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List of Han
Map of Japan, 1855 - The major Sengoku period
feudal domains between 1564 and 1573.
A Japanese/Cyrillic 1789 map of Japan showing provincial borders and the castle towns of han and major shogunate castles/cities
The list of han or domains in the Tokugawa period (1603-1868) changed from time to time during the Edo period. Han were feudal domains that formed the effective basis of administration in Tokugawa-era Japan. The Han are given according to their domain seat/castle town by modern region (-chih?, roughly comparable to ancient circuits, -d?) and ancient province (kuni/-sh?, roughly comparable to modern prefectures, -to/-d?/-fu/-ken). Han usually comprised territories around/near the capital, but were beyond that in many cases disconnected and distributed over several provinces.
The han system was abolished by the Meiji government in 1871 when all remaining -han were transformed into -ken ("prefectures"). In several waves of mergers, splits and territorial transfers - the first major consolidation followed immediately in 1871/72 - the prefectures were reorganized to encompass contiguous, compact territories, no longer resembling Edo period han, but in many cases territorially identical to provinces which had remained the most important primary geographical subdivision even during feudal times.
- Matsumae - Located around modern-day Matsumae town, Matsumae District; held by the Matsumae clan. Only domain in Ezo. Renamed to Tate after the restoration when the domain seat was moved from Matsumae/Fukuyama castle (in present-day Matsumae town) which had been destroyed in the Boshin war to Tate castle (in present-day Asabu town), became Tate-ken ("Tate prefecture") in 1871 and was merged into Aomori-ken ("Aomori prefecture") the same year, finally in 1872, transferred to the settlement/development agency (kaitakushi), the precursor to Hokkaid? ("Hokkai circuit/territory/from 1946: prefecture").
- Hirosaki - Located in modern-day Aomori Prefecture
- Kuroishi - Branch of Hirosaki han, based in modern-day Kuroishi, Aomori
- Hachinohe - Branch of Morioka han
- Kunohe - Branch of Morioka Domain, corresponded to modern Kunohe District, Iwate
- Morioka - Located in modern-day Akita, Aomori, and Iwate Prefectures, originally consisted of 10 districts - in modern Iwate: Iwate, Hienuki, Waga, Shiwa, Kunohe, Ninohe, and Hei (now split into Kamihei and Shimohei); in modern Aomori: Sannohe and Kita (now divided into Kamikita and Shimokita districts); in modern Akita: Kazuno
- K?ri - Based in modern-day Koori town, Date District, Fukushima
- Aizu - Based in modern-day Aizuwakamatsu, Fukushima Prefecture; controlled by the Hoshina (Matsudaira) family.
- Ichinoseki - Branch of Sendai han, based in modern-day Ichinoseki, Iwate; held by the Tamura clan, a branch family of the Date clan
- Iwakitaira - Based in modern-day Iwaki, Fukushima. Held by the Torii family briefly from 1606-1622, held by the And? clan from mid-18th century to 1868.
- Miharu - Held by the Kato, Matsushita, and Akita families.
- Moriyama - Held by the Mito-Matsudaira clan, a branch of the Tokugawa?
- Sendai - Based in modern-day Sendai, Miyagi; held by the Date clan.
- Shimotedo - Based in modern-day Tsukidate town, Date District, Fukushima. Held by the Tachibana clan.
- Nakamura - Another name is the S?ma-Nakamura Domain. Based in modern-day S?ma, Fukushima; held by the S?ma clan.
Satsuma Province and ?sumi Province
- ^ Shizuoka prefectural comprehensive education center (for children): Map showing the general division between Tokugawa-controlled territories (shogunate domain + allied domains) and the domains held by other lords (in Japanese)
- ^ Ishida Satoshi, (private website by a high school teacher): List of prefectures (-fu/-ken) and domains (-han) under the 1868 -fu/-han/-ken system, Maps of prefectures after the 1871-1872 consolidation [Note: 12/27 in the Japanese calendar was already in the Gregorian calendar year 1872], after the second 1876 consolidation, in 1889, in 1900 (in Japanese)
- ^ Aomori prefectural board of education: Aomori-ken no tanj? ("The birth of Aomori prefecture")
- ^ a b c d e f g h i Ravina, Mark. (1998). Land and Lordship in Early Modern Japan, p. 222.
- ^ a b Deal, William E. (2005). Handbook to Life in Medieval and Early Modern Japan, p. 81.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Deal, p. 82.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Echigo Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-8.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Shinano Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-8.
- ^ "Kai Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-8.
- ^ "Etch? Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-9.
- ^ "Kaga Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-9.
- ^ a b c d e f "Echizen Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-9.
- ^ "Wakasa Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-7-9.
- ^ a b c d "Suruga Province" at JapaneseCastleExplorer.com; retrieved 2013-4-10.
- ^ Deal, pp. 81-82.
- ^ Deal, p. 83.
- ^ Lin, Man-houng. "The Ryukyus and Taiwan in the East Asian Seas: A Longue Durée Perspective," Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus. October 27, 2006, translated and abridged from Academia Sinica Weekly, No. 1084. 24 August 2006.