the Winter Olympics
  4 times
  3 times
  2 times
  1 time
  Never held games
List of countries ranked by the number of times they hosted the Olympic Games
Rank First
Year
Last
Year
Country Continent Summer
Olympics
Winter
Olympics
Summer
Youth Olympics
Winter
Youth Olympics
Total
1 1904 2028  United States America, North 5 (1904, 1932, 1984, 1996, 2028) 4 (1932, 1960, 1980, 2002) 0 0 9
2 1900 2024  France Europe 3 (1900, 1924, 2024) 3 (1924, 1968, 1992) 0 0 6
3 1956 2026  Italy 1 (1960) 3 (1944, 1956, 2006, 2026) 0 0 4
1964 2020  Japan Asia 2 (1940, 1964, 2020) 2 (1940, 1972, 1998) 0 0
5 1908 2012  United Kingdom Europe 3 (1908, 1944, 1948, 2012) 0 0 0 3
1928 2020   Switzerland 0 2 (1928, 1940, 1948) 0 1 (2020)
1936 1972  Germany,
only as part of former:
 German Empire,
 Nazi Germany,
 West Germany
2 (1916, 1936, 1972) 1 (1936, 1940) 0 0
1952 1994  Norway 0 2 (1952, 1994) 0 1 (2016)
1964 2012  Austria 0 2 (1964, 1976) 0 1 (2012)
1976 2010  Canada America, North 1 (1976) 2 (1988, 2010) 0 0
2008 2022  China Asia 1 (2008) 1 (2022) 1 (2014) 0
12 1896 2004  Greece Europe 2 (1896, 2004) 0 0 0 2
1956 2000  Australia Oceania 2 (1956, 2000) 0 0 0
1980 2014  Russia,
and as part of former:
 Soviet Union
Europe [h] 1 (1980) 1 (2014) 0 0
1988 2018  South Korea Asia 1 (1988) 1 (2018) 0 0
16 1912 1912  Sweden Europe 1 (1912) 0 0 0 1
1920 1920  Belgium 1 (1920) 0 0 0
1928 1928  Netherlands 1 (1928) 0 0 0
1952 1952  Finland 1 (1940, 1952) 0 0 0
1968 1968  Mexico America, North 1 (1968) 0 0 0
1984 1984  Bosnia and Herzegovina,
only as part of former:
 SFR Yugoslavia
Europe 0 1 (1984) 0 0
1992 1992  Spain 1 (1992) 0 0 0
2010 2010  Singapore Asia 0 0 1 (2010) 0
2016 2016  Brazil America, South 1 (2016) 0 0 0
2018 2018  Argentina 0 0 1 (2018) 0
2022 2022  Senegal Africa 0 0 1 (2022) 0

Number of Olympic Games by continent

Rank First
Year
Last
Year
Continent Summer
Olympics
Winter
Olympics
Summer
Youth Olympics
Winter
Youth Olympics
Total
1 1896 2026 Europe 17 (1896, 1900, 1908, 1912, 1916, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1960, 1972, 1980[h], 1992, 2004, 2012, 2024) 15 (1924, 1928, 1936, 1940, 1944, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1964, 1968, 1976, 1984, 1992, 1994, 2006, 2014[h], 2026) 00 03 (2012, 2016, 2020) 35
2 1904 2028 America, North 07 (1904, 1932, 1968, 1976, 1984, 1996, 2028) 06 (1932, 1960, 1980, 1988, 2002, 2010) 00 00 13
3 1964 2022 Asia 04 (1940, 1964, 1988, 2008, 2020) 04 (1940, 1972, 1998, 2018, 2022) 02 (2010, 2014) 00 10
4 2016 2018 America, South 01 (2016) 00 01 (2018) 00 2
5 1956 2000 Oceania 02 (1956, 2000) 00 00 00 2
6 2022 2022 Africa 00 00 01 (2022) 00 1

Notes

References

  1. ^ Findling, John E.; Pelle, Kimberly D. (2004). Encyclopedia of the Modern Olympic Movement. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-313-32278-5.
  2. ^ "FIS in favor of Youth Olympic Games". FIS. 8 May 2007. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  3. ^ "No kidding: Teens to get Youth Olympic Games". USA Today. 25 April 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  4. ^ "IOC Session: A "go" for Youth Olympic Games". International Olympic Committee. 5 July 2007. Retrieved 2007.
  5. ^ "Factsheet Youth Olympic Games" (PDF). International Olympic Committee. February 2009. Retrieved 2011.
  6. ^ Wang, Jeanette. "Perfect Pitch" (PDF). International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2011.
  7. ^ "Innsbruck Elected To Host the Inaugural Youth Olympic Winter Games In 2012". Gamebids.com. 12 December 2008. Archived from the original on 28 December 2010. Retrieved 2011.
  8. ^ Group, Taylor Francis (2003). The Europa World Yearbook. Taylor and Francis Group. p. 247. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5.
  9. ^ "Choice of the Host City". olympic.org. International Olympic Committee. Retrieved .
  10. ^ a b Durántez, Conrado (April-May 1997). "The Olympic Movement, a twentieth-century phenomenon" (PDF). Olympic Review. XXVI (14): 56-57.
  11. ^ "Antwerp 1920". olympic.org. Retrieved 2011.
  12. ^ "Chamonix 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 2011.
  13. ^ "Paris 1924". olympic.org. Retrieved 2011.
  14. ^ "St. Moritz 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 2011.
  15. ^ "Amsterdam 1928". olympic.org. Retrieved 2011.
  16. ^ "Lake Placid 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 2011.
  17. ^ "Los Angeles 1932". olympic.org. Retrieved 2011.
  18. ^ "Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 2011.
  19. ^ "Berlin 1936". olympic.org. Retrieved 2011.
  20. ^ "St Louis 1904". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008.
  21. ^ "St. Louis gets Olympic Games; International Committee Sanctions the Change for the World's Fair in 1904" (PDF). The New York Times (12 February 1903). Retrieved 2008.
  22. ^ Karl Lennartz. "The 2nd International Olympic Games In Athens 1906" (PDF). Journal of Olympic History (Dec. 2001-Jan. 2002). Retrieved 2019.
  23. ^ "Rome Games moved to London". realclearsports.com. 2008. Retrieved 2011.
  24. ^ "Stockholm/Melbourne 1956". Swedish Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 9 October 2008. Retrieved 2008.
  25. ^ Tim Pile. "Hong Kong saddles up for the Olympics". The Daily Telegraph (25 June 2008). London. Retrieved 2008.
  26. ^ "2008 Beijing Olympic home page". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008.

External links


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