List of Medieval Slavic Tribes
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List of Medieval Slavic Tribes
This is a
list of , that is, before the year AD 1500.
Slavic peoples and Slavic tribes reported in Late Antiquity and in the Middle Ages
Map of eastern Europe in 3-4th century CE with archeological cultures identified as Baltic-speaking in purple and Slavic-speaking in light brown.
in 5-6th century CE, the area of archeological cultures identified as Baltic and Slavic is becoming more fragmented.
By the 7-8th century CE, the Slavic territory was greatly increased after Slavic migration and expansion (in the context of
Slavic tribes in the Early Middle Ages, from the 7th to 9th centuries
Maximum extent of European territory inhabited by the East Slavic tribes - predecessors of
, the first East Slavic state
- in the 8th and 9th century.
(common ancestors of the Antes East Slavs; some were also the ancestors of part of West Slavs and South Slavs)
Western Russian group / / Western Ruthenian group Western Old East Slavs ("Russians" or "Russian group" in the broad sense means Old East Slavic peoples, the common group from where modern ethnic groups or peoples of the Rusinians, Ukrainians, Belarusans and Russians descend and not only Russians in the narrow sense)
Buzhans ( ), ancestors of Buzhane Ukrainians, Russians and possibly Bosnians  
Dulebes ( ), ancestors of Dulebi Ukrainians and Belarusians and part of Czechs. Assimilated into several East Slavic tribes: the Volhynians, Drevlians, Polans, Dregoviches, and possibly Buzhans, eventually to become part of the Kievan Rus'.
Teverians ( ), ancestors of Tivertsi Ukrainians and part of Moldovans and Romanians
Volhynians ( ), ancestors of Volynyane Ukrainians and part of Czechs White Croats ( ), ancestors of Belyye Khorvaty Croats, Rusyns and Ukrainians and also part of Czechs (they were also among West Slavs)
Old Russian group / Northern Russian group / Northern Ruthenian group / Northern Old East Slavs
Northwestern group (possible Northern Slavic group?)
West Slav tribes in 9th and 10th centuries
/ Veneti ? (common ancestors of Wends West Slavs; some were also the ancestors of part of South Slavs and East Slavs)
/ Bohemians ( Slavic Bohemians ), tribal confederation, in Chekhove Bohemia, Czech Republic. Ancestors of Czechs
Berunzani (a Slavic Bohemian tribe, , of West Bohemia) Chekhove
Bohemians proper ( proper) also known as Chekhove Pragani, the tribe that livd in Praga/ Praha region, Central Bohemia or Central Czechia.
Dané, in Dín region, Czech Republic
Dudlebi (Bohemian Dulebes), a group of Dulebes assimilated as a Slavic Bohemian or Czech tribe.
Gbane / Hbane
Kharvati / Kharvattsi ( Bohemian Croats), a group of White Croats assimilated as a Slavic Bohemian or Czech tribe.
Litomici or Lutomerizi, in the Czech lands from the sixth century (they lived in the Litomice region)
Luchane / Luchani / Lutsane
Volynyane, a group of Volhynians assimilated as a Slavic Bohemian or Czech tribe. Zlicans (Zlitsans) / Zlichane, in Bohemia (Czech). Ancestors of Czechs and possibly Poles
/ Moravians ( Northern Merehani ), tribal confederation, in Moravane Záhorie ( Slovakia) and Moravia. Ancestors of (modern) Moravians and part of the Slovaks. The Morava river of Moravia was in their lands. Ancestors of the South Moravians ( Merehani), in Morava river valley, east Serbia, that migrated south of the Danube and were assimilated by South Slavs. (or Nitran Slavs , Slovene ) / Northern Slovene / Old Slovaks , tribal confederation, in Slovakia and Vah Slavs Northern Hungary. Ancestors of Slovaks and of part of the Slovenes / Caranthanians.
, in east Lesser Poland and Red Ruthenia (Poland and Ukraine). Ancestors of Lendians Poles
, tribal confederation, in Mazovia, Poland. Ancestors of Poles Masovians
/ Obotrites ( Reragi Northern Polabians), tribal confederation, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
Belesem / Byelozem = "White Earth" or "White Earth Tribe", they lived scattered in Oster Walde / Osterwalde - "Eastern Woods" in the Old Mainland Saxon view, west banks of the Elbe river
Drevani = "Wood" or "Wood Tribe", they lived scattered in Oster Walde / Osterwalde - "Eastern Woods" in the Old Mainland Saxon view, west banks of the Elbe river) ( Osterwalde and Luneburg Heath also matched the land where the Langobards lived for a time before migrating towards South) (mostly in today's Lower Saxony, in the Hanoverian Wendland, Germany)
Linonen, near Lenzen.
Lipani, tribe that lived scattered in the west banks of Elbe river
Obotrites proper / Northern Obotrites ( Wismar Bay to Lake Schwerin).
Polabians proper, in eastern Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.
Travnjane east of the Trave.
Wagri / Wagrians (the eastern Holstein as part of Saxony). Warnabi / Warnower, in Mecklenburg (Germany), (the upper Warnow and Mildenitz).
, tribal confederation, in Polans (western) Greater Poland, Poland. Ancestors of Poles.
, tribal confederation, in Pomeranians Pomerania, Germany and Poland. Ancestors of Poles, Kashubians, and Slovincians
Goplans, in Kuyavian-Pomeranian, Poland. Ancestors of Poles
Kashubians, in Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland
Prissani / Pyritzans ( Pyrzyczanie), in Pomerania, Poland. Ancestors of Poles
Slovincians, a West Slavic tribe that lived between lakes Gardno and ?ebsko near S?upsk in Pomerania. Wolinians, on Wolin island, Pomerania, Poland. Ancestors of Poles
/ Silesians / Silezane , Slezane Silesia, tribal confederation, Poland. Ancestors of Poles and Silesian Germans
( Veleti ) ( Wilzi Northern Polabians), in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
, in Vistulans Lesser Poland, tribal confederation, Poland. Ancestors of Poles
, in White Croats Lesser Poland and Bohemia, ancestors of Croats, some Bosnians, Czechs, Poles. Part of the tribal groups that migrated towards southwest and south of the Danube are the ancestors of Croats. / White Serbs in Boiki Lower Lusatia, Germany. Ancestors of Sorbs, and ancestors of ancestors of Serbs. Part of the tribal groups that migrated towards southeast and south of the Danube are the ancestors of Serbs.
The South Slavic tribes descend mainly from the
Sclaveni that were the Slavs that lived south of the Danube river after Slavic migrations from the end of the 5th to 8th centuries, originally they came from the regions north of the Danube and migrated south spreading throughout east alpine slopes, west Pannonian Plain (west of the Danube), and the Balkans, they had more close ties with the Veneti, ancestors of the West Slavs (some west slavic and south slavic tribes have the same ancestors), than with the Antes, ancestors of the East Slavs. Over time, South Slavs, evolved into a new Slavic ethnolinguistic group, this phenomenon was accentuated by the Bavarian expansion towards east (part of the Ostsiedlung) and by the Magyar settlement and expansion in the Pannonian Plain (roughly today's Hungary), that severed the contiguous land or territory between West and South Slavs (in the Middle Danube river basin) and contact between both of them and contributed to a greater differentiation. They predate the medieval identities formed after the Great Schism.
/ Sclaveni (common ancestors of most of the Slavini South Slavs)
West South Slavic group
Brani?evci / Braniches, in eastern Serbia
/ Carantanians / Carniolan Slavs / Old Slovenes ( Southern Slovene ), tribal confederation, in Austria and Slovenia. Ancestors of Sloventsi Slovenes ( Modern Slovenes). They descend in part from Nitran Slavs (Northern Slovenes) that were also the ancestors of the Slovaks.
Docleani / Diokletlians, in southern Montenegro
Guduscani, in Lika, Croatia
Kanalites, in southern Dalmatia
Merehani / Southern Merehani ( Moravci / Moravtsi), in (South) Morava river, eastern Serbia. They descend from Moravian / Merehani tribal groups that migrated south of the Danube and over time differenciate themselves and were assimilated into South Slavs.
Narentines / Neretvians, in central Dalmatia
, in west Pannonian Slavs Pannonian Plain, west of the Danube river, roughly in today's west Hungary. They were assimilated by Magyars after they settled in Hungary.
Praedenecenti / Eastern Abodriti / Eastern Obotrites, in Banat. They descend from Abodriti / Obotrites tribal groups that migrated south of the Danube and over time differenciate themselves and were assimilated into South Slavs.
, roughly in the plain between the Sava Slavs Sava and Mura rivers. Ancestors of part of Croats.
Timo?ani, in eastern Serbia
Travunians / Terbunians, in Herzegovina and western Montenegro
White Croats, in Lesser Poland and Bohemia, ancestors of Croats, some Bosnians, Czechs, Poles
White Serbs / Boiki / Sorbs, in Lower Lusatia, Germany. Ancestors of Sorbs, and ancestors of ancestors of Serbs
Zachumliani / Zachlumians, in southern Dalmatia East South Slavic group
Berziti / Bersites, in Ohrid, Macedonia
Drougoubitai / Draguvites, in Southern Bulgaria, Slavic and Greek Macedonia
Keramisians, in Slavic / Northern Macedonia.
Marvaci / Marvatsi, in Rhodopes
(or Seven Slavic tribes ), tribal confederation, in northern Bulgaria and Southern Romania Seven Slavic Clans
Severians, in Dobrudja, / Severes / Severi (Balkan Severians), northeast Bulgaria and Southeastern Romania, the Severians were an East Slavic tribe, part of the tribal groups that migrated southward and southwest formed a union with the Seven Slavic tribes and over time differenciate themselves and were assimilated into South Slavs.
Sklavenoi / ( Sclaveni Proper )
Slavic tribes of Greece
Smolyani, in the Rhodopes, southern Bulgaria and northern Greece Strymonites, near the Struma river, southern Bulgaria and northern Greece
Unclassified Slavic peoples and tribes
Possible Slavic peoples and tribes
Slavic, Baltic or Finno-Ugric (Uralic)
Slavic or Sarmatian
Slavic or Turkic
Sources Barford, Paul M (2001),
The Early Slavs: Culture and Society in Early Medieval Eastern Europe, Cornell University Press, ISBN 0-8014-3977-9 Gimbutas, Marija Alseikait? (1971), The Slavs, Thames and Hudson, ISBN 0-500-02072-8