List of Han
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List of Han
Map of Japan, 1855 - The major Sengoku period feudal domains between 1564 and 1573.
A Japanese/Cyrillic 1789 map of Japan showing provincial borders and the castle towns of han and major shogunate castles/cities
Map of Japan, 1855 with provinces.
Map of Japan, 1871 with provinces.

The list of han or domains in the Tokugawa period (1603-1868) changed from time to time during the Edo period. Han were feudal domains that formed the effective basis of administration in Tokugawa-era Japan. The Han are given according to their domain seat/castle town by modern region (-chih?, roughly comparable to ancient circuits, -d?) and ancient province (kuni/-sh?, roughly comparable to modern prefectures, -to/-d?/-fu/-ken). Han usually comprised territories around/near the capital, but were beyond that in many cases disconnected and distributed over several provinces.

The han system was abolished by the Meiji government in 1871 when all remaining -han were transformed into -ken ("prefectures"). In several waves of mergers, splits and territorial transfers - the first major consolidation followed immediately in 1871/72 - the prefectures were reorganized to encompass contiguous, compact territories, no longer resembling Edo period han, but in many cases territorially identical to provinces which had remained the most important primary geographical subdivision even during feudal times.[1][2]


  • Matsumae - Located around modern-day Matsumae town, Matsumae District; held by the Matsumae clan. Only domain in Ezo. Renamed to Tate after the restoration when the domain seat was moved from Matsumae/Fukuyama castle (in present-day Matsumae town) which had been destroyed in the Boshin war to Tate castle (in present-day Asabu town), became Tate-ken ("Tate prefecture") in 1871 and was merged into Aomori-ken ("Aomori prefecture") the same year, finally in 1872, transferred to the settlement/development agency (kaitakushi), the precursor to Hokkaid? ("Hokkai circuit/territory/from 1946: prefecture").[3]


Mutsu Province

Dewa Province

Kant? region

Hitachi Province

Shimotsuke Province

K?zuke Province

Shim?sa Province

Kazusa Province

Awa Province

Musashi Province

Sagami Province


Echigo Province

Shinano Province

Kai Province

Etch? Province

Kaga Province

Echizen Province

Wakasa Province


Suruga Province

T?t?mi Province

Mikawa Province

Owari Province

Hida Province

Mino Province


Ise Province

Shima Province

?mi Province

Yamashiro Province

Yamato Province

Kii Province

Izumi Province

Kawachi Province

Settsu Province

Tanba Province

Tango Province

Harima Province

Tajima Province

Awaji Province


Inaba Province

H?ki Province

Izumo Province

Iwami Province

Bizen Province

Mimasaka Province

Bitch? Province

Bingo Province

Aki Province

Su? Province

Nagato Province


Awa Province

Sanuki Province

Iyo Province

Tosa Province


Chikuzen Province

Chikugo Province

Buzen Province

Bungo Province

Hizen Province

Tsushima Province

Higo Province

Hy?ga Province

Satsuma Province and ?sumi Province


Map of Japan, 1789 -- the Han system affected cartography
  1. ^ Shizuoka prefectural comprehensive education center (for children): Map showing the general division between Tokugawa-controlled territories (shogunate domain + allied domains) and the domains held by other lords (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Ishida Satoshi, (private website by a high school teacher): List of prefectures (-fu/-ken) and domains (-han) under the 1868 -fu/-han/-ken system, Maps of prefectures after the 1871-1872 consolidation [Note: 12/27 in the Japanese calendar was already in the Gregorian calendar year 1872], after the second 1876 consolidation, in 1889, in 1900 (in Japanese)
  3. ^ Aomori prefectural board of education: Aomori-ken no tanj? ("The birth of Aomori prefecture")
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ravina, Mark. (1998). Land and Lordship in Early Modern Japan, p. 222.
  5. ^ a b Deal, William E. (2005). Handbook to Life in Medieval and Early Modern Japan, p. 81.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Deal, p. 82.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Echigo Province" at; retrieved 2013-7-8.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Shinano Province" at; retrieved 2013-7-8.
  9. ^ "Kai Province" at; retrieved 2013-7-8.
  10. ^ "Etch? Province" at; retrieved 2013-7-9.
  11. ^ "Kaga Province" at; retrieved 2013-7-9.
  12. ^ a b c d e f "Echizen Province" at; retrieved 2013-7-9.
  13. ^ "Wakasa Province" at; retrieved 2013-7-9.
  14. ^ a b c d "Suruga Province" at; retrieved 2013-4-10.
  15. ^ Deal, pp. 81-82.
  16. ^ Deal, p. 83.
  17. ^ Lin, Man-houng. "The Ryukyus and Taiwan in the East Asian Seas: A Longue Durée Perspective," Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus. October 27, 2006, translated and abridged from Academia Sinica Weekly, No. 1084. 24 August 2006.


  • Bolitho, Harold. (1974). Treasures Among Men: The Fudai Daimyo in Tokugawa Japan. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-01655-0; OCLC 185685588

External links

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